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Friday, April 13, 2012

When Victims Rule - (USA) GOVERNMENT





27 (pt. 1)
GOVERNMENT


"Washington is an easy place to be Jewish these days.There
are some 200,000 Jews living in the area, making this the
seventh-largest Jewish community in North America ... No
one would dispute that area Jews are disproportionately
represented in the upper echelons of law, politics, medicine, 
science, journalism, accounting, and other professions." 
[The Washington DC Jewish community includes "at least 62 synagogues"
and "32 Jewish preschool and day schools."]
-- Barbara Matusow, MAY 2000, p. 79]


"Jewish organizations like to deny that there is such a thing as a Jewish lobby,
which is, of course, nonsense, but it may fairly be said that the massive strength
of the Zionist lobby is of comparatively recent origin."
-- Chaim Bermant, 1977, p. 253


"Oscar Cohen, a long-time official of the Anti-Defamation League, wrote to a
friend that by the 1970s organized American Jewry had become 'an agency of
the Israeli government .. follow[ing] its directions from day to day.'"
-- Peter Novick, 1999, p. 149


"The president of the United States is concerned about our intelligence. He goes
to the president of Israel and asks him to share the secrets of Mossad, the Israeli
intelligence agency. The Israeli president is unable to help him but suggests
something. He tells the president, 'If you want to know anything, just go to the
synagogue. The Jews there know everything.' The president dresses up in a skull
cap, beard, and all the accoutrements of the religious Jew and goes to a temple.
He sits down next to an old Jew and says, 'What's happening?' The old Jew says,
'The president is going to be here.'"
-- Joke by Jewish comedian Milton Berle, 1996, p. 310
 
"With money in hand, you can demand."
-- Old Yiddish folk saying, [KUMOVE, S., 1985, p. 178]
 
"Follow the money."
-- Common folk wisdom about any given political situation
 
 

 
      
"No election [in modern America]," says Lenni Brenner, "would be thought complete without the domestic politicians, down to the ranks of mayors and city council members, rushing to appear before Jewish organizations to reaffirm their fealty to 'the only democracy in the Middle East.'" [BRENNER, p. 9] "While some Jewish agencies have persistently denied the existence of a Jewish vote," says Stephen Isaacs, "just as persistently the politicians have pandered specifically to 'Jewish' interests and issues. The pandering has been especially observable since 1948, when the state of Israel was created." [ISAACS, p. 142]
 
"The percentage of Jews ... who involve themselves in party affairs as policy-makers and fund-raisers," noted Will Maslow, general counsel of the American Jewish Congress, "is probably higher than any other racial, religious, or ethnic group. The result is that Jews play a role in the political life of the country whose significance far transcends their proportion of the total population." [BRENNER, p. 121]  There are, suggested the 1999 Jewish Democratic Council executive director, Ira Foreman, a "disproportionate number of opinion leaders among Jews." [ROTH, B., 10-11-99] Jewish theologian and political activist Seymour Siegel suggested that the "messianic drive is present in many great Jews. Having lost the faith that there is a God, but not wanting to give up messianism, they go into politics ..."  [ISAACS, p. 20] "The pursuit of salvation through politics is a modern disease," wrote Norman Podhoretz, "And a lot of Jews are infected with it." [ISAACS, p. 26]
 
"American Jewry cannot claim the dubious distinction of being normal," notes Henry Feingold, "It is, to be sure, shaped by the American society with which it casts its lot; but it also has, as part of it, Jewish connections, a long separate history of its own that shapes its vision. It lives delicately suspended between two cultural pulls, the Jewish and the American. It's that connection to k'lal Yisrael, the mysterious tie that binds Jews everywhere together, and that also determines its unique political character ... It is also that connection that compels American Jewry to exert a special effort to influence the United States government ... United States foreign policy contains the most discernible signs of a specific Jewish influence." [FEINGOLD, p. 115]  Jewish influence in American popular culture and government is so great that sociologist Irving Horowitz even felt comfortable asserting that "the critique of American imperialism, reformism, and welfarism readily spills into a critique of America's Jewish element." [HOROWITZ, I., p. 91]
 
So what is the main Jewish concern in high level American politics? Crime? Pollution? The unemployment rolls? The economy? Racism? "In the world of big-league Jewish politics," noted the Baltimore Jewish Times in 1996, "one question overshadows all others, year after year: how friendly is the current [White House] administration of Jewish and pro-Israel interests? Jewish leaders may be interested in a host of domestic and international issues. But in the end, an unfriendly administration, or one that sends mixed signals, becomes the central organizing principle of Jewish political life." [BESSER [LOVE], p. 34]
 
"[Israel supporters'] influence," wrote former United States Congressman Paul Findley in the 1980s, "is pervasive throughout the government and in almost every aspect of life, private and public, across the United States." [FINDLEY, p. xxvi]  Behind the scenes Jewish American political and economic lobbying for governmental concessions to Jewish concerns has a long history. In 1906, for example, financier Jacob Schiff and other wealthy Jews formed the American Jewish Committee, initially to help fellow Jews across the world in Russia. One way to accomplish this was to put severe economic pressure on the Tsar's economy. American President Taft, however, was not receptive to Jewish demands for an abrogation of the Russo-American trade treaty. "Calling upon friends and resources," says Edwin Black, "the [Jewish] Committee began a widespread public appeal to have Congress force the President to end commercial relations with Russia. Within weeks, House and Senate abrogation resolutions -- each personally approved by the Committee -- were prepared." [BLACK, p. 31] The rescinding of the treaty passed in a vote shortly thereafter.
 
Powerful financier Bernard Baruch (whose father was a South Carolina member of the Ku Klux Klan) [COIT, M., p. 12-13] was head of President Woodrow Wilson's War Industries Board during World War I. [PLESUR, M. 1982, p. 86] A 1957 dust jacket blurb for his biography notes that "for nearly fifty years Bernard M. Baruch has been almost as well known to most Americans as that of the President of the United States, and yet he has never held an elective office ... Mr. Baruch is best known in the role of 'adviser' not only to six Presidents, but to Cabinet members, congressmen, generals, diplomats and party leaders ... As Chairman of the War Industries Board in the First World War, he controlled the entire industrial establishment of the country." [COIT, M., 1957]

Jeffrey Potter notes his influence in the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration, when, in 1944, the President fell ill:

     "The condition was serious enough for hijm to go to Bernie Baruch's plantation,
       Hobcaw, in South Carolina, for recuperation. FDR didn't really
      like his host, [Jewish media mogul] Dorothy [Schiff] explained, as both he and
       Eleanor thought Baruch too conservative, but he was a source of campaign
       funding." [POTTER, J., 1976, p. 194] (Schiff was also an influential friend of
       Roosevelt: "By the time Dorothy visited [Roosevelt] at Warm Springs,    
      Georgia, a few weeks before Christmas, 1938, she no longer felt ill at ease.
      As usual, she had to make her own travel arrangement, and it never occurred
      to her to wonder why it wasn't done for her. She now suspects [Roosevelt]
      was afraid to have it known that it was always at his invitation that they met.")
       [POTTER, J., 1976, p. 155]

Another such case is that of Jewish Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, "one of [President Woodrow] Wilson's key advisers." [MURPHY, B., 1983, p. 27] "After meeting with Jacob de Haas, a former secretary to [Zionist leader] Theodore Herzlin 1912," notes current Jewish Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer, "[Brandeis]  joined the American Federation of Zionists and started making public remarks in support of Zionism ... In 1917 ... his intervention with President Wilson helped secure American support for the Balfour Declaration [in support of a Jewish state in Palestine], thereby assuring its issuance. In 1938, not long before his death, he called upon President Roosevelt, seeking FDR's public diplomatic support for allowing more Jewish refugees to travel to Palestine." [BREYER, p. 18] [De Haas actually became Brandeis's secretary.] [MURPHY, B., 1983, p. 26] "Since Brandeis," notes Kevin Avruch about the Zionist currents in American government, "the Zionist movement in America functioned effectively as banker for the world [Zionist] movement  and as a fulcrum for the political leverage sometimes needed to mobilize American presidents and public opinion in support of the Jewish cause." [AVRUCH, K., 1981, p. 32] "
 
By 1956, American Secretary of State John Foster Dulles complained that "I am aware of how almost impossible it is in this country to carry out a foreign policy not approved by the Jews." [SORIN, p. 216] On another occasion, long before Jews had built their modern political machine, he complained about the "terrific control the Jews have over the news media and the barrage which the Jews have built up on Congressmen ... I am very much concerned over the fact that the Jewish influence here is completely dominating the scene and making it almost impossible to get Congress to do anything they don't approve of. The Israeli Embassy is practically dictating to Congress through influential Jewish people in the country." [FINDLEY, DEL, p. 105]
 
In 1984, Admiral Thomas Moorer, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, complained that
 
      "I've never seen a President -- I don't care who he is -- stand up to [the
       Jews] ... They always get what they want. The Israelis know what is
       going on all the time. I got to the point where I wouldn't write anything
       down. If the American people understood what a grip these people
       have got on our government, they would rise up in arms." [CURTISS,
       p. 267]
 
Another former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General George J. Brown, told an audience at Duke University that "[the Jewish lobby] is so strong you wouldn't believe now. We have the Israelis coming to us for equipment. We say we can't possibly get the Congress to support that. They say, 'Don't worry about the Congress.' This is somebody from another country, but they can do it." [CURTISS, p. 267] Brown's comments almost cost him his job when Jewish lobbying groups attacked him with charges of anti-Semitism.
 
A distinction must be made, wrote Republican Senator Charles Matthias, "between ethnicity, which enriches American life and culture, and organized ethnic interest groups, which sometimes press causes that derogate from the national interest." American elected politicians, adds the senator, "have been subjected to recurrent pressures from what has come to be known as the Israel lobby." [BLITZER, p. 134]
 
"During the 1944 presidential campaign," notes Steven Spiegel, "[Franklin D.] Roosevelt was pressured into promising to work for the establishment of Palestine as a free and democratic Jewish commonwealth [i.e., modern Israel]."  [SPIEGEL, S.,  p. 12]  "There were so many Jews in Roosevelt's advisory entourage -- Samuel RosenmanBenjamin CohenFelix FrankfurterDavid LilienthalBernard BaruchAnne RosenbergSidney Hillman, and David Niles," says Jewish scholar Barnet Litvinoff, "as well [LouisBrandeis, [HenryMorgenthau [Roosevelt's Secretary of Treasury from 1933-45], and [HerbertLehman [the governor of New York] -- that many people believed that the President himself must be descended from German Jews." [LITVINOFF, S., p. 41]  ("During the war, Republican campaigners, referring to Roosevelt's prominent Jewish associate Sidney Hillman, put up billboards across the nation: 'It's Your Country-- Why Let Sidney Hillman Run It?") [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 42] "David Lilienthal was chosen by Roosevelt to direct the Tennessee Valley Authority, an agency that virtually reshaped the role of government toward business. Later, he was also chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission." [PLESUR, M., 1982, p. 142]

At least three of Roosevelt's "Palace Guard", reputedly his seven "most intimate advisers," were Jewish (FrankfurterNiles, and Rosenman). [MURPHY, B., 1983, p. 257] Rosenman was an official Roosevelt speechwriter; Frankfurter, a Supreme Court justice, was an unofficial one. The judge also "gradually advanced himself till he was virtually an informal campaign manager [of Roosevelt's presidential campaign], playing a central role in every aspect of the campaign, from drafting speeches to plotting election strategy. [MURPHY, B., 1983, p. 194-195, 205] "Roosevelt surrounded himself with so many unmistakably Jewish advisers," notes Barbara Matusow, "that his enemies took to branding his programs the 'Jew Deal.'" [MATUSOW, B., MAY 2000, p. 79] "During the Roosevelt presidency," notes Doris Kearns Goodwin, "though Jews constituted only 3 percent of the U.S. population, they represented nearly 15 percent of Roosevelt's top appointments. Indeed, so prominent were Jews in the Roosevelt administration that bigots routinely referred to the New Deal as the Jew Deal and charged that Roosevelt was himself a Jew." [GOODWIN, D.K., 1995, p. 102] Leo Rosten was a "popular Jewish writer" and head of the Office of War Information's 'Nature of the Enemy' department. [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 27] In 1943, William Bullitt, a former ambassador was complaining that "the Roosevelt administration's emphasis on the European war as opposed to the Asian one was the result of Jewish influence." [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 28]
 
Roosevelt himself once joked, when running into Samuel RosenmanStephen Wise (a rabbi and World Zionist Organization president) and Nahum Goldmann (who succeeded Wise in the Zionist group) outside his weekend home in the country (where Rosenman rented a home nearby): "Carry on, boys, Sam will tell me what to do on Monday ... Imagine what [Nazi leader] Goebbels would pay for a photo of this scene: the President of the United States taking his instructions from the three Elders of Zion." [GOLDMANN, N., 1978, p. 156] (Decades earlier, President Theodore Roosevelt's Jewish circle included Oscar Solomon Strauss, the Secretary of Commerce and Labor who declined an offer to become the country's Secretary of Treasury. "He was afraid," says the director of the American Jewish Historical Society, Michael Feldman, "too close an association of Jews and money would be bad for the image of the Jew." [LIEBLICH, J., 8-19-2000, p. A10] Earlier there was Julius Rosenwald, the Sears-Roebuck mogul: "An unabashed admirer of the solid conservatism of William Howard Taft, and one of his most loyal supporters within the Jewish community, Rosenwald contributed generously to the campaigns of every Republican candidate of his era. He was an especially ardent backer of his friend Herbert Hoover, contributing $50,000 to Hoover's 1928 presidential campaign and becoming a close adviser and confidant during his presidency.") [DALIN, D., 1998] Close to Hoover was also Lewis Strauss, Hoover's "private secretary" and "lifelong friend and trusted confidant." "Strauss' volunteer job would not only start a lifelong friendship with Hoover but also open up channels of cooperation and amity between Hoover and leading members of the jewish community." [WENTLING, S., 2000, p. 377, 382] "In March 1919, as the feast of Passover approached, Hoover was asked to ensure that the Jews of Poland received flour in time to make Passover bread. The chief readily complied." [WENTLING, S., 2000, p. 383]
 
As early as the 1940s, Zionist propaganda to move American foreign policy to Zionist dictates was massively orchestrated. As Melvin Urofsky notes
 
     "Zionist groups organized massive petition and letter-writing campaigns.
     President Roosevelt received one such petition in January 1945
     seconding the Biltmore program [favorable policy to the Jews in then-
     Palestine] and signed by more than 150 college presidents and deans
     and 1,800 faculty members drawn from 250 colleges and universities
     in 45 states. A total of 41 state legislatures and hundreds of municipalities,
     representing more than 90 per cent of the nation's population, approved
     pro-Zionist resolutions." [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 34] )
 
Roosevelt was, of course, a Democrat. From the Republican Zionist side against Roosevelt, Arthur Hertzberg notes the case of Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, president of the Central Conference of American Rabbis:
 
      "[Silver] remained a factor in Republican politics, because he could
      and did produce the necessary Jewish votes in Ohio, especially
      for his friends in the [politician] Taft family. As a Zionist leader he
      translated this power into political leverage against Franklin Delano
      Roosevelt, when the latter faltered on Zionist issues." [NEUSNER,
      J., 1972, p. 40]
 
In the next American presidency, notes Steven Spiegel, "it is astonishing that [President Truman] was not more pro-Zionist, given the pressures on him ... [SPIEGEL, S., p. 16] ... Truman was often bitter about the Zionist pressures on him. 'If Jesus Christ couldn't satisfy them here on earth,' he is reported to have exclaimed, 'how the hell am I supposed to?'" [SPIEGEL, S., p. 20]  Under Truman, a Jewish White House officer, David Niles, "was strongly committed to the Zionist cause; he was not only prepared to argue with the President in favor of a Jewish state but to counter the effects of the [White House] bureaucracy ... [SPIEGEL, S., p. 17] ... [Niles'] modus operandi seems to have been to act for the president as long as Truman had not ordered him against a particular action ... Truman does not seem to have known precisely what Niles was doing." [SPIEGEL, S., p. 29]
 
"Our great stroke of luck," wrote World Zionist Organization president Nahum Goldmann, "was that Roosevelt was replaced by Harry Truman ... He said: 'My friends are Jews, the Jews want partition [in Palestine], all right, they can have it' ... The president had a Jewish childhood friend called Jacobson, his co-partner in a shop before we went into politics, and it is partly due to this man that we got the Negev [desert as part of modern Israel]." [GOLDMANN, N., 1978, p. 33] Eddie Jacobson, member of a B'nai B'rith lodge in Kansas City, flew to Washington DC to expressly implore Truman to see Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann. As Melvin Urofsky notes:
 
     "Although Truman was always glad to see old friends, as soon as
     Jacobson started talking about Palestine, the President tensed and
     said that he would rather not discuss the subject, letting the whole
     problem run its course in the United Nations. But Jacobson, by
     now very self-conscious, would not stop, even when Truman
     started complaining about 'how disrespectful and how mean' some
     of the Jewish spokesmen had been." [UROFSKY, 1978, p. 165] 

Theo Thackery, the non-Jewish husband of Dorothy Schiff (then-owner of the New York Post and granddaughter of famous Jewish investment banker Jacob Schiff), explains an incident he had with President Harry Truman in the White House:

     "Almost immediately in the conversation [Truman] said, 'Now Thackery,
      if only the goddamn New York Jews would just shut their goddamn mouths
      and quit hollering ... They're screwing up the situation, and I could get along
      with them, if they would just get together and decide what the hell they
      want. They're all over the lot, the goddamn Jews, and here you are, not
      even a Jew, representing the spearhead that's causing all kinds of hell.'
      I had to say, 'Well, Mr. President, you make it impossible for me to
      continue this conversation. I've got to assume by 'goddamn New York
      Jews' you must mean my wife, who is a Jew. I know you better than to
      believe that you are consciously anti-Semitic, but I consider it absolutely
       outrageous.' Immediately, I went to his press secretary and the chairman
      of the Democratic National Committee. I told them I'd had this absolutely
      terrible conversation with the President and suggested he be advised more
       clearly on such matters.'" [POTTER, J., 1976, p. 202-203]
 
Melvin Urofsky notes the successful Zionist pressures upon American government towards the founding of the modern Jewish state of Israel (in 1948):
 
     "Edwin M. Wright has charged that 'the Zionist propaganda machine
     was efficient and thorough, blanketing the American political processes
     in systematic campaigns targeted at the general population, city halls,
     state houses, and on up the ladder to Washington.' A study of American
     periodical coverage of the Palestine debate confirmed that the Zionist
     viewpoint dominated the medium, with an emphasis on the humanitarian
     and religious aspects of the movement. Recent studies of Harry
     Truman's role in the propartition [of Arabs and Jews in then-Palestine]
     decision agree that Zionist-generated political pressure proved
     the major factor in the White House overruling State Department advice,
     a conclusion James Forrestal [the Secretary of Defense] bitterly reached
     thirty years ago." [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 147]
 
Behind the scenes Zionist lobbying for special favors swayed FBI director J. Edgar Hoover (he turned a blind eye to Jews smuggling arms out of the U.S. to the Jewish army in Palestine), [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 157] and New York City mayor William O'Dwyer (who arranged for policeman to abandon guard of a Zionist cache of weapons headed also to the Middle East.) [UROFSKY, p. 157]
 
In recent decades, President Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1950s best resisted Jewish lobbying pressures. As Melvin Urofsky notes,
 
     "The first five years of the Eisenhower administration ...
     marked the low point in relations between the Israeli and American
     governments. One analyst has suggested that Eisenhower, as the
     only President from Truman to Ford who did not serve in Congress,
     had never been exposed to Jewish political pressure. Eisenhower's
     military career had shielded him from this experience, and of all
     recent Presidents, he showed, the least inclination to befriend the
     Jewish community." [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 305]
 
During Eisenhower's administration, in 1956, in a secret plan devised with France and Great Britain (both which had interests in the Suez Canal), Israel -- in an act in direct contradiction to American foreign policy interests -- invaded Egypt's Sinai desert. Then, despite Eisenhower administration and United Nations insistence that Israel withdraw from the territory it had seized, the Jewish army remained.  Urofsky notes the American Jewish mood of the period and its efforts to dictate American foreign policy:
 
