ISRAEL AND ZIONISM
If it was not God's will that they possessed Canaan, the nations
can reproach them as mere conquering brigands."
-- Herman Wouk, Jewish novelist, p. 186
"Is Zionism racism? I would say yes. It's a policy that to me looks
like it has very many parallels with racism. The effect is the same.
Whether you call it that or not is in a sense irrelevant."
-- Desmund Tutu, South African Archbishop and activist
against apartheid, [in HOFFMAN, p. 15]
"Passionate hatred can give meaning and purpose to an empty life.
Thus people haunted by the purposelessness of their lives to try
to find a new content not only by dedicating themselves to a holy
cause but also by nursing a fanatical grievance."
-- Eric Hoffer, The True Believer, 1963, p. 102
"Zionism ... must after Auschwitz be a Christian commitment as well
[as a Jewish one] ... The post-Holocaust Christian must repent of the
Christian sin of suppressionism ... Without Zionism, Christian as well
as Jewish, the Holy Spirit cannot dwell between Jews and Christians in
dialogue ... Christians after the Holocaust, we have seen, must be
Zionists on behalf not only of Jews but also of Christianity itself."
Emil Fackenheim, Jewish author, p. 285, 305
"If power corrupts, the reverse is also true; persecution corrupts
the victims though perhaps in subtler and more tragic ways."
-- Arthur Koestler, [in GILMAN, p. 33]
"Is there anything more common than the transformation of
persecuted into persecutor ... ?
-- Maxime Rodinson, p. 9
"In the twentieth century, men -- all of us -- find themselves compelled to commit or condone evil for the sake of preventing an evil believed to be greater. And the tragedy is that we do not know whether the evil we condone will not in the end be greater than the evil we seek to avert-- or be identified with."
-- Emil Fackenheim, [in BELL, p. 317]
"If Israelis know about oppression, it is mostly from the oppressor’s end of the gun sight."
-- Benjamin Beit Hallahmi, Israeli professor at Haifa University
"One of the major problems with Israeli democracy is that it has no constitutional guarantees of human rights. To my knowledge it's the only functioning democracy without such provision."
Asa Kasher, Israeli philosopher, [in BRANDT, J., 2000, p. 10]
"Israel is working on a biological weapon that would harm Arabs but not Jews,
according to Israeli military and western intelligence sources ... In developing their
"ethno-bomb," Israeli scientists are trying to exploit medical advances by identifying
genes carried by some Arabs, then create a genetically modified bacterium or virus.
The intention is to use the ability of viruses and certain bacteria to alter the DNA
inside their host's living cells. The scientists are trying to engineer deadly
micro-organisms that attack only those bearing the distinctive genes. The
programme is based at the biological institute in Nes Tziyona, the main research
facility for Israel's clandestine arsenal of chemical and biological weapons.
A scientist there said the task was hugely complicated because both Arabs and
Jews are of semitic origin. But he added: "They have, however, succeeded in
pinpointing a particular characteristic in the genetic profile of certain Arab
communities, particularly the Iraqi people." The disease could be spread
by spraying the organisms into the air or putting them in water supplies.
The research mirrors biological studies conducted by South African scientists
during the apartheid era and revealed in testimony before the truth commission.
The idea of a Jewish state conducting such research has provoked outrage in
some quarters because of parallels with the genetic experiments of Dr Josef
Mengele, the Nazi scientist at Auschwitz."
-- Uzi Mahnaimi and Marie Colvin, The Sunday Times [London, 11-15-1998]
"A good many Israelis see that if conflict with the Arabs
continues, they are in danger of becoming like the Germans
from 1933 to 1945 -- accomplices if not perpetrators of
-- Norman Birnbaum, Why, p. M5
"The 'Israeli criterion' as the key indicator in assessing anti-
Semitism has increasingly been widened. The label of anti-Semite
is no longer limited to those who reject the legitimacy of the
Jewish state. Criticism of Israeli governmental policies and
actions has also entered into the calculus ... As the 'Israeli
criterion' for evaluating anti-Semitism has become broader,
has more and more impaled individuals and groups on the
to-left of the political spectrum on the charge of
-- Arthur Liebman, 1986, p. 352
"Nor is there solid evidence that marginality increases humaneness.
