Megalithic Rememberances of The Great Flood, and the Meteoritic Reasons for It
While looking up material on the subject of comets and catastrophes in ancient times I came upon the work of a Nederlandisch Chemist who wrote about Megalithic Monuments, one Dr. Reinard deJonge and the site in question is:
Dr. DeJonge's theses include the theory that the Megalith-builders were sun-worshippers that systematically explored the world and made records of their discoveries upon the standing stones of Europe. That is not an aspect of his work which I am addressing at this time. DeJonge says that a number of Megalithic monuments in Brittany recorded the great Flood of Noah in 2344 BC and this killed of 54% of the world's population (a significant difference from Genesis!) Here is his list of cometary catastrophes with the dates highlighted:
WORLDWIDE COMET CATASTROPHES - 3200 BC to 550 AD
Preliminary results - 15 January 2009
Courtesy Dr. Reinoud de Jonge# Event Date Period Duration Nature Casualties Comments
3201 BC, WCC Pre-Dynastic 70 days forest-fires, rains, floodings, cold 3000 Egypt - 7.5% WP* Casualties were only counted in Egypt
3006 BC, WCC 1st Dynasty
5th king Den-Udimu 11 days rains, floodings 2600 Egypt - 2.6% WP* Only Egyptian casualties.
2742 BC, WVC 3 rd Dynasty
2nd king Djoser 7 years of famine dimming Sun, cold, drought, crop failure, famine c. 9,000 Egyptian - 4.3% WP* Ibusuki Volcanic Field, Kyushu, Japan. Cotopaxi Volcano, Equador/Volcano Piton de la Fournaise, Reunion, western Indian Ocean. Only Egyptian casualties.
2344 BC WCC 6th Dynasty
1st king Teti 2+2= 4 months forest-fires, torrential rains, floodings, cold c.2.6 million - 54% WP*(4.8 million) Ended 5th Dynasty, later also Old Kingdom; ended all civilizations on Earth. Ogyges Flood - Precipitation of c.8.5 meters of water. Low temperatures and drought for 3 centuries followed.
2020 BC, WVC 11th Dynasty
5th king Mentuhotep II 4 years famine dimming Sun, cold, drought, crop failure, famine c.90,000, 2.6% WP* (3.5 million) Volcano of Long Island, NE of New Guinea / Volcano of Changbaishan, Eastern China / Volcano of Liamuiga, West Indies
1899 BC, WCC 12th Dynasty
4th king Sesostris II 11 days forest-fires, rains, and floodings c.260,000 6.2% WP* (4.2 million) 1628 BC,WCC 15th Dynasty
(ended 14th Dynasty) 9-10 days forest-fires, rains, floodings c.510,000 - 9.1% WP*(5.6 million) Deucalion Flood Low temperatures and drought for at least a century.
1370 BCab,WVC 18th Dynasty 9th king Amenhotep III 50 days dimming of Sun
2 years dust in the air 7 years of famine three phases, dimming Sun, cold, drought, crop failure, famine c.950,000 - 7.9% WP(12 million)* Santorini Volcano on Thera (Greece). Pago Volcano, New Britain Island
1159 BCab, WCC 20th Dynasty King Ramses III 40+40 = 80 days forest-fires, torrential rains, floodings, cold c.5.8 million - 32% WP(18 million)* Dardanus Flood, 35 years after Comet of 1194 BC [=Phaethon?], 3.8 million victims (21%), and 2.0 million victims (11%) of system collapse. Precipitation of 5.5 m of water. Ended New Kingdom and other civilizations. Period of chaos and cold weather for 4 centuries.
430 BCab, WCC/WVC 27th Dynasty king Artaxerxes I 13 days forest fires, rains, and floodings c.830,000, - 2.4% WP*(35 million) -
207 BCab, WCC Ptolemy IV Philopator 8 days forest-fires, rains, floodings c.530,000, - 1.4% WP*(38 million) -
44 BCab WCC or DC. Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy Caesarion (2 months) 7 days, 2 years forest-fires, dust, cold, drought, crop failure, famine c.500,000, 1.3%, WP*(40 million) Caesar’s Comet, 2 months after perihelion. 15 years of cold weather and chaos (wars) followed.