      "Although American Jews agonized over Israeli intransigence, they
      did not worry about the old charge of dual loyalty. Here was the classic
      case that the anti-Zionists of the American Council for Judaism [a now
      extinct Jewish anti-Zionist group] had so fearfully predicted: a clash of
      policies between the United States and Israel, with American Jews
      caught in the middle. What would they do? They bombarded Congress
      and the White House with demands and protests that the Eisenhower
      administration pursue a more pro-Israel course. Some experts believed
      that American Jews would hesitate before contributing -- even indirectly
      -- to a nation at odds with their own. Yet just the opposite happened.
      UJA contributions jumped 20 per cent, from $58.8 million to $70.6
      million." [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 315]     
 
Eisenhower was an exception in his resistance to incessant Jewish pressures. What has increasingly developed over recent decades in American government, much more the governmental norm, was bluntly addressed on June 6, 1972, by a troubled U.S. citizen, Norman F. Dacey, of Southburg, Connecticut, who bought a full page ad in the New York Times to state his perception that the United States had become "a dancing bear, responding dumbly to the commands given by the government of Israel and indirectly through a potent fifth column which operates here in America and which gives blind obedience to the Zionist credo that all Jews everywhere owe national loyalty to Israel." The Jewish community responded to Dacey's ad with outrage; the Anti-Defamation League even bought Times space for a rebuttal. In the midst of a unified Jewish attack against the Times for allowing such an ad, the Jewish vice-president of the paper, Sydney Grenson, formally apologized to the ADL for printing the critical ad, saying that the Times was "trying to work out a policy with the Advertising Acceptability Department to make sure that even the barest chance of such an implication for any ethnic group should not appear in the paper." [FORSTER/EPSTEIN, p. 120-121]
 
Jewish influence in (and upon) government is extraordinary. In the spring of 1977, for instance, Congress passed a bill that prohibited American corporations from complying with the ongoing Arab economic boycott against Israel. "The bill was hammered out between Jewish defense agencies and the Business Council, a prestigious, high-powered big business organization headed by Du Pont's chairman, Irving Shapiro." [KREFETZ, p. 92]  "The pro-Israeli banks were so dominant in the field," said Business Week,  that they 'cannot realistically be avoided because of their sheer size." [KREFETZ, p. 98]  "The domestic political game played around the activities of the United States in the Middle East has only one major player," says Seymour Lipset, "the organized Jewish community who, with campaign contributions, activism, and media influence, constitute a major force." [LIPSET, p. 157] 

In November 2001, during the chaotic Palestinian Intifada (uprising) against Israeli occupation and international outcry against repeatedly bloody Israeli invasions of Palestinian towns and territory (let alone Israeli campaigns of "targetted assasinations"), 89 U. S. Senators wrote a formal letter to President George W. Bush and "urged him not to restrain Israel from retaliating fully against Palestinian violence and to express his solidarity with Israel soon." "There is constant concern about the administration's wavering," declared Jewish Senator Arlen Specter, "[Secretary of State Colin] Powell talks about the cycle of violence that suggests one produces the other and that ther is a moral equvilancy, which is not true. Terrorists killing civilians is totally unjustified, and Israel's response is self-defense." [SCIOLINO, E., 11-17-01]
 
This focus on Jewish international concerns in United States governmental actions, even aside from Israel, often overrules American ones.  "In 1979," says Jewish scholar Stephen Whitfield, " ... the FBI had arrested two Soviet spies operating on American soil. The spies were exchanged not for Americans in Soviet custody but for five Soviet nationals who were political prisoners, including two Jews convicted  .... nine years earlier. For American diplomacy to consider the lives of non-American citizens so precious was a pointed contrast to its failures before and during the Holocaust." [WHITFIELD, American, p. 16]  In 1986, a Jew, Karl Koecher "one of the most important [Soviet] spies in United States history" was released from an American prison in exchange -- not for an American, but -- for Soviet dissident Anatoly Acharansky who then moved to Israel and later became the Jewish state's Minister of Trade to capitalist Russia. [DEUTSCHE PRESSE AGENTUR, 1-26-97; KESSLER, R., 9-17-98, p. C1]
 
In 1973 the Jewish Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, "convinced the Soviets that Jewish emigration was a necessary price for winning  ... coveted trade benefits." [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 171]  "In 1975," notes Menachem Kaufman, "when President Ford and Secretary Kissinger were unable to convince the Rabin government [in Israel] to withdraw from the Mitla and Gidi Passes in Sinai without a formal renunciation of belligerency by the Egyptians, the Ford administration placed a partial curb on U.S. military and financial support for Israel. American Jewish reaction was a nationwide campaign of support for Israel." [KAUFMAN, p. 247] In May 1977 Congress passed an anti-boycott bill against the unified Arab economic war against the Jewish state. "The Jewish organizations," notes J. J. Goldberg, "had worked together more or less seamlessly, securing the cooperation of friendly Jews in the news media, business, the administration, and Congress. The result was a major change in United States policy." [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 171]
 
Prominent (Jewish) CBS television newsman Mike Wallace wrote about the Jewish lobby that heavily leaned on the media, and him, in 1975:
 
     "At that time the so-called Jewish lobby was one of the most powerful
     pressure groups in America. That is no slur but a simple statement
     of fact. It was organized, well-financed and extremely savvy, especially
     when it came to dealing with the media. According to The Power
     Peddlers, a book published in 1977 about the effect of lobbying
     activities in the United States, 'The Israeli lobby is unique among
     lobby groups with its 'clout' with the press. [No other lobby] has
     succeeded in making reporters look over their shoulders as much as
     the Israeli lobby.'" [WALLACE/GATES, 1984, p. 286-287]Jewish influence in the American government is well-known in political circles throughout the world. In 2000, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency reported on this phenomenon, in an article entitled Nations See Jews as Key to Winning with U. S. :

     "Why U. S. Jews want to meet with world leaders is clear and well known.
     The focal point of most of these meetings is Israel and how the Jewish
     state can strengthen alliances around the world. Why world leaders want
     to meet with Jews is more interesting, less publicized, and to some Jews,
     discomfiting. These leaders believe in Jewish power ... In fact, Jewish
     leaders nowadays receive mostly red-carpet treatment. They have
     access to the corridors of power in most capitals around the world ...
     American Jewish leaders explain all this buttering up in euphemistic
     terms, suggesting that foreigners have a 
fascination ' with or 'appreciation'
     for American Jews. But when pressed, Jewish leaders admit the true driving
     force behind it is the lingering belief that Jews are capable of making or
     breaking relations with the United States and capable of wrecking havoc
     on the world's financial markets." [JORDAN, M., 9-13-2000]
Per the Jewish state, by 1994, wrote Benjamin Ginsberg, "that fully three-fourths of America's foreign aid budget is devoted to Israeli security interests is a tribute in considerable measure to the lobbying prowess of AIPAC [the American Israel Public Action Committee] and the importance of the Jewish community in American politics." [GINZBURG, p. 2] "Each year the United States Congress donates to Israel the equivalent of $1,000 for every Israeli man, woman, and child," complained former Congressman Paul Findley, "No matter how sharply Congress cuts other items in the Federal budget, gifts to Israel sweep through without restrictive amendment or murmur of opposition. My years on Capitol Hill led me to conclude that aid to Israel is more sacrosanct there than even social security or Medicaid." [FINDLEY, p. xxvii ] ... Since 1987 direct economic and military aid to Israel has annually totaled $3 billion or more. In addition, financial arrangements worked out solely for Israel bring the total to about $5 billion a year ... [FINDLEY, p. 110] "The magnitude of United States support for Israel," notes Cheryl Rubenberg, "-- militarily, politically, economically, and diplomatically -- goes beyond any traditional relationship between states in the international system." [FINDLEY, DEL, p. 111] "By the late 1980s," notes Glenn Frankel, "Israel was not only receiving more United States foreign aid than any other country, but also getting it at more favorable terms than anyone else. While other countries received their economic aid in quarterly installments, Israel got its aid in a lump sum at the beginning of the year, allowing the Israelis to make an extra $75 million in 1991 by investing in United States Treasury bills." [FRANKEL, p. 223]  In the 1990s, when the 104th Congress "slashed nearly all other foreign assistance," Israel got its regular $3 billion. [BLOOMFIELD, D, Election, p. 52] 
"More than one-third of United States world-wide aid," notes Richard Curtiss, a former career foreign service officer, "has gone annually to one of the smallest and least populous countries on earth.' [CURTISS, p. 2] The total amount of U.S. taxpayer aid to Israel since 1949 totals well over $83 billion -- a value of $14,346 for every single present Israeli. [CURTISS, p. 4]  In addition, notes Curtiss, "fueled by the unique U.S. law that grants U.S. tax exemption to donations from the U.S. to any Israeli institution that is exempt from Israeli taxes, the total of tax-exempt [private] U.S. donations to Israel now approaches $1 billion annually." [CURTISS, p. 6]  (Israel and the worldwide Jewish lobby has even managed a deep cash-flow from Holocaust guilt-ridden Germany. Since World War II, Germany has paid $95.64 billion in restitution payments to mostly Jews worldwide, "of which approximately $26 billion has gone to individual recipients in Israel or the state of Israel itself." [CURTISS, p. 8] ) While Israel regularly gets its huge sums, the neglect of other nations is breathtaking. A Washington Post commentator noted in 1999 that "the United States ranks last among developed nations in percentage of resources devoted to foreign aid." [OVERHOLSER, G., p. 7]
 
Jane Adas notes that
 
     "All the funding for the National Endowment for the Arts since its
      creation in 1966 amounts to less than eight months of aid to Israel;
      the $10 million cut in funding for PBS equals 16 hours of aid to
      Israel; in 1996 cuts in programs for America's poor totaled $5.7
      billion, cuts in aid to Israel were zero, aid to Israel was $5.5 billion."
      [APAS, p. 106]
 
Among the results of the gigantic American welfare program for Israel (and its subsequent welfare programs) is that noted by Israeli scholar Menachem Friedman: "The establishment of the state of Israel as a western welfare state created nearly ideal economic and social conditions for the flourishing of special Haredi [ultra-Orthodox] educational institutions." [FRIEDMAN, M., p. 185] 
 
And Israel's repayment for such phenomenal aid? In 1999, even ardent pro-Israeli (and Jewish) columnist William Safire was aghast at Israel's installing of aerial reconnaissance radar on Chinese planes. Worth hundreds of millions of dollars to the Jewish state, Safire said the deal reflected "Israel's amoral policy." "This flies in the face of U.S. security interest," he wrote,
 
     "... American forces will be directly threatened by Chinese air, naval
     and missile forces emboldened by Israel's Phalcon battle management
     ... Though candidates for U.S. President today are fearful of raising
    this question, American supporters of Israel want to know if Israel tips
    the technological balance against a democratic American ally in Asia
    [Taiwan], why should the United States guarantee that Israel continue
    to have a 'qualitative edge' in the Middle East?" [SAFIRE, W., 12-25-99]
In 1995, Duncan Clarke, professor of international relations and coordinator of the United States Foreign Policy field at American University, addressed the threat to America of widespread Israeli resale of American weapons systems:

     "Other countries have been caught evading U.S. re-export controls, but
     Israel's case appears unique. Not only is it the beneficiary of massive
     U.S. support, but it is also by far the principal offender and foremost
     concern of U.S. officials responsible for implementing the laws on
     re-export of U.S. defense products. Unauthorized Israeli re-transfers
     of U.S. defense items and technology are of particular concern for
     several reasons, say U.S. officials: Israel re-exports much more often
     than do other allies and with more sensitive technology; it sells to 'pariah'
     states with which the United States refuses to deal; its sophisticated
     defense industry makes retransfers harder to track than other arms
     exporters; and its retransfers are genrally governmentally sanctioned
     and not simply the result of a wayward company, as is usually the case
     elsewhere. Israel's unathorized retransfer of U.S. defense products is
     part of a larger pattern of illicit behavior that includes diversions of U.S.
     military aid, industrial espionage, and improper end use of U.S.
     military equipment. Israel often retransfers U.S. defense products to
     states that are potentially hostile to the United States or are blatant
     violators of human rights. These retransfers have threatened American
     commerical interests, compromised intelligence, upset regional stability,
     strained diplomatic relations, and confirmed the U.S. national security
     bureaucracy's long-standing distrust of Israeli technology transfer
     practices." [CLARKE, D., 1995, p. 89-90]

Israeli weapons retransfers include versions of the U.S. 
Sidewinder missile, aerial refueling systems, the Popeye missile, the Star cruise missile, the Arrow missile, thermal imaging tank sights, space launch vehicles, and jet fighters. [CLARKE, D., 1995, p. 104-107] What kind of country are we apparently dealing with here? "Israel," adds Clarke,

     "engages in unauthorized defense re-exports largely to nourish its economy's
     large defense sector and because it is confident, for good reason, that Washington
     will not or cannot enforce the law. Indeed, the Clinton administration relaxed curbs
     on the transfer of sensitive technology to Israel despite Israel's dismal record
     recrod of unauthorized transfers. There has been a persistent pattern of misconduct ...
     Israeli scholar Ehud Sprinzak holds that his society is afflicted with an 'elite
     illegalism' that is central to the country's domestic political culture and
     international behavior ... [E]lite illegalism deprecates the idea of the rule of law
     and assumes 'that democracy can work without a strict adherence to law,'
     as Sprinzak writes. He asserts that past leaders like Moshe Dayan (a 'soverign
     personality' above the law) were role models for a generation of IDF officers."
     [CLARKE, D., 1995, p. 108-109]

In 2001, an Israeli newspaper noted that the United States might literally become a parking lot for Israeli weapons:

      "Israel has asked the United States to permanently base some Israeli fighter
     jets at a U.S. Air Force in America for combat training of Israeli pilot, officials
     of the two countries said Wednesday." [HAARETZ, 8-2-02]   
"Because the security and welfare of Israel are so pivotal to Jewish destiny," says Jewish scholar Stephen Whitfield, "and to the future of the Jewish people everywhere else, pro-Zionism has become the prerequisite for the practice of Jewish politics in America." [WHITFIELD, p. 103]  Jewish members of the 99th United States Congress included eight seats in the Senate and 29 in the House of Representatives. By this time Jews had also chaired the Council of Economic Development, the Federal Reserve Board, the National Security Council, as well as headed the Department of Defense and the American delegation to the United Nations. [WHITFIELD, p. 92]

By 1996, slowly -- but ever --  increasing, 10 of the 100 U.S. Senators were Jewish (over representing their population percentage by 400%). By 1998 the number was 11. In the House of Representatives, before the Republicans gained control of that body, 33 seats were Jewish-held, 7.5% of the House, [GOLDBERG, JJ, Bagels, p. 13] more than a 300% overrepresentation of the Jewish population in America. Among these Jewish Congress members was Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky, a former reporter for NBC. Prominent 1970s-era New York Congresswoman Bella Abzug was probably not atypical in her political perspective when she declared: "Ever since my youth I've been a Zionist, and I've worked hard for the cause of Jewish homeland too. I've visited Israel and I've raised my kids with a very strong background in Jewish culture. Besides that, I spent a couple of years of my life as a Hebrew teacher!" [ABZUG, B., 1972, p. 70]
In 2001, the (Jewish) Forward noted the situation for Jewish influence in the now Democratically-controlled Senate (thanks to a defection by a Republican senator to the Democratic side):

     "Nothing symbolized the prospect of increased access more clearly than one stark
      demographic statistic: The 50 Democrats who make up the Senate's new majority
      caucus will include nine Jewish members, just shy of one-fifth. The Republican
      caucus includes just a single Jewish member, Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania. Some
      of those Jewish Democrats will hold positions of crucial importance to Jewish
      activists when the Senate changes hands. Senator Carl Levin of Michigan is slated
      to chair the Senate Armed Services Committee, which oversees crucial areas of
      U.S.-Israeli military cooperation. Senator Dianne Feinstein and Senator Barbara
      Boxer
, both of California, will chair the subcommittees dealing with domestic and
       international terrorism respectively on the Judiciary and Foreign Relations committees.
       Most observers expected little in the way of a shakeup in Middle East policy following
      the shift. 'We don't expect much of a change,' said Ken Bricker, spokesman of
      the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, the leading pro-Israel lobby. 'That's
      one of the benefits of being an organization that places so much emphasis on
       bipartisanship.'" [DONADIO/SCHWARTZ, 6-1-00]
 
By the 1970s and 1980s more and more Jews were highly visible in positions of great political power in government. At the local level, mayors of New York City (Ed Koch); Atlanta (Sam Massell); Kansas City (Richard Berkeley); Omaha; and San Francisco (Diane Feinstein) were Jewish. Jewish mayors with tenures in the late 1980s and 1990s (some into the new century) included those of San Diego (Susan Golding); Indianapolis (Stephen Goldsmith); Dallas, Texas (Annette Strauss); San Jose (hub of California's hi-tech Silicon Valley: Susan Hammer); Portland, Oregon (Vera Katz); Las Vegas (Oscar Goodman); St. Paul, Minnesota (Norm Coleman); Louisville, Kentucky (Jerry Abramson); Tucson, Arizona (George Miller); Virginia Beach, Virginia (Meyer Orbendorf); Toronto, Canada (Mel Lastman); Prescott, Arizona (Sam Steiger); and Ottawa, Canada (Jacquelin Holzman). Linda Lingle was also the "mayor" of Maui County in Hawaii for a time in the same era. Even the ceremonial Lord Mayor of London, England, is Jewish: Peter Levene. Much earlier in his career, controversial TV talk show host Jerry Springer was the mayor Cincinnati. [JEWHOO, 2000] Even the mayor of Fargo, North Dakota, was Jewish in the 1970s. [GOLDEN, H., 1973, p. 6] 

In Massacusetts, The Jewish Advocate noted in 1994 that "[the Boston-area town of] Chelsea's former mayor, Joe Pressman -- also a Jew -- was indicted for corruption shortly after the city was taken into receivership." [SINERT, M., 12-22-94, p. 1]
 
Jewish state governors over the years have included those of Oregon (Neil Goldschmidt), Madeline May Kunin (Vermont), Rhode Island (Frank Licht and Bruce Sundlun), Connecticut (Abraham Ribicoff: also Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under John F. Kennedy), and New Mexico (Arthur Seligman). David Barrett served a term as the premier of Canada's British Columbia in the 1970s. [JEWHOO, 2000] In 1977, the Jewish governor of Maryland, Marvin Mandel, and four others were "convicted of conspiracy to have the Governor influence race track legislation in return for $380,000 in bribes." [AYRES, B.D., p. A1] (Shortly thereafter, in 1982, another Maryland Jewish politician was sentenced to prison. Baltimore City Council President Walter Orlinsky pleaded guilty to "one count of extortion ... [He also] conceded that the Government could prove other charges against him.") [NYT, 9-23-82, p. A24] [BALTMORE JEWISH TIMES, 1-23-98, p. 8]
 
Kenneth Duberstein was Chief of Staff to the President from 1988-89. Philip Klutznik was President Jimmy Carter's Secretary of Commerce. He was also the honorary president of the World Jewish Congress and a "former president of B'nai B'rith International, who raised millions of dollars for Israel." [OLIVER, M., p. A16] In 1959, he was instrumental in holding, for the first time, the B'nai B'rith yearly gathering in the Jewish state. [GRUSD, E., 1966, p. 268] Carter's Secretary of Treasury, W. Michael Blumenthal was also of Jewish heritage, as was his Secretary of Defense, Harold BrownPhilip Klutznick was Secretary of Commerce and Neil Goldschmidt was Secretary of Transportation. "Two of the top nine aides" to Carter were also Jewish, Robert Lipshutz (formerly head of the Atlanta chapter of B'nai B'rith) and Stuart Eizenstat. Other prominent Jewish officials in the Carter administration included Kenneth Axelson, Anthony SolomonJulius Katz, and Arthur Borg. [LILIENTHAL, A., p. 236; PLESUR, M., 1982, p. 142] Robert S. Strauss [was] "Carter's choice for almost everything." [PLESUR, M., 1982, p. 143]
 