Freud felt that, on the contrary, Jewish history had produced some
negative psychological results. In his essay, 'Some Character Types
Met with in Psychoanalytic Work,' he discusses the 'exception':
the person who justifies his rebelliousness and claims special
favor to himself by some injury he has suffered and of which he
considers himself blameless. Such people, Freud notes, often feel
quite justified in injuring others. He refers to Shakespeare's Richard
III as a prime example of the type. In the midst of this discussion
Freud notes:'For reasons which will easily be understood I cannot
communicate very much about these and other case histories.
Nor do I propose to go into the obvious analogy between
deformities of character resulting from protracted sickness
in childhood, and the behavior of whole nations, whose
past has been full of suffering.'As [Jewish psychoanalyst]
Theodore Reik points out, thereference is obviously to Jews."
-- Stanley Rothman and S. Robert Lichter, 1982, p. 113
"The Holocaust came to be regularly invoked -- indeed,
brandished as a weapon -- in American Jewry's struggles
on behalf of an embattled Israel."
-- Peter Novick, 1999, p. 145
spy. As a test, the general asks, 'If you had a chance to kill an
Arab or a cat,which one would you kill first?' ''Why the cat?'
'You're hired!' the general says."
-- Joke told by an ulta-Orthodox Jew to Stephen Bloom,
2001, p. 224
"The elements of the Jewish heritage that are hostile to non-Jews
have long been known to the world, and anti-Semitic writings
quote them at length. Until recently few would have seriously
asserted that these passages reflect the opinions of Jews in our
own generation. But, when religious extremists inject a
contemporary relevance into these passages ... they acquire a
new and dangerous significance. They provide ammunition for
anti-Semites, who can assert that the true Jewish character is
revealed not when Jews are subjugated in Christian or Muslim
societies, but precisely when they are free. It is in their natural
environment, not in subjugation, that they dare disclose their
true face, and the nations of the world must redefine their
attitudes in view of the strong Jews rather than the impotent Jews."
-- Yehoshafat Harkabi, former head of Israeli military intelligence, p. 179-180
"Only in fantasies about an all-embracing Jewish conspiracy
did a Jewish banker and a Jewish anarchist report to the same
-- Stanislaw Krajewski, Jewish-Polish
author, The Jewish, p. 64
"It may be the case that [post-Holocaust] the authentic Jewish
agnostic and the authentic Jewish believer are closer than at
any previous time."
-- Emil Fackenheim, Jewish theologian, in Sack, J., p. 135
In 2001, during an extended Palestinian uprising against Israel occupation, when Israeli brutality against Palestinians was becoming difficult to veil, the Jewish state hired a New York public relations company -- Rubenstein Associates -- to control popular perceptions about the place. To improve israel's image, Rubenstein suggested less security guards around prime minister Ariel Sharon and painting Israeli weapons used on Palestinian rioters orange "to make it clear to television viewers that solders are firing nonlethal rounds." Cleaning up after Arab riots was also thought to make for a better image on TV. "But Palestinian officials and young boys interviewed at the Ayosh junction in the West Bank town of Ramallah," noted the Baltimore Sun, "one place singled out by Rubenstein as a problem area, say the proposals prove Israel would rather save face than save lives." [HERMANN, P., 6-29-01]
By 1981, the World Jewish Congress estimated the number of yordim in the U.S. to be between 300,000 and 500,000 -- "perhaps one for every six Israelis living in Israel. They create a difficult situation for Diaspora Jews, partly because of the yordim's own sense of embarrassment, and partly because Israel denigrates them and is embarrassed by the undiagnosed phenomenon they represent." [WALINSKY, L., 1981, p. 67]
"Shortly before the outbreak of [the 1967] war in June, President Lyndon Johnson's intelligence experts debated whether it would take a week or ten days for Israel to demolish its enemies." [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 148]
As Israeli writers Herbert Russcol and Margalit Banai noted in 1970 about the (overwhelmingly Jewish) illusory depictions of Israel:
It may be better to rely upon the views of foreign [non-Israeli] observers, but