235 ADab, WVC or DC Emperor Maximinus 45 days, 1 year of famine dust, cold, drought, crop failure, famine 280,000 0.61% WP*(46 million) Taupo Volcano, North Island, New Zealand
416 ADb, WVC Emperor Maximus 12 months dust, cold, drought, crop failure, famine 250,000, 0.5%, WP*(50 million) Eruption of Krakatau. Separation of islands of Java and Sumatra, Indonesia.
536/540 ADb WCC Dark Ages Begin 3 months severe dust, 18 months dust sunlight dimmed, dust, drought, cold, crop failure, famine 2.9 million 5.5% WP*(53 million)
Over (536-544 AD) Two-stage event 5 and 9 years after Comet of 531 AD. 25% of people migrated to rivers. In 540 AD also eruption of Rabaul Volcano, New Britain Island, Papua New Guinea, c.120.000 victims (included). A century of cold and dry weather followed.
#Private transmission 28 Nov. 2008 to 11 Jan. 2009. Information deduced from monument and petroglyph analysis.
a Tree ring data: a.o. M. Baillie
b a.o. petroglyphs from the Mid-West (USA).
c a.o. Phaistos Disc
* WP = World Population before Catastrophe.
WCC = Worldwide Comet Catastrophe
WVC = Worldwide Volcanic Catastrophe
DC = Dry Comet implying the injection of dust into the atmosphere by a celestial object.
-Which may provide some evidence for cometary activity in most of those years but which mostly does not prove that all of the catastrophic events are due to a comet. In particular we have a good grasp of the end of the Egyptian Old Kingdom and it ends in a major drought, not a flood. However the Megalithic evidence for the flood taking place at this event is interesting and may actually be evidence of the much older catastrophic end of the Pleistocene in the Younger Dryas event.
His individual pages on the supposed Megalithic records of the Flood appear at the following links:
And the one I wanted to draw particular attention to was this rather small menhir from Kermovan (The Kermorvan menhir, Brittany, France)
"The menhir of Kermorvan and the comet grave of Mougau-Bihan were built on exactly the same latitude line in Brittany, France. The menhir of Kermorvan at Le Conquet, on the western tip of the peninsula, has a rare petroglyph of the giant Comet, which caused the Catastrophe of c.2345 BC. It shows that the planet Earth passed through the tail of this Comet (or Comet Swarm) during two months, and that the whole Catastrophe lasted for four months. A precipitation of about seven meters of water during these days caused terrible floodings, in which about half of the people died. It happened at the start of the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt (c.2370-2189 BC), which leaded to the end of the Old Kingdom."
I am not disputing his extractions of these figures so much as I question his dating of the event, which seems to be the closest fit with the Geneological tables of the Old Testament for the Flood of Noah. As has been mentioned many, many times before, actual known history of that time refuses to admit any possibility of a worldwide floodduring the dynastic histories of Egypt and Mesopotamia. BUT the information makes sense as pertaining to the formation of the Carolina bays and the End of Atlantis.
This is the standing stone in querstion. de Jonge interprets the main central portion as a map of the North Atlantic featuring the landmass of Greenland prominently and the two circled areas to the right and left to represent Newfoundland and Brittany and the latitude drawn between them. He seems to say this because Greenland is the most prominent large island in the North Atlantic today. BUT taken as if the "Top" of the menhir points South, the landmass falls into the area indicated for Atlantis on the Kircher map (which has South at the top also: this was a standard feature for all of the antique maps which originated in Egypt, such as the famous example of the Idrisi map illustrated below)
Now the next thing De Jonge says is that the shape denotes a comet plunging into the North Atlantic. That does start to sound like the theories of Muck and all the rest, and if this is so, the comet is depicted as a very broad sword hacking down on Atlantis from the North. That sounds as if it is describing the Clovis Comet as it can be told from the orientation of the Carolina bays. Muck says the largest part of the nucleus of this body impacted at the bottom of the North Atlantic, blew out the magma chambers under Atlantis, and sank it two or three kilometers vertically in a short period of time (as soon as the magma chambers could be emptied, in fact)
[Al-Idrisi's map drawn for King Roger of Sicily. The older maps were oriented with the South at top as a standard feature]
[An illustration of the Younger Dryas comet]
[This is an illustration of a comet that could well be called "A Sword in the sky"-such descriptions used to be common. I believe Muck says that the celestial body that sank Atlantis fell at the hour of local midnight. If that were the case, survivors on either side of the Atlantic witnessed some incredible fireworks that night as the comet fell ever closer to the earth and broke up into thousands of individual chunks of ice and stone formerly held together heterogenously by the comet's own slight gravity.]