Under Republican president Gerald Ford, prominent individuals of Jewish heritage included Henry Kissinger (Secretary of State), James Schlesinger (Secretary of Defense), and Edward Levi (Attorney General).  History could have been different:Kissinger's parents almost emigrated from Germany to Israel. [GOLDMANN, N., 1978, p. 158] "You are much more Jewish unconsciously than consciously," Zionist lobbyist Nachum Goldmann  once told him. "This," wrote Goldmann, "is quite apparent in his attitude to Israel." [GOLDMANN, N., 1978, p. 163] "During Israel's first years as a nation," notes Steven Silbiger, "the United States offered it very little financial or military aid. The huge influx of direct aid occurred during the Nixon administration in the 1970s under the leadership of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, the first Jew to hold the position. Aid skyrocketed from $300 million to $2.2 billion annually, making Israel the recipient of more U.S. dollars than any other nation." [SILBIGER, S., 2000, p. 52]
 
Appointed positions, however, are not everything. Nor are electoral seats, of course, the real locus of political power. "The one question that Jewish activists tend to tiptoe around," wrote Stephen Isaacs in 1974, "is the one concerning Jewish money ... Jewish money has played a significant role in the current exercise of power ... [It] can sometimes play a major factor in whether a senator has won re-election." [ISAACS, p. 260]   "It is one of the worst-kept secrets in American Jewish politics," noted J. J. Goldberg, "that the campaign contribution is a major key to Jewish power ... Almost none of those involved in the process of Jewish campaign funding ... donors, fundraisers, candidates, monitors ... are willing to talk about it on the record ... Jews fear that discussing Jewish money will encourage anti-Semitic conspiracy theories. Non-Jews fear that talking about it will leave them open to charges of anti-Semitism. But it is a fact ...  [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 266] ... The most notorious use of Jewish campaign money is not to support candidates who have been friendly, but to oppose those who have been unfriendly." [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 269]
 
Jewish money in Washington D. C. was even crucial in the very founding of the modern state of Israel. Jewish Democrats Dewey StoneAbe FeinbergEd Kaufmann, and others were key fundraisers for Harry Truman's Presidential campaigns; they were also Zionists. Going against the will of his own State Department, Truman followed the Zionist line in supporting a 1947 United Nations vote for the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab sections. Afterwards, said long time Democratic activist and brother-in-law of John F. Kennedy, Stephen Smith: "Two million dollars went aboard the Truman [campaign] train in a paper bag, and that's what paid for the state of Israel." [COCKBURN, p. 26-27]
 
During the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration, "at the urging of [prominent wealthy Jews] Henry Morgenthau, Sr. and Felix Warburg" the president appointed James D. McDonald as "high commissioner for refugees (Jewish and others) coming from Germany ... The bulk of financial support McDonald received came from private Jewish relief societies. Of his advisory council of twenty voluntary agencies, ten were Jewish, and Felix Warburg was personally obliged to supplement McDonald's meager salary ... McDonald [was] ... a lifetime supporter of Jewish causes and eventually [became] America's first ambassador to Israel." [NICHOLS, p. 43-44] "The State Department representatives [among advisers to President Truman]," notes Melvin Urofsky, "strongly urged that a trained foreign service career officer be nominated, but the President [Truman] after politely listening to their nominees (nearly all of whom came from the Middle East desk), chose James G. McDonald." [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 186] Under Secretary of State Robert Lovette, for example, "questioned whether McDonald's known sympathy for the Zionist cause ought not to disqualify him." [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 187]
 
John F. Kennedy had a strongly negative reaction in 1960 to the conditions Jewish contributors demanded for their donations to his presidential campaign (their "initial" contribution was $500,000). Seymour Hersh notes a conversation Kennedy had with a friend, newspaper columnist Charles L. Bartlett:
 
      "'As an American citizen [Kennedy] was outraged,' Bartlett recalled,
        'to have a Zionist group come to him and say: We know your
        campaign is in trouble. We're willing to pay your bill, if you'll let
        us have control of your Middle East policy.' Kennedy, as a
        presidential candidate, also resented the crudity with which he'd
        been approached. 'They wanted control,' he angrily told Bartlett."
        [HERSH, p. 97]
 
Among these Jews was Abraham Feinberg, president of the Israel Bonds Organization, who "had  helped bankroll Harry S. Truman's seemingly doomed 1948 presidential campaign; by the presidential campaign of 1960 he was perhaps the most important Jewish fundraiser for the Democratic Party. There was nothing subtle in his message: the dollars he collected were meant to insure continued Democratic Party support for Israel." [HERSH, p. 93]  "My partner to power," said Feinberg, "was cooperation in terms of what they needed -- campaign money. " [HERSH, p. 94] To appease Jewish interest in Kennedy's White House, Myer Feldman, a liaison to the Jewish American community, was also afforded extraordinary access to "monitor all of the State Department and White House cable traffic on the Middle East." [HERSH, p. 99] Robert Kennedy, the president's brother, noted in an interview published in 1988 that Feldman's "major interest was Israel rather than the United States." [HERSH, p. 100] Feldman also helped write Kennedy speeches and was "an adviser to columnists Drew Pearson and Jack Anderson." [BLUMAY, C., 1992, p. 66] Also, 'One of Kennedy's most trusted, and little-known advisers during the 1960 campaign [was] Hyman Raskin, a Chicago lawyer who had helped manage Adlai Stevenson's presidential campaign in 1952 and 1956." [HERSH, S., 1997, p. 90]
 
Upon election, John F. Kennedy lobbied unsuccessfully for ways to reform "the financial base of our presidential campaigns."  "In a statement that was far more heartfelt than the public or press could perceive," says Hersh, "he criticized the current method of financial campaigns as 'highly undesirable' and 'not healthy' because it made candidates 'dependent on large financial contributions of those with special interests.'" [HERSH, p. 97] So important to Democratic purse strings, Abe Feinbergbecame influential in the Kennedy White House and even managed to get the beholding president to appoint Feinberg's brother, Wilfred, to a position as a federal judge. [HERSH,  p. 97-98] (On the Israeli side of things, he was eventually rewarded for his lobbying efforts on behalf of the Jewish state by being allowed to be a principal owner in the Coca-Cola franchise in Israel. [HERSH, p. 192] Pierre Salinger was Kennedy's Press Secretary. Even a Jewish New York physician, Max Jacobson (the infamous "Dr. Feelgood" to so many Hollywood celebrities), regularly drugged the President with painkillers and stimulants, so much that some in the White House entourage began to worry about the President's reliance upon them. "Carrying his bag of drugs and needles," notes Seymour Hersh, "[Jacobson] 'came and went' in and out of the White House without challenge. He was part of the 'inner circle.'" [HERSH, S., 1997, p. 234]
 
In modern political America, in the competing attempts to buy influence, one half of major donations to the Democratic Party is believed to come from Jews,  [SLAVIN, p. 20] as is one half of Democratic Presidential campaign funding. [GOLDBERG, p. 276]   As early as 1967, William Domhoff, in Who Rules America?, found that 50% of the highest echelon of campaign contributors ("of whom we could find information") to the Democratic Party in 1960 and 1964 were Jews. [DOMHOFF, p. 95] "Jews donate or raise as much as half of all Democratic Party campaign funds," noted Jewish author Steven Silbiger in 2000, "... Again, to quote the Jewish proverb, 'He who pays has the say.'" [SILBIGER, S., 2000, p. 55] (In 1968, of 21 people who loaned Hubert Humphrey more than $100,000 for his failed Presidential bid, 15 were Jewish. [TIVNAN, p. 84] In the Jewish clique near Humphrey, Max Kampelman was "a major adviser to the senator.") [RADOSH, R., 1996, p. 6] Understandably, in 1970, Jewish entrepreneur Robert Strauss was named Treasurer of the Democratic National Committee. "The tiny world of Democratic political consulting and fundraising is a world that is dominated by Jews," noted J. J. Goldberg in 1996, "Many of them are former employees of AIPAC [the pre-eminent pro-Israel political action committee] and the UJA [United Jewish Appeal]." [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 275] (Even the American revolution reputedly relied in great part upon Jewish money, particularly Hayim Solomon: "Legend has it," says Julia Lieblich, "that George Washington appealed for funds to financier Hayim Solomon on the highest of holy days, Yom Kippur.") LIEBLICH, J., 8-19-2000]
 
In 1977 Steve Chapple and Reebee Garofalo noted the research of sociologist G. William Domhoff who had "pointed out that principals in Gulf and Western ..., 20th Century Fox, and MGM have been part of what he calls the 'Jewish Cowboy' fundraising clique that forms a significant part of the Democratic party's financial base. Arthur Krim and Robert Benjamin, key powers at United Artists, and directors of the parent firm Transamerica have been major Democratic fund raisers in New York. Benjamin has also been a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. MCA'Lew Wasserman has also long been an important behind-the-scenes figure in the Democratic Party." [CHAPPLE, p. 222]
 
Investigative journalist Dan Moldea wrote an entire volume about the relationship of Republican President Ronald Reagan to MCA, noting that: "President Ronald Reagan's professional life -- his acting career, his personal fiscal fortune, and his rise in politics -- has been interwoven with and propelled by a powerful, Hollywood-based entertainment conglomerate named MCA. For nearly fifty years, Reagan has benefited both personally and financially from ... the Music Corporation of America -- as well as his close associations with the firm's top executives: Jules Stein, Lew Wasserman, and Taft Schreiber." [MOLDEA, p. 1]
 
Stein and Schreiber were prominent Republican activists; Schreiber even was a co-chairman of the finance committee to re-elect Reagan. [MOLDEA, p. 266] Wasserman, a friend of Reagan's and once his personal Hollywood agent in his movie years, was, as noted, a prominent Democrat. "The antitrust problems [MCA had with the government]," notes Dan Moldea, "would be eliminated in the future by maintaining good relations with both political parties ... While Stein and Schreibercovered the GOP, Wasserman was busy making friends with the Democrats. He became a close friend of Lyndon Johnson, a relationship he never discussed, and became a key fund-raiser in the Democratic Party." Wasserman even reportedly turned down an offer to be Johnson's Secretary of Commerce. [MOLDEA, p. 236]  (There were also problems with MCA's link to organized crime. Wasserman even reportedly risked a meeting in his office with mobster Meyer Lansky and mob lawyerSidney Korshak in 1965). [MCDOUGAL, p. 328]

At an awards ceremony for Wasserman in 2000, notes Mother Jones magazine, President

     "Clinton joked that he had been to so many fundraisers at Wasserman's home
     that, 'I half expected him to prorate this year's property tax and send me my
     share.'" [MOTHER JONES, 5-3-01]
 
Jews were also key in the Reagan administration's Iran-Gate scandal [when his administration circumvented a Congressional ban on funding the Contra rebels of Nicaragua by secretly selling weapons to Iran and using the resultant money to pay for Contra weaponry.] Four Israelis -- Yaakov NimrodiAl SchwimmerDavid Kimche, and Amiram Nir --  who "arranged the weapons deliveries" demanded immunity from prosecution during a Congressional investigation of the matter. [Three Israelis were also granted immunity in the Jonathan Pollard spy investigation]. [SINAI, R., 1987] The Jerusalem Post reported in 1994 that [Jewish] National Security Adviser Howard Teicher "was being called the mastermind of the [Iran-Gate] affair." [RODAN, S., 1994, p. 18] The Jerusalem Report also noted heavy Israeli involvement in the "October Surprise" that many believed was planned for Reagan to gain the American presidency: "Regarded just weeks ago as a paranoid delusion, the theory of a secret 1980 deal between the Reagan-for-President campaign and revolutionary Iran is now official Senate business ... Conservative versions of the theory allege that Israeli officials cooperated with the Reagan campaign in what amounted to a bid to prolong detention of U.S. hostages [in Iran] to tilt the 1980 election away from incumbent Jimmy Carter ... The current flap seems to have Israeli fingerprints all over it." [GOLDBERG, J.J., 6-11-91, p. 26]
 
Yet another Jewish Iran-Contra player was Elliot Abrams. "An Assistant Secretary of State under President Reagan," noted the Jewish Week in 1997, "who pleaded guilty to two misdemeanor counts during the Iran-Contra scandal, Mr. Abrams has reinvented himself as a leading advocate of increased Jewish religiosity." [FORWARD, 11-14-97, p. 14] (Reagan himself went far out of his way in asserting Jewish allegiance. "Astoundingly," notes Anthony Bianco, "Reagan once told Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Shamir that he had seen firsthand the devastation wrought by the Holocaust as a member of an army film crew that filmed the liberation of the concentration camps. 'From then on,' Reagan said, 'I was concerned for the Jewish people.' The fact was, though, that Reagan never left the United States during World War II and indeed lived at home with his wife throughout his four years in uniform." [BIANCO, A., 1991, p. 14]
 
Another angle to Jewish criminal elements in Washington is the case of Teamsters president Jackie Presser (also Jewish, he took the helm of the union in 1984). Presser, well-known to be associated with organized crime (like the Teamsters itself), was the highest paid union official in America at $530,000 a year. He was appointed to act as a senior labor adviser in the Reagan administration (the Teamsters union was the only major labor organization that supported Reagan's candidacy). [BARRON, p. 4] Presser's uncle, Allen Friedman, has written a book about his own life in the union and its links to the underworld. In the Washington realm, he notes, "a few years ago, Bill Presser handed me a briefcase he said was filled with cash and told me to take it to [Reagan official] Edwin Meese in Washington ... After Reagan [became president], he named Bill's son, Jackie Presser, to his transition cabinet. Then he wanted to make Jackie under secretary of labor, though I guess cooler heads prevailed." [FRIEDMAN, A., 1989, p. 3]  In the Zionist realm, "Jackie sold Israel Bonds and raised money to build a children's home in Israel. He also convinced the Teamsters rank and file to buy such bonds, the union leadership and locals buying more than 25 per cent of all the bonds sold in the United States in 1977." [FRIEDMAN, A., 1989, p. 257]  (Russell Mokhiber adds that the Teamsters Union "was not alone in its fondness for the [Israeli] notes. Despite below-market yields and unusually high risk, some of America's largest unions, pension funds and major corporations have collectively loaned billions of dollars to the Israeli government. Israel's violent repression of the Palestinian uprising in the West Bank and Gaza -- and the threat the uprising poses to Israel's shaky economy -- appears not to have affected investor confidence. Nathan Zirkin [also Jewish], comptroller for the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, told the Multinational Monitor that his union 'absolutely' plans to continue purchasing Israel bonds, despite the repression in the occupied territories. 'The Palestinians didn't have a damn thing until Israel came in,' Zirkin said." ] MOKHIBER, R., 4-88]
Presser's "close associate" in Los Angeles, Marty Bacow, was once involved in Detroit's (Jewish) Purple Gang. [MCDOUGAL, p. 456] Another Jewish Teamster official from Presser's home state, Harold Friedman, president of the Ohio Council of Teamsters, was "convicted of racketeering and embezzling" in 1989. [FRIEDMAN, A., 1989, p. 264] In Minnesota, in 1995, the (Minneapolis) Star Tribune noted a few more Jewish Teamsters in trouble, including Jack Mogelson, also a former Board Member of the American Civil Liberties Union in that state:
 
      "Mogelson has been a familiar figure for decades in labor, civil
      rights and political circles in Minnesota. So when the state's largest
      Teamsters' local was placed in trusteeship earlier this month for
      alleged financial improprieties, the name on everyone's lips was
      Mogelson -- not because he is considered less or more culpable
      than his three fellow officials [president Robert Wiesenburger;
      Treasurer David Morris; and vice president Lawrence Bastian],
      but because he's the one people know ... By most accounts
      Mogelson is a man of contrasts: an old style unionist with liberal
      leanings, a forceful representative of law enforcement who has
      been arrested for soliciting a prostitute and who in his youth
      took a baseball bat to a cop who was arresting his brother for
      shoplifting ... A dedicated activist, Mogelson has fought passionately
      on a range of issues from workers' rights to the security of Israel."
      [HODGES, J., 5-15-1995]
 
Among other accusations, Teamsters financial indiscretions by the above officers included $55,000 from union funds for sports tickets; $28,000 for message therapists; $7,800 for magazine subscriptions; and a $20,000 (apiece) Teamsters raise for themselves when the union chapter was in financial difficulty. 

Then there is the Newspaper and Mail Deliverers Union:

     "Formed in the early 1900s, the Newspaper and Mail Deliverers Union was equal
     parts Irish, Italian, and Jewish, a reflection of the city's then dominant ethnic
     groups. Well into the 1970s, Jewish racketeers played a major role in the union ...
     In more recent times, a hustling gangster named Irving Bitz -- nicknamed 'the
     Little Guy' for his diminutive stature -- also helped keep peace among mob
     factions in the industry. Bitz, an NMDU member who also ran Imperial
     News Service, carried his own fearful legend: the feisty businessman was
     credited with the 1931 slaying of famed [Jewish] gambler Legs Diamond ...
     In 1959, [Bitz] was convicted of conspiring with NMDU officials to
     congtrol Long Island's newspaper and magazine deliveries. Bitz remained
     a powerful force in the industry up until the day in 1981 when his trussed-up
     body was found in a Staten Island swamp. His murder was never solved."
     [Robbins, T., 3-701]

In 1993 a controversial book about former FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover appeared, written by Anthony Summers. Subtitled The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover, Summers claimed the decades-long director was a closet homosexual and cross-dresser. This has been refuted and ridiculed by others. Summers argued that the reason Hoover didn't -- inexplicably -- corral organized crime was because Meyer Lansky, the Jewish head of "The Syndicate," had incriminating photographs (or other documentation) of the FBI director. For what it's worth, fact or fiction, in this outrageous scenario brewery mogul Lewis Rosentiel (also Jewish) plays a key role:

     "Early in Hoover's career, according to mob interviews, he was trapped by his
    own homosexuality. Mafia boss Meyer Lansky, who specialized in the use of
    damaging information to manipulate men in public life, had reportedly obtained
    compromising evidence -- probably photographs ... [p. 13] ... 'The homosexual
    thing,' said [Lansky associate Sidney] Pollock, 'was Hoover's Achilles' heel.
    Meyer found it, and it was like he pulled strings with Hoover. He never bothered
    any of Meyer's people ..." [p. 243] ... By the end of World War II [Rosentiel's]
    company, Schenley, had become the leading U. S. distiller ... Rosentiel's
    lifeling involvement with the Mafia came to light only in 1970 ... [p. 248] ...
    [Rosentiel's fourth wife] Susan Rosentiel's final and most sensational
    revelations suggest her husband and [Jewish lawyer] Roy Cohn [famous as the
    right-hand man of Senator Joe McCarthy during the so-called witch-hunts for
    communists in the 1950s] involved Edgar in sex orgies -- thus laying him
    more open than ever to pressure from organized crime." [SUMMERS, A., 1993,
    p. 253] 

"In the thirties," adds Summers, "Edgar began a long association with the columnist who reigned as the nation's premier purveyor of gossip for thirty years, Walter Winchell [also Jewish]." [SUMMERS, A., 1993, p. 84] Summers also notes Lansky's underworld in support of the U.S. government war efforts:

     "The OSS [precursor to the CIA] and Naval Intelligence had extensive contacts
     with the Mafia during World War II, enlisting the help of criminals in projects
     including the hiring of burglars and assassins, experimentation with drugs,
     the protection of American ports from Nazi agents and the invasion of Sicily.
     Lansky helped personally with the latter two operations, meeting with Murray
     Gurfein
, a New York Assistant District Attorney who later became one of
     William Donovan's most trusted OSS officers." [SUMMERS, A., 1993, p. 245]
      
In 1999, a Tennessee newspaper published an alarming front page article. "The shadow of organized crime," said the Tennessean,
 
     "has descended on Tennessee's political landscape, via campaign
     contributions from the operator [Rod Aycox] of Georgia-based 'auto
     title' loan companies. The man who operates these companies was the
     top individual contributor to Tennessee's 1998 political campaigns. Court
     documents show he is also a business partner of a Florida man, Alvin
     Malnik, who has been found to have close ties with the mob ...
     Malnik's associates have included some of the country's top mobsters."
 
