Anne Frank's Diary - A Hoax
By Ditlieb Felderer
Published by Institute for Historical Review, 1979
Published on the Internet by Radio Islam, 2005
Since then, Mr. Felderer has founded his own excellent magazine and publishing house, both called Bible Researcher. He also organizes study tours of the various concentration camps in Poland each year, and has gathered together a unique collection of slides which illustrate the fraudulent nature of the "gas chambers." Mr. Felderer is married to a Philippino, and lives in Stockholm.
AFF - Anne Frank Foundation, Amsterdam, Holland, n.d., (leaflet)
AFFA - Anne Frank Foundation Amsterdam, Holland, n.d., 5th edition
BE - Brockhaus Enzyklopadie, Wiesbaden, Germany, 1966-1974
BER - Anne Frank, Berättelser, Stockholm, Sweden, 1960
BG - Brief Guide To The Anne Frank House, n.d., (leaflet) Fig. 18
BR-RH - Bible Researcher-Revisionist HistoriaCard. ed. - Anne Frank, Anne Frank: The Diary Of A Young Girl, Cardinal edition, New York, USA, 1963, 36th printing
DGD - Das Grosse Duden-Lexikon, Mannheim, Germany, 1964-1969
DN - Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm, Sweden (newspaper)
EBM - The New Encyclopedia Britannica, Mieropaedia, 1975
EI - Encyclopedia International, Grolier Inc., USA, 1963-1964
EJ - Encyclopedia Judaica, Jerusalem, Israel, 1971-1972
ENE - Eesti Noukogude Entsuklopeedia, Tallinn, 1970
GSO - Gyldendals store Opslagsbog, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1967-1970
McWD - McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama, USA, 1972
MEY - Meyers Enzyklopadisches Lexikon, Mannheim, Germany, 1971-1977
MWD - Myron Matlaw, Modern World Drama, An Encyclopedia, England, 1972
OXAL - James D. Hart, The Oxford Companion to American Literature, 4th ed., New York, USA, Oxford University Press, 1965
Pan. ed. - Anne Frank, The Diary of Anne Frank, London, England, 1975
RE - William Rose Benet, The Reader's Encyclopedia, Thomas Y. Crowell Co., USA, 2nd ed., 1965
Rottenberg - Dan Rottenberg, Finding Our Fathers, A Guidebook to Jewish Genealogy, Random House, New York, USA, 1977
ST - Stockholms-Tidningen, Stockholm, Sweden (newspaper)
VJ - Vecko-Journalen, Sweden, (weekly magazine)
Wiesenthal - Simon Wiesenthal, Mördarna Mitt Ibland Oss (The Murderers Among Us, New York, USA, 1967) Alb. Bonniers boktryckeri, Stockholm, Sweden, 1967
For the first part of our book we used the Swedish edition of Ernst Schnabel's Anne Frank Spur Eines Kindes. Swedish Edition: Ernst Schnabel, Vem Var Anne Frank? En bok om flickan som blev en legend, Lars Hokerbergs Bokforlag, Stockholm, Sweden, n.d., (1958?), 192 pages, translated by Ella Wilcke.
Each chapter (except the "Introduction") - there are twelve of them - has received its own reference. Schnabel 6:84 would therefore indicate, Chapter 6, page 84, of the Swedish edition. Readers should be aware of faulty translations both with Schnabel's book and the so called "diary" of Anne Frank. As far as the "diary" is concerned only the original Dutch version is the authoritative version when it comes to printed matter. The use of an asterisk indicates probable source. A colon indicates page number.
EBM, Vol. 4:279 claims the girl was born on 12 June 1929 at Frankfurt am Main (Frankfort) and that the first English edition came out in 1953. However our Cardinal edition states that Anne Frank: The Diary Of A Young Girl came out in a "Doubleday edition published June, 1952:" Notice how even on the question of dates, conflicting information is presented in standard reference works.
The first Cardinal printing appeared in October, 1953. Our copy (36th printing, August, 1963) has a "preface" by George Stevens and an "introduction" by Eleanor Roosevelt along with an "epilogue". The book has 240 pages in all. We know that along with Anneliese Schutz at least two other persons assisted Mr. Frank. They were: Isa Cauvern and Albert Cauvern. It is alleged that Anne Frank died at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp due to typhus in March 1945 (EJ, op.cit:53). If the purpose was to exterminate all Jews as is alleged we find it most strange why this girl was first sent: "to Westerbork, and then (Sept ember 2,1944) to Auschwitz-Birkenau" and that "in December 1944 Anne arrived in Bergen-Belsen with her sister Margot" (EJ, op.cit.) a long distance from Auschwitz, not to die of "gassing" but of typhus. All this sort of shipping back and forth seems most' incongruous to us if we are to believe the "extermination" stories. How anyone in a time of full scale war; where transportation and food supplies are severely hampered, can proceed in this manner to "exterminate" people is beyond our comprehension. The whole matter reaches the ultimate in silliness when we are further told that the father, instead of being gassed to death, as was the original purpose, ends up with being hospitalized at Auschwitz; surviving the ordeal (EBM, op.cit.)! The logic of this would mean that the Germans wanted people to behealthy before
The book has been translated into numerous languages. Some changes have been made from the original Dutch version. A Swedish edition by Lars Hokerbergs Bokforlag, Stockholm, appeared in 1953. A Danish edition appeared in 1956. The Norwegian edition Anne Franks dagbok came out in 1952. The Finnish edition Nuoren tyton paivakirja came out in 1955. An Estonian edition Anne Franki paevik came out in 1958 (ENE, Vol.2:352).
Meyer Levin, who had been a "correspondent" in Spain during the Civil War (1936-39) and later reported the Palestine disorders for the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (1945-46) was, according to EJ the "first writer to dramatize The Diary of Anne Frank (1952)" (Vol.11:109). Whether the lawsuit brought against Mr. Frank by Levin concerned this matter still remains unknown and unless we can examine the complete, original, trial records we are only left guessing. In a letter (BR-RH, Nr. 4, Fig. 6) of 27 April 1977, addressed to Mr. Frank where, amongst other things, this matter of Levin was brought up, the father told us (Ibid. Fig. 7) first that he would give his full assistance (Ib. Fig. 8) and then that he did not want to have anything to do with us in the future!
In the USA it was made into a prizewinning play by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett. It was produced as a Broadway Play, October 5, 1955, under the title The Diary of Anne Frank.
"THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK was one of the most highly honored plays in Broadway history. It was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, the New York Drama Critics Circle Award and the Antoinette Perry Award." (Cardinal ed. back cover, see Fig. 3).Albert Hackett was born in 1900 (OXAL:340). MWD explains:
"Hackett... Americanplay wright, was a young New York actor in 1927 when he started collaborating on plays with a young New Jersey born actress, Frances Goodrich (1891? - ). She soon divorced her husband, the notable historian Hendrik Willem Van Loon, and married Hackett. Together the Hacketts wrote a number of popular film scripts . . . But their only memorable drama, on which they spent years of research and writing, is the skillful adaption of Anne Frank The Diary of a Young Girl (1947), the moving account of an adolescent Jewish girl who was murdered in a Nazi concentration camp after hiding in an Amsterdam warehouse and office building for two years" (p. 329).The same encyclopedia reports further on the play:
"Diary of Anne Frank, The, a play in two acts . . . produced in 1955 andpublished in 1956. Setting: a warehouse and office building in Amsterdam, 1942-45 . . . The play, like the diary, has moved audiences all over the world. Both works are bittersweet portrayals of a Jewish adolescent under stress, the more poignant because of audiences' awareness of the cataclysmic events outside the warehouse and the gruesome aftermath. Ready to leave Amsterdam after the war, Mr. Frank reveals his daughter's diary. The scene shifts to the hiding place the Franks occupied from July 1942 to August 1944. Arriving in their upstairs hideout, where they can make no noise whatever during the day, Anne decides to think of it as a strange summer resort. She is strongly attached to her father, argues incessantly with her mother, and has a youthful romance with the shy son of the family hiding them. There are joys and heartbreaks, festivals and fights. Just before the hideout is discovered by the Nazis, Anne describes to her young boyfriend the lovely day she sees through the skylight." (p. 207).We observe two errors here. First, the diary itself does not confirm the diary itself does not confirm the state-
Literally thousands of people have been affected by the play, their tears flooding down their chins. The play is full of distortions where actual events have been faked. The Germans and everything with them are made out as being veritable beasts. The reckless manner in which the play went on in distorting actual events apparently went so far that even Schnabel was forced to give a correction to some of them in his book Anne Frank Spur eines Kindes. In October, 1960, students of the Moscow University gave their first performance of the play the Hacketts made. The stage manager was Ivan Solovjov, attached to the Moscow Yermolova theatre (AFFA:20).
George Stevens produced an expensive film in CinemaScope which starred Millie Perkins as Anne Frank. The Twentieth Century Fox brought out the movie The Diary of Anne Frank in 1959. The Swedish premiere was on 14-9-1959. According to a news report, G. Stevens invested one million kroner in reconstructing "authentic" settings in which the events took place. Some of the scenes were taken at Prinsengracht 263,Amsterdam, and in the warehouse. Stevens was "permitted to remake the building the way it was at the time," which by the way indicates to us that changes had been made. Most of the scenes however were taken at Holly wood where a copy of the warehouse was made resting on springs, which "enables the building to shake at bomb explosions" (*ST, 1958, June 30). The film further enlarged on the hate propaganda spewed out by the Zionists against the Palestinians and Germans. It was argued that this little Jewish girl "becoming the symbol of the Persecuted Jewish child" (EJ,op.cit;54) gave sufficient reasons why the Palestinians must become the victims because of Hitler. Almost no criticism was voiced in the public media against such monstrous brain washing. It would be interesting to know how much money the father has made on these projects. Some have stated it runs into the millions. One estimate has been 20 million DM. (Heinz Roth, Anne Frank's Tagebuch Der Grosse Schwindel). At least one school and a street have been named after Anne Frank (*AB, 1956, Dec. 12). The Montessori school which she attended was renamed after her (Schnabel, 2:42; AFFA:5).
The AFFA booklet has an article by Henri F. Pommer where he writes of the girl:
"The legend she founded is the kind her destroyers had tried to wipe out. She is a Jewess spoken of by Germans as a saint; she was an object of hatred, and has become a vehicle of love. In Frankfurt-am Main, a memorial plaque now marks the house where she lived from 1930 to '33, and in '57 her birthday was celebrated in St. Paul's Church .. and the house where she wrote the Diary has been turned into a museum by a group of Christians. In Vienna and Tel Aviv, money has been raised to plant an AnneThe same writer claims that "Anne has been the object of research leading to a CAREFUL BIOGRAPHY" obviously thereby meaning Schnabel's ludicrous book (6). All this must sound sickening to the readers when we now present evidence the "document" nothing else but a palpable fraud. In order to perpetuate the swindle an organization was created:
3Frank forest near Jerusalem. In West-Berlin, a center for social work with young people has been named after her to symbolize racial and social tolerance. In the United States, Anne's twenty five months of hiding became the object of an extremely popular Pulitzer Prize play, and a costly, top notch film. The play, in its turn, produced a wave of philo-Semitism in Germany" (5,6).
"After World War II an organization in the name of Anne Frank was set up and maintained in the house where the family had hidden during the war. The Anne Frank House serves as a museum and meeting place for youth to further the aims of peace." (EJ, op.cit:54; compare *AB,1957, Aug. 7).A Swedish news report in ST of May 4, 1960*, states the Anne Frank House will become an international house for youth:
"As a worthy introduction to Holland's 15 year commemoration of her liberation the famous Anne Frank House at Prinsengracht in Amsterdam was opened on Tuesday after three years reverencial restoration. Otto Frank, Anne's father, who partook in the ceremonies became so touched he was unable to complete his speech."Apparently not all were equally touched or enthused. The same report continues by stating that some years previously, confrontations erupted between German tourists where some even had the bad taste to sing Horst Wessel's song. To prevent a recurrence, the German customs gave out a circular informing the tourists not to be provocative, stating it would be best if they were to remain indoors on Wednesday and Thursday. A later report states that the Anne Frank Foundation resolved to found an Anne Frank Academy where youths from the whole world could meet to study what could be done to obliterate racial differences and "create better relations between mankind" (*AB,1965, Jan. 30). It is claimed by the father and his supporters that the "diary" stands as a living and truthful testimony and as a bulwark against fascism, Hitlerism and neo-nazism. How our exposure that the "document" is a fake will affect this claim remains to be seen. The official Anne Frank Foundation (no date) brochure (AFF) states:
"The Anne Frank Foundation owns the houses at 263 and 265, Prinsengracht. Part of the admission fees, as well as gifts and donations from friends of the House all over the world, are used to maintain the houses... The board of trustees and managing board consist of Jews, Christians and representatives of nonreligious groups of various political convictions. But all of them are united in their vigilance against fascism and they condemn everything that is intolerable according to the Diary of Anne Frank and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights."We would have hoped they had been equally vigilant against frauds and deceptions. A further reading of this folder clearly indicates that the purpose of the "Foundation" is to foist prejudices against certain groups and to operate as a propaganda tool for the Zionists. Those wanting further information about the "museum" should write: Anne Frank Foundation, 263-265, Prinsengracht, Amsterdam C, Holland, Phone 020 24 28 37 & 24 10 97.
"Twelve years after Anne's death, when her Diary was already world famous, it became known that the owner of the house had decided to have it pulled down. It goes without saying that everything possible was done to prevent this. The owners of the leading Dutch Ladies Juvenile Coat Factory, H. Berghaus Ltd., then made the magnificent offer, that for the occasion of their 75th anniversary, they would donate the house to the "Anne Frank Foundation." But there was yet another danger. There had been talk of pulling down all the surrounding houses, to make room for modern office buildings. Should this have happened, the atmosphere of the house on the Prinsengracht would have been entirely altered. The owners were prepared to sell the group of houses that they had bought on the Prinsengracht, and on the Westermarkt for (350.000. The Mayor of Amsterdam was approached, and proved to be very understanding and helpful. He started a campaign to gather sufficient means to buy up the whole block of houses. In a personal letter and in public announcements, he pointed out that the ATMOSPHERE round the Anne Frank House must be saved, and that it could be made into an international place for young people. Thanks to contributions from all parts of the world, this became possible. Having acquired the entire complex, the Anne Frank Foundation was in a position to carry out structural alterations. The building no. 265 Prinsengracht next door to the Anne Frank House, was united with the original property. The old groundfloor store room, mentioned by Anne in her Diary, was rebuilt as a hall where we can receive visitors and hold lectures and seminars. It is of course, a pity that as a result of these alterations staircase A has disappeared and staircase B (see plan of the secret annexe) can no longer be used The loss of the latter, in particular, is regrettable: this staircase was used after office hours by the inmates of the Secret Annexe" (AFFA:28 9).In this way the mayor, the Dutch people and a whole world were conned and thus created the Anne Frank Foundation monstrosity.
In a work of this nature where a young girl would reach from 13 to 15 years of age we would expect some stylistic changes to show up. For instance, in the 5th edition of the 38 page, official brochure calledAnne Frank Foundation Amsterdam (AFFA) we are shown on pages 6 and 10 various photographs of the girl at different ages. Conspicuously we are not shown her handwriting at different ages. Instead the brochure concentrates on unimportant side issues. Surely, several examples of her own handwriting would be relevant here. At the end of the brochure on page 36 we finally are shown an excerpt purporting to belong to Anne Frank (Fig. 13), then 15 years old. Somehow this excerpt, the only one given in the brochure does not fit our conception of a girl at that age. It certainly has no relation to the handwriting found in Life, International ed., 1958 September 15 (BR-RH, Nr 4, Fig. 9). It appears much more genuine for a girl at that age. The entire Anne Frank case throws up series of questions, all of them becoming more and more suspicious as time moves on. We recall how the father is throwing a blanket of silence on the issue. Why for instance, instead of all these Zionist propaganda and atrocity stories appearing at the Anne Frank House, are we not shown the actual prime source material of Anne Frank? Why is not the actual "diary" exhibited at this center, a place much more fitting for a documentary of this sort than in an alleged bank safe in Switzerland?
"2. The Foundation regularly organizes exhibitions on topics which are related to the history of the House: oppression, persecution and discrimation. Examples of exhibitions held by the Foundation include: "Migrant Workers" and 2000 Years of Anti-Semitism". Here, too, guided tours are given to groups if requested."It is indeed passing strange why no exhibition has been made showing the actual documents and handwritings of Anne Frank. At least one should expect the "diary" exibited. But also Anne Frank's other "documents" should be exhibited such as:
"After the entry of March 29, Anne's expressed desires to be a journalist, and then a famous writer, grew more numerous. [Possibly an invention included in the diary to make it appear she was a competent writer and could have written the diary.] Writing would, she hoped, enable her to live after her death; [More likely the father's wish.] She wrote short stories, even wanting to submit them for publication. Do you Remember?, a collection of fables and little personal experiences, was published in Holland after the diary and has become "something of a minor children's classic." In 1959 its contents became available in English in The Works of Anne Frank" (AFFA:15).Why are none of these original documents exhibited? At Kungliga Biblioteket (Royal Library), Stockholm, Sweden, the priceless Devil's Bible of the 12th century is permanently exhibited to all visitors (without an extrance fee) and at Carolina rediviva at Uppsala numerous priceless documents can be seen by all visitors, the most unique perhaps being Ulfila's (311?-381 A.D.) "Silver Bible;" Codex argentius. Apparently Mr. Frank is so little concerned about his "documents" that he has not even bothered to display photocopies of them at the museum!
The Anne Frank Foundation is constantly begging for money. It should have no problem to encase the Anne Frank exhibits in proper display cases. Their refusal to do so should indicate to the careful investigator something is smelling. To further indicate the immensity of the hoax the EBM informs us that:
"The hiding place on the Prinsengracht Canal has become a museum and SHRINE. In 1957, 2,000 young Germans marched in rain to the camp where Anne had died" (Vol. 4:279).If the Anne Frank case should turn out to be a hoax, a thing which we will conclusively prove, it must, in view of its vast undertaking and impact on world opinion, be one of the most flagrant literary hoaxes ever foisted on mankind.
ACTUAL SIZE OF THE "DIARY"
"When Miep and Elly, the loyal friends of the family in hiding, were cleaning up they found the exercise books in which Anne had kept her diary." [Notice singular one diary here.]In order for a diary to be kept inside exercise books we would assume it to be, not only small in width and length but also rather thin. Apparently it was small enough so that she had few problems hiding it from, the surrounding eyes in their "cramped quarters" (AFFA:9). The father in spite of the cramped living quarters never knew of it until after the war, at least so we are told by some sources. That it was of a smallish size can be further determined from George St evens' "preface" for he calls it "small" and "the little diary SEEN ONLY BY HERSELF" (Cardinal ed.). Another perplexing problem arises now. How can we square this with the fact that a work of this length, stretching to over 230 printed pages in the Cardinal edition, how can it be written in such a "little diary"? We should also re member here that according to the father's own admission not everything written in the diary has been printed (239; AFFA:6). Exactly how much was left out no one can determine unless we are allowed to examine the originals. In the "Gutachten" (expert opinion, Fig. 8) of Frau Minna Becker, an obscure person of Frau Minna Becker, an obscure person we have so far been unable to contact, she calls it "drei festen Tagebuchern I, II, and III," without giving their size. Apparently then from this "expert opinion" there were THREE solid diaries and not one as we are told elsewhere. In such a case there must have been three firm diaries which were enclosed inside the "exercise books" that Miep and Elly found on the floor. The official story given to the world has been that it concerned one diary, not three and indeed only one is shown in the official guide (AFFA:5). How three diaries could have been kept inside the exercise books poses some rather interesting questions. In view of that and for other reasons the one diary story continues to be used. "It took" the father "many weeks to finish reading the DIARY" (AFFA:6) not diaries thereby indicating it concerns one diary. Anne Frank writes herself about "this cardboard covered notebook" (singular) and calls it "a diary" (AFFA:14, Cardinal ed: 2,3). We now move en to a photograph found in the Swedish newspaper Expressen. (1976, Sunday, Oct. 10:7; Fig. l ). Mr. Frank is seen there holding the "diary" in his hands, a rather odd picture indeed as the father is holding a large book in his hands. Perhaps it is a photocopy of the original but even then, judging by the size of the replica it certainly was not a small and thin diary unless the pages have been enlarged and a heavy paper is used. It should further be noted that the diary in the brochure (5) has rounded corners whereas in the Expressen picture it has straight edges. We are simply left mystified by all these seeming discrepancies.
