An enquiry into the Swastika
By TrevrezentDuring the past century and a half, an almost boundless intellectual inundation of ancient and distinct texts, have not only surfaced within the academic community, yet via their wholesale translations, have now saturated the public and non-academic spheres in order to present themselves, as a creative and destructive dual edged sword. On a positive note, the contemporary translations of apparently disparate, yet culturally related texts and hieroglyphs, often serve, as a means of filling in the missing pieces to partially lost or damaged co-related works, thus allowing a more complete restoration of the damaged information, which had in fact, been written or inscribed for the sole purpose of data preservation !
Nevertheless, the negative side to this procedure, is that further damage can likewise be achieved, via an individual’s erroneous procedures of cultural restoration (deliberate or otherwise), for which in certain areas, can now be witnessed in epidemic proportions, indeed, what would an ancient Sumerian truly think, when forced to listen to some twentieth century internet geek, and their ‘personally favoured’ exposition of his cultural knowledge?, would they develop an agreeable rapport, or would the former politely walk away?
With this understood, it has always been preferable for allowing the texts and images to explain themselves, for our ancestors were not a folk, hell-bent on acquiring mountains of useless facts and figures, they were people dominated by ‘common sense,’ to which in this day and age, is now a rarity to the point of extremity. Unlike the modern folk, whose lifestyle necessitates their need, for computers, global internet connections, GPS, satellite back-up, sonar and radar, weather forecasting, a whole myriad of emergency support affiliations, and day to day navigational updates [for the 'known' world], etc, etc, our ancestors had for millenia, navigated the grassy seas of Eurasia and the oceanic seas of the globe, and all with a simple yet effective ‘common sense’ and practical knowledge, for wherever they settled, be it a day, month, year or century, with only a handful of sticks and stones, they could still chart the heavens and retain their understanding, of their place in time and space, for which could also be added . . . those of their ancestors. So, it is to this formerly held ‘common sense,’ to which we must re-aspire to, for if the truth be known, it was this, that was the ultimate ‘lost knowledge’ of the Aryan people, as it was ‘common sense’ alone, which had guided us through the previous and difficult trials of the ages.
So what indeed, had the Swastika represented to an ancient, pragmatic and judging by the global spread of the symbol . . . thoroughly well travelled people?. Had it not symbolised something, to which all societal members could relate to?, so much so, that the tools of all trades, whether an Arch Priest or humble cloth-spinning grandmother, had all been decorated with this particular symbol, was it a case of the latter replicating the former’s cult symbol, as observed on those archaic Aryan temples? (much as a Christian adopts the Cross symbol as appearing on their society’s temples), which in all human probability, seems likely to be the case, which thereby leads to the second question, to what were the Aryan priests replicating when they adorned the apex of their temples with a Swastika ?
An etymological analysis of the Swastika.Although appearing via numerous cultural terminologies, including the indigenous Norse Fylfot, the most commonly accepted term, is currently that of the Swastika, being a derivative of the Sanskrit word, Svastika, with its etymological definition as ‘Well-Being,’ although within certain Vedic passages, it had also been applied . . . as ‘Hail-Being’ (1). By way of the Norse Fylfot, one is presented with the translation, ‘Four-Footed,’ which clearly describes the Swastika’s four composite lines, yet what do these four lines delineate?, a cross perhaps ?, or to be more precise . . . a cross ‘in motion,’ but which cross?
The Swastika as representative of the northern Pole Star.Although space does not allow, it is now safe to say, that the earliest Swastika of the pre-historic antediluvian ages, had been attributable to yet another well known [yet at the same time unknown] celestial co-ordinate, which subsequent to the fall, could no longer operate in its previously useful capacity, hence allowing its replacement via the post-diluvian northern Pole Star, whose function as the centrepoint of the heavens, thus serves as the primary point, from whence the four longitudinal meridians of space and time emerge, being as such, North, East, South, West and [diurnally] 12 hrs midnight, 6 hrs morning, 12 hrs midday and 12 hrs evening, or [annually] Winter solstice, Spring Equinox, Summer Solstice and Autumnal Equinox respectively, for which we have not only obtained a celestial cross, but due to celestial rotation . . . a cross in motion, which is indeed our ‘four-footed’ Filfot, or Swastika.