The article is not about Aycox (who is depicted as merely a mob front), but Malnik, who in 1997 received half the profits of Aycox's businesses and in 1999 completely bought him out. Malnik, who lives on a 34-acre estate in Boca Raton, with a private bowling alley and Arabian horse area, was once director of the Bank World of Commerce, a known shell company for mob money laundering. Malnik was also a business partner with mobster Sam Cohen, including a Miami country club built 'with money from the Teamsters' Pension Fund.'" [WISSNER, S., 3-14-99, p. 1A]
 
Robert Kennedy once wrote about another formal (Jewish) Teamster member, Paul Dorfman:
 
     "[Dorfman] was a big operator -- a major figure in Chicago's underworld
     who also knew his way around in certain labor and political circles ...
     [Teamsters boss Jimmy] Hoffa made a trade with Dorfman. In return
     for an introduction to the Chicago underworld, the [investigating
     government] Committee found, Hoffa turned over to him and his
     family the gigantic Central Conference of Teamsters Welfare Fund
     Assistance." [MARRIS, 1989, p. 383]
 
(Earlier, in 1983, another DorfmanAllen, former manager of the Teamster's Central States Pension Fund, was found murdered). [MOLDEA, 1989, p. 366]
 
Also from Chicago, came mob-linked lawyer Sidney Korshak, also Jewish, and a mainstay in every book about underworld crime and Hollywood. As Dennis McDougal notes:
 
     "While he was gaining a foothold in Hollywood, Korshak continued
     to practice law in the Chicago loop. Among his closest associates
     was Alderman Jacob Arvey, a celebrated political fixer in his own
     right, as well as a pal of Capone syndicate since the 1920s. Alex
     Louis Greenberg's longtime business partner in Lawndale Enterprises,
     Inc., Arvey [also Jewish] was the most powerful figure in Chicago
     politics. Korshak's younger brother, Marshall, also became an Arvey
     protégé and went on to become a state senator, and one of the primary
     conduits between the Chicago Mob and the Illinois Democratic political
     machine." [MCDOUGAL, p. 141]
 
(Jacob Arvey, notes Harry Golden, "controlled the Democratic Party in Illinois from 1947 to 1959." By the early 1970s, seven Jews sat on Chicago's City Council; the Sheriff of Chicago-area Cook County was also Jewish, as was the mayor's press secretary, who wrote "many of the mayor's speeches.") "When they were Democrats," noted Chicago committeeman Bernard Neistein, in the same era, "the Illinois State Legislature was empowered to invest surplus funds in Israeli bonds." [GOLDEN, H., 1973, p. 210-211, 216, 218, 220]
 
Another pal of Sidney Korshak was yet another Jewish lawyer, Paul Ziffren.  In 1960, the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee praised Paul Ziffren, saying he "has been the greatest single force and most important Democrat in the resurgence of the Democratic party in California." Not long after, a Reader's Digest article outlined "Ziffren's long-standing ties to major organized crime figures." [MOLDEA, p. 137] According to a Los Angeles Police Department report, Ziffren was also a supplier of prostitutes to the wealthy and powerful:  "It is a matter of general police knowledge that Ziffren's name appears in many of the call girl trick books which are confiscated by police when these individuals are arrested ... All readily admit to being in the Ziffren service department." [MCDOUGAL, p. 278]
 
Many Jewish politicos move in close quarters. As Dennis McDougal notes:
 
     "Just as Wasserman's close friend and ally Paul Ziffren quietly
     controlled the California delegation of the Democratic National Committee
     for many years, so [Jewish lawyer EdWeisl ran the New York
     delegation of the party, particularly during the 1960s when all three
     would become confidants of President Lyndon Johnson."
     [MCDOUGAL, p. 231]

Infamous Jewish lawyer Roy Cohn notes that

     "Edward Weisl, Sr., the Democratic power broker who was to become President
     Johnson's chief confidant, poured out an earful of venom against Supreme
     Court Justice William O. Douglas, who had voted against Paramount Pictures
     in a major anti-trust case. Weisl, a good friend of Paramount's president
     Barney Balaban [also Jewish], had gone to Douglas to ask for his vote.
     He thought he had every right to do this because he was one of Douglas's
     closest pals. As Weisel put it to me: 'We got him in as head of the Security
     Exchange Commission, we put him over the rim for the Supreme Court
     nomination with FDR when there were five other people ahead of him,
     we made the bastard. And now we ask him for something like this,
     something perfectly proper, and he tells us to drop dead.'" [ZION, S.,
     1988, p. 22-23]
 
Former Democratic National Committee Chairman Robert Strauss was also, since 1980, a member of MCA's Board of Directors (Wasserman's company). [MCDOUGAL, p. 461]
 
A more recent example of above-the-table, reputable purse strings influence in Hollywood is the clout wielded by the three Jewish media moguls -- David GeffenStephen Spielberg, and Jeffrey Katzenburg, and their personal business empires in recent years melded into one, Dreamworks SKG. Dreamworks "became the largest contributor to the Democratic Party with donations totaling over $2 million." [GOODMAN, p. 379]  "I don't want to present myself as a person with influence," Geffen remarked in an interview. "Then," reports Fred Goodman, "he proceeded to return telephone calls to Michael OvitzLew WassermanBarry Diller, Ted Field, and several others arranging for them to meet President Clinton when he passed through Los Angeles the following night." [GOODMAN, p. 379]
 
In the election year of 1996, Bill Clinton's re-election year to the presidency, the top six individual donators to the Democratic Party were Jewish moguls from Hollywood:
 
    David Geffen -- $575,000
     Lew Wasserman -- $507,000
     Steven Spielberg -- $503,000
     Jeffrey Katzenberg -- $408,000
     Sidney Sheinberg -- $321,000
     Edgar Bronfman, Jr. -- $318,000
 
The three greatest individual beneficiaries of this political philanthropy were California's two Jewish senators, Diane Feinstein and Barbara Boxer, and West Los Angeles (Jewish) Congressman Mel Levine. President Clinton and Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy ranked fourth and fifth in the amount of money received from the above-mentioned six Jewish moguls. West Los Angeles Congressman Howard Berman, also Jewish, was the next ranked beneficiary. [MCDOUGAL, p. 520] In overview, a 1992 Los Angeles Times article noted Mel Levine to have been the object of the largest Jewish donations in the city. "When it comes to the potency of pro-Israel giving," the paper noted, "... Representative Levine is exhibit A ... Levine has been one of Capitol Hill's most vocal supporters of Israel." (Levine's father-in-law, Max Greenberg, once headed the Anti-Defamation League). [MILLER/MORRIS, 1-26-92, p. A1] And as the Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted after Levine later left office, "One of [Vice President Al] Gore's oldest and closest friends in Los Angeles is former Representative Mel Levine." [TUGEND, T., 2-16-2000, p. 8]
 
The central members of another -- largely Jewish -- Hollywood Democratic fund-raising political clique of the 1970s (called by Ronald Brownstein the "Malibu Mafia") included Sidney Sheinbaum (whose wife is the daughter of film mogul Harry Warner), Norman LearMiles RubinTed AshleyMax PalevskyHarold Willens, and Leopold Wyler.
 
In 1992, the Los Angeles Times also singled out another local key Jewish political fundraiser (this one in the garment business), Stanley Hirsh: "Hirsh is one of the financial magnets who draws politicians from all over the United States to Los Angeles." "We have a book at the house," he told the newspaper, "that my wife keeps with records of annual votes by candidates that we follow. A lot of it is how they vote on Israel [and two other issues]." "[MILLER/MORRIS, 1-26-92, p. A1]  TheTimes article focused on the treasure trove of (overwhelmingly Jewish) political money available from the wealthy of the city, noting that
 
     "For individual candidates from either party, supporting Israel may
      well be the single most important thing they can do to help themselves
      raise money in Los Angeles. Above all else, this means voting for
      the annual foreign aid bill, which currently contains $3 billion for
      Israel ... Most of the biggest political beneficiaries of Los Angeles
      largesse in 1989 and 1990 are regarded as important friends of the
      Jewish state ... [Paul Simon of Illinois] became a hero to the pro-
      Israeli community in 1984 when he ousted former Sen. Charles H.
      Percy, an influential critic of Israel ... By all accounts [Congressional]
      pro-Israel credentials give them special entre and appeal." [MILLER/
      MORRIS, 1-26-92, p. A1]
 
Elsewhere, in 1998, billionaire Chaim Saban, "the biggest Israeli player in Hollywood, ... hosted a fund-raiser at his home [in Los Angeles] for President Clinton that yielded $1.5 million in donations." [TUGEND, T., 3-28-99] ["The Sabans," notes theNew York Times, "have given as much as $10 million over the years to the Democratic Party and its candidates." [WEINRAUB, B., 3-4-01, sec. 3, p. 2] (In Canada, Gerald Schwartz, head of the Onex corporation, friend of both liberal and conservative politicians, "became a major fundraiser." ) [NOBLE, K., 10-11-99] Margery Tabankin, also Jewish, headed the "powerful Hollywood Women's Political Committee" and "ruled the glittering world of left-liberal political fundraising in Tinseltown" till 1997 when she took over the reins of Steven Spielberg's $55 million Spielberg Foundation. "She also heads the Barbard Streisand Foundation." [FORWARD, 1-5-01]
 
Across the country, at America's other nerve center, in 1994, Crain's New York Business journal published the results of a report listing "New York's top contributors to federal elections, parties, and political action committees." All of the top five money donors mentioned were Jewish: Bernard Schwartz, CEO of the Loral Corporation; Maurice Templeton, chairman of Lazare Kaplan International; Arthur Ortenberg, co-founder of Liz Claibourne Inc.; Robert Rubin, former co-chairman of Goldman Sachs & Co. and later a Bill Clinton cabinet member; and Jeffrey Keil, president of the Republic New York Corporation. [FEIDEN, p. 6] In October 2000, the Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz noted that S. Daniel Abraham, founder of the Slim-Fast company, was "the Democratic Party's single heaviest private donor, contributing no less than $993,000 over the past 18 months." [LEIBOVICH-DAR, S., 10-13-2000]

In 2001, Mother Jones magazine listed the top 400 individual contributors to political [Democratic and Republican] campaigns. [MOTHER JONES, MAY 2001] These are the people who seek to influence the American political process by economic means. Although Jews represent merely 2.5% of the American population, at least  41 (and quite likely a few more) of the first 100 people listed were Jewish, including four of the top five. Of these first four, three are noted as having strong ties to Israel:

     #1 was S. Daniel Abraham, former mogul of Slim Fast Foods, who "has spent most of
       his political and charitable energies in the last decade supporting Israel and the troubled
        Middle East peace process. He has helped fund Birthright Israel, a program which
        sponsors tours of Israel for young American Jews." Abraham contributed $1,518,500
       to the Democratic Party.
   
     #2 was Bernard Schwartz, CEO of Loral Space and Communications, a defense
      contractor moving more and more into the telecommunications industry. Schwartz
      donated $1,317,000 to the Democratic Party.
    
     # 3 was David Gilo, head of the wireless communications company, Vyyo. Gilo
      was born in Israel and "emigrated to the United States in 1982, retaining dual
      citizenship." Gilo contributed $1,311,000 to the Democratic Party.

      #5 was Haim Saban, who is also immigrant from Israel.

More Jews on the list of the nation's biggest economic string-pullers include:

 9. Constance Milstein -- "born to one of New York's most prominent real estate families."
14. David Shimon -- "California's leading contributor to state campaigns"
18. Walter Shorenstein -- "... controls 25 percent of [San Francisco's] downtown."
19. Steven Kirsch -- founded computer company Infoseek
20. David Steiner -- New Jersey-based real estate mogul and former president of the Israeli lobby, AIPAC. He had to resign from that position when he was tape recorded boasting "about his political sway, saying he had 'cut a deal' with the Bush administration to give more aid to Israel. He had arranged for 'almost a billion dollars in other goodies,' he added and was 'negotiating' with the incoming Clinton administration over appointing a Secretary of State who was pro-Israel. 'We have a dozen people in his [Clinton's] headquarters,' Steiner bragged, 'and they are all going to get big jobs.'"
23. Sam Fox -- "He and his wife are particularly active in promoting the views of Jewish Republicans. Marilyn Fox was the first woman president of the Jewish Community Centers Association in its 112 year history, and her husband is chairman of the Republican Jewish Coalition. The RJC supports a strong Israel ... Fox is one of eight leaders of the RJC on the Mother Jones 400. Others include Laurence Kadish ..., Max M. Fisher ..., John Price ..., Earle I. Mack ..., Clifford Sobel ..., Lewis M. Eisenberg ..., and David M. Flaum."
37. Philip Levine -- president of Onboard Media
38. Lawrence Kadish -- "has been topping lists of Republican donors since George H. W. Bush was president. A real estate investor in New York and Florida, Kadish has long worked to build ties between the Republican Party and American Jews. He is chairman of the Republican Jewish Coalition ... The group has supported a hard-line approach to negotiating an Israeli-Palestinian peace accord, criticizing President Clinton for 'appeasing Chairman Arafat' instead of requiring 'responsibility and compliance from the Palestinian Authority.' Allied with Israel's Likud government, the group supported the construction of the controveresial Har Homa settlement in East Jerusalem, over Palestinian objections that the project jeopardized the peace process. It also supports continued American military support of Israel, including a recent project to build an anti-ballistic missile system. On the domestic front, the RJC supports school choice and voucher initiatives, saying they help curb the 'risk of assimilation' for some Jews living in the United States."
39. Jeffrey Levy-Hinte -- heads an independent film production company, Post 391
41. Alfred Lerner -- ranked by Forbes as the 51st richest American. He is the chairman and CEO of MBNA, the giant credit-card company
42. David Saperstein -- "the biggest stockholder in Westwood One, the nation's largest radio network."
50. S. Donald Sussman -- "president of hedge fund Paloma Partners ... He also sits on the board of governors of the Weizmann Institute of Science [in Israel]."
51. David Koch -- "Koch Industries, a conglomerate with major oil and gas holdings, is the second-largest privately-held company in the United States. It is also the recipient of the largest civil fine ever imposed on a corporation for violating federal environmental laws."
54. Marc Nathanson -- appointed twice by Bill Clinton "as chairman of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, which oversees the Voice of America, Radio Free Europe, and other federal broadcasting services."
56. Meyer Berman -- a stock trader
57. John Price -- real estate mogul, head of Utah-based JP Realty
58. Jeffrey Katzenberg -- Hollywood mogul, one of the heads of Dreamworks
59. Jonathan Tisch -- He "brought a torrent of bad press to the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles. As CEO of the Loews Hotel chain, Tisch was fighting to stop a union drive among 300 housekeepers and other service workers at the Loews hotel in Santa Monica, where delegates were scheduled to stay. Loews, as it turned out, ws also a major contributor to an effort to kill a labor-backed living-wage measure in Santa Monica and replace it with a business friendly intiative.
60. Harold Snyder -- pharmaceutical mogul; member of the Board of Directors of Teva, an Israeli company
61. Michael King -- heads, with his brother Roger, King World Productions, "one of the most powerful firms in television syndication."
63. Marvin Davis -- a billionaire who made his fortune, initially, in real estate. Former owner of 20th Century Fox.
65. Louis Weisbach -- head of Halo Branded Solutions
66. Alan Solomont -- nursing home mogul and once finance chair of the Democratic National Committee
68. Leonard Lauder
70. Max Fisher
71. Bernard Bergreen -- acting head of Gilman Paper, "the largest privately-owned paper company in the United States."
74. Denise Rich -- ex-wife of criminal fugitive Marc Rich, the most controversial of President Bill Clinton's executive pardons.
75. Bren Simon -- his family's Simon Property Group is "the nation's largest mall owner in the United States."
79. Samuel Heyman -- "His manufacturing firm, GAF Corporation, spent at least $7 milion on lobbyists since 1997."
84. Gary Winnick -- worth $3.2 billion. Heads telecommunications company Global Crossing.
86. Norman Pattiz -- "Founder and chairman of radio giant Westwood One."
87. Eve Weinstein -- wife of Harvey Weinstein, co-chairman of Miramax Films.
88. Bernard Marcus -- co-founder of Home Depot. "Marcus is also attempting to alter politics in the Middle East through a think tank he chairs called Israel Democracy Institute ... Marcus is also working to link the Israeli economy to his home state ... [T]he hardware mogul has helped persuade state officials to offer ... Israeli firms incentives to relocate in Georgia."
89. Lew Wasserman -- popularly known as the "Godfather of Hollywood .. He sits on the board of advisors for the William J. Clinton Presidential Foundation with the [Jewish] DreamWorks triumverate of Jeffrey Katzenberg, David Geffen, andSteven Spielberg."
93. Frederic Mack -- "Like his brother Earle, Frederic Mack has long shown an abiding interest in U.S. relations with Israel ... MAck is currrently on the national board of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, the nation's largest and most influential pro-Israel lobby. He also chairs the board of AIPAC's Northeast chapter, and sits on the board of the New York Jewish Community Relations Council, the Jewish Theological Seminary, and the Israel Policy Forum."
97. Ira Lipman -- is "the owner of one of the nation's largest security firms" -- Guardsmark, "which now boasts offices in more than 400 cities in the United States and Canada."
100. Irwin Jacobs -- founder of Qualcomm, Inc., "the telecommunications company that has grown to $3.3 billion in annual revenues."
In Texas, in June 1998, a news article out of Ft. Worth noted that President Clinton was expecting to raise $500,000 for his political party at a fund-raising dinner in the Dallas home of Jewish real estate developer Ray Nasher:
 
     "For between $10,000 to $25,000 per couple, about 60 well-heeled
     Democratic donors were expected to dine on grilled salmon, lobster
     salad and fruit sorbet at the posh Park Lane-area home of Nasher,
     who developed the NorthPark Center but may be best known for his
     world-famous collection of sculptures displayed in and outside his
     spacious home ... During [the President's] Houston trip, Clinton
     also raised $800,000 for the Democratic National Congressional
     Committee at an event at the fashionable Royal Oaks home of
     attorney Richard Mithoff." [NIX, M., 6-2-98]
 
In Massachusetts, Elaine Schuster, heir to the Wingate Construction Company is one of the most prominent philanthropists to the Democratic Party. Her father, Ben Siegel, "was barred in 1967 by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development from receiving Federal funding due to his history of mortgage defaults and managerial problems. Siegel also had been convicted in U.S. District Court for bribing a Federal official in order to obtain a federal contract." [MIGA, A., 4-18-96, p. 6] During the 1970s, Wingate Construction received government subsidy funds and "operated one of New York City's most notorious slums" in the South Bronx. A New York State Assembly investigation of the company reported that the firm "had apparently committed fraud" and that it is an "unscrupulous developer only interested in profits." [MIGA, A. 4-18-96, p. 6] In 1996 the Boston Herald noted that "Elaine Schuster is living proof that in politics, money talks. The veteran Democratic fundraiser ranks among President Clinton's strongest financial backers in Massachusetts." Personal paybacks to Schuster, noted the Herald, including a Clinton appointment to the Advisory Committee on the Arts for the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. [MIGA, A., 4Incredibly, in 1995, the American Congress even awarded Rabbi Menachem Schneerson, head of the Chabad Orthodox movement, the Congressional Gold Medal, "the country's highest civilian honor." Chabad is arguably a kind of Jewish Ku Klux Klan. [Click here for citations from another chapter about Schneerson's and Chabad's principles of racism] [Also, click here, for an emailed moral indictment of Chabad by Jewish scholar Michael Samuel] U. S. Senators and "more than 20 ambassadors and othe embassy officials" attended the dinner honoring Schneerson. [BATOG, J., 7-3-95, p. 4] Why was such a racist heralded by Congress? "Rabbi Schneerson," explained the Baltimore Jewish Times
       "was the first religious figure to get the coveted medal, which was approved
        by Congress last October. More than a year of intensive lobbying by Chabad
        forces generated some 225 House co-sponsors of the authorizing legislation.
       Copies of the gold medal -- which was underwritten by donations from admirers
       of Rabbi Schneerson -- are being sold by the Treasury Department. According to
       Washington sources, that could be a big moneymaker for the federal government."
       [BESSER, J., 6-30-95, p. 32]
In 1996, James Glassman, a Jewish journalist cited another example -- at the most blatant level, aside from billions to Israel  -- of the kinds of paybacks Jews can get for political donations:
 
      "What's wrong with this picture? In a photo in the Washington Post on
       July 24, [Jewish senators] Sen. Arlen Specter, R-PA., and Sen.
       Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., are handing a blown-up check -- like the
       grand prize in a golf tournament -- to Steve Spielberg, the famous
       Hollywood mogul. The check is drawn on the U.S. Treasury in the
       amount of $1 million. It's made out to a Holocaust Foundation that
       Spielberg heads. In other words, America's taxpayers are generously
       supporting the favorite charity of the director of 'ET,' 'Jurassic Park,'
       and other box office blockbusters. This is the same Steve Spielberg
       who, says Forbes magazine, earned $285 million in 1994 and 1995 --
       tops in the entertainment world. His net worth is $700 million. Since
       1993, he's given $266,000 to Democratic candidates and political
       committees, according to Federal Election Commission records.
       Beneficiaries include the Clinton-Gore re-election campaign, Sen. Ted
       Kennedy, D-Mass., Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-NJ, and, of course,
       Boxer. So one way to view the check is a nice return on Spielberg's
       political investment." [GLASSMAN, p. 11]
 
Payoffs for Lew Wasserman and MCA in the Reagan era included an exclusive contract (i.e., entitlement to monopoly) to run all guided tours in Washington DC (under MCA's subsidiary Landmark Services). Likewise, MCA attained exclusive rights (through its Curry company) at Yosemite National Park  for "tours, lodging, concessions, and hotels." MCA's contract stipulated that the park's cut of total revenues would be three-quarters of one percent). [MCDOUGAL, p. 345, 369] (In this genre of political influence, Jewish alcohol mogul Lewis Rosentiel's heavy lobbying worked to get Congress to pass the "Forand Bill, named after the Congressman of that name, freeing liquor companies from punitive tax on stored whisky for a dozen extra years -- ample time to dispose of thier stocks. For Roesentiel it meant bonanza as well as salvation. The bill saved the company between $40 and $50 million, and the value of Schenley [Rosentiels' firm] stock soared by $33 million in a single day." [SUMMERS, A., 1993, p. 252] (One of Rosentiel's ex-wives, Susan, even alleged that Rosentiel later once paid president Lyndon Johnson half a million dollars and "a large sum of money" went to Emanuel Celler, Chariman of the House Judiciary Committee). [SUMMERS, A., 1993, p. 252]

Likewise, Jewish billionaire Gary Winnick's contribution of over a million dollars to the Bill Clinton presidential library netted him a $400 million military defense contract for his company Global Crossing. "Global Crossing's rivals," notes journalist Joseph Perkins, "including AT&T, Qwest Communications, Sprint and Worldcom, protested that the Clinton administration rigged the bidding process to favor Winnick's company." The then-head of the Democratic National Party, Terry McAuliffe, also "got rich off of Global Crossing, parlaying a $100,000 investment in the telecommunications company into $18 million in a little more than a year's time." [PERKINS, J., 2-8-02]
 
Another version of Jewish financial power in wrenching state and federal funds for special Jewish transglobal interests is the case of Florida and its literal functioning as an agent for Jews and their insurance claims in the Holocaust. Lest we forget, the Holocaust occurred a half a century ago, in Europe, and is merely one of dozens of mass human tragedies and injustices that have befallen groups of people since -- and before, for that matter -- then. But Jews as a transnational lobby must be economically reckoned with.  Hence, in 1998, following a meeting with the World Jewish Congress, Florida Treasurer and Insurance Commissioner Bill Nelson announced that, among other actions:
 
      * his state was budgeting $500,000 to fund Florida's Department of
         Insurance "to investigate unpaid Holocaust claims."
 