Apparently then it must be a red-checkered, cloth covered diary. Indeed the photograph in the AFFA brochure fits this description nicely. An intriguing question at this moment is to ask not only if any such diaries were available at the store where the father is said to have bought it, if the book depicted is as old as it is claimed to be and whether the photograph is an actual picture of the original diary or some other diary. We can be sure of the fact that the picture has no resemblance to the one shown in Expressen which we previously mentioned. A rather peculiar statement can also be gleaned from the "diary" itself for Anne Frank is alleged to have said: "There is no doubt that paper is patient and as I don't intend to show this CARDBOARD COVERED NOTEBOOK bearing the proud name of `diary' to anyone" (AFFA:14; Cardinal ed:2). Does the AFFA photograph of a cloth or plastic covered diary with key-lock provision resemble a "cardboard-covered notebook"? Hardly.
The case became further mystified when we on one occasion were told by a Jewish man who claimed he personally knew those who had found the material of the diary SCATTERED on the floor. If this is true, these pages must later have been bound into a book by a bookbinder. The subject is indeed most difficult to unravel. Only by a thorough literal examination of ALL of Anne Frank's ORIGINAL works, a thorough photographic investigation and chemical analysis on the prime source material will we ever know anything at all. Scholars should have insisted on this long ago instead of passing the work off as genuine. Already at its initial stage so many obvious discrepencies are involved that we cannot help but wonder how anyone of any honesty could pass this work off as a genuine product of this girl. Obviously the literary market is virtually inundated by quacks of all kinds. All those experts involved with the case and who have kept quiet are nothing but quacks. The risk today is that Mr. Frank or someone else, being aware of the "document's" real character may rig up some way whereby all future investigations prove futile. Many of those involved at the inception of the hoax are no longer alive making it difficult to investigate vital points. Of course we recognize that even then it would have been a difficult thing to investigate as those involved most likely were in no hurry to talk. Those few critics who dared to voice their criticism were all singularly dismissed for being anti Semites.
"Often she was difficult to live with.The above mentioned Expressen interview with the Franks confirms this point further by stating they were living "cramped" (vi bodde så tätt tillsammans, p:6). Obviously this sort of surrounding with "cramped quarters" and "many restrictions" would be anything but a conducive place to secretly start working on a literary achievement of this sort. Another even more intriguing question is how no one, in spite of all these restrictions and cramped quarters knew a thing about her writing the diary, not even her own father? The Expressen article (6) states definitely that it was first in 1945, after the father had returned to Amsterdam, that he first read it. The AFFA:13 brochure states:
8Tensions were almost inevitable for EIGHT PEOPLE living with SO MANY RESTRICTIONS in such CRAMPED QUARTERS."
"During the twenty five months in the Secret Annexe, the world of her thought WAS A SECRET within a SECRET a SECRET SO WELL KEPT that EVEN HER FATHER confessed, when the Diary was first published, `I never realized my little Anna was so deep."'Furthermore, George Stevens states in his "preface": "At the same time, Anne was quietly penning her words in the little diary SEEN ONLY BY HERSELF" (Cardinal eel.). Who but the father could have told him this? How can it be that a group of people living under "so many restrictions" and "in such cramped quarters" never knew or saw the diary, a diary filled with entries starting June 14, 1942 to August 1, 1944? The whole thing is preposterous.
"It was to BE EXPECTED that LITTLE EXTERNAL EVIDENCE of Anne's talent would be found. When she went into hiding, she was not a diarist worthy of much attention."However those responsible in assembling the concoction saw to it that this situation would be rectified. Likely it was also given as an excuse for the fact that so few witnesses could be found testifying her "literary talents." A better excuse could not have been given had it been invented.
"It took him many weeks to finish reading the diary; the emotional strain of even a few pages would overcome him. Eventually HE COPIED OUT ALMOST THE ENTIRE WORK, OMI TING ONLY `some passages which he felt to be too intimate or which might hurt other people's feelings.' He had NO THO LIGHT OF PUBLISHING IT."Three outright lies are made in one breath here. First, if the father had not been interested in getting it published there would have been no reason for him to "copy out" the diary, much less show it to friends. We also wonder whether Isa and Albert Cauvern who were supposed to have assisted him in typing out the work used the original diary or diaries or whether they took it directly from Mr. Frank's "copied out" copy?
"Anne was thirteen when she started her diary. Six months later she regretted not having had her first menstruation: `Oh, I'm so longing to have one too; she wrote, it seems so important"'(9).Further down on the same page it states:
"Bit by bit, however, these evidences of immaturity and of being difficult decreased. Mixed with them, yet gradually replacing them, came the actions and reactions of a more mature young woman. Probably the most striking measure of these changes is her LOVE AFFAIR with Peter Van Daan."We are told that: "Anne's need for a confidant of her own age greatly increased, and she had her first period" (10). Henri F. Pommer, the author of this article, first published in Judaism (A quarterly journal of Jewish Life and Thought, Vol. 9, No. 1, Winter Issue, 1960) assures us further that: "Any diary of a young girl who hid in Amsterdam during the Nazi occupation, who described her first PROTECTED LOVE AFFAIR... might well interest us" (12). He feels that "her AFFAIR WITH PETER is THE MOST STRIKING MEASURE OF HER CHANGE TOWARDS MATURITY" (14). It may be so for H.F. Pommer and his kind but we doubt whether it at all was relevant to the girl in her situation. Likely these "sexy" portions were included to make the product saleable.
September and October have 6 entries each while November has 8. Then follow 3 months with almost no entries at all. December has only 4 whereas January and February have even less having only 2 entries. We have now entered a new year: 1943. March has a mere total of 6 entries headed up by three more months which again have almost no entries: April has 3, May has 2 and June has also 2. No explanation is given for this most peculiar way of keeping a "diary." One would expect her to give us a hint, not only for the few days being entered and also the reason why she did not bother making more entries. We proceed. July has 7, August has 8, September has only 3. October has even less, only 2 entries. November has 5. Compare the last three with the ratio of 6-6-8 for the previous year. December has 4. We now enter into a new year: 1944. For the first time, starting with January we get more than 8 entries. This month has 10 and February has 10 followed up by the grand month of March which has a total of 19 entries, the most entries ever made. Compare this with the
"At Whitsun, for instance, when it was so warm, [see: 31 May-44:215]. I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon once by myself Alas, the sacrifice was all in vain, as THE MOON GAVE FAR TOO MUCH LIGHT and I didn't dare risk opening the window" (15 June-44:222).We must state here we feel this time was a most unwise choice for her to "have a good look at the moon for once." The moon had previously passed its new moon stage, entering into a half moon with the moon furthest away according to almanacs for 1944. We were not at Amsterdam in those days to know if the moon AT ALL WAS VISIBLE; nevertheless, the passage that "the moon gave far too much light" seems rather odd.
"Our many Jewish friends are being taken away by the dozen. . . We assume that most of them are murdered The English radio speaks of their being GASSED."We should observe here that none of the Franks were "gassed" or "murdered" but like thousands of Germans died of sickness. Anne herself is said to ' have died of typhus. Also, on 13 Dec.-42:54 she reports seeing "two Jews" walking by, indicating they moved freely in spite of her previous statement they were "being taken away by the dozen." Interestingly a Swedish news report of 1963 mentions that Karl Silberbauer, the man who had arrested the occupants, knew nothing about those he had arrested being sent togas chambers) at German concentration camps. H, is alleged to have said: "We were rather surprised to learn that it was written in The Anne Frank Diary about Jews being gassed to death. How did the girl know about this secret?" (ST, 1963, Nov. 22). As we can see there is a logical explanation to this. The Franks were apparently constantly listening to the radio programs coming from England. Likely they had plenty of time to listen to the radio seeing they had little else to do. The English radio programs were constantly sending out gruesome propaganda stories about German atrocities being committed and seeing the Franks hated the Germans they took of course these fictitious stores to be the truth. A.R. Butz reports in his revealing book The Hoax Of The Twentieth Century that the rabblerouser, Thomas Mann, had already in December 1941 on BBC broadcasted that: "In German hospitals the severly wounded, the old and feeble ARE KILLED WITH POISON GAS - in one single institution, two to three thousand, a German doctor said" (1977:174).
After further investigations most of us now recognize that we have been hoodwinked. The whole thing was a bluff concocted mainly by the Jewish propaganda machine. On Thursday, 3 February-44:133 another entry is made where those in the "Secret Annexe" (S.A.) are supposed to have said:
"Out of the question, the English HAVE ALWAYS TOLD THE TRUTH over the wireless. And suppose they do exaggerate the news, the facts are bad enough because you can't deny that many millions of peace loving people were just simply MURDERED or GASSED in Poland arid Russia."What better propaganda tool could the winning side ask for than The Diary of Anne Frank! Those wanting further information on the gas chamber, subject should consult: A.R. Butz, op. cit, Institute for Historical Review; Richard Harwood, Did Six Million Really Die? The Truth At Last, also available in Swedish as Dog Verkligen Sex Miljoner?, ISBN 91 85560 50 2; Sionismen det Dolda F?rtrykhet, ISBN 91 85560 510; Thomas Mann, Deutsche Horer! Fundundfunfzig Radiosendungen nach Deutschland, Bermann-Fischer Verlag, Stockholm, Sweden, Zweite, erweiterte Ausgabe, 1945. It was the Jewish, Bermann-Fischer Verlag who later brought out the Anne Frank "diary" in German and who succeeded in hoodwinking a whole world on it being an authentic document.
When these points are recognized the entire machination behind the Anne Frank diary takes the pro portion of one gigantic, sickening 'example of how the "God's chosen people" take revenge on their critics. In this spirit the diary says the "English have always told the truth" (3 Feb.-44:133) whereas the Finns are "silly fools" (27 June-44:224). The "Internationale" is heralded with enthusiasm (10 Sept.-43:97). So are the "extra" communiques "from Stalin" (31 March-44:171). No less so is the knowledge that the "Bol shevists really are on the way" (27 June-44:224). As can be expected the worst lot are the Germans, those who made Jews wealthy in the first place. The Franks had themselves made their wealth in Germany. Possibly they came from poor Khazar background, whose family later moved into Poland, Galicia, Hungary or Austria. The name Frank (also Franck) is an Ashkenazic name meaning "Franconian" (Rottenberg: 218). Like so many a poor Khazar they soon recognized that Germany was their "Promised Land." They just were not satisfied with part of the "milk and honey" until ALL was theirs. Possibly most of Mr. Frank's hate against the Germans could be explained by the fact that unless some people get all the cake they start screeching to the high heavens blasting out they are being unjustly treated. MEY and DGD under "Frank" report that he was a banker. The diary is quite revealing on the fact that the Franks were wallowing in wealth while in Germany:
"Dear Kitty, Have I ever really told you anything about our family? I don't think I have, so I will begin now. My father's parents WERE VERYRICH His father had worked himself right up and his mother CAME FROM A PROMINENT FAMILY, who were ALSO RICH So in his youth Daddy had A REAL LITTLE RICH BOY'S UPBRINGING, parties every week, balls, festivities, beautiful girls, dinners, a large home, etc., etc. After Grandpa's death all the money was lost during the World War and the inflation that followed Daddy was therefore EXTREMELY WELL BROUGHT UP and he laughed very much yesterday when, for the first time in his fifty-five years, he scraped out the frying pan at table MUMMY'SPARENTS WERERICH TOO and we often listen openmouthed to stories of engagement parties of two hundred and fifty people, private balls and dinners One certainly could not call us rich now, but ALL MY HOPES ARE
PINNED ON AFTER THE WAR" (8 May-44:202; compare: 20 June-42:3).Anne's big wish about getting rich was realized in her father who in unison with the Zionist cause had long before decided that after Germany's fall they should not only relentlessly smear the Germans but that they at the same time should make money out of it. And what a gold mine it proved to be. Anti-German films are still big incomes to the warmongers and hatemongers. We are told that Anne is glad for that Hitler "took away our nationality long ago" (9 Oct.-42:35) and she reminds us that "In fact, Germans and Jews are the greatest enemies in the world" (Ibid.). "The justly famous Diary" (AFFA:2) has other examples of hate against the Germans: "It would be much easier and more advantageous to the Allies if the impeccable Germans kill each other off" she is claimed to have said (21 July-44:234). She feels that "Only a small percentage of Dutch people are on the wrong side" (29 March44:171). The one good thing when food gets worse is "so sabotage against the authorities steadily increases" (Ibid.). "Speak softly at all times, by order! ALL CIVILIZED LANGUAGES ARE PERMITTED, THEREFORE NOT GERMAN" (17 Nov.-42:46)!
In any case, the Germans are "THE CRUELEST BRUTES THAT WALK THE EARTH" (19 Nov.-42:48). In typical priestly hypocrisy this diary and its created Foundation will help and teach mankind "to attain the humility which alone can make us want to listen to our fellowman" (AFFA:3). We find it exceedingly difficult to believe that a healthy girl at her age can be so possessed with hate and apparently even worse portions of this kind can be found in the uncensored material seeing we are told some passages were excluded by Mr. Frank which he felt "might hurt other people's feelings" (AFFA: 6). We are willing of course to concede that a young child, having been thoroughly brainwashed by Talmudic ideals may end up with numerous aberrations of which these are some examples but even then this seems a bitfarfetched. An investigation of the prime source material may shed some light on whether these portions are mere concoctions of some other author or authors or whether she in fact wrote them.
"Continuation of the `Secret Annexe' daily timetable. As the clock strikes half past eight in the morning, Margot and Mummy are jittery: `Ssh . . . Daddy, Quiet, Otto, ssh . . . Pim. ' 'It is half past eight, come back here, you can't run any more water; walk quietly!'.. . Not a drop of water, no lavatory, no walking about,Clearly then: "everything can be heard in the warehouse." However we do not go far to find that the very opposite is the order of the day; the Van Daans apparently taking the lead:
16everything quiet. As long as none of the office staff are there, everything can be heard in the warehouse" (23 Aug.-43:95)
"Mr. and Mrs. Van Daan have had a TERRIFIC QUARREL. I'VE NEVER SEEN ANYTHING LIKE IT BEFORE. Mummy and Daddy would never dream of SHOUTING AT EACH OTHER" (2 Sept.-42:22).The diary is replete with the constant quarelings between the Jews. In another place Anne states:
"There have been RESOUNDING ROWS between Mr. and Mrs. Van Daan... The YELLS and SCREAMS, STAMPING and ABUSE YOU CAN'TPOSSIBLYIMAGINEIVIT WAS FRIGHTENING. My family stood at the bottom of the stairs, holding their breath, READY IF NECESSARY TO DRAG THEM APART. ALL THIS SHOUTING AND WEEPING and nervous tension are so unsettling and such a strain, that in the evening I drop into my bed crying, thanking heaven that I sometimes have half an hour to myself" (29 Oct-43:100).It seems as if the biggest problem was the Jews themselves and not the Nazis. The matter is so bad that Anne is made to say some pages after:
"We are all getting on well together FOR A CHANGE!... we haven't had such peace in the home for AT LFA_ST HALF A YEAR" (22 Dec.-43:109).Unfortunately the problem persists. On Saturday, 15 January-44:122 she reports:
"There is no point in telling you EVERY TIME the exact details of OUR ROWSANDARGUMENTS."Apparently she is no better herself for she says:
"I . . . throw my weight about the place, am NOISY AND BOISTEROUS, so that everyone wishes that I was out of the way" (27 Feb:-44:142).We are left wondering. If the group of Jews was in such a danger, how is it that they never got detected and how could they be so boisterous? Perhaps the most peculiar piece of information we can gather from the diary is when we are told that the girl has a "craze for dancing and ballet at the moment" and that she "practices dance steps every evening dilligently" This was as late as 12 January 1944 120-1. Equally peculiar is the information that, Peter chops wood and performs "acrobatics round the room with his cat" (10 Dec.-42:52). We would believe that under the circumstances, if the story is to be believed at all, these sorts of activities should be totally prohibited at any time. Likely they do give us some insight into the actual circumstances, indicating to us that the story about a group of Jews in hiding for the very lives is an exaggeration.