One may now safely assume, that the Swastika as representative of the ‘post-diluvian’ northern Pole Star, should by all accounts, be descriptive of the pole stars of post [circa] 9000 BC, to which also includes, their approximating symbolic representatives as to where and when, no star actually exists. Nevertheless, although the aforementioned representations had been thoroughly accounted for, it is the earliest post-diluvian pole star . . . to which we should acknowledge first, which was of course Alpha-Draconis, whose zenith had been attained at around 2500 BC.
The successor to Alpha-Draconis was our present pole star, Polaris, however, due to the circumpolar rotation of its stellar companion, Ursa Major, certain researchers have taken to suggest, that the Swastika, had in fact been representative of this particular celestial arrangement, which although highly appealing, is in the opinion of this writer . . . probably not the case, as any casual observation of the aforementioned stars, quickly reveals something other than a stellar Swastika, moreover, this reasonable assumption is further reinforced, via the myriad of Swastika images that were contemporaneous with the epochs . . . prior to the ascension of Polaris !.
As such, one must now assume that the Swastika symbol, had been a composite representative of the northern Pole Star [or its approximate representative], along with its associated directional markers, for example, the centre-point of the cross (ie. +90° of celestial latitude), with its four lines thus representing . . . the four cardinal directions (ie. 0°, 90°, 180° and 270° of celestial longitude). With this being correct, the Swastika can be now understood in its ultimately pragmatic sense, which not only describes the northern Pole Star (ie. +90° latitude) . . . but also the Sun (ie. 0° latitude, 180° longitude), indeed, the Swastika can now be regarded as the preliminary center-point . . . for all subsequent and practical astronomical chartwork.
The Swastika as a ‘longitudinal’ chart of the northern heavens.To examine the first example, we see in the image below, a view of the heavens . . . as observed from the Earth, with the center of the Swastika, representing the northern Pole Star (ie. +90° of celestial latitude), with its ‘inner-cross’ specifically pointing to the ‘four cardinal directions’ (ie. 0°, 90°, 180° and 270° of celestial longitude), whereas the ends of the ‘four-feet,’ are seen to point to the ‘four inter-cardinal directions’ (ie. 45°, 135°, 225°, 315°), whose collective depiction, is that of the [clockwise proceeding] longitudinal meridians of North (0°), North-East (45°), East (90°), South-East (135°), South (180°), South-West (225°), West (270°) and North-West (315°). Which for the purpose of adventuring Aryans . . . could be condensed into a simple Swastika.
The Swastika as a ‘latitudinal’ chart of the heavens.To examine the Swastika in its second astronomical application, one simply reads the image above in its latitudinal context, with the Swastika now finding itself representative of the Sun, whose position is clearly that of the equatorial latitude (0°) and southern longitude (180°). The only difference in this mode, is that the 0° and 180° longitudes (see above) are reversed, as we are now observing the heavens of the daylight hours. So what we now have, is the north pole at the bottom (+90° latitude), the south pole at the top (-90° latitude), the horizontal arm on the left, points due east (0° latitude), as its opposite points due west (0° latitude). The four remaining directions as described by the ends of the Swastika’s feet, are south-east sunrise and south-west sunset of the Winter Solstice (-23° latitude) (ie. ‘Tropic of Capricorn’), and the north-east sunrise and north-west sunset of the Summer Solstice (+23° latitude) (ie. Tropic of Cancer’). By understanding the Swastika as such, one now has at their disposal, a portable chart of the all important co-ordinates of practical celestial mechanics.
Returning to the nineteenth century theory (2), in which the four positions of Ursa Major, were supposedly, the source for the Swastika, one has simply to remove the three ‘non-existant’ star groups (see image below), to see the theory for what it is, a novel flight of fancy, which although stimulating some interesting visual creativity, would have contained little pragmatism for the ancient and world exploring Aryans.
The four positions of Ursa Major.
The Swastika’s emergence and subsequent pre-dominance as a solar symbol.Having explained the Swastika via its twin astronomical applications (ie. ‘the Pole Star and Sun’), it soon becomes evident, that the latter attribute has for millennia superseded the former, so much so, that the Swastika has commonly been regarded as the Sonnenrad, or ‘Sun-Wheel,’ which is thus representative, of the Sun’s ‘apparent’ orbit around the Earth. This diurnal, annual and precessional journey, had been described in antiquity via the imagery of the Sun-God, who would navigate his Solar Boat along its course (ie. the ecliptic), throughout the ocean of aetheric space, indeed, so as to emphasise the solar nature of its subject, the Ramayana (ca. 400 BC) had described Rama’s (ie. ‘the Sun-God’) boat, as being decorated with a Swastika.