      * the Florida insurance pool would "drop two Swiss banks from
         participating in the insurer's line of credit if the banks don't reach
         satisfactory settlement in a class-action lawsuit brought against
         them by Holocaust victims."
 
       * three Swiss banks were warned that Florida intended to drop business
          with them unless they decided upon a "fair settlement" with Jewish
          complainants.  [PR NEWSWIRE]
 
Across the country, also in 1998, the National Underwriter noted that
 
       "the California Assembly has unanimously approved a plan to establish
         the comprehensive Holocaust Insurance Registry in the Department of
         Insurance, giving Commissioner Charles Quackenbush the authority
         to suspend the business licenses of companies that fail to participate.
         The 76-0 vote in the normally fractious Democratic-controlled
         Assembly reflected the importance of Holocaust insurance as an
         election year issue." [HOWARD, J.] [Quackenbush was forced to
         resign his position two years later for a kickback scandal that
         involved major insurance companies] [TUGEND, T., 7-10-2000,
         p. 9]
 
In Illinois, the governor signed a bill in 1999 that declared that heirs to Holocaust "reparations and other compensations awarded to victims of Nazi persecution" didn't have to pay taxes on the sums coming their way. [GRAHNKE, L., 12-24-99, p. 12] Norman Finkelstein notes the worldwide Jewish efforts to force reparations from the Swiss government:
 
     "The WJC [World Jewish Congress] working with institutions including
     the US Holocaust Memorial Museum and the Simon Wiesenthal Center,
     mobilized the US political establishment. Using the House and Senate
     banking committees as springboards, the Holocaust industry orchestrated
     a shameless campaign of vilification. The campaign rapidly degenerated
     into a libel of the Swiss people." [FINKELSTEIN, N., 7-13-2000, p. 4]
 
Among those many caving in to Jewish economic (and, hence, political) pressure in California in 1998 was an Asian-American candidate for the senate, Matt Fong. "Fong's decision to champion the issue [of a Swiss bank boycott]," said the San Francisco Chronicle,
 
      "could enable him to gain backing from Jewish groups, which generally
       support his opponent in the United States Senate race, incumbent
       Barbara Boxer, who herself is Jewish ... It was influential Jewish
       groups in southern California, such as the Simon Wiesenthal Center, that
       pushed the issue, prompting Fong to respond ... Dozens of other
       states and cities are expected to enact similar sanctions." [COLLIER,
       p. A1]
 
In New York, both the state and Manhattan drew up sanctions against the Swiss. It helped that the New York City's comptroller, Alan Hevesi, was not only Jewish but a president of B'nai Zion and a member of the Presidents Conference of Major Jewish Organizations. The (Jewish) Forward notes that
 
     "Mr. Hevesi put his role overseeing some $70 billion in assets to pressure
      the Swiss in the banking scandal. He has led a campaign to get other
      public pension fund managers to get Switzerland to own up to its role
      in Jewish assets it received during World War II. Having made his first
      trip to Switzerland in May as part of the effort, he has become more
      involved with Israel." [FORWARD, 11-14-97, p. 14]
 
In 1997, the Wall Street Journal also reported  that the
    
      "United States promised to donate $4 million to the Nazi Persecution
      Relief Fund, aimed at compensating victims of the Holocaust, and hopes
      to give $25 million over three years, according to the [Jewish]
      Undersecretary of State Stuart Eizenstat. " [FRANK, R., p. A19]
 
What, one wonders, is so special about the suffering of the Jews above and beyond all other millions of non-Jews who also were subject to "Nazi persecution," let alone the millions of other people who have been murdered or maimed over the years in other distant lands and situations? Surely they all deserve our sympathy. But as it is dictated for us, for an inexplicable reason some merit our money. So by what perverse reasoning should U.S. taxpayers pay for solely Jewish "relief" for events across the world half a century ago, when we were by no stretch of the imagination remotely responsible as ourselves "persecutors?" If such things are on the economic agenda, where are those clamoring to make economic amends to Native Americans who have truly been robbed, quite literally, of the ground we all stand on?
 
Jewish lobbying pressure is worldwide in scope. In February 2000, a news item noted that "Poland's bid to join the European Union could be thrown into doubt unless it makes amends to holocaust survivors, a British Euro-MP warned today ... A group of holocaust survivors [led by New York  Jewish lawyers Ed Klein and Mel Urban] visited Euro-MPs in Brussels for help in pressing their claims." [PRESS ASSOCIATION NEWSFILE, 2-9-2000]
 
In 1999, a newspaper article entitled "In France, Resentment Is Building Over U.S. Holocaust lawsuits." Two class-action suits were filed by Jews in New York demanding Holocaust-era restitution from French banks. "The French government and the banks are fighting the suit," noted the International Herald Tribune, "contending that it violates France's sovereignty." French and American Jewish organizations even began squabbling over the issue. [SWARDSON, A., 1999] At the fore of the burgeoning lawsuits in Europe in the name of Holocaust restitution has been the World Jewish Congress. The Christian Science Monitor noted in 1997 that "famed Vienna-based Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal ... has said that the focus should be on those who killed Jews, not those who stole from them. And he expressed worried that what he calls the WJC's stridency could spur a revival of anti-Semitism in Europe." [ECHIKSON, W., 1997]
 
The Jerusalem Post added in 1999 that
 
     "Restitution of Nazi-looted property is an issue Jerusalem cannot avoid.
     The Holocaust is a hot topic driven by the U.S.: by [Jewish
     Assistant Secretary of Commerce StuartEizenstat and American
     Jewish agitation as well as by sanctions, threats, congressional hearings
     and class action suits in federal courts targeting Swiss, German,
     French, Italian and Austrian interests." [HENRY, M., 9-17-99, p. 4B]
 
Jewish demands for "restitution" from the past has also turned to Arab nations. As the Jewish Week noted in 1999, "Having successfully recovered millions of dollars worth of Jewish property lost in the Holocaust, restitution experts in Israel and the U.S. are now setting their sights on the Arab world." Jewish groups were looking to claim "tens of billions of dollars in property left behind by Jews who emigrated to Israel from Arab/Muslim countries." [CHABIN, M., 1-29-99, p. 1] The double standard here, vis-a-vis the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who had their property formally confiscated by the Jewish state when forcibly driven away by the Israeli military, is astounding. Jewish author David Pinsky once wrote about a Jewish family that took over an Arab house in Israel. The wife watched her children playing with toys the Palestinian children left behind:
 
     "What right had she and her family to occupy a house which did not
     belong to her? To use a garden and field which were taken by
     force from other people who ran away in the panic of war and are
     not permitted to return? Are she an her family not living on goods
     robbed from others? Is she not doing to Arabs what the Nazis did
     to her and her family?" [ELLIS, M., 1990, p. 62]
 
Reparations for vast sums of stolen Palestinian property by the Jews of Israel is to this day rarely even mentioned, let alone legally addressed.
 
The avalanche of Jewish lobbying internationally for Holocaust reparation demands has caused some Jews, like the head of the Anti-Defamation League, Abraham Foxman, to worry that the vast amounts of money being demanded by Jews today only confirms notions that international Jewry has immense economic power and that "the Jews died [in the Holocaust not] because they were Jews, but because they had bank accounts, gold art, and property." [SCHOENFELD, G., SEPT 2000, p. 27]
 
Gabriel Schoenfeld, editor of the American Jewish Committee's Commentary magazine, notes with concern the endless Judeo-centric demands upon many of the world's governments,
 
      "With the exception of the forced laborers and some other currently
      favored groups like Gypsies, homosexuals, and the mentally ill, both
      European corporations and Jewish organizations have said
      embarrassingly little about the great numbers of non-Jews who were
      deprived of life, limb, and property at the hands of the Nazis ... Jewish
      organizations are fighting first and foremost for Jewish interests ...
      To lead or participate in a process through which some are given
      restitution while others in similar circumstances, but on the wrong side
      of lists, are not, is to sow the seeds of needless acrimony and to
      court censure on grounds to which Jews of all people should be
      especially sensitive." [SCHOENFELD, G., 2000, p. 34]
 
"The pursuit of billions in Holocaust guilt money," observes Jewish columnist Charles Krauthammer, "has gone from the unseemly to the disgraceful." [SCHOENFELD, G., 2000, p. 34]
 
There are apparently even special rules for bending American law when Israel is concerned. Yitz Greenberg recalls

     "From the age of about the age of 12 on, I went out with Jewish National Fund
      boxes into the Brooklyn subways to collect money for Israel ... My older brother
      had an old broken down car that he used to transport the boxes from our local
      branch to the main office. One day he parked his car in a no parking zone to deliver
      the money and got a parking ticket. The price of the ticket could have broken the
      back of the organization. Besides that my brother was very headstrong; fighting that
      ticket was a matter of principle. At the traffic court, everyone was 'guilty, guilty,' no
      matter what they said. When it was his turn, he said, "Well, I had these boxes to
      deliver and so I had to park.' 'What boxes were they?' asked the judge. 'Those were
      JNF boxes,' he answered. 'It's a good cause.' 'Not guilty,' the judge said. Back at the
      office, no one believed my brother. They called up the traffic court. It turned out that
      the judge was Manuel Rothenberg, president of the Jewish National Fund."
      [FROMMER, M., FROMMER, H., 2001]
There are of course a variety of issues that powerful Jewish groups actively lobby. As Jack Wertheimer notes about organized Jewish Orthodox organizations:
 
     "Orthodox Jews actively engage in the American political process
     to further their own aims. In this regard, the most right-wing sects
     have been especially adept at exploiting political opportunities.
     It has now become routine in New York politics for local and
     even national politicians to pay court to Hasidic rabbis. What is
     less well known is the sophisticated lobbying effort that won for
     Hasidic groups the status of a 'disadvantaged group,' with the
     attendant entitlement to special federal funds." [WERTHEIMER,
     J., 1993, p. 119]
 
On smaller, local scale levels, the underlying machinations of the Jewish community are the same. "In localities across the country," adds Stephen Isaacs, "Jews like non-Jews have been known to invest in candidates in return for government contracts, favorable rezonings on potentially valuable plots of real estate ... Jews have tended to be active in such instances of bribing ... Yiddish has a word for the bribe: shmeer (to grease), a word that has somewhat come into the American English idiom." [BRENNER, p. 78]
 
There are more public -- albeit modified -- examples of the  bribe. In 1997 the New York Times expressed concern that New York governor George Patakis' acceptance of income-producing speaking engagements
 
       "invited conflict of interest. Through a Manhattan talent agency ... for
        $15,000 each, the Governor has already given four speeches, all to
        out-of-state groups. The audiences included a magazine conglomerate
        [Jewish?], two chapters of the Jewish National Fund, and the Cosmetic,
        Toiletry, and Fragrance Association [Jewish?]."  [NY TIMES, p.
        A22]
 
The (Jewish) Forward noted the close ties between Pataki and cosmetics heir and media baron Ron Lauder (who we've met before):
 
      "The payments by the JNF [Jewish National Fund] -- a series of speaking
       fees of $15,000 apiece to Mr. Lauder's pal, Governor Pataki  (whose
       wife is a Lauder consultant) -- have raised eyebrows in some corners."
       [FORWARD, 11-14-97, p. 14]
 
A further Pataki example: In 1998 Federal prosecutors were "examining whether state officials gave lenient treatment to a Hasidic rabbi imprisoned in a widely publicized kidnapping case after appeals were made on his behalf by a fund-raiser for the campaign of Governor George E. Pataki." [LEVY, p. 29] The U.S. government prosecutor in the case complained that "prison officials told him the transfer [decision to eventually release] has been made at high levels." The rabbi in question, Shlomo Helbrans, was not even an American citizen -- he was an Israeli. Originally sentenced to prison for 4-12 years, he was shifted to a program where he was freed on the only condition that he had a job. The "prominent fundraiser" who pulled the strings behind the scenes in this case, Leon Perlmutter (also a member of the ultra-Orthodox Satmar sect) also "lobbied state officials" for the release of two other Israelis convicted of drug dealing. They were paroled and deported home. (Ziv Oved was serving time for his participation in a "$1 million-a-week heroin and cocaine drug ring in Brooklyn.") [GREENBERG, E., 5-1-98, p. 10] Another Perlmutter associate, Abraham Lekkow, had given $45,000 to the Pataki campaign. [LEVY, 4-26-98, p. 29] Jeff Wiesenfeld, "Pataki's executive assistant who deals with Jewish affairs, appeared before a grand jury in Brooklyn" about the favoritism allegations. [GREENBERG, E., 5-1-98, p. 10]
 
In January 2000, New York City mayor Rudolph Giulani's "chief fundraiser and former chief of staff," Bruce Teitelbaum, was investigated for political favors to Orthodox Jewish groups. (Teitelbaum, a Republican, is the husband of Suri Kasirer, "a major Democratic fund-raiser and lobbyist.") [TOPOUSIS, T., 1-5-2000, p. 10] The collapse of a building under construction that killed a Mexican-American laborer and injured 11 others, says the New York Times,
 
     "led prosecutors ... to examine the building practices of the owner,
     Chaim Ostreicher. But early in the inquiry, Gaston Silva, the city's
     former building commissioner, told prosecutors that he had been
     pressured by Mr. Teitelbaum ... to reassign Joseph Trivisanno, a
     chief buildings inspector whose style had annoyed some developers
     in the Orthodox Jewish community. Mr. Trivisanno has told prosecutors
     he believed he was forced from his position because he has been too
     tough with Orthodox builders and developers in enforcing regulations.
     Mr. Teitelbaum was the administration's liaison to the city's Orthodox
     Jews, among whom the mayor has long enjoyed political support."
     [BARRY, D., 1-12-2000, p. B10]
 
In 1978, Alex Liberman (a survivor of Auschwitz), took over as New York City's director of leasing under the (also Jewish) mayor Ed Koch administration. Liberman oversaw $80 million and soon became New York's "director of negotiations." Jack Newfield and Wayne Barrett describe what happened next:
 
      "By this point in his career, Liberman was already taking advantage of
      his discretionary public power and demanding an assortment of
      kickbacks for city leases. Landlords were writing checks to his
      synagogue at his suggestion, and Liberman was pressuring his
      fellow directors at the temple to split the contributions with him.
      At first, the synagogue's president rejected the idea, and Liberman
      got no part of the initial small donations. But Remsen Heights
      Jewish Center had a working-class, struggling congregation,
      and when Liberman began dangling larger and larger contributions,
      the temple's leadership weakened ... Eventually the synagogue was
      laundering $10,000 checks ... [NEWFIELD/BARRETT, p. 215] In
      the real estate world] the biggest of the immunized bribe-payers
      was Seymour Cohen, ... a major force in Manhattan real estate. The
      company and its principals, who leased more office space to the city
      than any other landlord, had given Koch $40,000 in campaign
      contributions and let him run his gubernatorial campaign rent free
      out of one of their buildings. It had been no less generous with other
      city officials -- giving Comptroller Jay Goldin $178,000 (he had never
      audited one of their leases) and Manhattan borough president Andrew
      Stein the free and exclusive use of Cohn's luxurious Hampton's home
      for a summer." [NEWFIELD/BARRETT, p. 215]

In Brooklyn, New York, noted Jonathan Reider in 1985,

       "Despite the leavening of Italian names, the officeholders and precinct captains
       [in the Democratic Party] are overwhelmingly Jewish, including in 1984
       Councilman Herbert Berman, State Senator Howard Babbush, and
       Assemblyman Stanley Fink. A model of machine politics, the [Jefferson
       Democratic ] club handles the problems of its constituents on biweekly club
       nights, uses the power of patronage to extract favors from its standing army of
        precinct captains, and cultivates influence through interlocking positions on the
        boards of synagogues and civic groups and the local school board." [REIDER, J.,
        1985, p. 51-52]
 
On the Republican side of "the bribe," in 1995 prominent Congressman Newt Gingrich's wife raised eyebrows by taking a position (while he was in office) as the vice president for business development for the Israeli Export Company. She had visited the Jewish state in 1993 under the auspices of Israel's political lobbying arm, AIPAC. Ms. Gingrich was "hired at an undisclosed salary to help recruit business for a free-trade zone in Israel." [BAER, S., p. 6]    
 
Jewish/Israeli influence in local politics on the other side of the country? In 1989 the Los Angeles Times featured an expose on the questionable personal and business relationship between Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley and his "friend" Abraham Spiegel. A federal grant jury was in fact beginning a criminal investigation, also subpoenaing Bradley's campaign fund-raiser (also Jewish), Ira Distenfield. (For his part, Distenfield, a Republican, yet the largest personal campaign contributor to Democrat Bradley in 1985, was eventually "sued by five current and former city commissioners for allegedly misappropriating their investments in a limited partnership that included several other political insiders.") [CLIFFORD, F., 3-27-85, p. B1; KRIKORIAN, G., 9-3-90, p .B1] "The City Attorney," noted the Times, "found no illegality in ... the way a top mayoral aide cut through city red tape for three Spiegel [real estate] developments ... Nonetheless ... the relationship raises questions about the degree of access to the mayor enjoyed by political contributors and supporters who have dealings with the city ... The sheer number and personal nature of Spiegel favors for the mayor ensures that he shares an intimacy with Bradley that few others enjoy." [PASTERNAK/BUNTING, p. 1]
 
Spiegel even drew the African-American mayor of Los Angeles into the web of international activism for Israel. "Bradley," noted the Times, "has traveled twice to Israel to participate in ground-breaking, and dedication of museum and university buildings donated by Spiegel. And Spiegel in turn raised funds at a Los Angeles dinner to establish a Tom Bradley Chair in Social Integration at a college near Tel Aviv ... Spiegel has often invited local officials to galas for visiting Israeli dignitaries."  The Times noted one especially disturbing meeting Bradley had with Spielberg; the other two guests were former Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban and Israel's Los Angeles consul general. "The discussion at their table," said the Times, "centered on two topics -- Bradley's friendship for Israel and Spiegel's construction projects in Los Angeles ... Spiegel became Bradley's 'point man' in Los Angeles' Jewish community, raising the mayor's profile among Israeli officials and thus among affluent local supporters of Israel." [PASTERNAK, J.; BUNTING, Glenn, F.; p. 1]
 
The mayor that succeeded Tom Bradley? The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles notes that another Jewish "mover and shaker," Steven Soboroff, is the "best pal and top adviser to Mayor Richard Riordan, who is backing Soboroff as his successor in City Hall." [TUGEND, 10-22-99]
 
The case of California governor Gray Davis? "Back in the late 1970s, "notes Joel Kotkin in the Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, "... Davis became acquainted with [former Governor Jerry] Brown's powerful coterie of Jewish political bankrollers like financiers S. Jon Kreedman, superagent Jeff Wald, and Eli Broad. The big Democratic political money in Los Angeles Democratic politics, Davis realized, was Jewish ... Davis made it his job to be the Gentile champion of the Jews." [KOTKIN, 5-29-98] As the Jewish Bulletin of Northern California noted in 1999,
 
     "This was Davis' fourth trip to Israel, his first as governor. It's gratifying
     to see a political leader who understands and cares about the Jewish
     homeland." [JEWISH BULLETIN OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA,
     11-5-99, p. 24A]
 
In 1999, Davis "signed a state budget ... that included $2 million for building the new Jewish Museum in San Francisco and $1.25 million for construction of the Peninsula Jewish Community Center in Foster City." [SCHUSTER, J., 7-9-99, p. 17] Can we imagine millions of tax-payer dollars earmarked for a Christian or Muslim Museum, or a Polish or Guatemalan Community Center?
 