most of them are too sympathetic [to Israel]. Their hearts are in the right
places and they love us too much to see us plain. They are blinded by their
gallant cause. In all the books written about Israel by outsiders there are
never whores or alcoholics or greedy bankers or black marketeers. There
are only hero-farmers with a plow in one hand and a rifle in the other. We
emerge from their pages rather like the cloth-dolls-of-Israel types which
are sold in the souvenir shops of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv -- here is the happy
kibbutznik, the attractive girl soldier, the earlocked Jerusalemite, the quaint new
immigrant from Yemen." [RUSSCOL/BANAI, 1970, p. x]
Herbert Russcol and Margalit Banai noted in 1970 the status of women in Israeli society:
"In Israel, today, a wife is still called by the lowly, pejorative term that the Old
Testament calls hers: isha, woman. Her husband is still addressed by his
splendid biblical title, ba'al, master. In the glorious days of the Kings of Israel,
upon marriage an isha became the physical possession, the chattel, of her ba'al
along with his handmaidens and slaves, his ox and his ass. For this reason,
'to marry a wife' and 'to become master' have the same root meanings in Hebrew.
The infinitive liv'ol, commonly used in the sacred texts, means bluntly,
and most vulgarly, to possess a woman sexually.
What our fiercely free sabra girl thinks
of referring to her husband a dozen times
a day as 'my master,' with all the humiliating connotations described above, may
well be imagined by the reader." [RUSSCOL, BANAI, 1970, p. 178]
New York Jewish feminist Congresswoman Bella Abzug was caught off guard when she visited Israel in the same era. Despite the fact that Israel once had a female prime minister,
"When I was sitting in the Knesset [Israeli Parliament] I noticed, to my surprise,
that only 8 of the 120 members were women. One evening I met with some
some of the most outstanding women in the country and challenged them on
this. The reply I got was that since women in Israel have equality they don't
need to prove it so much." [ABZUG, B., 1972, p. 228]
Although Zionism was largely a secular movement, the first president of modern Israel (and an immigrant from Russia), Chaim Weizman, notes the attraction of what was then "Palestine," quite clearly:
"[Arthur James Balfour] asked me why some Jews, Zionists, were so bitterly opposed to the Uganda offer. The British Government was really anxious to do do something to relieve the misery of the Jews; and the problem was a practical one, calling for a practical approach. In reply I plunged into what I recall as a long harangue on the meaning of the Zionist movement. I dwelt on the spiritual side of Zionism, I pointed out that nothing but a deep religious conviction expressed in modern political terms could keep the movement alive, and that this conviction had to be based on Palestine and on Palestine alone. Any deflection from Palestine was -- well, a form of idolatry. I added that if Moses had come into the sixth Zionist Congress when it was adopting the resolution in favour of the Commisssion for Uganda, he would surely have broken the tablets once again. We knew that the Uganda offer was well-meant, and on the surface of it might appear the more practical road. But I was sure that -- quite apart from the availability and suitability of the territory -- the Jewish people would never produce either the money or the energy required in order to build up a wasteland and make it habitable, unless that land was Palestine. Palestine had this magic and romantic appeal for the Jews; our history has been what it is because of our tenacious hold on Palestine. We have never accepted defeat and have never forsaken the memory of Palestine. Such a tradition could be converted into real political power." [WEIZMAN, C., 1949, p. 143]
"Even those who rebelled against religion," notes Ehud Luz, "could not ignore the need to deal with it, for the simple reason that Jewish nationalism drew its legitimacy from the Jewish religion: Zionism was rooted in the Jewish past, and no one denied that this past had a religious character." [LUZ, p. x] "The mythos-driven craving for the ancestral land," suggests Israeli Jay Gonen, "is tied to deep unconscious layers in the Jewish psyche." [GONEN, J., p. 200]
Monford Harris sees a strong Judaism-Zionism link in the old religious covenant notion:
"The dynamic of Zionism ... is only possible on the basis of covenental solidarity.