"My father was thirty-six when he married my mother, who was then twenty-five. My sister Margot was born in 1926 in Frankfort on Main, I followed on June 12, 1929, and, as we are Jewish, we emigrated to Holland in 1933, where my father was appointed Managing Director of Travies N. V. This firm is in close relationship with the firm of Kolen & CO. in the same building, of which my father is a partner. In 1938 after the pogroms, my two uncles (my mother's brothers) escaped to the U.S.A. (20 June 42:3).We detect obvious interpolations in this quotation. Nothing will convince us unless we are allowed to examine the original records, that young Anne, under this date, should have written an historical genealogy of her family. The swindle is far too apparent. Let us examine another point more closely. The diary makes out as a matter of fact, that as they were Jewish, they "emigrated to Holland:" The statement is absurd for several reasons. First, if it was a matter of fact that Jews already as early as 1933 should emigrate why did not all Jews do so? We would expect that at least the wealthy should have taken this opportunity particularly in view of the fact they had the freedom to do so. Often it was the poor Jew who emigrated, not the wealthy. Second, why did the "two uncles" remain in Germany? Not until 1938 did they escape to the USA. Third, why did not the Franks also escape to the USA? Having escaped Germany before the uncles they seemingly should have been more aware of the risks that the uncles who remained in Germany up to 1938. Fourth, we know that even after Hitler took power, 10,000 Jews immigrated to Germany between 1933 37. In 1937, of 1,200 immigrants, 97 came from Palestine! The story now becomes rather interesting when we know this fact. First, the reason given for their immigration to Holland in 1933 "as we are Jewish" becomes foolish in view of this fact. Second, we must now ask the question, why did the Franks emigrate? Mr. Frank is preciously silent about himself and about the details we would want him to explain before we would accept his story. What really were his activities and how exactly did he, his family and relatives acquire their huge
"Yes, WE ARE LUCKIER THAN MILLIONS OF PEOPLE. It is quite safe here, and we are, so to spear LIVING ON CAPITAL" (13 Jan:-43:56, compare 8 May-44:202).Perhaps this explains why the family did not bother to "flee" to the USA, Switzerland or elsewhere. About the business Anne informs us that:
"Daddy has been at home a lot lately, as there is nothing for him to do at business; it must be rotten to feel so superfluous. Mr. Koophuis has taken over Travies and Mr. Kraler the firm Kolen & Co." (5 July-42:11)The big concern for the father was to avoid their private belongings being seized by the Germans, for as Anne tells us:
"We don't want our belongings to be seized by the Germans." (11).If it is true that the Germans were incessantly hunting for JEWISH belongings we start to wonder. Along with the Franks there were four other people. Why, of all places did the father choose to make a "hiding place" out of the very same building where he had his own business office (9 July-42:14)? The building was also supposed to have been a storage place for spices. The place was therefore not only an office but also a warehouse for Mr. Frank's spices for as the AFFA brochure itself wants to remind us: "It is important to know that Mr. Frank was trading in spices at the time, and that the SPICES WERE STORED IN THE WAREHOUSE" (27). The argument that may be brought up that others were now running the business explains nothing as Jews were allowed to work; the "Jewish chemist and dispenser" who worked at their business proves this fact. The whole story about the "Secret Annexe" reaches the point of absurdity when we remember the above facts. How could the Germans, who were after the Franks and others, and whom, we are told, so meticulously searched out all secrets leaving nothing undone, have missed the "Secret Annexe" or even the whole house for that matter? What glories are left of this "document" are smothered when we examine these points. If the SS had "sent a call up notice for Daddy" (8 July-42:12) as Margot said; why would Daddy decide to move into HIS OWN OFFICE? He could hardly have chosen a more unsuitable place. While at this point, not even from their own Jewish people could they feel safe for it is reported:
"The days are becoming very quiet here. LEWIN, a small JEWISH chemist and dispenser, works for Mr. Kraler in the kitchen. He knows the whole building well and therefore we are always afraid that he'll take it into his head to have a peep in the old laboratory. We are as quiet as mice. Who, three months ago, would ever have guessed that quicksilver Anne would have to sit still for hours and, what's more could?" (1 Oct.-42:33).Could it be that Jewish Lewin was peacefully working at the warehouse for the same reason that thousands of Jews were left untouched also in Germany during the entire war? The fact that this Jewish person worked there makes the whole story the more fantastic. May not the fact the Franks chose their own office and warehouse as their "hiding place" indiciate to us how lenient the Germans in fact were about the Jewish questions at the time? We may just as well believe that Frank's real reason for not moving to the warehouse was not on account of the Germans but so that they could prevent burglaries
Please bear with us now as we unravel yet another fabulous tale from our "document:" The following is reported:
"You'd never guess what has happened to us now. The owner of these premises has sold the house without informing Kraler and Koophuis. One morning the new owner arrived with an architect to have a look at the house. Luckily, Mr. Koophuis was present arid SHOWED THE GENTLEMEN EVERYTHING EXCEPT THE "SECRETANNEXE. "He professed to have forgotten THE KEY OF THE COMMUNICATING DOOR. THE NEW OWNER DIDN'T QUESTION ANY FURTHER. It will be all right as long as he doesn't come back and want to see the "Secret Annexe" ; because then it won't look too good for us. (27 Feb:-43:60).First we are to believe that the owner sold the house without prior inspection of the premises he was selling, then, that he had not informed those renting the warehouse about it being for sale and later sold. We are further expected to believe that the new owner buying the house did not inspect it before buying it. If that isn't asking the readers too much they are now on top of it all supposed to swallow the notion that neither the architect, who should have seen the blueprints of the house, nor the new owner was interested in inspecting the entire warehouse! Why for instance, did they not get suspicious about the "cupboard" in front of the door (21 Aug:-42:21) and that the step in front of it had been removed (21)? More of this in our next heading. That the new owner should be so disinterested in an entire section of his newly bought warehouse seems incredible even if we were to accept that he shortly afterwards would see to it that keys were available so he could enter the place. Several more questions should be asked. What about cigarette odors? The males inside the "Secret Annexe" smoked (except Peter). Plenty of food was stored in the attic like peas, beans and 150 cans of vegetables (Nov:-42:42). Sausages were also stored there (10 March-43:61). Would not the new owner wonder why all this food was stored there? Even if the original diary did contain this section we still must question the story's credibility. While we may believe in "God's providence" we still feel the "document" seems a bit farfetched.
"A wooden staircase leads from the downstairs passage to the next floor (B). There is a small landing at the
top. There is A DOOR AT EACH END OF THE LANDING, the left one leading to a storeroom at the front of the house and to the attics. One of those really steep Dutch staircases runs from the side to the other door opening on to the street (C). The RIGHT-HAND DOOR leads to our "Secret Annexe." NO ONE WOULD EVER GUESS that there would be so many rooms hidden behind THAT PLAIN GRAY DOOR. There's a little STEP INFRONT OF THE DOOR and then you are inside" (9 July-42:15).Let us pause here for a moment before we move on. Why would a girl who had left to go to Holland from Germany in 1933 (20 June-42:3) and who was then ONLY ABOUT FOUR YEARS OLD talk about "one of those really steep Dutch staircases"? Let us not talk about the fact that a girl would hardly speak in this way but the statement becomes rather ludicrous when we remember that she hardly would have had a chance (and interest) to compare the Dutch staircases with other countries'. Furthermore, why improve the entrance door seeing that "no one would ever guess that there would be so many rooms" hidden behind "that plain gray door"? Would then not an alteration of it only bring forth some real causes for suspicion? We will go more into this point as we move on. Let us however continue on with the next description; the alteration of the actual entrance into the "Secret Annexe" which was supposed to be an improvement in spite of the above objections we have raised:
"THE ENTRANCE TO OUR HIDING PLACE HAS NOW BEEN PROPERLY CONCEALED. Mr. Kraler thought it would be better to put a CUPBOARD IN FRONT OF OUR DOOR (because a lot of houses are being searched [observe not for Jews but stolen goods, Anne's own bicycle had previously been stolen: 24 June-42:7] for hidden bicycles), but OF COURSE [why of course in view of the above?] IT HAD TO BE A MOVEABLE CUPBOARD THAT CAN OPEN LIKE A DOOR. Mr. Vossen made the whole thing. We had already let him into the secret and he can't do enough to help. If we want to go downstairs, we have to first bend down and then jump, because THE STEP HAS GONE. The first three days we were all going about with masses of lumps on our foreheads, because we all knocked outselves against the low doorway. Now we have nailed a cloth filled with wool against the low doorway. Let's see if that helps!" (21 Aug:-42:21).Bear in mind now what our previous quotation stated. When the new owner along with his architect inspected the premises they were shown EVERYTHING except the "Secret Annexe." We were told that Mr. Koophuis "PROFESSED TO HAVE FORGOTTEN THE KEY OF THE COMMUNICATING DOOR." But not only had the actual door gone, having been replaced by a "cupboard" but the knowledge that such a door existed was supposed to have been a secret. In spite of this, if we are to believe this story, the two gentlemen had no difficulties in observing "the secret hiding place"! Two photographs of the contraption with the "swinging bookcase" are shown in the AFFA brochure (27). The fact remains that we were told that this improvement was made specifically TO HIDE THE FACT THAT THERE WAS A DOOR! So how could Koophuis have told them he had forgotten the key to a door where there was no door? The whole nonsense becomes apparently ludicrous when we remember the point, that what Koophuis was doing, was, that he in fact is supposed to have said that he had no key for an open
This is not all by a long stretch. Mr. Vossen, Elli Vossen's father (9 July42:15) who by this time is supposed to have been let in on the secret is allegedly the one who "made the whole thing." Would not an awful racket have been caused in making such an alteration? Remember the girl admits that:
"There are some large business premises on the right of us, and on the left a furniture workshop; there is no one there after working hours BUT EVEN SO, SOUNDS COULD TRAVEL THROUGH THE WALLS. We have FORBIDDEN MARGOT TO COUGH AT NIGHT, although she has a bad cold . . It is the SILENCE that frightens me SO IN THE EVENINGS AND AT NIGHT ... We have to WHISPER AND TREAD LIGHTLY during the day, otherwise the people in the warehouse might HEAR US."Ironically in the next sentence the girl says: "Someone is CALLING ME" (11 July-42:19). Now, someone may object Mr. Vossen did his carpentry work in the vening or at night. But note the above citation of the noise problems that "even so" after working hours the noise could travel through the walls. When Margot, in spite of her having a "bad cold" was not allowed to cough even AT NIGHT we are indeed left confounded. The story's fabric simply does not make sense. Alterations were apparently also made by making the entrance smaller. We must now ask ourselves about the owner of the house. The warehouse had not yet been sold to the new owner so the alterations were made prior to the house being sold. What would the owner think if he saw this contraption? Had he not been suspicious before he certainly should have wondered where his former door had gone, not to speak about an entire part of his warehouse. What he now would see was only a "cupboard" in front of him. What about the "Jewish chemist and dispenser," Mr. Lewin, who knew "the whole building" (1 Oct.-42:33)? Would he not have wondered about where the door had disappeared to? Where the "step" had gone? And what about all the others who did know the house, who were working there or paid the house a visit? What about all the repairs that went on with the house, the repairs that went on with the toilet inside the "Secret Annexe"? What about the fire department and others who had a right to inspect the premises? In view of all these facts it would seem that this "secret door," instead of helping them, would have been one of the silliest inventions they could have made. They would have run the risk of being even more easily detected (if that really was of any importance to them). On this premise and on relevant points we may safely dismiss the "secret door" story. It may simply have been conjured up by those wanting to capitalize on a story. If part of the story is true we must say they only have to blame themselves for being caught having made such a foolish invention that could do nothing else but throw suspicion
Let us continue now with the GB leaflet. It states about the door:
"THE DOOR LEADING INTO THE ANNEX WAS SO CLEVERLY CONCEALED FROM THE OUTSIDE BY THE BOOKCASE which Anne describes in her Diary that NO ONE COULD SUSPECT THAT IT EXISTED. The door was HELD IN PLACE FROM THE INSIDE BY A HOOK which could ONLYBE UNFASTENED BY THE INMATES OF THE ANNEX. It is beyond this door that the annex really begins." (2).Here we have an official description of the contraption. However as already stated, the door was so easily detected by the new owner (apparently he did not even ask if there was a door there) for he had asked that the door be opened even though it had no keyhole and could be opened only from the inside!
Even the "carpenter, or whatever you call him" who came to "fill" the "five fire extinguishers in the house" (20 Oct.-42:37) apparently knew there was a door there. The carpenter who had "knocked at our door," the story tells, thus indicating there was a DOOR there, was unable to get in. Later Mr. Koophuis came and said:
"'Open the door, it's only me.'" Our story continues: "We opened it immediately. THE HOOK WHICH HOLDS THE CUPBOARD, WHICH CAN BE UNDONE BY PEOPLE WHO KNOWTHESECRET, had got jammed That was why no one had been able to warn us about the carpenter. The mart had now gone downstairs and Koophuis wanted to fetch Elli, BUT COULDN'T OPEN THE CUPBOARD AGAIN" (Ibid.).The story is indeed confusing to say the least for here it seems to indicate that the door could in fact be opened from the OUTSIDE by those who knew the secret. Possibly by some type of contraption the cupboard was fastened to the door. By removing the cupboard the door could be opened from the
"Then Miep went upstairs with Dussel under the pretext that the private office was needed for something, OPENED THE SWINGING CUPBOARD, and stepped insdie before the eyes of the dumbfounded Dussel." (17 Nov.-42:45).Likewise the following may indicate this:
"Kraler comes helter-skelter up stairs - a short, firm knock ON THE DOOR and in he comes rubbing his hands" (Aug.5-43:88; regarding the "swinging cupboard" compare April 11-44:178 and July 8-44:228).The preceding indicates also it may have been a "plain gray door" (9 July-42:15) and nothing more. Compare also the remark that "the police rattled the cupboard door" (11 April-44:180; compare 183). Here is confusion galore!
Frankly the story of the Franks does not convince us and we want to be frank with Mr. Frank that unless he comes up with some real sound explanations that can be tested and verified the whole story of "Anne Frank" seems most suspicious. Why for instance did the carpenter who was to fill the five fire extinguishers not demand to get into the annex? It happened on 20 Oct.-42. Not before 4 Aug.-1944, were they detected yet we are to believe no more inspections were made after this. It seems only reasonable to conclude that at least one of the inspectors came inside the annex. The fact that an entire part of the building was completely closed to them should have brought questions in their or his mind. The man or men, we should not forget, may very well have seen the place before. If so, would not the alterations have seemed most strange? An investigation into the actual handwriting may give us additional clues. Until then we must regard the story as pure fantasy, mingled with whatever bits and pieces of truth there are.
The AFFA:27 brochure states that: "The `Secret Annexe' BEHIND the bookcase is just as it was" thereby perhaps giving them a safeguard, indicating the thing IN FRONT; i.e. the door itself has been altered to make a dramatic thing out of something quite ordinary. Two more points should be considered before we leave. If Schnabel is right in his assumption it seems as if the bookcase was supported by hinges for he reports that when the "corporal" pushed the bookcase it gave way, stating (he is citing Kraler's letter to him) "perhaps the hook had not been properly fastened" (8:125). This is contradicted again by the very same "corporal" in an article we have before us where the corporal is quoted as having said that one of the men pushed away the bookcase. No mention is made of it being on any hinges. Interestingly enough the article also mentions that Karl Silberbauer, the name of the "corporal" termed it a high bookcase placed in front of the opening (*ST,1963, Nov. 22). Possibly then the entrance had not been made smaller and the bookcase which is there today is an altered product. No honest person can put credence in these constantly shifting stores besides it would be impossible with all the numerous factors contradicting each other. The swindle is obvious. It is up to us to try and join the pieces together so we can determine where the truth possibly may lie. Much more we cannot do under the circumstances and in view of all the
Apparently Anne could equate the Gestapo with the Dutch police. She writes that she "could see us all being taken away by the Gestapo" (11 April-44:179) and being "questioned by the Gestapo" (Ibid: 180). However she recognizes these to be Dutch people for she writes:
"I prepared myself for the return of the POLICE, then we'd have to say that we were hiding; THEY WOULD EITHER BE GOOD DUTCH PEOPLE, then we'd be saved, or N.S.B. ers, then we'd have to bribe them." (Ibid.)Hence the AFFA's argument becomes ludicrous. The Franks knew most of the police were Dutch and the Dutch people were well aware of these types of houses (Compare Schnabel 8:128). Even Schnabel confirms the fact that the police were Dutch. In Kraler's letter to Schnabel he mentions four policemen only one of which was "Green" police.
Schnable calls the "Green" policeman "Silberthaler." George Stevens in his "preface" calls him for "Silverbauer:" A news report in *SI,1963, Nov. 22, calls him "Karl Silberbauer," an Austrian, hence not a German (Compare Schnabel 6:96). The article states further that Silverbauer took 8 DUTCH police with him. Surely then, to Dutch people there was nothing unusual at all about this particular house. The BG leaflet states definitely that:
"The house as it stands today was built in 1635 IN THE STYLE OF THAT PER IOD. In view of the transportation facil-
ities existing at the time, IT WASBUILT LIKE MANY OF THE AMSTERDAM MERCHANTS' HOUSES, beside a canal so goods could be brought by boat to the doorsteps" (1).Does this not indicate there was nothing unusual about the construction? We have already mentioned it seems farfetched how an entire part of the house on the second and third floor can disappear. On the third floor the kitchen and laboratory were located. Inside the "Secret Annexe" was also located a toilet which pipes went down to the toilet below; another reason indicating to us that fictitious inventions have been given to "explain" the story. Far from the construction being anything unusual, The Christian Science Monitor's (1977, July 4:23) article "Amsterdam: where the Frank family hid from the Gestapo" states:
"The Anne Frank House at 263 Prinsen gracht . . . Nor is it a house, really. Their hiding place was the back section of a canal bank building where Anne's father, Otto Frank, had operated a spice import business. (MANY CANAL BANK STRUCTURES ARE LONG AND NARROW, WITH A FRONT SECTION OVERLOOKING THE CA NAL AND AN "ACHTERHUIS" BACKHOUSE fronting on a court yard or street.) From the outside, the Anne Frank House LOOKS LIKE HUNDREDS OF OTHER STRUCTURES THAT LINE AMSTERDAMS 70 MILES OF CANALS."The "explanation" therefore which the official booklet gives does not support known facts. Rather it seems to be given as a smoke screen for gullible believers.
"Perhaps a few extra explanations would be helpful at this stage. You may be wondering now perhaps, why the German police could not see the house lying at the back, through the warehouse windows. Everyone knows that the entrance to the "Secret Annexe" from the little landing was hidden behind a swinging bookcase. But even so, why couldn't the Annexe be seen through the windows? It is important to know that Mr. Frank was trading in spices at the time, and that the spices were stored in the warehouse. Spices must be kept in the dark and to save hanging curtains, paper with a chequered pattern had been stuck onto the window panes, to keep out the daylight. Therefore, although you saw windows, you could not see through them, and everyone took it for granted that they overlooked thegarden. Perhaps this does not strike you, looking at the plan, but as you wander through the house, with all its passages, steps, doors and stairs, you will have soon lost your idea of the topography of the house."A similar claim is made in the BG leaflet:
"Leaving the documentation rooms you enter A SMALL RECESS which is, inSeveral problems arise however with this explanation. The "little landing" (AFFA:27), "small landing" (9 July-42-15) or "small recess" (BG:2) was hardly the place used where Mr. Frank would store his spices, therefore, there was no reason to cover the panes with anything. Spices are usually kept in drawers, wooden containers, jars or cans, thereby protecting them not so much from light as from giving out odors and absorbing odors. That the "little landing" was used as a storage place is ludicrous, to say the least, as very little could be stored there. Fire regulations would further require that nothing be stored there and that the place should be kept clear and bright. It would hardly be adviseable to keep these panes covered as the spot was generally well shaded due to the surrounding high walls. Covering the panes would only necessitate that artificial light would be used. In turn, that would throw suspicion, for people on the outside could then see the light. Keeping the windows uncovered would have been best. We will also point out that if Mr. Frank stored his spices there, the only place apparently where the windows were covered in this way, he would have gone broke as an importer of spices or he would have to receive his income from other sources. There are other arguments in favor of our conclusion. Why, for instance, were not the windows in "the large office" which was "very big, VERY LIGHT, AND VERY FULL" (9 July-42:15) covered with paper? If darkness was of so much importance to Frank why did he not cover those windows where the spices were located instead of covering windows where they were not located? If he really was worried about the light why then did he not keep his spices in the: "small DARK ROOM containing the safe, a wardrobe, and a LARGE CUPBOARD leads to a small somewhat DARK SECOND OFFICE" (Ibid.)? Would these places not have been more appropriate? No mention is made that any spices were kept here (Compare 7 Dec.-42:51). If so, the introduction on pp. 14 17 would have been an excellent place to tell about it. No mention is made in this introduction that even one spice was kept at the "little landing." The photographs in the AFFA booklet (27) show office files. Seeing no spices were kept there why cover the panes? Why were just the panes at the "small landing" covered? Anne says:
26fact, the connecting passage between fronthouse and backhouse. (See Plan fig. 3). On the right hand side you will see the window which looks onto the inner courtyard. THE PANES STILL BEAR TRACES OF THE PAPER WHICH WAS PASTED ON TO PREVENT LIGHT FROM SPOILING THE SPICES. THIS MEANT, OF COURSE, THAT THE ANNEX WAS HIDDEN FROM THE PRYING EYES OF UN AUTHORIZED VISITORS" (2).