Former Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres notes his impressions of then-California governor Jerry Brown in the 1980s:
 
     "I once appeared with Governor Jerry Brown before the Union of
     Meat Cutters in San Diego. He made a wonderful speech. He said,
     'Well, I live on my salary. I never invested in anything. The only thing
     I'm going to invest in are the bonds of Israel, because I love Israel.
     If you would show me a map and ask me to identify Israel, I probably
     couldn't find it. But Israel is in my heart.'" [STARR, J., 1990, p. 225]

(In 2001, Tom Hayden, left-wing darling of progressive causes, former California state representative, and ex-husband of Jane Fonda, was defeated in a bid for a seat on the Los Angeles City Council. He lost to a Jewish opponent, Jack Weiss, "a former prosecutor who has never held an elected office." As the Los Angeles Times discretely noted about the election, "A Midwestern Catholic, Hayden ... faced a subtle challenge in a district known for electing Jewish community activists as leaders.") [FOX, S., 6-17-01]
 
What about politics in Philadelphia, the icon of American patriotism? In 2000, President Clinton appointed "Philadelphia attorney, communal leader and state Democratic fundraiser S. David Fineman" as a U.S. District judge for Eastern Pennsylvania.Fineman had been earlier appointed by Clinton as a high official at the Post Office where he "helped shepherd a postage stamp honoring the deeds of Holocaust hero Raul Wallenberg as well as the first stamp to mark Chanukah." [FELDMAN, S., 3-23-2000, p. 15]
 
In late 1999, Ed Rendell, a Jew, ended his term as Philadelphia's mayor. (President Clinton attended a $1,000-per-plate dinner honoring Rendell at the end of his term.) [FELDMAN, S., 12-9-99, p. 5] The former mayor then became the new general chairman of the Democratic National Party, "the chief spokesman for the Democratic Party." [CATABIANI, M., 10-3-99, p. A1]  Within months his office announced the appointment of three new "finance vice chairs" for the party. Two, Kenneth Jarin and Alan Kessler were also from Philadelphia and they were both Jews. (A third Jew from Philadelphia, Thomas Leonard, continued, since 1993, as a DNC finance vice chairman. He also served as the state of Pennsylvania's Democratic Party finance chairman).
 
In Fall 1999, a Jewish Republican, Sam Katz, ran against an African-American, Democrat John Street, (who beat a Jewish opponent, Marty Weinberg, in the primary) to replace Rendell as the mayor of Philadelphia. (Katz's dog, noted a Jewish journal, is even named Jabo, in honor of the famous right-wing fascist/Zionist Ze'ev Jabotinsky). 87% of the Jews of Philadelphia -- despite high nationwide Jewish proclivities to liberalism and the Democratic Party -- voted for Republican Katz. [FELDMAN, S., 3-2-2000, p. 1] Katz lost the mayoral contest, however, to the African-American by a narrow margin. A victory against Jewish political dominance? Hardly. Jews, after all, are central to the Democratic Party machine. As the Jewish Exponent observed about the African-American candidate's victory:
 
     "From mayor Ed Rendell to District Attorney Lynne Abraham to City
     Controller Jonathan Saidel to primary opponent Marty Weinberg to
     campaign co-finance chairman Robert Feldman to State Senator
     Allyson Schwartz -- it appeared clear that Street could not have gained
     his slim victory over Republican Sam Katz Tuesday without key Jewish
     supporters. Need more proof? Also on stage in the [victory] ballroom
     at the Warwick Hotel were campaign insiders Leonard RossLeonard
     Klehr and Mark Alderman; Rabbi Solomon Isaacson, who helped get
     the votes out in the far Northeast, and Philadelphia Federation of
     Teachers president Ted Kirsch, who prominently endorsed Street in
     September. In the back of the room, chief campaign spokesman Ken
     Snyder was busy fielding last-minute questions from reporters, and
     looking on was campaign media consultant David Axelrod."
     [FELDMAN, S., 11-4-1999, p. 1]
 
In a follow-up article, the Jewish Exponent noted that "As was the case during Street's campaign, Jews are playing prominent roles in the transition phase [to the new mayor]." Two co-chairs of the transition committee were Jewish: Leonard Klehr andJudith Rodin (the president of the University of Pennsylvania). Education Committee chiefs included Lee AnnenbergDavid Cohen, and Ralph Roberts; working under them were Lois Yampolsky and Deborah Kahn, who was later named to be Philadelphia's Secretary of Education. [FELDMAN, S., 3-9-2000, p. 15] The Government Organization Committee included Leonard RossMark Adelman, and Alan KesslerMarty Weinberg was in Policy and Programs. Jewish Task Force transition leaders also included Ed SchwartzEmmanuel FreemanIra LubertMoshe PoratMarciarose ShestackDavid Marshall (Campaign Chairman for the Jewish Federation of Greater Philadelphia), Harold Goldman (president of Jewish Family and Children's Services), Michael BlumHarriet DichterKen JarinRobert FeldmanJohn BinswangerSteven Cozen and Rabbi William Kuhn. [FELDMAN, S., 12-2-99, p. 10]
 
Two weeks later the Jewish Exponent featured another article about the many Jews in mayor Street's entourage, joking to its Jewish audience that "the Jewish community is well represented in this round of appointments. In fact, if your name is not on the list, you just might feel left out." Appointments of Jews in city government included:
 
EducationShelly YanoffSandra FellmanTed Kirsch.
Government Organization SpecialistsBennett LevinLarry SilvermanMichael SklaroffRonald CaplanSandy Fox.
Policy and ProgramsStuart ShapiroEllen SolmsNeil SteinMax BergerRichard GreenSharon PinkensonRoseann RosenthalLarry CohenBart BlatsteinMarvin BlockHoward AsherJoseph ZuritskyMike MaschDeborah KodishAdele MangerStephanie NaidoffMarjorie SarnoffSandra SteinSallie GlickmanBrad BlumbergJeffrey BatoffJudith EdenKenneth GoldbergWendy RosenTed HershbergPaul LevyRonald RubinConnie Beresin,Howard KesslerLarry FrankelMichael KarpVicky WeitzmanJoel Posner, Rabbi Lina Grazier-Zerbarini and Sharon Weinberg. [FELDMAN, S., 12-16-99, p. 18]
 
In the same time frame, the Exponent also did an article about the visit of the Tel Aviv mayor to Philadelphia, noting that the two sites were "sister cities." "There has been, for a long time -- or as long as I can remember," noted the Chairman of the Jewish Federation, Joseph Smukler, "a special relationship between Tel Aviv and Philadelphia." [FELDMAN, S., 4-20-2000, p. 13] Among new mayor John Street's ceremonial tasks was to cut the ribbon to open Philadelphia's new "National Liberty Museum: America's Home for Heroes." The museum's Executive Director is Gwen Borowsky. Wealthy media mogul Irwin Borowsky founded the organization. He also is the founder of the "American Interfaith Institute, which aims to expunge anti-Jewish sentiment from editions of the New Testament." Borowsky's  museum, like so many these days, clearly aims to appropriate American patriotic heritage under the umbrella of Jewish Holocaust mythology. In the heart of Philadelphia, one of the icons of American heritage, the Liberty Museum features a second floor "hall of heroes [which] is studded with Holocaust memories." [MONO, B., 1-20-2000, p. 9]
 
And new Philadelphia mayor John Street's inevitable bending to Jewish Zionist concerns and their ties to Israel? In 1998, while still a city councilman, Street, his wife, and son were flown to Israel for eight days as a guest of a Philadelphia Jewish businessman, Joseph Zuritsky. Criticism of Israel, nor Jewish loyalties, was not the focus of a Philadelphia Daily News story about the trip. After all, as the paper observed, "Most of the potential candidates in the 1999 mayor's race, as well as MayorRendell, have traveled to Israel at some point in their careers -- and in most cases the trip was paid for or subsidized by one of several groups promoting closer U.S. ties to the Jewish state." These politicians courted by Zionists include Happy Fernandez, Doug Evans, and John White, Jr.) [BUNCH, W., 11-2-98]
 
Rather, the Daily News piece examined the economic self-interests of Zuritsky (the CEO of the Parkway Corporation, Philadelphia's major "parking lot developer"), in sponsoring Street's trip to the Jewish state. The future mayor's journey
 
     "was paid for by a parking-lot magnate at the same time his firm
      was lobbying the [City] Council for millions of dollars in low-cost
      financing for a Center City development ... Zuritsky said he had no
      motive in sponsoring the trip -- which had planning assistance from
      several local Jewish community leaders -- other than to educate
      Philadelphia's highest-ranking black leader about Israel and Mideast
      politics. He said he wanted to promote ethnic harmony." [BUNCH,
      W., 11-2-98]   
 
Among the critics of the trip was the president of the Philadelphia division of Common Cause, Barry Kaufmann, also Jewish.
 
But there's even more Jewish/Zionist politicking in Pennsylvania. In 2000, that state's governor, Tom Ridge (later the first appointment as U.S. secretary of Homeland Security), was awarded the "Friend of Zion Award" by the fundamentalist Orthodox Jewish organization Aish HaTorah and the city of Jerusalem. As noted by the Jerusalem Fund, Ridge's honor was based upon his "unbending support for the Jewish state." Just the year before Governor Ridge had received the Scopus Award from the American Friends of Hebrew University in Philadelphia. [PR NEWSWIRE,-24-2000]
 
Jewish/Israeli propagandizing influence in the African-American community -- from Los Angeles mayor Tom Bradley across the country to Philadelphia mayor John Street -- also includes Marion Barry [the African-American mayor of Washington D.C., famed when he was busted for cocaine possession in 1990. Barry's public relations "image maker" was David Abramson. [JAFFE/SHERWOOD, 1994, p. 98] (Max Berry, also Jewish, was prominent African-American D.C. city politican Walter Fauntroy's finance chairman.[JAFFE/SHERWOOOD, 1994, p. 94] John Hechinger, former chairman of the Washington DC City Council after fellow Jew Max Kampleman's appointment for the position had trouble with the Senate, "became a cornerstone in [Fauntroy's] organization." [JAFFE/SHERWOOD, 1994, p. 94, 62] Joseph Danzansky [CEO of the Giant supermarket chain] had links to the African American political community that allegedly spared his stores' from being burned in Washington DC riots). [JAFFE/SHERWOOD, 1994, p. 79] Barry also had a Jewish "longtime friend and campaign fundraiser": a wealthy real estate developer, Jeffrey Cohen [LAFRANIERE, S., 1-19-90] In Cohen's real estate hassles with city departments, note Harry Jaffe and Tom Sherwood (in their book about Washington DC politics), Barry was known to have lobbied in Cohen's behalf, having, for instance,

     "stepped in and recommended that the certificate [to build] be okayed ...
       [JAFFE/SHERWOOD, 1994, p. 158] ... Cohen, the former Boy Banker, had
      built his real esate empire with Marion Barry's help. The mayor had given his friend
       sweet-heart government leases and an $11-million city loan to prop up the grandiose
       Shaw redevelopment project. Cohen had repaid Barry with a pipeline into Jewish
       campaign contributions and a secret piece of a real estate deal in Nantucket ...
            [JAFFE/SHERWOOD, 1994, p. 305-306] Cohen says that he vascillated
      over the deal but he eventually agreed to make Barry a 10 percent partner
      in the $1 million building for the sake of Barry's son Christopher. Cohen
      then created a dummy corporation to hide Barry's stake. Four months later,
      on December 2, 1985, the mayor sent city councilman David Clarke a bill
      that would float $9 million in tax-exempt bonds for Cohen to use in the
      renovation of the Manhattan Laundry, a sturdy structure that Cohen wanted
      to turn into offices for himself. The bond passed, and once again the city
      picked up Jeffrey Cohen's tab." [JAFFE/SHERWOOD, 1994, p. 179-180]

(In a broader political sense, "Cohen's key to Republican power came through his association with E. Bob Wallach, a San Francisco lawyer who was an old friend of Ronald Reagan official [Ed] Meese's. Wallach would eventually be indicted in the Wedtech military contracting scandal and smear Meese in the process, but in 1985 he was Cohen's conduit to raw power. In a complex web that developed during the early 1980s, Wallach invested in Cohen's Washington real estate deals; Cohen helped get bank loans for Meese; and Meese gave Cohen and Barry entree into the White House.") [JAFFE/SHERWOOD, 1994, p. 161-162]

Jewish/Israeli influence in the Black community was also noted by the Jerusalem Post in 1996, in a piece headlined "The Israeli "Secret" Diplomacy Inside the Afro-American Community." As the Post observes:
 
     "There are 100 Black colleges and universities in this country but only
     41 are members of the United Negro College Fund presided over by
     William H. Gray, III, the ex-congressman. And he is the 'secret weapon'
     of Israel ... Black scholars, intellectuals and students are the new Israeli
     target group."
 
Softening African-Americans to Israeli propaganda is expedited by "Israel Cultural Days" at Black American colleges, visits by Ethiopian Jews (who, never stated, face, as Blacks, omnipresent racism in Israel: see Israel chapter), and vacations to Israel for seven presidents of African-American colleges to build "a new bridge between the academic community in Israel and the black academic community in this country." [NAHSHON, G., 3-96] In March 2002, a controversy arose about African-American politican H. Carl McCall's visit to Israel. As the New York Times reported:

     "When H. Carl McCall, the [New York] state comptroller and a Democratic
     candidate for governor of New York, visited Israel for three days last week,
     he insisted that it was an official state visit to allow him to inspect Israeli
     investments financed with the New York State pension fund. Even though
     Mr. McCall acknowledged that the trip could benefit his bid for governor,
     he said it would be paid for mostly by the state pension fund, rather than
     by his campaign. Yesterday, Mr. McCall's campaign acknowledged the
     existence of a photograph from that trip taken of the comptroller with
     a cocked M-16 held to his shoulder, conducting shooting practice at
     what his aides said was an antiterrorist camp at an undisclosed location
     in Israel." [NAGOURNEY, A., 3-12-02]

In 2001, after the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington DC, even Al Sharpton, the controversial African-American religious leader who had long been at odds with Jewish organizations, visited Israel. As Rabbi Shmuley Boteach explained, Sharpton was known as "someone who was antagonistic to the Jewish community. But I think anyone who knew him privately, Rabbi Schneier, myself, [knew] that was clearly not the case ... After September 11 ... he said to me that he wanted to make a bold gesture of reconciliation to the Jewish community ... I hope that all my Jewish brothers and sisters will extend not just an olive branch, but a warm hand of familial friendship, seeing Rev. Sharpton as a friend of the Jewish community, as a friend of the State of Israel." [FORWARD, 10-26-01] The Village Voice also notes that Sharpton has also been courted by Jewish New York mayoral candidate Mark Green who "took Sharpton and his wife to the opening of a performance of Judgment at Nuremberg, a Broadway play about the Holocaust. At the same time Green was trying to kosher Sharpton, he was riding his coattails to popularity in the African American community." [NOEL, P. 10-22-01]
  

With expanding Hispanic populations in Los Angeles, New York, and Florida (areas heavily populated with Jews), and rising Hispanic political power, Jewish attention in recent years has been shifting towards "coaltion building" also with Hispanics. This is despite the fact that Jews and Hispanics have little in common: Hispanics tend to be ardently Catholic and many are impoverished. Jews are the most affluent ethnic group in America, and dominant in the California garment factories that tend to hire Hispanic workers at low wages. But, as the (Jewish) Forward noted in 2001:

      "In the current Los Angeles mayor's race, Jews and Hispanics appear to be
     backing the same candidate, Antonio Villaraigosa, a former speaker of the
     state assembly, over his white opponent, former City Attorney James Hahn ...
     'I've always chided the pro-Israel leadership for not taking Hispanic leaders
     to Israel the way they do with blacks," said Linda Chavez, a conservative
     political thinker who was President Bush's first nominee for seceretary of
     labor. Such trips have in fact begun. Mr. Villaraigosa, the L. A. mayoral
     contender, visited Israel in 1999 with other Latino leaders on an ADL-
     sponsored trip. 'On Israel Independence Day he talked about how that
     impacted him," said the ADL's Mr. Lehrer." [DONADIO, R., 5-11-01]

(
Linda Chavez is married to Chris Gersten, former Executive Director of the Republican Jewish Coalition). [BESSER, J., 1-5-01] 

On May 31, 2001, during the last Los Angeles mayoral debate, KNX radio reporter Frank Mottek challenged Villaraigosa about his former secessionist ideology. The candidate did not respond directly to the question, however, but shielded himself with platitudes and his strong Jewish connections:

     MOTTEK: "It has been reported Mr. Villaraigosa that when you were at UCLA
      you were active in a Latino rights group which among other things says in its
       constitution  that it is in favor of forming a separate republic in the Southwest United
       States. Do you hold the beliefs of that organization as your own and do you still support the
      group and what do you tell kids that see this kind of stuff on the Internet?"
     VILLARAIGOSA: "I say that we have to do everything to combat hate and ignorance.
      I say that we need to do what the [Simon Wiesenthal] Museum of Tolerance has done.
      I know, because later in June I'm going to be honored by the Museum of Tolerance.
      I put together over the last six years more than 18 million dollars for this museum. I
      put money for this museum. That amount of money is unprecedented in the history
      of this state. I put money together for this museum because I agree with the Rabbis
      who work here. Rabbi May, Rabbi Cooper. I supported this museum because they
      have the tools for tolerance program in our schools and in our police department. I'd
      like to get the person that worked on that Website in one of those programs so that
      we can teach them the need to come together and not vilify one another. I'm proud
      of the fact that this is a great country. This is a country of opportunity and this is
      also a country of free speech. So I honor his right to free speech, I just hope that
      he works on the tolerance." [MOTTEK, F., 5-31-01]

In March 2002, New York politician David Weprin made the news when he -- ardent activist for Jewish causes (his mother is a Jew from Cuba) -- decided to spread his influence and seek membership in the the New York City Council's Black and Hispanic Caucus. Some of the members of this minority coalition rebuffed him. "The Weprin name is synonymous with Jewish affairs as it is with Queen politics ... Even if the Hollis Democrat [Weprin] has not identified as much with Hispanic causes," editorialized Newsday in support of his admission, "he is emblematic of a city in which many people claim multiple heritage." [NEWSDAY, 3-4-02]

Incredibly, Weprin, Jewish activist reinvented politically as Hispanic, had made the news on behalf of far-right Zionist causes just a few weeks earlier. As the Jewish Forward reported