... None of the universal categories -- race, nation, nationality, or religion -- can
account for this involvement. It is accountable only on the basis of covenental
solidarity throughout Jewish history. While twentieth century Jewry no longer uses
convenental terms and has lost its conscious awareness of its self-understanding,
it does, nevertheless, opeate with the ideas of the Covenant." [HARRIS, M., 1965,
[WEIZMAN, C., 1949, p. 41]
Chaim Weizman, the first president of modern Israel, and an immigrant from Russia, describes how the future Jewish state was colonized by European Jews in its early years:
"Jews settled in Palestine, and they were not expelled. They bought land, sometimes through straw men, sometimes by bribes, for Turkish officialdom was even more corrupt than the Russian. Houses were built in evasion of the law. Between baksheesh [bribes] and an infinite variety of subterfuges, the first little colonies were created."
Simha Flapan notes that
"The Yishuv and the Jewish masses in the Diaspora rejected most of his concepts,
but [Jabotinsky] left an indelible mark on the Zionist attitude towards the Arab question.
He implanted in Jewish psychology the image of the Arab as the mortal enemy,
the idea of the inevitability of the conflict and of the impossibility of a solution
except by sheer force. He propagated the 'either-or' notion by which all and
every means was justified including terror and ruthless retaliation in the
struggle for survival." [FLAPAN, S., 1979, p. 117]
Not only that. Because marriages, burials, and governance for Jewish identity itself are Orthodox-controlled and so-sanctioned by the Israeli government, Jews who align themselves with more liberal Reform or Conservative Judaism are prevented from fully expressing their religious beliefs in Israel. As Reform rabbi Uri Regev, head of the Israel Religious Action Center, frames it: "Israel is the only country in the free democratic world which ... denies Jews religious freedom." [HYMAN, M., 1998, p. 107]
(Peter Novick notes that this song was "at the top of the charts" in Israel in 1973). [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 152]
Herbert Russcol -- a Jewish American emigrant to Israel -- and his sabra wife Margarit Banai noted the Israeli national character this way:
"'Horror stories' about the chutzpah -- of the sabra-men, women, and children
alike -- are notorious. What appears to be (and often is) their cheek, their
insolence, has shocked and enraged everyone who has met them. Sabras freely
admit their chutzpah as a people, but are rarely aware of being chutzpadik
themselves. They will tell you, 'Oh, we're terrible. It's a national vice. I am
not so bad, but I have some very rude friends' ... Chutzpah is alarmingly close
to chauvinism, and it must be admitted that the sabra is usually passionately
chaunvinistic in an era when no gospel has been more discredited in the West
than blind, excessive patriotism ... Our young [in the West] wish to be as
universal as blades of grass. But the young Israelis cannot afford this, and
will tell you defensively, 'After all, you can't build a nation without nationalism."