"We are very nervous in other ways, too, that neighbors might HEAR us or SEE SOMETHING GOING ON." (11 July-42:19; compare this with Schnabel 6:101 where he says "suddenly the tree outside rattled by a wind gust and a distant car was heard." If noises penetrated the walls of the warehouse so easily it would have been suicidal to move in there.)In other words, the windows could hardly have been covered with papers. They let the sun shine in "through an open window in the attic" (21 Aug.-42:22) where food was stored. Schnabel says that from the attic one could watch into the rooms on the other side (5:82). If one could do so then those people could also look into the windows of the warehouse. The "front office" where apparently most spices were kept was,
"The curtains there are DRAWNON SATURDAY AFTERNOONS, so we wash ourselves in semi darkness" (29 Sept.-42:32). She wrote later. "I'm sitting cozily in the MAIN OFFICE, LOOKING OUTSIDE through a slit in the curtain. It is dusk but STILL JUST LIGHT ENOUGH TO WRITE TO YOU" (13 Dec.-42:53).We shall go further into the windows being covered afterwards but sufficient is to say that the above information is rather peculiar if Frank really was so concerned about his spices being protected from light. Could it be that the explanation about the panes at the "little landing" being covered came up in order to make the story more credible and dramatic about the "Secret Annexe"? It seems to us, if Frank really was so worried about his spices he ought to have been much more concerned about cigarette smoke which really affects spices. Yet he never did anything about that and he himself smoked. It becomes clear that Frank's reason why the German police could not see the "Secret Annexe" does not make sense. It does however give us another important clue that the story is a conglomeration of fact and fiction, mostly fiction. Likely the story about the panes being covered was invented afterwards to throw action and suspense on it and to ward off possible objections. The real reason of course why the German police could not find the "Secret Annexe" was simply due to the fact they hadn't bothered to search the place. If you don't search for a thing it is logical you don't find it. When at last they did look for it, they also found it. So simple may the truth be. So simple in fact that few people have thought about it.
2 March-44:145, Peter "told me how often his parent quarrel over politics, cigarettes, and all kinds of things." 14 March-44:154: "Mr. Van Daan: `I must smoke and smoke and smoke.. .' . . . But if he hasn't anything to smoke, then nothing is right."That Van Daan seems to have been a chain smoker is quite obvious. However, even Mrs. Frank smoked for Anne reports of her mother saying:
"If I were Mrs. Van Daan I would have put a stop to Mr. Van Daan's EVERLASTING SMOKING a long time ago. But now IMUST definitely HAVE A CIGARETTE, because my nerves are getting the better of me."Apparently all the adult male members smoked. Anne reports of Dussel, Mr. Van Daan and her father that these "gentlemen puff at their pipes" (27 March-44:168). Later on she writes: "The men smoked non stop" (11 April-44:180). Under the same date she writes Miep and Henk brought them "cigarettes, tobacco, an ash tray" (182, compare 8 May-44:203). On June 16 -44 she reports that Mrs. Van Daan wasafraid that her husband is
Above citations settle the issue. Heavy smoking went on inside the house. Let us now reflect for a moment. The issue of "odor" brings up the question why Mr. Frank, being so concerned about the light and his spices at a place where no spices were stored; why he was not equally concerned about his spices being affected by tobacco odor and smoke. And what about the odor leaving a telltale sign of people being there? Surely, if hiding was the great issue involved, the smell of tobacco would give them away sooner or later. Why did Mr. Frank choose Mr. Van Daan and Dussel as co dwellers knowing they smoked? The house could be raided at any moment. The "Prospectus and Guide To The Secret Annexe" stated that "Alcoholic Beverages" were allowed "only with doctor's prescription" (17 Nov.-42:46). No mention is made of tobacco being prohibited. All smokers and conscious non smokers are aware that tobacco smoke causes quite a lot of visible smoke. Here we have another reason indicating to us the inmates were not particularly bothered about being detected. The noise of tobacco coughs is obvious. Telltale signs of ashes, ash trays, cigarette butts, matches etc. would indicate people were living there. The fire risk is obvious, particular in a warehouse which had a laboratory. The risk of the police finding a storage of tobacco is equally obvious. Why people who really are in need and risking their very lives would spend their money on tobacco is equally strange. Their sufferings seem most luxurious. Indeed the "Secret Annexe" story appears positively unconvincing. No thinking persons in danger of their lives would take such obvious risks.
20 Oct.-42:378: "There was only one small interruption. Daddy's lamp blew a fuse, and all of a sudden we were sitting in darkness."Would not outsiders have noticed the lamp?
"Miep and Henk Van Santen stayed over for the night."Could not observers have noticed they had entered the house but never left it?
"Peter was given a "lighter" on his birthday." (9 Nov.-42:42).Would that have been a wise choice in view of the light causing attraction; besides the fire hazard?
28 Nov.-42:49: "We have used TOO MUCH ELECTRICITY, MORE THAN OUR RATION. Result: the utmost economy and the prospect of having it cut off. No light for a fortnight; a pleasant thought, that, but who knows, perhaps it won't happen after all! It's too dark to read
in the afternoons after four or half past. We pass the time in all sorts of crazy ways... Yesterday evening I discovered something new: to peer through a powerful pair of field glasses into the LIGHTED ROOMS of the houses at the back. In the daytime we can't allow even as much as a centimeter's chink to appear between our curtains, but it can't do any harm after dark. I never knew before that neighbors could be such interesting people. At any rate, ours are. I found one couple having a meal, one family was in the act of showing a home movie; and the dentist opposite was just attending to an old lady, who was awfully scared."This can be compared with Schnabel where he mentions about the same thing and says that one can look from the attic into the rooms on the other side (5:82).
7 Dec.-42:50-1 we learn that for Chanuka, candles were lit. Observe what Anne writes:
"Because of the shortage of candles we only had them alight for ten minutes, but it is all right as long as you have the song."Would lighting candles and SINGING A SONG be wise if they were hunted like animals?
10 Dec.-42:52: "Pim, who was sitting on a chair in a beam of sunlight that shone through the window. . . Peter was doing acrobatics round the room with his cat. . . Mummy was ironing."Besides the fact that the window panes were clear we notice the noise of Peter performing "acrobatics" while his mother was ironing, perhaps using an old fashioned iron that had to be heated over the fire.
About Dussel, Anne writes:
"He makes me furious, on Sundays especially, when he turns the light on early to do his EXERCISES. It seems to take simply hours." (22 Dec.-42:55).10 March-43:61: "A short circuit" interrupted the family "last evening." Candles were instead used. However the shooting outside provoked the father to extinguish it. The mother felt otherwise:
"Mummy jumped out of bed and, to Pim's annoyance, lit the candle. When he complained her answer was firm: `After all, Anne's not exactly a veteran soldier.' And that was the end of it."Further down on the same page it says:
"Peter went up to the attic with a torch."18 May-43:72: "Mummy shut the window last night because of all the banging... Pim turned on the lamp."Would not the opening and closing of windows at nights when no one was supposed to be inside the warehouse attract suspicion?
4 Aug.-43:86: "Half past eleven. The bathroom door CREAKS. A narrow strip of LIGHT falls into the room." Peter offers himself to look into the "main office" where most of the spices were kept and Anne writes:"He crouches in front of the door to make himself as small as possible and crawls towards the steel lockers on hands and knees, SO AS NOT TO BE SEEN FROM OUTSIDE" (20 Aug.-43:95).An almost similar happening is reported by Schnabel, only that it was Anne who crouched so that no one COULD SEE HER FROM THE ROAD (6:102). He reports also that Elli's father later looked into the warehouse through the windows but he could see no one inside (8:139). Clearly the windows were not covered to protect the spices.
23 Feb-44:141, Anne "looked outside right into the depth of Nature. 19 March-44:159: "After the dishes were done, I stood by the window in his parent's room awhile for the look of things, but it wasn't long before I went to Peter. He was standing on the left side of the OPEN WINDOW, I went and stood on the right side, AND WE TALKED. It was much easier to talk beside the open window in the semidarkness than in bright light, and I believe Peter felt the same."Would standing by an open window and talking be a wise thing to do? 20 March-44:161, Peter said: "`Then we'll go downstairs,' he answered, `and look at the moon from there. "' 11 April-44:183: "Peter isn't allowed to have his window open at nights any more."Clearly the windows WERE NOT COVERED with paper.
18 April-44:189: "Our chestnut tree is already quite greenish and you can even SEE little blooms here and there."
27 April-44:191: "Next, it's... that we can't look out of the windows."
27 April-44:193: "At half past eight I stood up and went to the window, where we always say good bye. . . And what do I have to face, when I reach the bottom of the staircase? BRIGHT LIGHTS, questions, and laughter."Staying beside windows and bright lights doesn't seem fitting for people in hiding.
31 May-44:215 it says at a time of heat wave: "on Tuesday the windows could be opened again at last.. . in the afternoon when the windows had to be closed . . . windows can't be opened, and we, wretched outcasts, sit here suffocating."Windows were thus opened and closed at will. The trouble was not the police but the temperature.
15 June-44:222: "as the moon gave far too much light and I didn't dare risk opening the window. . . I went downstairs all by myself and LOOKED OUTSIDE THROUGH THE WINDOWS in the kitchen aced the private office... Alas, it has had to be that I am only able except on a few rare occasions to LOOK at nature THROUGH dirty net curtains hanging before very dusty windows."After reading all this, we must like Anne ask ourselves the question: Are these people really supposed to be hiding?
She writes on July 8-44:227: "People can't see in from outside because of the net curtains, [hence not because the windows were covered with paper] but, even so, the LOUD VOICES AND BANGING DOORS positively gave me the jitters. ARE WE REALLY SUPPOSED TO BE IN HIDING?"Anne asks herself this question in her fourth. last entry. We ask ourself the same question.
On August 4-43:85 Anne writes that before the Van Daans went to bed, Mrs. Van Daan's bed "is shifted to the window . . . in order to give Her Majesty in the pink bed jacket fresh air to tickle her dainty nostrils!" Apparently Van Daan's large window did not have a blackout. It seems however that they were put up inside Mr. Frank and Anne's room for Anne's room had also a window (Compare Schnabel 5:79). The blackouts were put up at ten o'clock p.m. (4 Aug.-43:85; Compare 10 Aug.-43:91, 11 April -44: 181). We are now faced pondering on two problems.
First, the lights at the Van Daan's would have been observed from the outside. Opening and closing the windows at will would be further indications that people were living there. Their kitchen stove, throwing out light would be another clue to outsiders. Peter had a flashlight If artificial light were not used, which by the way they had used above their quota (28 Nov.-42:49); candles were used.
Second, the "Secret Annexe" had windows on all sides. If the blackouts were put up at such a late time the neighbors must have seen the lights previous to them setting up the blackouts. It is impossible to believe that no people would observe the light coming from their windows. We remember that Anne got hold of a pair of binoculars and was able to see a "couple having a meal, one family was in the act of showing a home movie; and the dentist opposite was just attending to an old lady, who was awful scared" (28 Nov.-42:49). What tells us that these people could not have had binoculars and look into their windows? The dwellers at the warehouse may also have shown movies. We read for instance of that that their "projector" had "disappeared from the cupboard" (1 March-44:143). We have evidence, for whatever the "evidence" is worth in the "diary," that films were shown in Anne's home. On 25 June -42:1, Anne writes: "We showed a film The Lighthouse Keeper with Rin Tin Tin, which my school friends thoroughly enjoyed." This was prior to their moving into the "Secret Annexe" but even after moving into the warehouse, films may have been shown. The putting up and down of the "blackouts" must sooner or later have been observed by the people. They should have seen that lights were no longer visible from the place or visible in a different way. How could their neighbors, noticing all these activities, possibly miss observing there were people living in the warehouse? It seems next to incredible. In view of all these observations it is obvious that the "Secret Annexe" story simply doesn't fit facts. Evidently the story has been highly dramatized for what otherwise would have been a most dull and ordinary diary. What the family underwent was no different; and in several ways as the diary itself indicates they had it a lot better, than any ordinary Dutch family in Holland who also may have written diaries. Even if the story was not stripped of all its fertile exaggerations one wonders how it could reach such fame and world wide acclaim. Only through an unscrupulous, uncritical mass media in the hands of certain clannish people using their willing henchmen as tools could it have reached such fame.
That would certainly have involved making a noise. We further learn that Peter usually did carpentry work: "Peter. . . does a bit of carpentry." (21 Aug.-42:22). About one and a half years later it is still reported he does carpentry: "Peter didn't come to me in the attic. He went up to the loft instead and did some carpentry." (28 Feb.-44:142).
It even reported that Peter chops wood:
"NEARLY EVERY MORNING I go to the attic where Peter WORKS. . . From my favorite spot on the floor I look up at the blue sky and the bare chestnut tree, on whose branches little raindrops shine, appearing like silver, and the seagulls arid the other birds as they glide on the wind . . . We remained like this for a long time, and when he had to go up to the loft to CHOP WOOD... then he CHOPPED WOOD for about a quarter of an boon . . I watched him from where I stood, he was obviously doing his best to show off his strength. But I looked out of of the OPEN WINDOW."(23 Feb.-44:140).Now, if Peter perhaps daily chops wood, with the window open one would expect the noise carried not only to their own buildings on the sides but also onto the street outside. Likely the wood was used for their stoves) and perhaps "wood shavings" were used for Mouschi - the cat (10 May-44:205). Mr. Vossen had done the carpentry of the "secret door" to their "Annexe" (21 Aug.-42:21). It should not be necessary for us to point out that carpentry work, the chopping of wood etc., involves no mere whispering noises but a racket. If they truly were in hiding and so concerned about noise, how is it they could have allowed all this racket occurring nearly every day?
"Although it is FAIRLY WARM, WE HAVE TO LIGHT OUR FIRES EVERY OTHER DAY, IN ORDER TO BURN VEGETABLE PEELINGS AND REFUSE. We can't put anything in the garbage pails, because we must always think of the warehouse boy. How easily one could be betrayed by being a little careless." (18 May-43:72).However "being a little careless" is indeed stating it lightly when it comes to this group. Boys are usually by nature very inquisitive and one would think the warehouse boy would have wondered even more how it came that the "plain grey door" suddenly disappeared. For instead of a door he would now see a bookcase! Fire produces ashes. We presume the ashes were not stored inside the house over two years. Fire causes smoke, which someone, if not the warehouse boy, sooner or later would have noticed. The above quotation seems also strange when we remember fires were lit not "every other day" but every day for making food and in the winter time we assume also for keeping their rooms warm. The group was often sick - keeping the rooms cold would only worsen the situation. The above quotation, or part of it, may not be the original text. "Porridge" (25 May-44:213) we suppose necessitates cooking and a fire. "Corn" must be cooked (3 Feb.-44:131). "In the evening we always have potatoes with gravy substitute." Anne writes, and they even made "dumplings" (3 April-44: 173-4). They baked. (Ibid. 174) How could they make all this without fire? Anne says they "have sufficient coal and firewood in the house, also candles." (3 Feb.-44:132). We do not of course mean by this that the gas stove was not also used in making food (Compare 20 Aug.-43:95). Eight people is quite a number however to be fed by just a "gas ring."
Now there is no fire without smoke. Not only would the smoke have been noticed but also the keeping of plenty of firewood and coal. Possibly in order to avert some of the above objections an answer is given which to us seems rather invented. This is how they explain it:
"This room served a threefold purpose: it was Mr. and Mrs. Van Daan's bedroom... and. kitchen. The STOVE which we can still see here was used for COOKING and for BURNING REFUSE. The STOVE COULD BE SAFELY used by the inmates of the annex BECAUSE THE NEIGHBORS KNEW THAT THERE WAS A SMALL LABORATORY SOMEWHERE IN THE BUILDING."(BG:3)In examining their answer we notice it does not fit known facts. Anne reports herself it was the "gas stove" which was used in the laboratory. No mention is made here of another stove using coal or fire even existed (9 July-42:16-7). A gas stove in a small laboratory would hardly cause all that smoke. In any case it seems fairly certain the small laboratory was seldom used. A well used laboratory would certainly have been reported to the authorities who were afraid of partisans making ammunition and fire bombs. We also wonder what neighbors thought when seeing a chimney smoking at the most odd hours and at times when people were not supposed to be even present in the laboratory. The answer they give above does not convince us. It seems like pure fabrication. This matter about the laboratory, supposedly well known with the neighbors, makes one also wonder why the group chose this place for their "hiding." A place where a laboratory is located seems to us to be a very stupid
"Tomorrow we are going to light the fire for the first time. I expect we shall be suffocated with SMOKE. The chimney hasn't been swept for ages, let's hope the thing draws." (29 Oct.-42:39).If she meant Van Daan's stove then the above quotation does not make sense for then the refuse would not have been burned and the warehouse boy would have noticed it seeing it was reported as late as Oct. 29 and by this time they had lived there for over three months. Likely it was their own stove which she tells about when she wrote of "Daddy's bedroom slippers warming in front of the fire" as "in bygone days" (28 Jan.-44:129). At that time the winter was on. The stove where her father was to throw her discourteous letter may have been their own stove (7 May-44:201). The same may be for the case when the wood shavings were burned which Mouschi had urinated on (10 May-44:205). The contents of her entry of Nov. 11, 1943:104 when she reports of her fountain pen being thrown into the fire along with other refuse definitely makes it appear they had a stove in the father's room. From all this contradictory writing it is not easy to make out how things really were at the time. The fire and smoke issues do give us additional evidence that the story is greatly exaggerated with many portions being outright fakes.
If we are to believe the diary we are supposed to accept the fact that the group of eight people received and expected mail during the week. It is reported that Mr. Van Daan at "Quarter to six" is downstairs in "Kraler's room" where "Van Daan is looking in all the drawers and portfolios to find the DAY'S POST." (20 Aug.-43:94). Strangely enough under the same date, although mentioning Elli going upstairs with Anne to do the shorthand course, no mention is made of Eli bringing up the mail to them. Instead we find Van Daan downstairs looking for the day's post. Elli had previously "written to some secretarial school or other and ordered a correspondence course in shorthand forMargot, Peter and me." Anne reports (1 Oct.-42:33 4; about shorthand compare 17 Nov.-42:46, 27 March-43:66, 11 July-43:75, 13 July-43:78,19 March-44:159).
Here is how they allege that Margot's Latin lessons were handled: "The Latin lessons MARGOT SENDSIN are corrected by a teacher and returned, Margot writing in Elli's name." (17 Nov.-43:105). How the shorthand lessons were handled we are not told. Perhaps Elli Vossen, "a twenty-three years old typist." (9 July-42:15) who later "worried . . over her engagement, which" was "not al-
"On Sunday, July 5, 1942, the S.S. sent a notice that Margot Frank must report for forced labor. Early the next day, the entire family went into hiding" (AFFA:7).Seeing that many of the members took courses it would not seem logical that Elli sent in all these IN HER OWN NAME. That she could have sent in Margot's lessons, IN HER OWN NAME is probable but she hardly would have sent, IN HER OWN NAME, all the other courses. First, the teachers at the school would wonder how it was that the same person sends in the same lessons, perhaps one being more advanced than the other. Second, they would have noticed the different handwriting.
Additional confirmation that mail was sent to the members can be gathered from the 3 Nov.-43:101 entry. It says:
"In order to give us something to do, which is also educational, DADDY APPLIED FOR A prospectus from the Teachers' Institute in Leiden. Margot nosed through the thick book at least three times without finding anything to her liking or to suit her purse. Daddy was quicker, arid wants a letter written to the Institute asking for a trial lesson in `Elementary Latin.' "Later "Margot and Daddy" went to `practice their Latin" (11 Nov.-43:104).Now, don't start asking us how anyone that is supposed to be in hiding and out of the country can start asking for courses by mail and even receive mail, addressed to their alleged "hiding place" at Prinsengracht, but with the Franks, the Van Daans and Dussel', apparently everything IS possible. "Truth" is indeed stranger than "fiction."