     "A freshman New York City councilman is winning some powerful
     endorsements for his proposal to name a street in his native Queens after
     slain Israeli Tourism Minister Rehavim 'Gandhi' Ze'evi, who had urged
     the expulsion of Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The
     proposal by Democrat David Weprin, who chairs the City Council's
     powerful finance committeee, has won the endorsement of [Jewish]
     State Assemblyman Dov Hikind of Brooklyn, as well as Rabbi Avi
     Weiss 
of the Hebrew Institute of Riverdale in the Bronx ... The enthusiasm
     of some mainstream Jewish organizations for the street-naming proposal
     may be the latest sign of what communal leaders say is a new era
     in which it is no longer verboten for American Jews to discuss, or in some
     cases prokmote , Ze'evi's platform of 'transfer.' The term 'transfer' has
     come to refer to the mass removal of Palestinians from the West Bank
     and Gaza to other Arab countries by means that Ze'evi himself was often
     vague about. Most mainstream Jewish groups, from left to right, historically
     have rejected the doctrine as immoral." [CATTAN, N., 1-25-02]
The Jewish lobbying of American politicans towards Zionism and Israel is broad. In 2001, for example, mayor Ralph Appezzato of Alameda (near San Francisco) was one of 46 mayors from 25 countries to attend a special conference for mayors in Jerusalem sponsored by the American Jewish Congress. Wined and dined in Israel, upon returning, noted the Jewish Bulletin of Northern California, Appezzato now "wears the Lion of Judah pinned on his lapel. He also has a mezuzah [the traditional Jewish religious artifact on doorframes], ("slanted correctly -- my Jewish friends told me"). "Because of the intifada [the Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule which had so far taken hundreds of lives]," Mayor Appezzato told reporters, "tourism is down. It's absolutely wonderful to go to all the sites and not have to fight the crowds." [GOLDSMITH, A., 5-5-01]

In 2001, Jewish mogul Michael Bloomberg was elected to be the new mayor of New York City. The New York Times noted that mayor-elect Bloomberg, current mayor Rudy Giuliani, and New York governor George Pataki were planning a visit to Israel together on Bloomberg's private jet. "Their schedule," noted the Times, "would include visiting the sites in Israel that were recently attacked by suicide bombers, laying wreaths and meeting with Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and other officials." "It is an appropriate time to show the people of Israel that our prayers are with them," said Bloomberg. "It is an important trip, it is a brief trip, but when you really care you fit things in." "Events this week require that I be in Israel," said Governor Pataki. [STEINHAUER, J., 12-5-01] In February 2002, New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani was awarded the "Friend of Israel Humanitarian Award" by the Greater Miami Jewish Federation. "There is a very strong connection between Israel and the United States that's even deeper than the blood lines, " he told the Jewish dinner crowd, "The actual strength and depth of our connection is very simple: We're democracies." [DE VALLE, E., 2-11-2002]

In 2002, the Jewish-dominated New York City City Council decided it was an international body when it drafted a proposal "for the removal of the PLO from New York" (the United Nations offices are located in that city) but the State Department intervened to complain that "its passage could complicate cease-fire efforts in the Middle East." [RADLER, M., 4-25-2002]
 
What about Jewish political purse strings in Massachusetts? In 1998, the Jewish Advocate noted that
 
     "How well three local businessmen each raise funds -- while putting aside
     their friendship -- could have a major impact upon the governor's race in
     Massachusetts. Boston lawyer Richard Glovsky of Newton is chairing
     the finance committee of [state] Attorney General Scott Harshbarger's
     campaign, while nursing home magnate Alan Solomont and private
     investor Paul Egerman, both of Weston, are sharing these
     responsibilities in former state senator Patricia McGovern's camp.
     Both gubernatorial candidates are Democrats ... Egerman's wife, Joanne,
     and Glovsky are members of the board of directors of the Anti-
     Defamation League of B'nai B'rith's New England chapter."
     [GELBWASSER, M., 2-5-1998, p. 1]   

How about Jewish political prominence in San Francisco?
 Jewish scholar Seymour Lipset notes that, despite popular Jewish convictions of rampant anti-Semitism around them,
 
         "San Francisco provides an example of how some Jews can totally
           ignore reality. Polls taken among contributors to the San Francisco
          Jewish Community Federation have found that one-third believe
          that a Jew cannot be elected to Congress from San Francisco. A
          poll reported such results in 1985 when all three members of
          Congress from contiguous districts in or adjacent to the city were
          Jewish, as were two state senators, the mayor and a considerable
          part of the city council." [LIPSET, p. 156]
 
If modern San Francisco is so wonderful for Jews, where does Jewish anti-Semitic paranoia there come from, San Francisco's anti-Semitic past? Hardly. Earl Raab, an assistant director of the San Francisco Jewish Relations Council wrote in 1950 that
 
       "The Jewish community in San Francisco has been called, with reason,
       the wealthiest, per capita, in the country. There is, at the same time,
       a startling poverty of anti-Semitic tradition. San Francisco, for cities of
       its size, is the nation's 'white spot' of anti-Jewish prejudice ... At times
       Jewish citizens have concurrently held the presidencies of the Chamber
       of Commerce, the Community Chest, the Board of Education, Art, Fire,
       and Harbor Commissions, and many other appointive and elective
       posts; it is a situation that cannot be duplicated in any other city with
       a six percent Jewish concentration." [p. 230]

Not far from San Francisco, in 1998, in a celebration of Israel's 50th anniversary, a San Francisco Jewish ethnic newspaper noted that "costumed volunteers from Congregation Beth David in Saratoga, representing great 20th century Israeli leaders, will greet the crowd. Mayors Judy Nadler of Santa Clara, Donald Wolf of Saratoga and Ralph Faravelli of Mountain View, plus Santa Clara County Supervisor Joseph Simitian and Mountain View Councilmember Joseph Kleitman will head a ceremony introduced by Jewish community leader Dr. Steve Green." [JEWISH BULLETIN, 6-5-98]

What about Jewish influence in New Jersey, beside Jewish-dominated New York? "Key campaign strategists for the Democrats' U.S. Senate primary races," noted the New Jersey Jewish News in 2000, "are Jewish." Steven Goldstein was co-campaign manager for one candidate (the later primary winner), and Jim Lanard the director of strategic planning and spokesman for another. "Goldstein believes that his Jewish identity 'intensely' informs his career." Lanard studied Hebrew while living for a year in Israel. [FRIEDLAND, E., 6-1-2000, p. 13] Yet another Jewish behind-the--scenes New Jersey politico, Ira Cohen, was chair of the "pro-Israel" Draft Bob Grant Committee. Cohen noted that he has "no allegiance to anybody exclusive of my people -- the Jewish people, my family, my children and grandchildren, and how this country goes." [FRIEDLAND, E., 6-1-2000, p. 14]
 
What about Jewish influence in, of all places, South Carolina? Are there Jews close to the reins of power there, in a state where there are few Jews? In 2000, Sam Tenenbaum chaired Governor Jim Hodge's inaugural committee. Sam's wife, Inez, is the South Carolina Superintendent of Education. [GRESOCK, S., 8-3-2000] (Even in Utah, Joe Waldhotz, husband of non-Jewish Congressman Enid Greene, effectively destroyed his wife's political career after he committed a variety of crimes worth 21 months in prison. [DILLON, L., 5-29-99, p. A1] In Georgia, Dianne Harnell Cohen is the governor's deputy chief of staff). [ATLANTA JEWISH TIMES, 6-18-99]

How about non-Jewish, arch-conservative Republican senator Jesse Helms, from North Carolina? How was he conquered for the Zionist cause? Zionist journalist Sidney Zion tells the story of (infamous Jewish attorney, friend of mobsters, and political activist) Roy Cohn's dragging of Helms onto the Zionist bandwagon:

       "Senator Jesse Helms of North Carolina was the premier target of the Jewish lobby
     in his bid for re-election in 1984. It wasn't just that his voting record on Israel was
     terrible; the big thing was that Helms was in line to head up the Senate Foreign
     Relations Committee. Jewish money was flowing into the coffers of his opponent,
     the incumbent Governor James B. Hunt, and the election was attracting nationwide
     media coverage, particularly in New York. It looked like a toss-up, and Helms
     was very nervous indeed. What to do? Call Roy Cohn.
       Roy held a party for Helms, with a guest list made up of some of the richest
     Jews in New York plus a few wealthy goyim, who were either pro-Israel
     out of conviction or out of friendship with Cohn. That anybody in the city
     would show up at a bash for Helms was an act of friendship for Roy. Helms
     was being portrayed as practically the reincarnation of the Third Reich.
       When I got word about this party, I was appalled. I couldn't believe Roy
     Cohn would got this far. He was pro-Israel, whatever else his madness,
     he was consistently pro-Israel. How the hell could he allow his right-wing
     bullshit to bring him to this?
       But I'd never act moralistic with Roy Cohn.
       All I said was: 'How'd that Jesse Helms fund-raiser go?'
       'It wasn't a fund-raiser.'
       'Roy,' I said, 'I know you held a fucking fund-raiser for Jesse Helms.'
       'It wasn't that at all,' he said. 'It was interferon.'
       'What?'
       'Inteferon. To stop the flow of pro-Israeli money to Hunt. That's what it
     what it was about. We didn't ask anybody for a dime. We told them we
     we didn't want their money. And we didn't Jesse didn't need money. He
     only needed to cut off the other guy's money. Anyway it would have
     been stupid to ask these people for campaign contributions. Let's face
     it, they couldn't be caught dead backing Jesse Helms. So the cancer
     cure. Interferon.'
       'Did it work?'
       'Sure. Jesse will win the election.'
       'But why do you want that? You've always been for Israel.'
       'Jesse Helms isn't anti-Israel,' Cohn said.
       'How'd he manage to fool the world?'
       'He voted against some Israeli appropriations. He votes against
     appropriation bills all the time. He votes against the Arabs. He's an
     old-line Republican. Tha'ts all there is to it. I know him forever, he's
     not pro-Arab, he's not anti-Israel. He's for Israel.'
       Several months after Helms won re-election, he went to Israel with Roy
     Cohn. Within a week he was a total Israeli hawk, to the right of General
     Arik Sharon.
       When I next saw Roy, I said, 'Well, you're the only guy I know who
     cashed in markers for Israel.'
       He didn't even smile. He said, 'I told you, Jesse Helms was pro-Israel.'
       'But Roy, nobody knew it until you took him over there.'
       'I knew it,' Roy said.
       'Did he know it?'
       'He knows it now.' And now Roy Cohn smiled." [ZION, S., 1988, p. 264-265]

Atlanta, Georgia? In 2001, the Atlanta Jewish Times noted the Jewish dimensions of the race for mayor:

     "The vast majority of Atlanta's 86,000 Jews will not vote for mayor, since they
     live outside the city limits. But they will give money, and for good reason. Many
     work within the city boundaries ... The Jewish supporters who have decided [who
     to vote for] are primarily aligning themselves with Pitts and Franklin [the mayoral
     frontrunners]. Each has several Jews on his or her finance committee ... Dr. Larry
     Cooper
 ... ["a major Jewish supporter"] is chairing Franklin's finance committee."
     [POLLAK, S., 5-11-01]
In Miami, Florida, Elaine Bloom "has been a radio talk-show host, regional president of the National Council of Jewish Women and a top UJA activist. She recently stepped down as chief Florida fund-raiser for Israel's Bar-Ilan University." Ms. Bloom, notes J. J. Goldberg, "is one of the most powerful and longest serving Democrats in the Florida state legislature." [GOLDBERG, J. J., 1-28-2000, p. 12] In 1999, Donald Warshaw, Miami's powerful city manager, was fired after nearly two years in the position. He was accused of "spending $86, 563 in pension and charity funds on trips, designer clothes, $21,276 in hockey tickets and other things from 1993 to 1995 while serving as police commissioner." [WILSON, C., 10-11-2000]  Earlier, in 1993, Dade County Commissioner (Miami, Florida) Joe Gersten, also Jewish, was accused of smoking cocaine with a prostitute in a Miami drug den and subsequently fled to Australia. [DE FEDE, J., 3-16-94]
 
Also in Florida, in 1999, State Senator Al Gutman was sentenced to two years in prison for "conspiracy in a Medicare fraud case." Gutman and his wife Marci "secretly owned companies that billed Medicare for health care services that were not performed." He "collected at least $2 million from fraudulent billings while he served in the Legislature." [FIELDS, T., 10-20-99; FIELDS, T., 10-26-99] In 2002, Edward Mezvinsky, a former Congressman from Iowa, "was indicted on 66 counts of fraud and related charges for allegely bilking more than $10 million." Those signing letters to the court trying to get him off easy were Edward Shils (a University of Pennsylvania professor, Jonathan Yarowsky, a former genral counsel to the U.S. House Judiciary Committee, and Rabbi Gerald Wolpe. [MOORE, T., 1-9-02] In 2002, the Nashville (Tennessee) Vice Mayor, Ronnie Steine, "withdrew from the 5th District Congressional race ... after admitting he shoplifted from a Target Store ... and [he] says he has been cited one other time for stealing from the same store." [KNOXNEWS, 4-28-02]
Jewish interest in political activity is not always, of course, expressly linked to Israel and other Jewish causes. The Las Vegas Review noted the case of Arthur Goldberg in 1999. Goldberg heads Park Place Entertainment, the largest casino/hotel conglomerate in America (Cesar's PalaceBally's, et al). "The New Jersey Casino Control Commission," noted the paper,
 
     "criticized Goldberg and faulted his judgements for allowing his company
     to pay the Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives  $240,000
     during a 1994 campaign to legalize casinos ... Goldberg wasn't here to
     hear the decision [of the Casino Control Commission] ... [He] was
     hosting President Clinton at a $10,000 per plate Democratic fund-raiser
     at the company's Paris Las Vegas hotel-casino." [WEINERT, J., p. 2D]
 
Elsewhere, intensive Jewish lobbying and Jewish money to secure special treatment for fellow Jews around the world has long been a tradition. A 1999 article in the Boston Globe noted the special treatment Jews get in trying to get refugee status to America from Russia (nearly three-quarters of a special refugee program for Russian cases, mostly claiming anti-Semitism, are Jews):
 
     "In other troubled parts of the world, would-be refugees must show
     they are being persecuted or have a "well-founded fear" of persecution
     ... But applicants from the former Soviet Union need only show 'credible
     basis' for concern that they might face persecution. Such vague
     standards left INS employees uncertain what assertions were
     acceptable to win refugee status. But they said they soon learned
     from their superiors that a claim of a minor act of discrimination,
     such as being denied a promotion or a raise, was acceptable, without
     any need for verification. The majority of the 275,000 who emigrated
     here through the program were men, women, and children of Jewish
     heritage ... An attempt to end the program now could prove costly to
     Democratic candidates, especially to Hilary Rodham Clinton, who
     has taken steps to court Jewish voters in New York state." [KURKJIAN,
     p. A1]
 
One INS "superior" told the Globe, "I'll admit the program is more generous than elsewhere, but that's what Congress mandated." Dan Stein of the Federation of American Immigration Reform testified to Congress that "This program has been documented to be so loosely administered that it has served as a conduit for the settlement of a strong refugee mafia to take root in the United  States." [See the chapter on Jewish dominance in the "Russian Mafia"]. "Added one INS interviewer," says theGlobe, "who asked for anonymity: 'The prevailing attitude was that Congress had passed the ... amendment loosening the restriction for Jews to enter as refugees and we weren't to stand in the way of putting up numbers' ... Refugee status is an immigrant's dream. Refugees are entitled to special benefits, including welfare of eight months, health insurance, employment services, and instruction in English as a second language for 18 months, that are not available to foreign visitors with work visas. And it allows for them to petition for U.S. citizenship after five years." [KURKJIAN, p. A1]
 
Jews across the world have long been a crucial issue for American Jewry, and the Jews of Russia have been of paramount concern to them since the late 19th century. In the early years of the twentieth century, says J. Bruce Nichols, "the American Jewish Committee brought Jewish concern [about Russian Jews] into the political and economic mainstream by forcing Congress to terminate the eighty year-old treaty regulating U.S. commercial ties with Russia ... The [Congressional] vote [on ending the treaty in support of Jewish interests] firmly established the AJC as a force in the conduct of the nation's foreign affairs." When Turkey in 1914 expelled over a thousand Russian Jews from Palestine, "several U.S. Navy ships were used to transport them to safety in Alexandria, Egypt. In March 1915 the U.S. Navy shipped 900 tons of [American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee] relief supplies to Palestine; a second shipment courtesy of the government followed the next year ... According to a report filed in July 1916 by the U.S. Consul in Jerusalem, only 18,000 of the 82,000 Jews in Palestine were self-supporting; the rest depended on American charity." [NICHOLS, p. 33-34]
 
American immigration policy towards Soviet Jews parallels that of guilt-ridden Germany where a 1991 law "gives preferential treatment to Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union ... Once in Germany ... they enjoy a wide range of government benefits intended to aid their absorption, including employee retraining, German language programs, subsidized housing, free health care and generous welfare payments. After a seven-year residency period, they may apply for German citizenship." [FISHKOFF, 8-8-97]  In 1990, there were 29,000 Jews in Germany; within seven years Russian immigrants pushed the number to 90,000. "Given the prevailing pro-Israel atmosphere in reunited Germany," notes Sue Fishkoff, "where Holocaust education is being introduced in the five new [German] states and where Israel and the German Jewish community's affairs feature prominently in the daily news, it would be political death for any [German] community leader or business mogul to come out against giving money to a Jewish cause." [FISHKOFF, 8-8-97]

After World War II, Jewish organizations discretely lobbied to get 100,000 European Jews to American shores. As Peter Novick describes the efforts:

     "Two thirds of the million-dollar budget of the lobbying operation was underwritten
     by the family of Lessing Rosenwald, the most prominent American anti-Zionist.
     The goal of the campaign's initiators was to bring in 100,000 Jewish survivors.
     But since it was impolitic and contrary to American tradition for legislation to
     specify the religion of immigrants, and since Jews were estimated to comprise
     25% of all DPs [displaced persons], they pressed for a law that would bring
     in a total of 400,000 DPs over four years. To this end, the Citizens' Committee
     on Displaced Persons was established -- ostensibly nondenomenational, but
     in fact largely funded and staffed by Jews ... The CCDP ... systematically
     downplayed the presence of Jews among the DPs ... [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 81-82]
      ... In late 1948 a Jewish journalist charged in the New York Post that a high
     proportion of non-Jewish DPs were Nazi collaborators. The allegation was
     denounced in the Jesuit magazine America as 'anti-Christianism' quite
     comparable to ... anti-Semitism.' An open breach between Jewish and
     Christian groups was only narrowly averted." [NOVICK, P., 1999, p. 89]
In the U.S. in the 1970s, concerted Jewish pressure on Congress to force the Soviet Union to allow Jews to emigrate to Israel, and America, resulted in an attachment to a trade bill that afforded "most favored nation status to the Soviet Union on the condition that it lifted its emigration restrictions ... When emigration ... swell[ed] to an annual high of 51,000 in 1979, Congress also expanded its financial assistance with the relocation of Soviet émigrés in Israel. In 1976 it appropriated more than $100 million for that purpose ... [The American Congress began funding Israeli refugee-absorption programs as early as 1951] [NICHOLS, JB, p. 110]  ... In contemporary refugee work there is no parallel to U.S./Israeli cooperation in the modern aliyah[immigration to Israel]. Since the founding of Israel the United States has played a critical role in financing the immigration." [NICHOLS, JB, p. 145]
 
And what has this Jewish protectionism, and special U.S. governmental favoritism, to Jewish immigrants from Russia provided the United States, and the world? As Robert Friedman, author of a book on the "Russian Mafia," notes,
 
     "Most of [the first wave of Jewish Russian immigrants, beginning in
     1975] settled in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, which became a ground
     zero for the Russian mob. And then over the course of the next
     15 years, they expanded from a neighborhood extortion group to
     a multi-billion dollar international crime cartel ... [They], along with
     corrupt oligarchs of the former Soviet Union, had looted Russia, had
     stolen everything that wasn't nailed down ... [Thousands of Jewish
     criminals] all pretended they were [Jewish Russian Zionist activist
     Natan] Sharansky ... [They] came [to America] under the guises, under
     the banner of Jewish refuseniks who were fighting for freedom, for
     religious freedom." [PENKAVA, M., 5-3-2000]
 