Donnelly's frontispiece for the book Ragnarok, or The Destruction of Atlantis. Donnelly thought this comet strike was well before the actual end of Atlantis, but other readers have combined the two incidents regularly. Donnelly thought the comet struck full across one side of the Earth and rained down innumerably rocky meteorite fragments in size from large boulders to fine dust. Undoubtedly the main part of the Ice-age deposit Donnelly was speaking of was terrestrial in origin and moved around by paroxyms of Earth, sea and Sky, but the matrix (loess) could be largely volcanic in origin, as Muck states (Older "Flood Geologists" had also said this separately, based on the chemical composition) So Perhaps Donnely's map DOES represent where the comet went down (approximately) and where the cometary dust remained in the Atmosphere until dispersed by winds.
This incident would probably not be the Ragnarok of Northern Mythology, BUT the legend of the Great Serpent Born of Fire [Loki] and imprisoned at the Bottom of the Sea where it coils around the world as the Midgardsormen (World-serpent) Iorgomundr, especial enemy of Thor, could well have been inspired by such events. That would account for the vast size of the Serpent and why it lies at the bottom of the Sea now, only to emerge at Doomsday (the REAL Ragnarok) From a Danish Petroglyph of the Bronze Age
Experts such as Napier and Clube have worked out charts showing how often large celestial bodies such as asteroids and comets should strike the Earth going by probabilities. The frequency of the strike turns out to be inversely proportionate to the size of the impacting body. It has been surmised that a body a kilometer across can be expected to strike the Earth every million years on the average.
Such a strike would impact releasing a force equivalent of 10,000 megatons of TNT.
Once again, every million years on average with more infrequent ones being larger and more powerful.
Napier and Clube are also supporters of the idea that there was an exceptionally large strike at the end of the Ice Ages associated with the extinction of the Megafauna at the time.
The Torino Scale is designed to gague the level of threat posed by impacting cosmic fragments. We are talking in the level of Top-of-the-Scale, Globally threatening events.
One of the evidences of the Clovis Comet is that there is a black carbonaceous layer at the Youngest Dryas which covers everything simultaneously, the Black Mats. Straight C14 dates are consistently between 10000 and 11000 years old, which is commonly adjusted upward to 10000 to 11000 BC by some experts. There are Black Mats in the East as well, not shown on this map. There is an excavation within half a mile of my house in Indianapolis with a large exposure of a Black Mat area.
There is also getting to be more evidence for meteor craters at the youngest Dryas dates around what was then a shrunken continental icecap (it swelled appreciably during the Younger Dryas itself): Three of them were recently identified along the St. Lawrence Seaway (Map at Left and Below)
[Corossol crater on the bottom of the sea near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River]
Map showing discovery of three more on-land craters, radiocarbon dated to the same level.
My sketch-map showing craters and Carolina Bays generally. Cape York Meteorites of this date from Northern Greenland. The large red are evidently indicates the main breakup point for the comet, above the area of the [later] Glacial Lake Agassiz. There is some suggestion of a large strike in Michigan at this time, but if so, the glaciers subsequently covered the area over and made the evidence much more ambiguous. More "Bays" are reported in South America: in Brazil and Venezuela, especially.
Physiographic map for Carolina Bays from Wikipedia.