The "wireless," a big Phillips (15 June-43:74) was located downstairs at the "private office." It was a "first-class" radio (9 July-42:15). At "seven-thirty in the evening then everyone was in the private office listening to the radio" (2 Sept.-42:24). Often it was tuned on England, in fact German stations were "only listened to in special cases such as classical music and the like" (17 Nov.-42:46). Listening to England was worth the risk of the whole group being caught:
"Mrs. Van Daan came upstairs, she'd been listening to the wireless in the private office. She told us that Pun had asked her to turn off the wireless... Now it was UNFOR TUNATE that the wireless down stairs was still tuned to England, and that the chairs were neatly arranged round it. If the door had been forced, and the AIR RAID WARDENS had noticed and warned the police, then the results might have been very unpleasant" (25 March-43:65).The interesting point is made here that AIR RAID WARDENS search the homes making this story all the more impossible. About a year after first reporting about the radio, Anne lets us know "our big Phillips" will be handed in "next month." Instead they "shall have a little radio upstairs" (15 June-43:74). Their own regulations about the radio were apparently rarely followed:
"Own radio center, direct communication with London, New York, Tel Aviv, curd numerous other stations. This appliance is only for residents' USE AFTER SIX O'CLOCK IN THE EVENING. No stations are forbidden, on the understanding that German stations are only listened to in special cases, such as CLASSICAL MUSIC AND THELIKE" (17 Nov.-42:46). It is not known whether or not the references to inter continental radio communication are meant to be a joke. Alongside some of the other ludicrous claims in the book, differentiation does become somewhat difficult.The fear seems to have lingered not over being caught, but listening to the German LANGUAGE, the country where the Franks had become wealthy in the first place. Instead of fighting over the listening restrictions which we expect would be a logical step for them to; as the dangers of being caught increased they became EVEN LESS restrictive: "ONE O'CLOCK. We're all sitting listening to the B.B.C., seated around the baby wireless." This was in the daytime. Under the same entry, at HALF PAST TWELVE; half an hour earlier, Mrs. Van Daan decides to vacuum and Anne reports that "one CAN THE NOISE of Mrs. Van Daan's VACUUM CLEANER" (5 Aug.-43:88).
Anne further reports that she could follow "the English Home Service quite well on the wireless" (27 Jan.-44:127).
The Germans get little consolation from the group but their music was much loved: "On Sunday evening EVERYONE, except Pim and me, was sitting beside the wireless in order to listen to the `Immortal
Instead of the radio noise decreasing it steadily worsens. On March 27-44 Anne reports: "THE RADIO therefore GOES ON EARLY IN THE MORNING AND IS LISTENED TOATALL HOURS OFTHEDAY, UNTIL NINE, TEN, AND OFTEN ELEVEN O'CLOCK IN THE EVENING" (27 March-44:167). Why then all this fuss about the "Secret Annexe" we may ask? And "if they are not eating or sleeping, then they are sitting around the radio and discussing food, sleep and politics. "They can "hardly wait till the end of the speech, STAMPING THEIR FEET. . . they EGG EACH OTHER ON until the arguments lead to discord and quarrels" (168).
At this stage we wonder whether the group would not have been safer making their hiding place at Amsterdam's Gestapo HQ!
Under Anne's entry of April 11-44:176 7 she reports: "There was a beautiful Mozart concert on the radio from six o'clock until a quarter past seven. I enjoyed it all very much, but especially the 'Kleine Nachtmusik."'
In her entry of May 26-44 we hear still: '"everyone... listening to the radio" (26 May-44:214). Her entries about hearing Bolkestein and Gerbrandy over the radio, telling the Dutch people to make a collection of diaries and letters after the war is most interesting and may give us a clue why, when and how, the Anne Frank Diary matter started, even though we wonder how it came that a boring story like that became the only real, international remembrance of that suggestion (29 March-44:170; 14 April-44:186)? In any case, the biggest trouble the group had was to keep their mouths shut. As we have already noticed, making a racket was the order of the day. How they were able to keep themselves in hiding for over two years under these circumstances seems to be more than a miracle. Needless to say, no reviewer of the Anne Frank Diary has in any of our major papers gone into these glaring discrepancies but have taken the story at face value lauding it as one of the greatest documents ever written.
This noisy and unfortunate experience did not result in that Dussel gave up further dental treatment but must have inspired him to renewed efforts. He now "received an old-fashioned foot operated dentist's drill." Anne expected "he'll soon give me a thorough check over" (19 March-43:64). Where and how this contraption later was used and kept we are not told but dental services do seem a bit odd for anyone to be engaged in that is supposed to be in hiding. A warehouse for spices seems hardly to be a good place to keep a dental drill which, by the way, must have been a tool in high demand. If "a lot of houses are being searched for hidden bicycles" (21 Aug.-42:21) one wonders what the searchers would have felt had they found a dentist drill at a spice ware-
"Against the background of the mass murder of European Jewry, the book presents a vivid picture of a group of HUNTED PEOPLE FORCED TO LIVE AND SURVIVE TOGETHER IN ALMOST INTOLERABLE PROX IMITI"(RE, Vol. 1:365); they decided to make the quarters even more intolerable by moving their belongings with them which "belongings" they did not want to be "seized by the Germans" (5 July-42:11).In moving in, Anne writes that: "Our living room and all other rooms were CHOCK FULL of rubbish, INDESCRIBABLY SO. . . The LITTLE ROOM WAS FILLED TO THE CEILING WITH BED CLOTHES" (10 July-42:17). How they, under these INTOLERABLE cramped circumstances could breathe at all, and if they, besides their dental drill, had respirators to help them along we do not know even less how they could vacuum clean, dance and perform acrobatics. Evidently their bodies were highly gymnastically tuned. Anne frankly admits: "And as FOR US, we are FORTUNATE. Yes, WE ARE LUCKIER THAN MILLIONS OF PEOPLE. It is QUIET and SAFE HERE, and we are, so to speak, LIVING ON CAPITAL. We are even so selfish as to talk about after the war"' (13 Jan.-43:56).
That was, before the group moved in. After that it was QUIET no longer. Comparatively speaking they lived in a paradise:
"If I just think of how we live here, I usually come to the conclusion that it is a paradise with how other Jews who are not in hiding must be living" (1 May-43:70). It is a pity then that not more Jews decided to HIDE and live under such "intolerable" conditions. Fruit cost "next to nothing" and at a time when millions were starving in Germany and other places they had plenty of it (23 July-43:80). No wonder Anne felt: "how lucky we are here compared with other Jewish children" (24 Dec.-43:109). It was while she was in "hiding" that Anne for the first time received something on Christmas, "Friday evening." Indeed something for us to think about who were living on egg shells at the time, if at all available. There was plenty of money and she could "HEAR NO THING BUT THIS SORT OF TALK THE WHOLE DAY LONG." They talked about making "little moneybags, which could easily be hidden in our clothing, IN CASE WE WANT TO TAKE MONEY WITH US" (3 Feb.-44:132). Seeing we are being told it was the gas chambers they were waiting for in case they got discovered one wonders what purpose they could have to make moneybags. In spite of all these open admissions a whole world has been led to believe few families, if any, suffered more than the Franks and their company. In reality their big problem was, what to do with all their plenty.
Food and other things had been taken to other people "for more than a year" (5 July-42:11). Evidently they had also been taken to their "hiding place" for a lengthy time suggesting to us the whole thing had been planned long before 6 July 1942.
The popular myth which has been spun around Anne Frank that the group lived under starvation and utterly destitute circumstances finds interestingly little support in the "diary" itself. It is quite evident that at the time the group lived better than most people in Germany and elsewhere and as we have seen this is also admitted by Anne herself. For instance, they had, apart from other food, 150 cans of vegetables and 270 pounds of dried peas and beans besides potatoes (9 Nov.-42:42). After one furious quarrel Dussel left the room: "his COAT STUFFED WITH FOOD" (13 July43:78). Exactly where he was heading for we are not told. They ordered "some extra corn in addition to" their "Sixty pounds." Anne writes in 3 Feb.-44:132): "Our stock's not too bad" (132). Notwithstanding the fact that baking causes a racket, they baked biscuits, cakes (22 Dec.-42:55), and dumplings (3 April-44:174). "A LOT OF MEAT" was bought under the counter whereby sausages were made (10 Dec.-42:52 2). Later Mrs. Van Daan worries that burglars "have taken the sausages and all our peas and beans" from the attic (10 March-43:61). How exactly they could have done so without passing their "secret door" we are not told. Coffee was still available, so was butter, eggs, tea and tobacco (6 May-44:200). Even up to 8 July-44 strawberries were available to them which they ate and made jam out of (227-8). Of course even our affluent group could be troubled with rotten food (Compare 3 April-44:173, 3 May-44:197, 23 June-44:223). We notice however that even under these circumstances the meals were certainly sufficient. The rationing of potatoes (23 June-44:223) seems a good choice in view of that Mr. Van Daan "takes a lot" (9 Aug.-43:89). The son, after having eaten "the heartiest meal" declared calmly that "he could have eaten double"(90). Peter we are told enjoyed talking "about food" (14 June-44:221). As late as July 8-44:229 she talks about an enamel pan "filled to the brim" with peas. Tobacco as we have noticed was available. So was coffee and tea. Cognac was served (17 Nov:42:45), also beer (13 May-44:207) and wine (2 May-44:196). The main problem and trouble again, seems to have been themselves and how to get enough room in their stomachs so they could stuff down all their food.
"Daddy wishes that I would sometimes volunteer to help Mummy, when she doesn't feel well or has a headache; BUT I SHAN'T" (3 Oct.-42:34).She admits being "spoiled from top to toe by Mummy and Daddy" and that she gets "lots of sweets, enough pocket money." Anne asks: "what more could one want?" Only very wealthy parents would in those days have given their children pocket money not to speak about ENOUGH pocket money. That apparently was Anne's problem she got all she wanted. Anne tells us further she was "a terrible flirt" (7 March-44:149). She consumed Valerian pills making one wonder if she suffered under periodic psychosis, which may either have been a functional or organic type, or both (16 Sept.-43:97).
Anne's family and immediate surrounding may therefore have contributed severely to her problems; at least, they hardly seem fitting company for a healthy child let alone someone sick. Their constant disputes would be destructive to any child. Perhaps the father knew about his daughter's troubles which he had contributed to and so he tried to paint up his own image by concocting a diary. Anne's great hope to get wealthy was probably the hope her father shared. Apparently the money he had was not enough. Mr. Frank does not seem overly disturbed, that in spite of his wealth; the baker to whom they owed money paid Mr. Frank's bills out of his own pocket (Schnabel 6:85).
Anne also seems to suffer from lavatory, excremental and sex neuroses. We will deal more with this further on. She feels pretty high about herself:
"I'm not going to take all these insults lying down, I'll show them that Anne Frank wasn't born yesterday. Then they'll be surprised and perhaps they'll keep their MOUTHS SHUT when I let them see that I am going to start EDUCATING THEM. Shall I take up that attitude? Plain barbarism! I'm simply amazed again and again over THEIR AWFUL MANNERS and especially. . . stupidity,(Mrs. Van Daan's), but as soon as I get used to this and it won't be long then I'll give them some of their own back, and no half measures. Then they'll change their tune!" (28 Sept.-42:29).On 7 May-4 she writes:
"It's right that for once I've been taken down from my inaccessible pedestal, that my pride has been shaken a bit, for I was becoming much too taken up with myself again" (201).Anne's rudeness knows no bounds for she feels:
"Even if people are still very young, they shouldn't be prevented from saying what they think" (2 March-44:144).We notice here the lack of parental love and direction. Little wonder she hurts her mother bitterly bringing "tears in her eyes" (2 Apri143:69).
The mother had merely invited her
"already proficient in the theory, IT'S ONLY THE PRACTICE THAT YOU STILL LACK." Anne wished she "COULD HAVE SLAPPED BOTH THEIR FACES AT THAT MOMENT as they stood there making a fool of me. I was beside myself with rage and I'm just counting the days until I'm rid of 'those' people" (29 July-43:83).Further on she writes:
"I used to have a bad habit; I wish I still had it now. If I was angry with anyone, rather than argue it out I WOULD GO TO WORK ON HIM WITHMYFISTS" (14 Feb.-44:135).Of her Algebra book she writes: "If I'm ever in a really VERYWICKED MOOD, I'LL TEAR THEBLASTED THING TO PIECES!" (20 May44:210).
The unfortunate Mrs. Van Daan gets continuously blasted. In one place Anne says:
"Everyone knows that Mrs. Van Daart, one of my chief accusers, is unintelligent. I might as well put it plainly and say `stupid' Stupid people usually can't take it if others do better than they do"(14 June-44:220).However, she reminds us she is not prejudiced (29 July-43:84, 17 March-44:159). When we are aware that the father claims "some passages which he felt to be too intimate or which might hurt other peoples feelings" (AFFA:6) were OMITTED, we wonder what other things Anne could have written, seeing the above rude passages WERE INCLUDED. We feel however that the above quotations raise strong doubts as to their having ever existed in the original or they may have been altered. They may be interpolations. They do not sound like coming from a young girl. We are entirely sympathetic to those Orthodox Jews who have raised their voices and said that the diary is an obnoxious story. An examination of the original records would indicate whether they are genuine utterings made by Anne herself. If so, her parents must be blamed for neglecting to give the child proper love and affection.
She feels downhearted over her monotonous clutterings "and silently wishes that Anne would occasionally dig up something new"(28 Jan.-44:128) which we on our part heartily agree with. However, even though she tries hard she finds "it is impossible for anything in the conversation here to be fresh and new" (129). Being unable to do so we are forced to read about all their rows over money, clothing, food, lavatory and excremental intricacies and her own self importance. The biggest problem the group seems to have had was their own existence. Their continuous quarrels put the German problem completely on the sideline. After having moved to their new home in 1942 she was unable to understand "the quarrels, the bickerings." The way she "could keep up some bearing was by being impertinent" (7 March-44:150). Already in her second entry after the Van Daans had arrived she writes:
"It is not all honey between Mummy and Mrs. Van Daan; there is plenty of cause for unpleasantness. To give a small example, l will tell you that Mrs. Van Daan has taken all three of her sheets out of the common linen cupboard. She takes it for granted that mummy's sheets will do for all of us" (2 Sept.-42:22 3).The Van Daans were gluttonous:
"In my opinion the Van Daans don't divide it at all fairly. However, my parents are much too afraid of a row to say anything about it" (27 Feb.-43:60). She calls the Van Daans: "some real greedy PIGS on the top floor" (9 Nov.-42:42,compare 9 Aug.-43:89). Again: "Mrs. Van Daan had another tantrum. She is terribly moody" (27 Sept.-42:27). Previous to that she writes: "Mrs. Van Daan is unbearable. I get nothing but `blowups' from her for my continuous chatter. She is always pestering us in some way or other." About the leftovers she continues: "This is the latest: she doesn't want to washup the pans if there is a fragment left; instead of putting it into a glass dish, as we've always done until now, she leaves it in the pan to go bad" (21 Sept.-42:25).On 27 April, 1943, she writes:
"SUCH QUARRELS THAT THE WHOLE HOUSE THUNDERS! Mummy and I, the Van Daans and Daddy, Mummy and Mrs. Van Daan, everyone is angry with everyone else" (69). 26 July, 1943: "Nothing but tumult and uproar yesterday, we are still very het up about it all. You might really ask, does a day go by without some excitment?" (81). On 3 August, 1943, Mr. Van Daan had "just made it up after a week's squabbling" (84). Even in her dreams she thinks about a "quarrel upstairs" (4 Aug.-43:87) and says of `Madame' Van Daan: "one could perhaps call her the `kindler.' Stirring up trouble, that's fun. Mrs. Frank against Anne; Margot against Daddy doesn't go quite so easily" (9 Aug.-43:89).Plenty of problems exist also between Anne and her mother. "Just had a big bust up with Mummy for the umpteenth time" (27 Sept.-42:27, compare 3 Oct.-42:34). The reason why Anne makes so few entries in her diary may perhaps also be explained by the following. "Every time I write to you something special seems to have happened, but they are more often unpleasant than pleasant things" (10 Sept.-43:96-7) and the
"Relations between us here ARE GETTING WORSE ALL THE TIME. At mealtimes, NO ONE DARES TO OPEN THEIR MOUTHS (EXCEPT TO ALLOW A MOUTHFUL OF FOOD TO SLIP IN) because whatever is said you either annoy someone or it is misunderstood."To help her in her cause she swallows Valerian pills "every day" (16 Sept.-43:97). The entry after situation still the same:
"If only I wasn't mixed up so much with all these rows! If I could only get away! They'll drive us crazy before long!" (29 Sept.-43:99). So is the next entry: "They've had A TERRIFICROW UPSTAIRS... lam dazed by all the abusive exchanges that have taken place in this virtuous house during the past month" (17 Oct.-43:99).Next entry no difference:
"There have been RESOUNDING ROWSAGAIN… THE YELLSAND SCREAMS, STAMPING AND ABUSE YOU CAN'T POSSIBLY IMAGINE IT! It was frightening. My family stood at the bottom of the stairs, holding their breath, ready if necessary to drag them apart! All this shouting and weeping and nervous tension are so unsettling and such a strain, that in the evening I drop into my bed crying, thanking heaven that I sometimes have half an hour to myself" (29 Oct.-43:100).This may explain Anne's few entries. It was upsetting to experience it, let alone, write about it. If Albert Dussel is not in trouble he is causing trouble (17 Nov.-43:105). Finally on 22 Dec., 1943, just before Christmas she can report:
"There is not much news to tell you. We are all getting on well together FOR A CHANGE! There's no quarreling we haven't had such peace in the home FOR AT LEAST HALF A YEAR" (109). However, gathering from her entry, the peace seems to have been the result of her having a "bad attack of flu" (108). Then follows her entries about sex and family troubles until 15 Jan., 1944, when we again hear her telling: "There is no point in telling you every time the exact details of our rows and arguments.... unkind words, and angry out-bursts. . . whether or not we choose to quarrel" (122-3). She feels it is hard for her and she writes: "you can never really confide in people even in those who are nearest you" (22 Jan.-44:123). She admits Mrs. Van Daan isn't to blame for all the quarrels her mother and family is also (124-5). Mr. Dussel enjoys talking about "his wife's extensive wardrobe" and "beautiful race horses" (28 Jan.-44:128). On 2 March-4, a new crisis point is reached:
"Only great love and devotion can help Elli, Margot, Peter and me, AND NONE OF US GETS IT. And no one, especially the stupid 'know-alls' here, can understand us, because we are much more sensitive and much more advanced in our thoughts than anyone here would ever imagine in their wildest dreams."She says Peter often tells her "his parents quarrel over politics" (145). She confides in Peter about "the quarrels" (19 March-44:160) and tries to help "him over his parent's quarrels" (22 March-44:163). However the group continues to "egg each other on until the arguments lead to discord and quarrels." They get
"Dr." Dussel enters again into the picture; "Fresh `Secret Annexe' troubles, a quarrel between Dussel and the Franks over something very trivial: the sharing of the butter" (5 June-44:216). Mrs. Van Daan is"offended that Dussel doesn't enter INTO HER FLIRTATIONS. . . she quarrels, uses ABUSIVE LANGUAGE, cries, pities herself, laughs, and then starts a fresh quarrel again" (16 June-44:223).