[RUSSCOL/BANAI, 1970, p. 170, 172]
In 2001, a Jewish ethnic newspaper, the Forward, noted that the national Israeli propensity to be cheats and hustlers (always evasive of the law) probably had roots in Jewish history in other lands:
"[There is] universal awareness that something is definitely rotten in the state
of Isael. This is, after all, a country in which bending the rules is said to be a
national pasttime, cutting corners a way of life and cheating the authorities
the proof of merit ... Sticklers for the law are ridiculed and abused, where
anyone who works by the book is branded a sap, a 'freier,' the worst insult
in modern Israeli lexicon ... Many people believe Israeli laxity, which borders
on anarchy, is a national personality trait that cannot be eradicated by laws
alone. Some trace the trait all the way back to the historical Jewish Diaspora,
where Jews often found solace in bending the rules imposed by the often
anti-Semitic authorities." [SHALEV, C., 6-1-01]
In 2001, Great Britain's online Telegraph newspaper noted
In 2000, Israel's National Council for the Welfare of the Child noted in its annual report the alarming rise in violence emanating from Israel's youth. "Complaints of violence by children in educational institutions" rose by 227% from 1995 to 1999. There were 29,000 criminal investigations of minors in 1999 alone. Also between 1994 and 1999, the number of children under 12 seeking help from call-in hotlines because of sexual abuse rose from 143 to 603. "I have no othe words to describe it than to say our society is undergoing a process of bestialization," declared Dr. Asher Ben-Arye, the deputy-general of the National Council, and the editor of the disturbing report. By 2001, the Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported that "Israel, one of the world's smallest countries, ranks eighth in the world in youth violence." [HAARETZ, 4-18-01] That same year, Miss Israel, Ilanit Levy, wore a diamond-studded bullet-proof vest as a fashion statement at the Miss Universe competition. [WASHINGTON POST, 4-18-01]
'Israelis -- who take pride in being blunt and outspoken -- are to teach children
good manners in an attempt to cut the nation's tendency towards violence. From
the next school year, 12-year-olds will be taught how to behave politely, which
knife and fork to use at table, and how to resolve arguments without shouting or
coming to blows. Ronit Tirosh, director-general of the Education Ministry said:
'We are a brutal and impatient society, and the delicacy learned through these
lessons may reduce our society's violent tendencies.' Israelis are proud not to
say thank you and relish the informality of life ... Israeli life is a bruising contest
of one-upmanship. The deepest fear is to be thought a 'sucker' who obeys
the rules. Brusqueness has been cultivated by native-born Israelis as a reaction
against the manners of Europe's Diaspora Jews, who were seen as cringing
and subservient ... Educationalists have become worried about the level
of playground violence." [PHILIPS, A., 6-15-01]
In September of 2000 the second Palestinian uprising against Jewish oppression began. Russian/Israeli Israel Shamir noted its tenor:
"Another email comes into my laptop, this time from Gaza. An American girl,
Alison Wier from San Francisco evades Israeli bullets, comforts the
scared Palestinian kids, and writes: 'The problem is when you know the
truth, it is far too cruel, far too diametrically oppostite what we used
to think and what everyone thinks to express. The lie is too big, the
repression too complete, the Palestinians' lives too horrible to write
Well, Alison is right. We face a huge lie, an anti-Moslem blood libel."
[SHAMIR, I., 2001]
"The Law of Return," notes Israeli author Avirama Golan, "gives every Jew [in the world] the automatic right to citizenship, and Israeli citizenship, therefore, is bound to halakhic definitions and the Orthodox monopoly and creates blatant, undemocratic discrimination." [GOLAN, A., 2001] [Note, in another chapter, a range of questionable Israeli ethical/unethical activities]
As Simha Flapan notes:
"There is no intrinsic connection between Judaism and democracy. There always
was an orthodox, fundamentalist current in Judaism, characterized by racial
prejudice toward non-Jews in general and Arabs in particular. A substantial
portion -- perhaps even the overwhelming majority --of the religious movements
[in Israel], and a growing part of the population in general, came to conceive
of the West Bank not as the homeland of the Palestinian people but as Judea
and Samaria, the birthplace of the Jewish faith and homeland of the Jewish
people. Many people not only became indifferent to the national rights of the
Palestinians living there, they did not even see the necessity for granting them
civil rights." [original author's emphasis; FLAPAN, S., 1987, p. 240]
According to a 2001 survey of Israelis by the University of Haifa's center for national security research,
"A majority [71%] of Jews in Israel believe that Arab citizens' complaints of
discrimination are unjustified, that Arabs excessively influence politics
in the country [62%] and that Israeli Arabs are to blame for tensions between
Jews and Arabs in the state [59%] ... More than two-thirds (68%) of the Jewish
respondents said they do not want Arabs to live in their neighborhoods."