It would now seem, that the Swastika as a symbol for the pole star, had belonged to a much earlier epoch, a period in which the north star had proven more useful to its observers, than did the subsequent observations of the Sun, moreover, with a complimentary examination of associated cultural texts and artefacts, one may reasonably conclude, that the former utilisation of the Swastika (ie. ‘Pole Star’), had been that developed by a more northerly located Aryan people, for which the pole star and accompanying circumpolar constellations, had for obvious reasons, been more visible in their entirety and movements, and thereby, more readily presentable for study and practical application.
Notwithstanding, one can only pre-suppose . . . that the pole star Swastika, had been that favoured by the pre-historic and antediluvian Aryans, whom according to the textual legacies (eg. Zend Avestha, etc) of their post-diluvian descendants, had not only been the founding ancestors of the all Aryan people’s, but had originally inhabited the Earth’s former circumpolar regions, which prior to the ‘Earth’s Fall’ and associated flood, had not only been exceptionally mild and fertile, but also excessively endowed with polar light, indeed, by way of textural analysis of relevant Aryan folk legends and historiographies, what becomes increasingly apparent, are the memorial records of an antediluvian northern people’s . . . forced migration, from that of a former existence as pre-dominantly supported via ‘polar light,’ to that of a post-diluvian existence as maintained via ‘solar light,’ for which the latter had only come into effect, subsequent to Aryans relocation into more southerly latitudes. With this being the case, then it seems reasonable to assume, that although retaining its value as a highly important astronomical reference point, the Pole Star had by effect of the southern migrations, been pragmatically relegated into the cultural background, so much so, that via the solar usurpation of its symbol, its previous meanings have almost been forgotten, to which one can further add, that the Swastika’s pre-Pole Star allocation and application, is now understood by only a few specialist scholars. The gradual erasure of the ‘Polarenrad ‘ (‘Polar-Wheel’) Swastika from the common Aryan consciousness, had now allowed the ‘Sonnenrad ‘ (‘Solar-Wheel’) Swastika, to emerge into the forefront of Aryan astronomical symbolism, which for the astronomer magi, had as before, consisted of two apparently observable types, namely, the ‘clockwise’ or Dextrogira Swastika (‘right spin’), and the ‘anti-clockwise’ or Levógira Swastika (‘left spin’) (3), whose collective solar description [as viewed from the Earth], is that of the two [apparent] motions of the Sun’s orbit, namely, that of the ‘annual year’ (ie. 365 days) and ‘precessional year’ (ie. 25, 920 years) respectively, or in other words, the annual and precessional Sun-Wheels.
The polar Swastika and Aryans.
In accordance with the opinions of numerous respected authorities, the Swastika’s earliest symbolic developments, had been those pertinent to the northern Pole Star . . . to which it must rightly be assumed, had been attributed as such, by those people for whom it was most obvious, which not only points to an archaic northern race, but an Aryan race from the north (4), or even possibly . . . a proto-Aryan race. It is further interesting to note, that the ancient Egyptian hieroglyph, as employed as a ‘determinative prefix to names designating civilised lands,’ had allegedly been represented by a Swastika [cross] (5), moreover, taking into consideration all of the Swastika’s northern connotations, one may now boldly enquire, that prior to the birth of Egypt (ca. 4000 BC), had the Earth’s northern circumpolar region . . . been that of a ‘civilised land’ of Aryans?, and if so, be it mythological, textual or archaeological, what evidence currently remains to support this view?
(1). The Swastika. Part I. Thomas Wilson. (1894). p. 14.
(2). According to the respected scholar, Dr. H. Colley March, and via his article Fylfot and the Futhore Tir (1886), the
northern pole star had been representative of the [centrepoint of the] Swastika, whose four arms were observed via
the rotation of the circumpolar constellation, Ursa Major, as it occupied the four directions of north, east, south and
(3). Adolf Hitler:Der Letze Avatar. Miguel Serrano. p. 136.
(4). This being logically determined due to Swastika’s ancient association with the Aryan peoples.
(5). Paradise Found, the Cradle of the Human Race at the North Pole. William Warren. 1885. p. 180.http://jasonsalyers.com/uncategorized/an-ahnenerbe-enquiry-into-the-swastika/