In one of her last entries she says something we must surely agree with after having gone through the group's dramatic and chaotic quarrelings:
"People can't see in from outside because of the net curtains, (about the net curtains, compare 11 July-42:19, 15 June-44:222) but, even so, the LOUD VOICES and BANGING DOORS positively gave me the jitters. ARE WE REALLY SUPPOSED TO BE INHIDING?" (8 July-44:227).We have wondered about the same thing for the whole time. Anne's reports about all the rows, fights, quarrels, arguments and chaotic conditions is precisely the atmosphere we should expect exist amongst such a lot. One is surely astounded that such a sordid story could be pandered to world wide, making out of it not only a diary, a movie, a play but also a Foundation. To us the whole business, for business it indeed is, appears sickening the product of warped minds who can stoop so low to use a daughter and a young gir1's personal problems for commercial gains and propagandistic purposes.
Only "wonderful going on" she can think of is the war (97). But not for long. In her next entry, conditions are back to NORMAL:
"Relations between us here ARE GETTING WORSE ALL THE TIME. At mealtimes, NO ONE DARES TO OPEN THEIR MOUTHS (EXCEPT TO ALLOW A MOUTHFUL OF FOOD TO SLIP IN) because whatever is said you either annoy someone or it is misunderstood."To help her in her cause she swallows Valerian pills "every day" (16 Sept.-43:97). The entry after - situation still the same:
"If only I wasn't mixed up so much with all these rows! If I could only get away! They'll drive us crazy before long." (27 Sept.-43:99). So is the next entry: "They've had A TERIFIC ROW UPSTAIRS. . . I am dazed by all the abusive exchanges that have taken place in this virtuous house during the past month" (17 Oct.-43:99).
Two persons in sharp contrast, yet strikingly identical, have made eminent contributions to the world in this field. The comedian Charlie Chaplin became famous by wagging his rear end at the audience, scratching frantically at his buttocks, and exhibiting the usual run of the mill, age old preoccupations with the reproductive and excretory organs. For this, and other things, he has been hailed in the mass media as one of our greatest comedians ever to appear. So much respect was lavished upon him, that one saw fit he should play the part of Hitler in one film. He has been warmly loved ever since.
In his own right, Sigmund Feud is an even greater comedian than Charlie Chaplin. His outstanding contribution to the world is the "anal complex," the theory that an obsession with the anus is the principal influence in our emotional development. Feud is today the patron saint of the "science" of psychiatry. Many millions of words have been written on the subject of the reproductive and excretory habits and learned speeches about the anal compulsion are delivered by scholars before the world's learned bodies of distinguished men. "Anal eroticism," the stage in pregenital libido in which pleasurable sensations are supposed to be experienced in the anal regions continue to intrigue our most learned professors. It is indeed odd that no Nobel Prize has until now been instituted in this field.
The above information will explain a lot of things in Anne's diary which to the uninitiated otherwise may be hard to understand. Anne and her family were greatly amused over that Mrs. Van Daan brought a large pottie in her hat box (14 Aug.-42:20).
"During the plumber's visit, nature's offerings were deposited in these jars in the sitting room during the day." Anne feels: "1'm not such a prude that I can't talk about these things" (29 Sept.-42:32).There was much discussion over, when one was "allowed to use the lavatory?" (19 Nov.-42:47). For doctor Dussel in particular this must have been quite a problem or he caused plenty of problems for others as "his favorite spot" was the lavatory:
"Three, four, five times a day someone stands impatiently in front of the door and wriggles, hopping from one foot to the other, hardly able to contain himself: Does it disturb him? Not a bit! From quarter past seven till half past, from half past twelve till one o'clock, from two till quarter past, from four till quarter past, from six till quarter past, and from half past eleven until twelve. One can make a note of it these are the regular `sitting times.' He won't come off or pay any heed to an imploring voice at the door, giving warning of approaching disaster!" (9 Aug.-43:90-1).Whether the distinguished "doctor" was learning Feud in the lavatory we do not know nor do we know how the lavatory could be used so frequently without making noises and in view of the fact that Anne reports the lavatory was not used after "half past eight." Perhaps "nature's offerings" were deposited in these "glass jars" after this time limit.
Anne was much thrilled when she could report:
"One afternoon we couldn't go to the lavatory because there were visitors in the office; however, Peter had to pay an urgent call. So
he didn't pull the plug. He put a notice up on the lavatory door to warn us, with 'S.V.P. gas' on it. Of course he meant to put `Beware of gas'; but he thought the other looked more genteel" (5 Feb.-43:59). At another instance she reports that: "We aranged that we would not draw any water or pull the plug in the lavatory. But as the excitement had affected most of our tummies, you can imagine what the atmosphere was like when we had each paid a visit in succession" (25 March43:65).Now and then the lavatory could give out "suspicious noises" (4 Aug.-43:86) and when the lavatory could not be used there was of course great excitment. She claims that after "half past eight" there was "no lavatory" but this seems odd in view of "Dr." Dussel's constant visits as we already have noted (23 Aug.-43:95; compare 14 April-44:185, 26 May44:214). At times the odors must have been repulsive even for this brave lot of people. How the excremental odors can square with the spices is another question which captivates us. Indeed, on 11 April-4, Anne tells us how five of them took turns excreting into a waste paper can, and that "the tin smelled ghastly. . . the smell wasn't so bad when one was on the floor. . . stink, flatulation, and always someone on the pot." Along with the odors of expelled gases was the noise factor: the flatus being expelled, for Anne writes: "the food lies heavily on everybody's tummy, CAUSING THUNDEROUS NOISES ON ALL SIDES." Apparently little was done to prevent the noises. It wasn't Anne's job to clean the potties. Her dad and Peter did it (11 April-44:182). To cure a troublesome "Mrs. B." it was suggested that they put "a good laxative in her coffee" (9 May-44:204). Although we cannot dismiss the argument that these excremental preoccupations are mere fancies on the part of the author or authors there are good reasons to believe the stories are genuine and are in part reflecting some of the foremost intellectual thoughts of the occupants. Even if they were invented they nevertheless splendidly depict the anal complex, of an ancient, cultural people.
"I must tell you that her attempts to flirt with Daddy are a source of continual irritation for me. SHE STROKES HIS FACE AND HAIR, PULLS HER SKIRT RIGHT UP, and makes so called witty remarks, trying in this way to attract Pim's attention."Anne told Mrs. Van Daan off, right in her "face" (1 Oct.-42:33). However as we have seen, Anne was quite a flirt herself. It seems Mrs. Van Daan WAS quite a flirt for she boasts about being one (5 Feb.-43:59). As time went on, her son Peter also learned the art (19 March44:160). Dussel who was so thrilled over fur coats and race horses soon got the tune and fell in line. He was beginning to get longings for women." Flirtations started between him and Mrs. Van Daan (5 June-44:216). Mrs. Van Daan is later offended "that Dussel doesn't
"WHAT A SILL Y ASS I AM! l am quite forgetting that I have never told you the history of myself and ALL MY BOYFRIENDS. When I WAS QUITE SMALL - I WAS STILL AT A KINDERGARTEN - I became attached to Karel Samson. . .One of Karel's cousins, Robby, was a slender, good looking dark boy, who aroused more admiration than the little, humorous fellow, Karel. But looks did not count with me. . . Then Peter crossed my path, and in my CHILDISH WA Y I REALL Y FELL IN LOVE… we were inseparable for one whole summer. I can still remember us walking hand in hand through the streets together… I was mad about his laugh. . . he looked so mischievous and naughty... if I kept on running after him I should soon get the name of being boy mad.. . I went to the Jewish Secondary School. Lots of boys in our class were keen on
me I thought it was fun, felt honored . . Harry was mad about me. . .I am completely upset by the dream. When Daddy kissed me this morning, I could have cried out: `Oh Petel, darling Petel . . ..!' Who can help me now. . . Old Petel, Petel, how will I ever free myself of your image?... I lone you, and with such a great love that it can't grow in my heart any more but has to leap out into the open and suddenly manifest itself in such a devastating way!" (7 Jan.-44:118 20).Already in her second entry she tells about Peter Wessel whom she wants to marry (15 June-42:2). Again in her third entry she writes: "I have strings of boy friends anxious to catch a glimpse of me and who, failing that, peep at me through mirrors in class" (20 June-42:2). In her fourth entry she herself asks the question to which we ourselves would like an answer when she says: "I expect you will be rather surprised at the fact that I should talk of boy friends at my age. Alas, one simply can't seem to avoid it at our school." A boy, you can be sure, Anne writes "fall head over heels in love immediately and simply won't allow me out of sight" (20 June42:5). These entries sound queer indeed to us, to say the least. In her very last entry she exclaims: "As I've already said. . . I've acquired the name of chaser of boys, flirt, know all, reader of love stories" (1 Aug.-44:236). Having read Nico van Suchtelen's book Eva's Youth, Anne hopes that she will never sell herself "to unknown men in back streets" and wishes:"Also it says Eva has a monthly period Oh, I'm so longing to have it too; it seems so important" (29 Oct.-42:38).
As Henri F. Pommer stated before making the previous quotation: "Anne was thirteen when she started her diary. Six months later she regretted not having had her first menstruation" (AFFA:9). About twelve months after, her wish was fulfilled:
"I think what is happening to me is so wonderful, and not only what can be soon on my body, but all that is taking place inside. I never discuss myself or any of these things with anybody; that is why I have to talk to myself about them.. Each time I have a period - and that has only been three times I have the feeling that in spite of all the pain, unpleasantness, and nastiness, I have a sweet secret, and that is why, although it is nothing but a nuisance to me in a way, I always long for the time that I shall feel that secret within me again." We are also told that "Margot who is much more shy than I am, isn't at all embarrassed" (5 Jan.-44:115 16).Later, in spite of wanting to keep the secret for herself, she discussed it with Peter only: "We were talking, for instance, about blood via the subject we began talking about menstruation. He thinks women are pretty tough" (31 March-44:172). On 13 June-4 she writes: "I hadn't had a period for over two months, but it finally started again on Saturday. Still, in spite of all unpleasantness and bother, I'm glad it hasn't failed me any longer" (220). As the portions about Anne's love affairs with Peter are quite lengthy we shall only cull some excerpts which have a bearing on our doubts that these portions are genuine and may in fact have been altered, or even worse, be completely fictitious. How anyone can carry on in this manner with noise, quarrels, light, food troubles, toilet problems and sex seems indeed strange, especially
Likely no girl in the whole of Amsterdam carried on in the way Anne did. We wonder how anyone under the threat of death could think of writing her first love story! If so, this may be the first attempt ever. Anne gets confronted reading about prostitution (29 Oct.-42:38). Mr. Dussel "thought he'd play doctor, and came and lay on my NAKED CHEST with his greasy head" (22 Dec.-43:108). A rather peculiar bit of information about Anne's lesbian attraction:
"Sometimes when I lie in bed at night, I have a terrible desire to feel my breast and to listen to the quiet rhythmic beat of my heart. I already had these kinds of feelings subconsciously before I came here, because I remember that once when I slept with a girl friend I had a strong desire to kiss her, and that I did do so. I COULD NOT HELP BEING TERRIBLE INQUISITIVE OVER HER BODY, for she had always kept it hidden from me. I ASKED HER WHETHER, AS A PROOF OF OUR FRIENDSHIP, WE SHOULD FEEL ONE AN OTHER'S BREASTS, but she refused. I GO INTO ECSTASIES EVERY TIME I SEE THE NAKED FIGURE OF A WOMAN, such as Venus, for example. It strikes me… that I have difficulty in stopping the tears rolling down my cheeks If only I had a girlfriend" (5 Jan.-44:116).The Encyclop. Judaica mentions about Meyer Levin, that: "In 1958 he settled in Israel, which was the setting for his erotic extravaganza, Gore and Igor (1968)" (1971, Vol. 11:109). The above quotations, supposedly coming from a young girl, sound to us to come from some other source. Likely they were included to sell the book and they may never have been in the original diary.
In her next entry she tells about having a dream where Peter Wessel touched her: "And after that I felt a soft, and oh, such a cool kind cheek against mine and it felt so good, so good" (6 Jan.-44:117). When her father spoke to her about sex, stating she "possibly" could not "understand the longing yet" she exclaims: "I always knew that I did understand it and now I understand it fully. Nothing is so beloved to me now as he, my Peter" (7 Jan.-44:120). This by the way was her next entry. On 24 January, 1944, she writes: "Whenever anyone used to speak of sexual problems… it was something either mysterious or revolting. Words which had any bearing on the subject were whispered."
However the matter soon got
"Boche stood on the packing table playing with Peter, who had just put him on the scales to weigh him. `Hello, do you want to see him?' He didn't make any lengthy preparations, but picked up the animal, turned him over on to his back, deftly held his head and paws together, and the lessons began. `There are the male organs, these are just a few stray hairs, and that is his bottom' "(24 Jan.-44:125 6).Evidently Mrs. Van Daan's statement about Anne that she was "already proficient in the theory" of sex and it was "only the practice" she lacked was an understatement (29 July-43:83). Having learned a cat's sex anatomy she had now acquired the necessary skills. Joyfully she noticed Peter "kept looking" at her (13 Feb.-44:134). We wonder what otherwise he could have done seeing they were living in "intolerable proximity." Anne now sensed "a real feeling of fellowship, such as" she could "only remember having with" her "girl friends" (14 Feb.-44:136). "Whenever" she goes "upstairs" she keeps "on hoping that" she "shall see `him.' Because my life now has an object, and I have something to look forward to" (18 Feb.-44:138). Nearly every morning" she goes to the attic to meet Peter (23 Feb.-44:140). But even Peter can be disinterested, preferring carpentry rather than love (28 Feb.-44:142). Mrs. Van Daan gets a little anxious and asks: "Can I really trust you two up there together?" (4 March-44:147). According to Anne, her mother feels that Mrs. Van Daan is getting jealous at Anne (28 March44:169). Anne admits that it "is all I was - a terrible flirt, coquettish and amusing" (7 March44:149). Anne's flirtations with Peter continue (19 March114:160) but feels her "style is not up to standard" that day (161). Things however improve. She feels she yet may have "a real great lone in the `Secret Annexe,'" and adds: "Don't worry, I'm not thinking of marrying him" (22 March44:163). Her sister Margot whom we for some odd reason hear so precious little about is not jealous. The attic gets called "Anne's second home" (23 March-44:165). Anne is "longing for a kiss" (1 April-44:172).
On April 11, 1944, matters improve further. She tells us that they were "so close together that we could feel each other's bodies quivering" (181). Further progress is made. Peter asks: " `Do you still dare to go to the front attic?'. . . I nodded, fetched my pillow, and we went up to the attic. . . Peterput his arm around my shoulder, and I put mine around his and so we remained, our arms around each other, quietly waiting until Margot came to fetch us" (183). How more serenely could they have lived? Progress is still made: "Peter and I are sitting. . . together... our arms around each other's shoulders, and very close, he with one of my curls in his hand" (14 April-44:185). Whether she includes herself in stating "There's no one here that sets a good example" (185) we do not know. Finally she could report about a very important day in her life the first kiss she had been waiting for so long. She writes about the happenings that transpired during this eventful occasion (16 April-44:186-7). The day after she can not "see the use of
"Her father had been preparing for months a place to hide in the two upper back floors of an old building. . . Here Anne, her sixteen year old sister Margot, and her parents now took refuge, HUNTED ANIMALS BURROWING OUT OF SIGHT… THEY HAD TO TAKE ENDLESS CARE, ALL DAY,
NOT TO BE SEEN OR HEARD, and for an energetic spirited little girl the life must often have been as maddening as the punishment of being sent to bed on a fine afternoon" (5,6).Eleanor Roosevelt tells us: "Anne Frank's account of the changes wrought upon eight people HIDING OUT FROM THE NAZIS FOR TWO YEARS... LIVING IN CONSTANT FEAR AND ISOLATION, IM PRISONED... a young girl LIVING UNDER EXTRAORDINARY CONDITIONS" (Cardinal ed., "introduction."). We have already had plenty of examples what these "extraordinary conditions" were. The back cover of the Swedish Anne Frank Diary (1953) clearly advertises: "Her description about her outer life also grips us, how eight people lived in a pair of attics obviously wrong] for two years, WITHOUT EVER DARING TO GO OUTSIDE, not daring to talk loudly, under constant fear of being discovered:" Again we get disappointed when we start to investigate. We have already mentioned about "Dr." Dussel putting on his coat stuffed with food. Where was he heading for? At least one person, Peter, actually went around the building TWICE DAILY! Obviously those people writing about the diary have never bothered to READ it. They have just glanced through it and so they have made their opinions without bothering to rally read it. The fact that Peter went AROUND the building further confirms our opinion that the family moved to the warehouse, not primarily for hiding, for if so they would have chosen another more suitable place, BUT TO PROTECT THEIR PROPERTY AGAINST DUTCH THIEVES and likely because they wanted to keep watchful eyes on those who were now running the business (Compare 29 March-44:170). Once this is kept in mind the entire riddle of the Anne Frank confusion starts to make sense. Let us give some examples of the fact it was thieves they actually were concerned about. When their premises were broken into we are told: "They were in the act of breaking into the warehouse. Daddy, Van Daan, Dussel, an d Peter WERE DOWNSTAIRS IN A FLASH" (11 Apr.-44:177). Were they truly in fear of being discovered they would not have acted in this way. How, for instance, could they know it was not the police or the Gestapo who were entering? Mr. Van Daan "beat on the ground with a chopper." (178) hardly a wise thing to do were they truly in fear of being discovered. To discourage future thievery arrangements were made whereby "PETER GOES ROUND THE HOUSE FOR A CHECKUP at half past eight and half past nine" (183). We are also reminded about Peter "roaring with laughter" (9 Nov.-42:43), about him doing carpentry work and chopping wood and his "doing acrobatics round the room with his cat" (10 Dec.-42:52). In spite of all this we have been told by such Jewish writers as Margit Vinberg, who has had personal interviews with the Franks and who states her information is absolutely correct, that the roller curtains never went up and that the windows were never opened on the top floors. Somebody must be lying. Clearly then, no strict confinement was necessary or wanted for the PRIME MOTIVE in moving into the warehouse seems to have been to protect their belongings and to keep an eye on the workers in the warehouse. The story loses all its credibility when these facts are known and when it is scrutinized under the searchlight. One portion is the
"Well! Well! Luckily everything was okay this time. Meanwhile WE HAD GREAT FUN ON MONDAY. Miep and Henk SPENT THE NIGHT HERE. Margot and I went in Mom my and Daddy's room for the night, [but where did "Dr." Dussel go?] so that the Van Santens could have our room. The meal tasted divine. . . I got up early this morning. Henk had to leave at half past eight. After a cozy breakfast Miep went downstairs... Next week Elli is coming to stay for a night" (20 Oct.-42:37,38).Schnabel reports that Elli overnighted there also (6:101). Now we ask: What sane people would under the threat of death consider inviting guests for dinner and even letting them overnight? The hazards of people entering the premises at odd hours and never leaving a warehouse for a whole night would certainly invite suspicion, to say the least. Instead of blaming themselves, a certain Mr. "M" is blamed for exposing them! (Schnabel, Introduction: 10, 6:84, 7:117, 8:135, 9:143, 146, 12:189). With some people impudence knows no bounds. The entire Anne Frank story is one nightmare of contradiction and hypocrisy. How rubbish of this sort can be foisted on people is hardly any credit to mankind's intelligence.