[NIR, O., 12-12-01]
In 1999, Thailand's ambassador to Israel, Domedeg Bunnag, complained that "if the workers' conditions were not improved, his government would no longer permit Israel to import Thai workers." "I am almost moved to tears when I see the conditions of Thai workers in Israel," he told an Israeli newspaper, "They live in sub-human condtions, and are constantly exploited by both the moshav [agricultural center] owners and the manpower agencies." Bunnag also charged that Thai workers were faced with unhealthy working condition, were overcharged for rent, underpaid, and routinely cheated by Israeli employers. [BAR-MOHA, Y., 7-19-99]
Jewish racism in Israel also impacts the "Black Hebrews," the African-American community of immigrants (who are rejected as Jews) in the desert town of Dimona. In 1999, the Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz noted that the Dimona municipality and the Ministry of Religious Affairs continued to block the Black Hebrews' attempts to get land for a cemetery. They have been forced to bury their dead in the local garbage dump. [ARBELI, 10-3-99]
"In addition to beign immigrants from Russia [Tatiano and Viktor Madbaneko's
Jewishness is 'in doubt' and they are forced into hopeless shadowboxing with
a society that is practiced in 'hating gentiles.' They so much want to find a way
to the heart of this society, with all its prejudices." [USHPIZ, A., 2001, 6-8-01]
Most Russian Jewish were atheists under communist rule and few followed traditional Jewish religious dictates. Over 30,000 Russian-born men have been ritually circumcised in Israel. Glenn Frankel notes the case of an Israeli rabbi who "ordered a circumcision performed on the corpse of a Russian immigrant killed in a traffic accident before the rabbi would allow it to be buried in a Jewish grave. Later it turned out that hundreds of other corpses had been similarly mutilated at cemeteries throughout the country." [FRANKEL, p. 168]
We hear alot about "terrorists in Palestine" these days, but, apparently, when these terrorists were Jews -- not Arabs -- it was cool. Ben Hecht was a successful Hollywood screenwriter. And Irgun activist. Here's what he says about a newspaper ad he wrote for that terrorist group:
"The ad carried the headline: 'Letter to the Terrorists of Palestine.' It read:
'My Brave Friends. You may not believe what I write you, for there is a lot
of fertilizer in the air at the moment. But on my word as an old reporter,
what I write is true. The Jews of America are for you. You are their champions.
You are the grin they wear. You are the feather in their hats. You are the first
answer that makes sense -- to the New World. Every time you blow up a
British arsenal, or wreck a British jail, or send a British railroad sky high,
or rob a British bank, or let go with your guns and bombs at the British
betrayers and invaders of your homeland, the Jews of America make a
little holiday in their hearts ..." [HECHT, B., 1985, p. 615]
"The ad," continues Hechct, "appeared in a few days. Some fifteen newspapers printed it at their 'usual advertising rates.' Hundreds of other newspapers in the U.S., Mexico, South America and France ran the ad gratis. It appealed to them, apparently, as news." [HECHT, B., 1985, p. 617]
Israeli Gideon Levy also noted, in the midst of the slaying of hundreds of Palestinians in the 2000-2001 Intifada against Jewish occupation:
"Who's a terrorist? Aida Fatahia was walking down the street. Ubei Daraj was
playing in the yard. She was the mother of three; he was nine years old. Both
were killed last week by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) bullets, for no reason.
Their killing raises once again, in all its horror, the question of whether
Palestinian violence is the only violence that should be called terrorism.
Is only car bombing terrorism, while shooting at a woman and child is
not? Is only car bombing terrorism, while shooting at a woman and child
is not? Fatahia and Daraj join a long list of men, women, and children
who were innocent of wrongdoing and killed in the past five months by
the IDF. In the Israeli debate, their deaths were not a result of 'terror
actions' or 'terrorist attacks' and the killers are not 'terrorists.' Those
are terms used only for Palestinian violence ... IDF Chief of Staff
Shaul Mofaz, commander of an army that has killed almost 90
children in the last five months, calls the Palestinian Authority (PA)
a 'terrorist entity,' and totally ignores the actions of the army --
and the results of those actions. But the questions must be asked:
Aren't massive land expropriations, systematic house destructions,
the uprooting of orchards and groves, also a form of violence?