"These things have made me never mention my views on life nor my
well considered theories to anyone but my diary and, occasionally, to Margot, I concealed from Daddy everything" (15 July-44:231).To "conceal" one diary under "intolerable proximity" would be a master job in itself but to conceal several diaries under such condition seems to us to be more than a miracle. Obviously it was the same "my diary" and "a diary" Anne had spoken to on 20 June-42:2,3. In moving to her new home Anne writes:
"The first thing I put in was this diary." She put it into her "school satchel" (8 July42:13).On 2 Jan.-44:113 she makes the following entry:
"This morning when I had nothing to do I turned over some of the pages of my diary... This diary is of great value to me, because IT has become A BOOK of memoirs in many places, but on a good many pages I could certainly put past and done with.Our later, English Pan Books (1975) edition continues to maintain the myth there was one diary in spite of what others, like Schnabel had previously written. "Storm Jameson" (an obvious pseudonym; more on this later) writes in his foreword: "Among the presents Anne Frank received on her thirteenth birthday, the one that pleased her most was A BOOK with stiff covers in which she began to keep a journal: she had never tried to write before" (5). It seems that he also is confused over what kind of book it really was. He continues: "the first thing Anne packs to take with her is her journal... she kept her journal, telling it everything she might have told an intimate friend... Found later in the disorder left by the Gestapo, Anne's dear journal was given to her Dutch friends... She was not counting on her journal to lend" (5,6). He proceeds: "And as the last entry in the journal shows plainly"(9). It is obvious he is under the impression that this little diary contained in full the complete printed edition!
The "Epilogue" in the Pan Books edition gives the readers the same impression as does its back cover. How ingrained this notion has become in people's minds that it concerns ONE DIARY may be shown by the experiences we had after people had seen the recent TV show about the diary which we shall talk more about further on. Although many felt the TV show was very confusing they still maintained it concerned ONE DIARY even though they had seen several books, etc., on that show.
The official AFFA brochure continues to promulgate the impression of ONE DIARY. There not even a hint is given to us it may be otherwise. It speaks of the "diary of Anne Frank, WRITTEN IN PRIVACY of an annexe" (4) making us wonder how "private" that could have been seeing they were supposed to have lived in such "intolerable proximity." A picture is shown of a diary on page 5 purporting to be the one she wrote in. We are told that the advantage of Anne over Antigone to St Therese is "that she left a diary" and that her "legend lacks the support of patriotic and ecclesiastical power, but it has the STRENGTH of her AUTHENTIC, self drawn portrait" (5). How "authentic" this work really may be we have already touched on. We are further told that "It took" the father "many weeks to finish reading the diary" (6).
The celebrities like Pope John XXIII, President John F. Kennedy (16) and Father Dominique Pire (17) were apparently all under the impression it concerned one diary. As can be expected the BG:2 claims the same thing: "It was
Officially they maintained (and still do unless expediency calls for otherwise) that there was just one diary. Likely because of the doubts that have been aired that there even was ONE authentic diary, the original propaganda had to be softened up. The legal action which the father later brought against a student group brought further difficulties in maintaining the original story. When the investigators checked the material they found several diaries. The information however never came out in public. Possibly the death of Anneliese Schutz, the Jewish journalist, a good friend of the Franks from the time they lived in Frankfort on Main, helped Mr. Frank to soften up his original stories. It does not seem that any information was brought out to the public about the startling fact that there MUST have been more than one diary. If we are to believe the Dutch publishers who brought out Verhalen rondom net Achterhuis (German: Geschichten and Ereignisse aus dem Hinterhaus; English: Works of Anne Frank, 1959), even they seemed perplexed to find out that other written material by Anne had been left behind; indeed a rather precarious bit of news seeing they themselves had previously propagated that the ruthless Germans were so thorough in plundering the house so as to leave no telltale signs to indicate the people were taken to be exterminated. The impression the sale gimmickers have created was that by some mysterious chance Anne's diary had escaped their ruthless attention (Anne Frank Berättelser, "Efterskrift", Stockholm, 1960:169 71). Seemingly Mr. Frank had difficulties enough to explain to George Stevens how it was that the thorough Gestapo could have missed ONE diary - BUT SEVERAL DIARIES ALONG WITH OTHER DOCUMENTS, how they could have been missed, would certainly make the whole story most peculiar if not idiotic. The allegation that the premises were plundered would also have to be abandoned. The story of how Elli and Miep had found a diary along with a host of other stories would have to be altered or revised. Already by this time the story was one mishmash of confusion so that further alterations would be insane. The dilemma, a fact which for instance can be observed from Ernst Schnabel's silly book The
Ernst Schnabel's puerile book, purporting to be an "authentic" story about Anne's life and diary was one of the first printed sources the world received hinting that facts may be otherwise, even though they are carefully couched so as not to draw too much attention. In the midst of informing us there may have been more than one diary involved we are still given the opposite impression. For instance he states: "Later on, in one of her notebooks Anne had besides her diary" (2:28; compare p. 37, 3:51, 6:94). He mentions of her father having bought one diary (2:32). The father is said to have stated about Anne: "Perhaps she also knew that by now everything was lost, that's why she walked back and forth and PACKED and did not give the diary even a sight" (8:134, seeing he was not supposed to have known about it according to some sources how would he know?). If there was more than one diary the father should have said diaries.
Another variation is given by George Stevens in the preface of the Cardinal edition (also supported by Simon Wiesenthal, 176): that the Diary was in Mr. Frank's brief case, and that the Germans tossed the contents onto the floor. They used the empty brief case to make off with the family menorah (naturally!) and left the "papers and diary" on the floor where Miep later picked them up. How the diary got into Frank's brief case in the first place, when it was supposed to be a secret diary, is not explained. Another one claims it lay in "Anne's briefcase" (AFFA:8) and so forth. This may also suggest to us she may have wanted to take the diary with her and it may in fact have been taken with her. Also, all these various stories coming out make us wonder whether these people in fact lived the story or had just readabout it.
At the same time that Schnabel suggests one diary he makes it quite clear in more than one instance that there was more than one diary involved. He mentions Miep having discovered Anne writing "in one of these CASHBOOKS we kept in our office. I could recognize it" (6:93). This may have been her diary. He mentions about the story "Katrientje" that Anne is supposed to have read to Koophuis. Surely this would mean there was more to it than just that "little diary" where not enough space would be found even for the printed version of her diary let alone other stories (6:94). However, the most revealing portion which proves the original one diary story to be a lie is when he informs us that: "Anne's papers and notebooks lay protected in a metal box in an old, green safety box in Amsterdam. I have seen it. Inside the box lies the book with the red checkered covers which Anne started to write in the CASHBOOKS from the office WHICH SHE CONTINUED TO WRITE IN. Finally. There lies also the bundle of 312 sheets of silk paper, completely filled with her tight, beautiful handwriting" (12:186; we should observe here that by the time "Frau Minna Becker" had investigated the material the amount of silk papers had increased to 338!). The myth of the one-diary story should be abandoned once and for all. It has no support whatsoever as far as actual facts concern. It was invented at the outset to help in peddling an otherwise worthless product. Once it is abandoned the whole Anne Frank story loses whatever dramatic effect it had. It merely had
We notice an evolutionary process in the diary. Stripped from all its emotions the story of the diary becomes one hideous outline of a group of unscrupulous people, callously using a young girl to further their own aims. Could it be that Anne, contrary to what is stated, did keep a diary prior to 14 June, 1942? May the red checkered diary be one she had written in before that time? Unless the father once and for all comes out in the open and tells the WHOLE truth, the WHOLE story will continue to be a mystery, even though at this stage it must be viewed as one of the most hideous literary falsifications ever foisted upon mankind. The public has a right to know. The father has gone out to the world presenting it as an authentic document. If so, he is the one that must produce the goods. We have produced the evidence showing there is something radically wrong with his story or rather stories. It is now up to him to show us his cards. Most of us bought the book and accepted the stories they gave out believing they were true. We could not dream that anyone would try to fool us in this manner. Now we want to know the WHOLE truth. Half truths are often worse than lies. The time has come for him to get into action and let us investigate the originals ourselves. Nothing else would satisfy us. That it is a swindle is obvious. What we want to find out is how this swindle could have been foisted upon us for so long.
Furthermore, the story needed an air of PERSECUTION so that inquisitive people would be embarrassed to ask questions for who in his right mind would partake in persecuting the name and memory of a defenseless girl? It would also create soft spots in people's hearts. Once the proper atmosphere had been created by various jugglings around of events the story was ready to go to the world. Quite possibly some of it was already made up prior to the war by Mr. Frank and his most dear friend, Anneliese Schutz, a Jewish journalist. The one diary story was necessary for the "Secret Annexe" concoction. The impression was given that their purpose in hiding there was not so that they should be able to keep a close watch on their business; even more necessary now as the business had been given over to gentiles and furthermore: TO PROTECT IT FROM BURGLARS; but that they were "hiding" from ruthless Germans who ceaselessly searched Dutch and Jewish homes, meticulously erasing all traces of their wanton plunders. By it, the suspense was created how a whole family's possessions were confiscated, how their home was thoroughly searched so as to leave no trace to the world as the group was shipped away for extermination - BUT BY SOME MIRACLE the thorough Gestapo had missed the very evidence which would expose them to the world. It would reveal to the world about their terrible persecutions and sufferings. The only trouble was that even in this respect, as we have seen, the story is a poor one. The hoaxters have been too quick in giving it out. "Fortunately for us," Storm Jameson writes in his "foreword" to the Pan Books edition (1975:6), "it is a marvellously clear image which comes towards us, SMILING, from these pages which CLUMSY MURDEROUS HANDS did not take the trouble to destroy." However to maintain that in spite of the Gestapo's thoroughness they could have missed even ONE diary, as "clumsy" they yet may have been required some explanation. George Stevens was perplexed and asked himself this question:
"This destiny to survive was illustrated dramatically in the conversation I had with Mr. Otto Frank in 1957. We were sitting in a cramped attic in Amsterdam and I was holding in my hand a printed edition of The Diary of A Young Girl. It was in this building that Mr. Frank had sheltered his little group while they hid from the Nazis. AFTER SERIOUS HESITATION, I asked Mr. Frank a question to which I felt I MUST HAVE THE ANSWER - `Can you tell me something about what occured when the
Gestapo broke into this room? THEIR MISSION WAS TO DESTROY HOW WAS IT THEY DID NOT FIND AND DESTROY THE DIARY?: . . Their mission was to remove the Jews from Holland. While so doing, they WERE TO LOOT AND TO PL UNDER and, MOST IMPORTANTLY, they were to leave NO RECORD OR DOCUMENTS OF THIS WORK. . . However, there remained on the floor the diary of a young girl. The Nazi soldiers had failed in their mission. They had left behind a comment on their work" (Preface).Here we have the clue to the riddle. The one diary story was invented to accuse the Germans of ruthless persecutions and to maintain a plausible air of truth over the "Secret Annexe." The diary also did more than anything else to keep a world blind and to keep their mouths shut when the "chosen race" invaded and took away Palestine from its original inhabitants calling it "Israel" even though the bandits were nothing else but phony Khazars who have no right whatsoever to their stolen loot. Mr. Frank and his lot and his phoney Foundation continue to ceaselessly spew hate propaganda against the Germans, yet these masters of hate have the audacity to claim they work to abandon hate and prejudice amongst mankind. What they in fact work for is that not only PERPETUAL HATE should be focused on the Germans but also so that people will forgive them for displacing the Palestinians from their homeland. The swindle now takes on gigantic proportions. As long as all criticism is not directed against the "chosen race" everything is permissible. The Zionists must have a clear field to work with and for this reason the Anne Frank myth is VITAL TO THEM.
Embarrassingly the question remains. Perhaps by some chance those thorough Nazis could have missed one diary but what about this heap of other writings that they also left behind? If they came to plunder and loot and leave nothing behind how could they have missed them? It is too bad George Stevens is no longer alive. He may have been puzzled about it. That the Nazis didn't bother about confiscating all the books and other writings may simply be for the reason they didn't give a hoot about them. In tracing all the peculiar arguments and reasonings that have been offered by the exponents of these tales we begin to get a clear picture of the swindle's vast scope. The whole postwar labors of the Zionists have been linked up with this fable of the Anne Frank Diary. It is indeed astounding to find out that the best proof they can give for holding onto their stolen loot is the Anne Frank fiction. In their haste to spew hatred upon others and steal a whole country away from its rightful owners the Zionists have been caught in their own trap. The whole Zionistic swindle now comes tumbling down upon them. At no time was it more unfortunate for the swindle to be exposed than now. For thirty years they have been able to fool a whole world. What shocking effect this revelation must have on all those people now realizing they have been hoodwinked.
George Stevens informs us the diary was in "Mr. Frank's brief case" when the Gestapo entered. Apparently this is what Otto Frank had told him (Cardinal ed., preface). Simon Wiesenthal adopts the same view even citing Mr. Frank himself "The SS man took my brief case. . . threw Anne's diary on the floor" (176). However this view seems strange for several reasons. Again it makes us wonder whether not only the others but even Mr. Frank himself was rather reading a story than living it. Perhaps A. Schutz had helped him more than we have reason to believe.
In one of Anne's last entries she writes:
"These things have made me never mention my views on life nor my well considered theories to anyone but my diary and, occasionally, to Margot. I concealed from Daddy everything that perturbed me; I never shared my ideals with him" (15 July44:231).Why then would she have placed her diary in her own dad's briefcase? Moreover, she had written a nasty letter to her father, who in finding it stated: "I have received many letters in my life, but this is certainly the most unpleasant" (7 May-44:201; compare 6 May-44:200 and 15 July44:232).
It seems reasonable to expect Anne would not stick her own diary into her father's briefcase where this information was written. It would have been the best place for him to find her innermost secrets.
Another official version seems more plausible. It is presented in the AFFA brochure where it says:
"The legend [we fully agree: LEGEND] had its start when the Nazi sergeant who arrested the Franks needed something in which to carry the money and valuables he was confiscating. He chose Anne's briefcase, and emptied her papers and notebooks on the floor. It was a fortunate event, for Anne was then less likely to take the papers with her, and they could lie unmolested a few days [why if the Nazis constantly were raiding the places and in view of Mr. "M" being there?] until Miep and Elli, loyal Dutch friends, found them and locked them up in Mr. Frank's former office. There the papers stayed until the return of Otto Frank, the only one of Anne's fellow fugitives to survive the concentration camps. It took him many weeks to finish reading the diary; the emotional strain of even a few pages would overcome him" (6).In pausing we wonder how they dared to put the most devastating documents, that would expose the Nazis and which they were after, RIGHT IN THE OFFICE WHICH NOW WAS TAKEN CARE OFBYMR. "M"? In what possibly worse place could they have been kept? That the diary was kept in Anne's own briefcase is also the view of Uff Brandell (*DN, 1959, March 22) whereas Margit Vinberg opts for the view that Mr. Frank himself found it on the floor (*1956, Nr 35). The BG:3 presents its version on how the diary was found
"On 4th August 1944, the hiding place was betrayed to the Gestapo, [this is contradicted by Schnabel 9:143 who informs that Mr. Frank himself did not believe they were betrayed but that someone had been careless - if so, then the one he should blame is himself and his lot] its inmates were arrested and deported. All furniture and clothing was confiscated; [again contradicted by Schnabel] some books and papers were left scattered on the floor. When Miep and Elly, the loyal friends of the family in hiding, were cleaning up they found the excercise books in which Anne had kept her diary."First, that "all furniture and clothing" was confiscated is flatly contradicted by Schnabel. In his book, Miep is supposed to have said that everything lay helter-skelter in the rooms and that they looked so empty, not because they had taken the furniture but because there were NO PEOPLE there. In fact, she claims that on the floor lay clothing, letters, papers and exercise books. Even Anne's sweater hung up on a hook. Therefore, seeing that it is reported that Eli and Miep entered the place "a week after," then what the BG reports is obviously wrong (Schnabel 12:188 9). No mention is made in Schnabel's book that the Gestapo took furniture and clothing with them but we do read that THE GROUP TOOK THINGS WITH THEM. If they really believed that they were taken away to be gassed to death (compare 9 Oct.-42:35, 3 Feb.-44:133) why would they have done so? They must have known others; their own enemies would have taken their goods away from them. The police on their part seemed to have had trouble enough to get a large car to take the eight people with them. We are told: "He phoned a military post and ordered a car `But a large one!' he said. There are seven or eight persons" (8:134). Later even Kraler and Koophuis had to follow them in the car (8:135). All in all there were around thirteen people in the car!
The group of eight people took with them their own belonging s. We must indeed agree they needed A VERY LARGE CAR. Really then, it was not the police (Gestapo) who took goods with them but the group of eight people: "Mr. Frank said They gave us more time than we needed. Each one of us already knew what he should take with him. It was the package which we had agreed on we would take with us in case of fire" (8:134; compare Schnabel 6:87 8). That the sergeant should have taken "all furniture and clothing" with him seems a bit ridiculous indeed for he only had a motorcycle which he pushed in front of him to get it started after leaving the house (8:138). Really, the only ones we read of taking anything away were the Jewish girl Lies, and Joppie. They went to the warehouse and took with them some of Anne's property which sounds a bit greedy to us (4:69). The safe thing to do in view of all this evidence seems to be to dismiss the whole thing about the Gestapo confiscating their furniture and clothing and add it to an already overfilled list of fantasies. Likely the diary was placed in Anne's own "school satchel" (8 July-42:13) or briefcase and not in Mr. Frank's briefcase.
Margareta Schwartz in her Expressen article (1976, Sunday: 6, Oct.10) says, on a basis of her personal interview with Mr. Frank, that it was Miep who found the diary. Contrary to what Schnabel reports, that Miep had noticed Anne's hand writing, this version claims she took it up without reading it and sealed it inside an envelope thereby indicating it should
Several questions arise now. The whole manner in which the affairs have been worked out reek of fatuous play. If Anne wanted to use pseudonymous names why should she then not be even more interested to keep herself, her father, her mother, and her sister Margot pseudonymous? We see the soundness of our query when we remember the numerous disparaging remarks that she made about members of her own family. Where is this list which is supposed to contain the substitute, fictitious names? Where and how was this list found? Did Miep and Elli also find it? Are Koophuis, Kraler, Kolen & Co., Travies, Kitty, Bolkestein, Gerbrandy and others real or not? hew about "Storm Jameson" the English edition preface author? Are even the names of the cats pseudonymous perhaps? Why did she use the real names for Hitler, (20 June-42:3, 19 March-43:64, 10 Aug.-43:92, 21 July-44:233) Mussolini, (26 July-43:82, 10 Aug.-43:92) and Mussert (27 June-44:224)? Or are they also pseudonymous?
Two further points arise, first, it seems rather coincidental, to say the least, that after hearing the Bolkstein broadcast (if in fact it ever took place) Anne speculates on one day having her diary published asHet Achterhuis the exact title (in Dutch) that was given to the diary. Secondly, if all the names of her cohabitants are fictitious, it would be remarkably difficult to trace them in the concentration camp records where they are all supposed to have died. Or maybe, as Richard Harwood speculates, it was only their names which were exterminated!
Anne mentions Dussel endangering their lives for letting Miep take "a FORBIDDEN BOOK. . . one which abuses Mussolini and Hitler" to them (10 Aug.-43:92). Why have we not been given proof from the ORIGINAIS where the REAL names are supposed to be written? Scarcely few excerpts purporting to be taken from the originals have been presented and one gets even more suspicious when one notices that the ones we have seen never include any names. The exception the only one, being an alleged handwriting of an "interview" by Anne in Schnabel's book (10:161 opposite page). There the name "Peter" is found. That a mysterious work of this kind should be classified as an "authentic document" in learned literature may give us some indication of the intellectual standard. And perhaps we also have here a sign of the time for without Jewish support our literary experts and college presidents would be fortunate to find employment as janitors while our government officals would hardly qualify even as swineherds. The literary expertise have joined their hands in fooling the public. The very fact that an "authentic document," claiming to be an exact replica except for the elision of minor portions, uses fictitious names should indicate to sane people the real nature of the product. Sane people therefore exclude it completely for being either a "document" or being "authentic."
"Hence, this diary. In order to enhance in my mind's eye the picture of the friend for whom I have waited so long, I don't want to set down a series of bald facts in a diary like most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend KITTY. No one will grasp what I'm talking about if I begin my letters to KITTY just out of the blue, so albeit unwillingly. I will start by sketching in brief the story of my life" (20 June-42:3).If "Kitty" was her only friend why then did she make so few entries? Besides being one of the most suspicious passages in the whole diary where the story is trying to sell itself like lifting yourself with your own boot straps, we know from other portions that the diary apparently was not kept secret at all, yet the name "Kitty" still appears. For what logical reason would she use "Kitty" when others, by nature of her own statement above, in their inquisitiveness would have asked her who "Kitty" was? Here we believe there is something which smells more than rotten fish. What a splendid opportunity Mr. Frank has in helping to convince us if he would but give us photostats of the first fifteen entries in their entirity! But Mr. Frank refuses to give us even ONE photostat A "document" which by so many is claimed to be the most moving "authentic document" to come out of the Second World War - yet, we are unable to get even ONE photostat of it from Mr. Frank. What a pity! We feel Anne would have been more gracious had she been alive.
"I haven't written for a FEW DAYS, [later on she lets off writing even for weeks!] because I wanted first of all to think about my diary. It's an odd idea for someone like me to keep a diary; not only because I have never done so before, but because it seems to me that neither I - nor for that matter anyone else - will be interested in the unbosomings of a thirteen-year old schoolgirl. Still, what does that matter? I want to write, but more than that, l want to bring out all kinds of things that lie buried up in my heart. There is a saying that paper is more patient than man'. . . Yes, there is no doubt that paper is patient and as I don't intend to show this cardboard-covered notebook, bearing the proud name of a `diary' to anyone, unless I find a real friend, boy or
girl, probably nobody cares. And now I come to the root of the matter, the reason for my starting a diary: it is that I have no such real friend. . . [strange in view of that she in other places claims to have an abundance of them] I will start by sketching in brief the story of my life... So far everything is all right with the four of us and here I come to the present day. Dear Kitty. I'll start straight away" (20 June-42:2,3, & 20 June-42:4).The dates are correct there are supposed to be two entries under the same date. (Her statement "I'll start straight away" makes one wonder whether it may not be faked.) Does the story appear genuine or does it seem that they are trying to force the story to fit, like forcing a size twelve foot into a size six shoe? A. R. Butz, author of the shocking book The Hoax Of The Twentieth Century which tries to explode the idea that all of us have believed; that, there were gas chambers and that six million Jews died, makes a candid comment about the diary:
"It was in Belsen in March 1945 that Anne Frank is said to have perished. . . The question of the authenticity of the diary is not considered important enough to examine here; I will only remark that I have looked it over and don't believe it. For example, already on page 2 one is reading an essay on why a 13 year old girl would start a diary, and then page 3 gives a short history of the Frank family and then quickly reviews the specific anti-Jewish measures that followed the German occupation in 1940. The rest of the books is in the same historical spirit" (Institute for Historical Review, P.O. Box 1306, Torrance, Ca. 90505).The question to us in view of all the discrepancies, is not, if the book is faked but HOW it is faked. Let us bring your attention to further portions from the diary. The 29 July-43:84 entry states:
"P.S. - WILL THE READER take into consideration that when this story was written the writer had not cooled down from her fury!"But we know that only "Kitty" was to know about her diary. Why write "will the reader take into consideration"? The content of the 17 March-44 entry seems equally construed. In the 29 March-44 entry we are told of a Mr. Bolkestein, an M.P., who was speaking on the Dutch News from London requesting "that they ought to make a collection of diaries and letters after the war." Then Anne claims of her diary which was supposed to be such a secret that:
"Of course, they ALL MADE A RUSH AT MY DIARY IMMEDIATELY. Just imagine how interesting it would be if I were to publish a romance of the `Secret Annexe.' The title alone would be enough to make people think it was a detective story" (176, compare 14 April-44:186).What better excuse could there be for the product? The claim by H.F. Pommer (AFFA:15) that it cannot have been long after that she made her list of fictitious names does not make sense. What Anne states is not that she wants her diary published but that she should publish a "romance" about the "Secret Annexe." Unless we call the diary a "romance" (perhaps the best claim for it after all!) the whole thing seems nonsensical for she had not written a "romance," therefore no fictitious names were needed, besides her "P.S.' note quoted above, already indicates "readers" in the picture. The statement:
"I must work, so as not to be a fool, to get on, to become a journalist, because that's what I want! I know that I can write, a couple of my
stories are good, my descriptions of the `Secret Annexe' are humorous, there's a lot in my diary that speaks, but whether I have real talent remains to be seen" (4 April44:174 5).Seems like someone is trying to make something out of it, to present her being talented, clever and smart, and to make a good reason for the diary. The same can be said for her 11 May-44:206 entry where she is supposed to have written:
"Now, about something else: you've known for a long time that my greatest wish is to become a journalist someday and later on a famous writer. Whether these leanings towards greatness will ever materialize remains to be seen, but I certainly have the subjects in my mind. In any case, I wart to publish a book entitled `Het Achterhuis' after the war. Whether I shall succeed or not, I cannot say, but my diary will be a great help. l have other ideas as well, besides Het Achterhuis." Such as The Works of Anne Frank, perhaps? How prophetic!All sorts of stories have been presented to the public as to why the young girl COULD write a diary. Even here they have stretched the matter so far that by their very enthusiasm in trying to convince us of its truthfulness we are left wondering if it may not after all be rigged. Why all this fervor in trying to convince us? Why are all these "reasons" given? Why not do the only logical thing? Make an exact replica of the diary - there would be no better way to convince the public and critics. Yet the most logical is the least considered. The world has waited for some 30 years from its inception to get at least a facsimile - they have scarcely given us even a complete page. Certain news reports have been given out purporting that the complete diary would be brought out in facsimile but up to now nothing has been done in this direction. Rather, these reports seem to be just more attempts to fool the public and make them believe the diary is an authentic replica of the original (*DN, 1959, April 27, "Tysk tvivlar p? Anne Frank" by Kama Dannevig).
Schriabel went head over heels trying to establish that the girl could master the job. Looking for evidence, the best he could producte were some statements that she could write (2:40,45) while in the same breath mentioning others who were surprised to find out that she could write (2:27,34; compare AFFA:13). Schnabel mentions curiously enough that in the long letter he had received from Mr. Kraler in Toronto, Canada, (he had moved there) he made no mention of Anne's diary. Could the reason be that Kraler himself was suspicious about it? (6:91). Schnabel tries to mobilize some support for Anne's possibility of being a writer by telling of the event when Mlep found Anne writing, at which instance Anne's mother is alleged to have said "they have a daughter who writes" (6:93). That appears to be the best evidence he could muster up for her "authorship." But which mother has not seen their daughter writing unless she was analphabetic? What persons have not seen children writing? Children just love to write. Does that fact make an author out of every Tom, Dick and Harry? It would have been more convincing had Schnabel, instead of relying on ludicrous "reasons" for her "adeptness" as an author, he would himself produce some solid facts from her own diary by giving us facsimiles of it. There is not even one facsimile of the diary in the book. A Swedish news report, mentioning about Schnabel's work on a new book about Anne Frank,
Let us first deal with the contention that only Anne knew about her diary. At the outset we notice the diary makes no mention that it was given as a gift to her by her father. It merely states:
"The first to greet me was you, possibly the nicest of all. . . Now I must stop. Bye bye, we're going to be great pals!" (14 June-42:1).Is it intentional that the diary makes no mention about her father giving it to her to - throw an air of mystery and secrecy over the gift? What evidence besides that of Mr. Frank, do we have that YOU refers to the diary? In Anne's second entry it speaks of the diary in this way: "as I don't intend to show this cardboard covered notebook to ANYONE, unless I find a real friend, boy or girl" (20 June-42:2). She then mentions about guarding her secret by using the name "Kitty" (3). It seems that Anne's secret was a necessary part in trying to explain why so little external evidence of her being able to write could be found, yet out of the clear blue sky, there pops down a complete diary that becomes world famous, lauded by the press to be the greatest document to come out of World War II. H. F. Pommer writes:
"It was to be expected that little external evidence of Anne's talent would be found. When she went into hiding, she was not a diarist worthy of much attention. During the twenty five months in the Secret Annexe, the world of her thought WAS A SECRET WITHIN - A SECRET A SECRET SO WELL KEPT THAT EVEN HER FATHER CONFESSED, when the Diary was first published, 7 never realized my little Anna was so deep"' (AFFA:13).How silly all this must be can be seen when we realize it must have been the father himself who was responsible for faking the "document." The father "realized" quite well his pretended ignorance is but a smoke screen. On 19 March-44:160 the diary still maintains that Anne has nothing for herself except her diary: "That I love peace and quiet too, and have NOTHING FOR MYSELF ALONE, EXCEPT MY DIARY." In the third last entry it is still maintained that the diary is Anne's secret:
"These things have made me never mention my views on life nor my well considered theories to anyone
BUT MYDIARY arul, occasionally, to Margot. I CONCEALED FROM DADDY EVERYTHING" (15 July-44:231).When George Stevens talked to Mr. Otto Frank in 1957 he was under the impression that the diary was seen ONLY by Anne, an impression which at that time was the official version: "Anne was quietly penning her words in the little diary SEEN ONLY BY HERSELF" (Preface).
We now make an interesting observation which may be an additional important clue in indicating The Anne Frank Diary is a conglomeration taken from a variety of sources. Anne writes:
"Oh, heavens above, now I'm getting you in a muddle too. Forgive me, but I don't like crossing things out, and in these days of paper shortage we are not allowed to throw paper away" (28 Nov.-42:50).Would she have written that they are not allowed to throw paper away if she meant her own diary, her most precious possession? Would she just tear out pages from it? May it not indicate that at least by this time she had come to the end of her diary, starting to write on loose sheets of paper? We suggest the following. Besides her Diary, Anne wrote other things like most children do. She would have had plenty of time being in the situation she was in. Some were written on loose sheets of paper. She may have addressed real or fictitious letters to a "Kitty." This material has afterwards been incorporated into the diary along with other material. Margot's material may also be there or it may even be so that the majority belongs to Margot but the father chose to use his younger daughter as the authoress seeing that people would be impressed that such a young girl could write such a book. As we already have stated, no explanation so far has been given why Margot is so little mentioned. Seeing she is supposed to have been much more studious and thrifty, why has the father completely placed her outside?
Others of the group may also have written diaries. Very likely, at least after Bolkestein's recommendation they also started to write diaries. After selecting out of the diaries different portions and typing it out it was later presented to the world as an authentic document coming from A YOUNG GIRL. We shall go further into this but we feel that somewhere around these lines lays the truth. Then entry of Dec. 22-43:108: "A bad attack of flu has prevented me from writing you until today" may be taken from one of the letters or part from it or it may even be taken from a letter addressed to Anneliese Schutz. Anne writes further of her diary: "This diary is of great value to me because it has become a book of memories in many places" (2 Jan.-44:113) and she was happy to have her "diary" (7 May-44:202). It isn't likely she would tear pages from it.
As we shall go further into this point we shall now make note of the fact that contrary to George Steven's assumption, the diary was not only seen by others but also read, very likely by her own father, so that his so called astonishments at first reading it is a mere gimmick to sell the story. We find an entry where Anne is supposed to have said: "Who besides me will ever read these letters" to her friend "Kitty" (7 Nov.-42:41). If, by this, she meant her diary it is an odd comment for at two previous occasions she herself wrote that others WANTED to read it. The first instance is the snoopy Mrs. Van Daan:
"I had just written something about
Mrs. Van Daan when in she came. Slap! I closed the book. `Hey Anne, can't I just have a look?'" (21 Sept.-42:26).Here is another one:
"Margot and I got in the same bed together last e evening; it was a frightful squash, but that was just the fun of it. She asked IF SHE COULD READ MY DIARY. I said `yes - at least bits of it'; and then I asked of I could read hers and she said 'Yes."' (16 Oct.-42:36).Observe here the important fact that Margot also wrote a diary or diaries. Where is it? Why do we never hear of it? If the Gestapo left Anne's diary behind why not her sister's? Did others besides these two keep diaries? Could it be that the major portion of the diary actually belongs to her? These questions are indeed most interesting and demand honest answers.
Lastly we have the Bolkestein bulletin where he is recommending that diaries and letters be collected after the war at which instance Anne writes: "Of course, they all made a rush at my diary immediately"(29 March44:170). Hence it seems that not only did they know about Anne's diary and were interested in it but they also knew where it was located. It was not a secret.
Further confirmation that the diary was not a secret at all can be observed from Schnabel's book. He informs us that the seven other people at the warehouse knew that she wrote (Preface:8) and that Anne in fact now and then read out portions from her diary to them (6:91). We have already observed how others besides the seven (for instance: Miep) knew about it. Clearly then the claim that the diary was Anne's secret alone is a myth.
Let us start with the last statement that Mr. Frank "had no thought of publishing it." We don't believe it. In fact, that was his BIG problem and worry: To get it published. The EJ clearly states: "Attempts to have the diary published after the war were initially frustrated by the unwillingness of numerous publishers" (Vol. 7:54). No doubt many of these publishers were suspicious or even may have suspected that the diary was faked. It is to their credit they refused the work.
Having demolished this ridiculous claim, we move on and say that if Mr. Frank was so concerned about not hurting people, (by excluding portions "which might hurt other peoples feelings") we feel that this would have necessitated that the story would never be published at all, since the diary is virtually replete with disparaging remarks. We know absolutely nothing of what proportion of the "original text" has been printed or how much has been omitted. Apparently Mr. Frank's Dutch publisher was in the same position for we are told how they were surprised to later find out Anne had left additional writings. How these were preserved we have never been told.
This document of confusion is called by Eleanor Roosevelt "one of the wisest and most moving commentaries on war and its impact on human beings that I ever read" (Cardinal ed., inside, front page & "Introduction"). George Stevens in his "Preface" says of the Green police who raided the premises that "they were to leave no record or DOCUMENTATION OF THIS WORK." The Observer: "Few more moving and impressive books have come out of the war" - Naomi Lewis (Pan Books, inside flap). Times Literary Supplement: "This human document should be read by thousands" (Ibid.) Guardian: "a touch of literary genius about her power to describe them" (Ibid). Pan Books, back cover: "this touchingly human document remains timeless in its appeal." President John F. Kennedy wrote: "the kind and the hopeful and the gentle are the TRUE MAKERS OF HISTORY" (AFFA:16). Mr. Frank himself considers it of course to be a living document. The book reviewer Knut Jaensson in his review of the diary in DN lauded it as being a "completely unique document" (DN, May-4, 1953).
The Jewish writer Margit Vinberg who had had an interview with Mr. Frank and who claims her information is absolutely correct assures us it is: "World War II's most read, humanly document." She claims it is "Anne's unretouched diary" and that millions of people have been touched by it because it is a "genuine testimony" (VJ, 1956, Nr 35). If millions have been touched because it was and is a "genuine testimony" what shall these millions now think when they learn the whole thing is a hoax?
In standard works this hoax is acclaimed to be a diary. Observe what The New Columbia Encyclopedia (USA, 1975:758) has to say under the word "diary": "Diaries are of particular interest to historians because they depict every day life in a particular interest to historians because they depict every day life in a particular place and time, often illuminating important historical events. Examples of such diaries are... Anne Frank's diary (1947, tr.1953), an account of the early days of
Fig. 13 is not a true replica. There the formal signature of Anne M. Frank (the "M." and the "Frank" never appear in the diary) has been transposed for it should first appear after two additional paragraphs. (Part of it moves into the second last paragraph.) Also, how are we to explain the informal "Yours, Anne" which always appears in the diary with the formal "Your Anne M. Frank" appearing in Mg. 13?
Another question is whether the handwriting even has the remotest thing to do with a girl of thirteen. And perhaps the parts that Mr. Frank is supposed to have, may simply be something copied out from a book. The document in Fig. 13 certainly could have been copied from a book, or at least some of it. An example of Anne copying another book can be found in the Pan Books edition, page 210 (Fig. 15). The whole matter seems most confusing and has all the ingredients of a palpable fraud.
In summing up our observations it seems to us that the handwritings may not at all belong to Anne. The question is to whom; and when it was written? Do they belong to Anne, to Margot, to Dussel, to Mr. or Mrs. Van Daan, to Anneliese Schutz, to Mr. Frank, to his present wife "Fritzi," to Isa or Albert Cauvem or someone else or may they even be a combination of various handwritings from different people?
Observe now the most interesting way in which the 17 Nov. 61 letter (Fig. 18) to Mr. Frank was written. Photocopies of it were sent to us by Mr. Frank himself and enclosed in his 22 April 77 letter (Fig. 17). What is made to be "personal" (Personlich) letter to Mr. Frank, after some reflections seems rather to be a letter intended for the serious doubter, the aim being to dissuade further inquiries. It is claimed that because of the bulk of the material (after all, only some 181 pages!) no photocopies could be made. Then we are told the "Gutachten" (expert opinion) involves 131 pages, along with an enclosure of some 50 photocopies. Having thus been told the reason why no photocopies were made of the entire "Gutachten" we are then told that a complete photocopy of it in any case is of no importance, thereby indicating to us what worth they place on their own "expert opinion." In this way one fabricates a lame excuse to forward even ONE photocopy. We quote:
"Leider Kann ich Ihnen angesichts des grossen Umfanges dieser Arbeit KEINE Fotokopien fertigen. Das Gutachten umfasst 131 Seiten and etwa 50 fotokopierte Anlagen. Ich meine, dass eine uollstandige Fotokopie des Gutachten fur Sie keinen hinreichenden Wert hat" (1).There are absolutely no reasons why a mere number of 181 photocopies should not have been sent to Mr. Frank - much less why at least some were not sent, not to mention their excuse about finding it of no importance. When those claiming to be the possessors and guardians of the "documents" view their own praised documents with such nonchalance we can see it is NOT the critics who disregard the documents but themselves.
After a short resume of Frau Minna Becker's "expert opinion" Mr. Frank is asked whether he is pleased with it or if he wants to take a look at it himself in Hamburg. His lawyers are not allowed to send the "expert opinion" to him which makes us wonder why he hasn't in the first place sent photocopies of it to Mr. Frank. If Mr. Frank was so disinterested in his own case, not wanting to go to Hamburg, he would at least have had photocopies of Fran Minna Becker's "expert opinion." With all the money Mr. Frank has made on his faked diary, the cost of 181 photocopies would have been practical-
In the meantime we rest with the words of FIAT JUSTITIA, RUAT CAELUM: let justice be done, though the heavens fall.
The cover of Life magazine 15 September 1958.
This is supposed to be yet another sample of Anne's handwriting.
German edition of the Diary.
Kindlers Literatur Lexikon, Kindler Publishers,
Zurich, 1965, volume 1, page 64
look at the corrections and alterations in another handwriting. Whose is it? Why were these corrections made?
Official booklet published by the Anne Frank Foundation
(referred to herein as AFFA) 5th edition, page 36.
The printed edition never ends with "Anne M. Frank" but with "Yours, Anne." Who changed it?
Figure 14British edition: Pan Books, London, 32nd printing 1975
This same excerpt appears in the American Cardinal edition, as shown in figure 5. But notice the line which appears here under "Frank." This does not appear on the American edition.
The American Cardinal edition, 36th printing, 1963
The Brittish Pan Books edition of 1975.
Figure 16Das Grosse Dudenlexikon, Mannheim.