Isn't cutting off entire towns and villages from their source of
water a type of violence?" [LEVY, G., 3-11-01]
The identities of the 27 people involved in the arrested terrorist Jewish underground included "war heroes, teachers, graduate students, scholars, and respected builders of pioneer towns ... they cited the Bible and the opinions of contemporary rabbis to justify their actions." [RAPAPORT, E., 1996, p. 3] "Several members of the same loosely-tied West Bank Underground Movement killed several students at random in an Islamic collge. They also planned to place bombs under civilian Arab buses." [RAPAPORT, E., 1996, p. 9]
Diaspora Jewry and friends of Israel abroad must realize that present Israeli
As Israeli scholar Simha Flapan notes about the double standards of Jewish and Arab "terrorism":
policy is doomed to reproduce over and over agan the cycle of violence that
shocks our sensibilities every time we read or hear of wanton murder and bloodshed,
whether the hand that perpetrates it detonates a bomb or fires a pistol. The collective
revenge of an army for the murder of one of its citizens is no more righteous or
admirable than the individual revenge of a desperate youth for the murder of one
his people. It is only propaganda and distorted vision tht labels one 'terrorism'
and the other 'national defense.'" [FLAPAN, S., 1987, p. 243]
"From the beginning of Hitler's regime," notes Peter Novick, "Ben Gurion, guided by what his biographer terms 'his philosophy of ... beneficial disaster,' had insisted that 'it is in our interest to use Hitler ... for the building of our country"; "the harsher the affliction, the greater the strength of Zionism." [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 77]
In 2001, the Democratic Republic of Congo "revoked the monopoly of the Israeli company International Diamond Industries." A United Nations report had documented that the Congo was being cheated by the company and that it was the African nation's desire for "access to Israeli military equipment and intelligence, that sealed the original deal for the monopoly." [AVNI, B., 4-27-2001]
"On this point," notes Arthur Liebman, the Jewish [political] Left, Center, and Right as well are in strong agreement: the Left's denial of the legitimacy of Israel is necessary and sufficient grounds to label it anti-Semitic." [LIEBMAN, A., 1986, p. 352]
"Those who are critical of Israel," says Tobin, "are more likely to hold anti-Semitic stereotypes. Some anti-Israelis may represent new forms of anti-Semitic expression." [TOBIN, p. 50] "Almost half a century after the establishment of the Jewish state," adds Evyatar Friesel, "... many Zionists have discovered that there are historical characteristics in the Jewish community that are very resilient. None seemed more resilient than what Leon Pinsker, over a hundred years ago, called the 'Judeophobia of the Gentile.' It is quite astonishing that more than forty years of Jewish statehood has hardly changed the basic premises of the relationship between Jews and non-Jews." [FRIESEL, E., p. 232]
"To say that anti-Zionism is not anti-Semitism is a lie," once declared prominent Jewish Argentinian Jacobo Timerman, "It is like saying that there is difference between authoritarianism and totalitarian governments -- another adventure in semantics." [BECK, E., 1982, p. 193]
It has been suggested by some Jewish observers (as reported elsewhere in this work) that anti-Jewish hostility ("anti-Semitism") is a necessary glue to maintain the "otherness" of Jewish identity. The World Jewish Congress noted a similar theme in 1981, that Israel's violent tensions with the Arab world are a very crucial rallying point for Jewish identity:
"For the preponderant part of Diaspora Jewry whose attachment has been
to Israel, rather than to Judaism and Jewish ways of life as such, it seems
quite clear that a comprehensive peace [with Palestinians], given present
trends [in 1981], must be expected progressively to result in a weakening
sense of Jewish identity, a lesser concern for Israel and for other Jews,
and in less identification with Jewish organiations and communal affairs."
[WALINSKY, L., 1981, p. 104]
What, one wonders, would modern Jewish identity be without the necessary antithetical echo of non-Jewish hostility to it? The World Jewish Congress seems to suggest what the answer might be for many Jews: very little. Or even nothing.
A 2001 survey of Israelis by the World Jewish Congress found that:
* 57% believed there was more anti-Semitism in the world than 10 years earlier.
* 75% "agreed that international anti-Israel sentiment is motivated by anti-Semitism.
* 67% "said anti-Israel politics at the United Nations is driven by anti-Semitism.
[AXELROD, T., 10-29-01]