As Martha Birsch, an assistant attorney for the U.S. Organized Crime and Racketeering Strike Force, notes, "We view Russian organized crime as definitely a growing and potentially very serious threat in the United States ... Russian organized crime is fairly unique in that it is ... truly international in scope." [PENKAVA, M., 5-3-2000]
 
The Jewish American lobby demands special concessions for fellow Jews all over the world. During the politically delicate Israeli airlifts of Jews from Ethiopia to the Jewish state too, "the [U.S.] government had few options but to allow minority interests within the Jewish community to determine its policy." [NICHOLS, JB, p. 145]  In the case of Ethiopian Jewish refugees in Sudan, "at Israel's request," notes Jacob Abadi, "Washington promised [Sudan] an increase of $200 million in economic aid in return for a commitment to allow the Falashas to fly out of Sudan." [ABADI, 1999]  Even during the 1979 Iranian revolution, notes J. J. Goldberg, "the INS [Immigration and Naturalization Services] was ordered to exempt Jews and Bahais from the harsh treatment being meted out to Iranians at the border." [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 184]
 
But Russian Jews have long been especially dear to the American Jewish heart (millions of American Jews trace their roots to that country) and again and again American foreign policy bends to Jewish will. A 1986 press report noted that "the status of Soviet Jews has emerged in advance as a central topic at the Reagan-Gorbachev meeting ... This development made an arms control-human rights/Jewish emigration linkage a fact of life in superpower negotiations."  "Rarely," noted New York Timesreporter David Shipler in 1987, "has there been as much harmony between an administration and an interest group as there is now between the Reagan administration and the organizations campaigning on behalf of Soviet Jewry." [BEKER, A., p. 448]
 
In 1999 intensive Jewish lobbying efforts were still calling the shots in American-Russian foreign policy. "President Clinton," noted the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "has rejected an appeal by Russian President Boris Yeltsin to repeal a law that conditioned U.S.-Russian trade relations [the Jackson-Vanik Amendment] on the freedom of Jews and others to leave the country ... [Yelstin spoke to Clinton] as the American Jewish Committee reprinted in full-page ads in the New York Times and Los Angeles Times a letter to Yeltsin from all but one of the 100 members of the U.S. Senate threatening to end economic and political support for Russia unless Yeltsin confronted the rise in anti-Semitic rhetoric." [DORF, M., 6-23-99, p. 7]
 
Among President Bill Clinton's other extraordinary favors for the Jewish lobby was the one that concerned America's new 1996 spy satellite. "Israel has demanded special treatment," noted the (London) Daily Telegraph, "deploying America's influential Jewish lobby to head off what it viewed as a major threat to its national security." Clinton administration policy ultimately decided that the spy satellite would not be used to view Israeli territory -- the only nation on earth afforded such treatment. [WARREN, M., 9-9-96, p. 28]
 
In 1988, the Palestinians declared themselves an independent nation. Palestinian leader Yassar Arafat requested a visa to visit the United States to speak to the United Nations (whose formal home, of course, is in New York City). Anti-Palestinian Jewish/Zionist influence was so strong in American government that Arafat's request was refused. In response, notes Israeli Amnon Rubenstein, "in an unprecedented action, the United Nations then moved the entire General Assembly to Geneva, Switzerland, so that Arafat could speak during a special session on the question of Palestine. A total of 154 countries supported the resolution, with only the United States and Israel voting against it." [RUBENSTEIN, A., p. 141] Ten years later, in 1998, always following Israeli dictates as United States Middle East foreign policy, the U.S. resisted popular world opinion again. By a United Nations vote of 124 to 4, Palestinians were provided "the right to take part in the [UN] General Assembly and reply to ... speeches; to co-sponsor resolutions on Middle East issues" as part of its newly afforded "super-observer" status. "In Washington," noted the New York Times, "the State Department condemned the vote in strong terms. The department spokesman,James P. Rubin, said the Clinton Administration considered the vote an unnecessary and untimely mistake." [CROSSETTE, B., 7-8-98]
 
Under continuous Jewish pressure, in 1995, Congress finally passed an act with profound political implications in the Middle East, requiring that the United States embassy in Tel Aviv be moved to Jerusalem (an action that is widely viewed in the Middle East as an American sanctioning of Jewish claims to all of Jerusalem as its capitol. The move is so detrimental to the Israeli-Arab "peace process" that the actual change has yet to be carried out). [GERSHKOFF, 1999]
 
For years the Jewish/Israeli lobby has fought to get the United Nations to rescind its November 1975 resolution that formally declared: "Zionism is racism." One of the avenues to this accomplishment was the United Nations purse strings (in conjunction with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the communist bloc), of which United States contributions by the 1980s amounted to about 50% of the U.N.'s economic base. [Mrejen, p. 67] In August 1985 the United States Congress approved the "Kassebaum Amendment" which substantially cut U.S. subsidies to the world body, precipitating for it a financial crisis. In a 1998 article in Israeli Affairs, Jewish author Emmanuel Mrejen complained about the injustice of "unbridled majoritarianism" (i.e., the system of one nation, one vote) of the UN, a voting design that usually functioned negatively for the powerful western nations. And Israel. "Israel," wrote Mrejen, "should support [U.N.] reforms aimed at limiting the disastrous effects of majoritarianism [i.e., democratic voting], which both permitted the success of the anti-Israel propaganda at the UN and deeply discredited the UN itself ... As explained by [Israeli] professor Yehuda Blum, the charter of the United Nations 'has been eroded over the years under the deleterious effects of the dictatorship of the majority.'" [MREJEN, p. 81] By the 1990s, thanks primarily to Jewish and American pressures upon the world community, the UN resolution equating Zionism with racism was rescinded.
      
(A refreshingly uncommon approach to the "Zionism is racism" issue was that of Jewish-born poet Allen Ginsberg. "He told me in our 1992 interview," says Roger Kamenetz, "that he agreed with the former United Nations resolution stating that Zionism is racism. 'And the fact that everybody is so screamingly angry that Zionism can't be called that is even worse.'") [KAMENETZ, R., 1994, p. 151]
In 2002, Iraq's deputy prime minister, Tariq Aziz, publicly complained about the U.N.'s handling of its planned investigation of an alleged Israeli massacre of Palestinians in the West Bank town of Jenin. Israel refused to cooperate. As London'sGuardian observed:

     "[Iraq] accused the United Nations of double standards yesterday for imposing
     sanctions on Baghdad for 11 years, but failing to take any action against Israel
     for blocking a fact-finding inquiry into military action at the Jenin refugee camp ...
     [Iraqi official] Aziz said [the U.N.'s] handling of the Jenin fact-finding issue
     was proof of double standards, arguing that while the UN stood firm [under
     U.S. pressure] on its resolutions on Iraq, it had done little in the face of Israel's
     resistance to security council resolutions, even those supported by the U.S."
     [MACASKILL, E., 5-2-02]

Jewish and Zionist interests are also increasingly molded into the U.S. government via the Anti-Defamation League. The ADL -- founded in the early 20th century to diffuse hostility towards Jews and, later, to also promote Israeli interests -- today functions as a kind of private ethnic police agency. The ADL, accused by some critics as having links to Israeli's Mossad spy agency, has for decades morphed into various U.S. police and security organizations, providing spy information about what it defines as "hate" groups (those deemed "anti-Semitic" are of course the most important to them). [The ADL was caught spying, on the full political spectrum of political organizations -- many critical of Israel -- in the early 1990s -- See the Anti-Semitism
chapter]. With a yearly budget of nearly $50 million, it also provides indoctrination to its own interpretations of ethnic, religious, and racial "tolerance" (Any of the many, many racist and chauvinistic expressions of Jewish and Israeli intolerance are NEVER part of the curriculum).

In February 2002 the Los Angeles Times reported that the ADL had "announced a new partership with law enforcement agencies to help deal with hate crimes and extremists ... For much of its history, officials said, the Anti-Defamation League has worked with law enforcement to combat bias and hate crimes, but the creation of the committee formalizes this relationship and brings more agencies together ... Law enforcement groups [involved in the ADL closure] include the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, the Los Angeles police, the Highway Patrol, the FBI, the state attorney general's office and agencies from Bakersfield, Palm Springs, Pasadena, Riverside, San Bernardino and Santa Barbara." Also, that same month, the Jewish Bulletin noted that "the [San Francisco-based] Anti-Defamation League has been working with local and federal law enforcement in Salt Lake City to monitor extremist activity at the Winter Olympics." [GOLDSMITH, A., ADL WORKING, 2-2002] In other words, a private Judeo-centric, pro-Israel propaganda organization has become institutionalized as an active, formalized part of the American law and security system.

Ironically, the ADL's record with the U.S. government has not necessarily been stellar. Jewish Hollywood mogul Dore Schary -- national chairman of the ADL from 1963-69 -- was, for example, noted in FBI reports as a "strong communist sympathizer." [WILCOX, L., 1999, p. 61, 62] "Ironically," notes Laird Wilcox,

     "FBI records reveal that Dore Schary was not the only ADL operative whose
     alleged communist 'links and ties' caught the FBI's attention. Other references
     are made in FBI internal documents to David Edelsburg, director of the ADL's
     Washington office, as a member of the National Lawyers Guild. A reference to
     Gilbert J. Balkin, director of the Florida Regional Office of the ADL, and his
     wife Revy, alluded to 'links and ties' with the Council for American-Soviet
     Friendship and the Southern Conference for Human Welfare and noted that
     they are 'alleged communist front organizations.' It also noted that Revy
     Balkin 
was editor of a monthly newspaper called the Miami Beacon that 'was
     always in accord with the Communist Party line." [WILCOX, L., 1999,
     p. 63]
     
(As Wilcox underscores, even if such alleged ADL communist links were circumstantial, this is the methodology used very often by the great Jewish organization itself against those it singles out as having associated with "racists," "Nazis," "anti-Semites," etc.)
 
Jewish money talks in many ways in American political life;  some of the committed rich can even take on less overtly Jewish issues  -- virtually alone -- that are dear to them. In 1998 Jewish multi-millionaire Ron Unz, for instance, embarked on what may be a new trend; by "will and wealth," noted the New York Times, he was the founding -- and central -- force in successfully lobbying the public to wipe out bilingual education in California. The head of a voter's initiative that he instigated, its advertising costs totaled $1.2 million, of which he personally contributed $700,000. [BRUNI, p. 1, 30]
 
In 1999, William Pfaff, a commentator in the Los Angeles Times, noted with profound pessimism that:
 
     "As the United States approaches the 2000 presidential race in which
     more money will be spent than ever, the fact must be faced that America
     has become a plutocracy. Money rules government. The transformation
     is probably irreversible ... Many Americans undoubtedly do not
     realize that other nations do not run their politics in this way ... The
     unrecognized but crucial reality, however, is that even if Americans
     should come to recognize what has happened, and should wish to
     restore the democratic foundations of their republican form of
     government, they could change nothing. Established constitutional
     interpretation and legal precedent, and the power of money in the
     legislative process, now can prevent any fundamental change."
     [PFAFF, p. 9]
 
Although crucial and overwhelmingly dominant, money is not absolutely everything in the American political system, of course. There are other political dimensions within which Jews are omnipresent also. "The benefits Jews demand for access to government becomes especially evident when we see the extent to which Jews have relied upon the state and the public economy to achieve positions of influence and status in American society," says Benjamin Ginsberg, "... Protestants tend to derive their positions mainly from activities in the private sector and Catholics from trade union leadership. Jews, on the other hand, have depended primarily on the media, foundations, and public interest groups, and appointed government posts to achieve positions in the American political and social elite." [GINSBERG, p. 103]
 
Jews -- as 2.5% of the American population and 6% of its electorate -- have proven to be twice as likely to vote in political elections as other Americans. Almost half of all Jews live in the most populated states -- New York and California, states that account for 166 electoral votes in Presidential elections. These factors -- their clustering in important states, their disproportionate proclivity to vote, their profound financial influence, and their deep sense of Jewish/Israel "causes" --   make Jews potentially pivotal in any Presidential election. Whitfield notes that
 
       "About a quarter of the voters in New York state ... are Jewish. In
        1976 they went about 80% for Carter over Gerald Ford, enabling the
        Democrats to carry the state and with it the Presidency. Had Carter
        and the incumbent evenly split the Jewish vote of New York, Carter
        would have lost the state and with it the White House. Thus, the
        influence of a tiny minority is magnified in an incorrigibly anti-
        majoritarian, winner-take-all system; and that is why their attitudes
        and impulses have counted ever since the political alignment that
        began in 1932." [WHITFIELD, Am Space, p. 93]
 
In Bill Clinton's successful bid for the American presidency, and reelection, he also garnered 80% of the national Jewish vote. [ROTH, B., 10-11-99] As conservative Rabbi Daniel Lapin disdainfully observed, "More than 80 percent of Jews voted for the man whom nearly 60 percent of American voters rejected." [LAPIN, D., 1999, p. 293]

In 2001 the Jewish Forward also has noted the implications of Jewish voting power:

     "The available evidence on Jewish voting patterns, when examined closely,
     shows that the Jewish community is in fact an extremely potent political
     force in the United States and will remain so for years to come ... Jews are
     strategically located in the places that make the most difference on Election
     Day ... Jews are concentrated and communally active in all [the "swing states"],
     especially Florida, Pennsylvania and California. This has been true for
     decades, even if it did not get national attention until November 2000,
     when Mr. Bush, by some interpretations, won his presidency thanks to
     thousands of Florida Jews who unwittingly cast their votes for Pat
     Buchanon ... True, a majority of Jews vote Democratic. However, a study
     of Jewish voting habits during the past century shows that enough Jewish
     vogters -- some 30% -- will switch parties to punish a candidate who takes
     positions they dislike. In states such as Florida and California, in which
     Jews number 4% to 6% of the electorate, a 30% swing can tip the scales
     in a close election ... In 1972, for example, when Jewish support for the
     Democrats was at record highs, the party's candidate was the liberal
     isolationist George McGovern. So controversial was Mr. McGovern's
     stand on the Middle East that Israel's ambassador in Washington at the
     time, Yitzhak Rabin, went public with his preference for Richard Nixon.
     In that election, 16% of the Jewish vote shifted away from the Democrats.
     An even greater Jewish exodus accompanied the 1980 re-election bid of
     President Carter, just months after his administration voted for an
     anti-Israel resolution in the United Nations Security Council. In both
     case, the defecting Jewish votes made up a significant portion of the
     Republican victory margin ... What all this means is that the Jewish vote
     countes. While most Jews will not base their votes on the issue of Israel
     alone, if at all, a large portion apparently will switch parties when a
     candidate seems threatening to the Jewish state ... Thus, Jewish communal
     identity remains politically potent. If the strident pro-Israel stances taken
     in the most recent presidential election are any indication, the politicians --
     if not the rabbis -- have already figured this out." [HELMREICH, J., 4-6-01]
 
As early as 1947, the year before Israel proclaimed its nationhood, a political advisor to President Harry Truman -- in discussing upcoming elections -- noted that "Jews hold the key to New York and the key to the Jewish voters is what the Administration does about Palestine [Israel]." [GROSE, p. 218] "Zionist influence increased exponentially during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations," notes J. J. Goldberg, "because the affluence and influence of Jews in American society had increased. Jews had become vital donors to the Democratic Party; they were key figures in the organization's labor movement, which was essentially the Democratic Party." [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 158]
 
In 1961, in a meeting with David Ben-Gurion at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City, President John F. Kennedy told the Israeli Prime Minister, "I know I was elected because of American Jews. I owe them my election. Tell me, is there something that I can do for the Jewish people?" [TIVNAN, p. 56]  Among favors for Jewish lobbyists were the facts that Kennedy "was the first president to provide arms (the Hawk missile) to Israel. In the months prior to his assassination, he was preparing for conferences on Soviet treatment of Jews." [WEINSTEIN, L., 1985, p. 5] (The "third man" in Jacqueline Kennedy's life -- after the president and Aristotle Onassis -- was Maurice Templeton, a Jewish diamond merchant who became Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis's financial adviser after her second husband's death in 1975. Templeton "is said to have turned her $26 million inheritance into $100 million." Templeton moved in with Ms. Kennedy Onassis in 1982, and lived with her until her death in 1994. [O'Clery, p. 8]  Jacqueline's daughter by JFK, Caroline, married Edwin Schlossberg -- also Jewish. For that matter, even the wife of President F. D. Roosevelt, Eleanor, in later years had a similar Jewish "close friend and frequent traveling companion" -- David Gurewitsch, her physician. There are even existent FBI documents alleging, based in part on a tape recording, that she had an affair with a Jewish American socialist leader, Joseph Lash, in 1943. President Roosevelt was informed of these items. At the time of the alleged affair, Lash was the Executive Secretary of the American Student Union; he had met the president's wife while testifying at a Senate investigation of left-wing political activities in the United States. In 1972 Lash wrote a Pulitzer-winning book about the Roosevelts.) [FISHER, J., 1-31, 2000; BIRMINGHAM POST, 2-3-2000, p. 5]

Dorothy Kearns Goodwin's book about the Roosevelts notes the intensity of the Eleanor Roosevelt-Joe Lash (under investigation for communist activity) relationship like this:

       "Although public concerns dominated the thoughts and activities of the president and
       the first lady in the early months of 1942 ... Eleanor seemed obsessed by her
       relationship with Joe Lash; and the president, as always, seemed to be removed from
       everybody, in spite of his ever-tolerant, ever-cheerful manner." [GOODWIN, D.K.,
       1995, p. 334] ... On the third  floor of the White House, Eleanor set aside a room for
       Lash to use whenever he was on leave [from the army]. On her desk she placed an
       enlarged photo of Lash. 'I want to be able to look at you all the time,' she explained. In
       addition, Eleanor told Joe to call her collect at the White House whenever the president
       was away at Hyde Park, and to 'know that her love was there for him always. No other
       engagement can't be given up, if there is a chance to see you!' ... In the White House,
       Eleanor waited anxiously for his letters and calls. 'Your telegram came,' he happily
       noted. 'I could have kissed the telegram. I was so glad to have word from you.'
       [GOODWIN, D.K., 1995, p. 337] Eleanor was not the central person in Joe's life that
       spring, however. For more than a year, he had been involved with a fellow worker at the
       International Student Center. Trude Pratt. The situation was complicated, since Trude
       was still married to Eliot Pratt, a wealthy man who was threatening to keep the children if
      she divorced him ... Eleanor had promised Lash before he went into the army that she
       would give up any other engagement if she had a chance to see him. Despite the
       pressure of an almost inhuman schedule, she kept her promise. No sooner was Lash       transferred to weather-forecasting school at Chanute Field than Eleanor journeyed to
       Urbana, Illinois, to see him ... Three weeks later, Eleanor joined Joe Lash again, this
      time at the Hotel Blackstone in Chicago. Here, too, they stayed in Eleanor's room most
       of the day. In the afternoon, they went out for a walk; in the evening, Lash was so
       drowsy that he fell asleep on the bed while Eleanor stroked his forehead. 'I loved just
       sitting near you while you slept ...,' Eleanor later wrote. But the pleasures Eleanor
       derived from her time with Lash were quickly dispelled when she was told by a hotel
       employee that her room had been bugged. For weeks, it turned out, Lash had been
       under surveillance by the army's Counter-Intelligence Corps. Mistakingy convinced that
       he was part a communist conspiracy, the CIC had been reading his mail and trailing
      him wherever he went. When the first lady's telegram arrived, inviting him to join her
      at the Hotel Blackstone, the CIC bugged her room. Apparently unconcerned about the
       impropriety of spending two weekends in adjoining rooms with a young serviceman,
       Eleanor went to see Hopkins as soon as she returned and pleaded with him to find out
       what was going on. Hopkins took the matter to General Marshall, who confirmed that
       Mrs. Roosevelt's room had indeed been bugged. When the president learned that army
       agents had put his wife under surveillance without presidential authorization, he was
       furious. Moving quickly to take action against everyone responsible, he ordered an
       immediate shake-up of the army's intelligence operations, including the disbanding
      of the CIC. In addition, military orders were drawn up to send Lash overseas, along
       with his entire group of weather forecasters." [GOODWIN, D. K., 1995, p. 420] 
 
After JFK, the presidential successor was Lyndon Johnson whose treasurer for his first Senate campaign was a member of a prominent Texas Jewish family, James Novy (he was also the regional chairman of the Zionist Organization of America). Other Jewish appointees when Johnson became President included Abe Fortas as a Supreme Court Justice (he ultimately resigned in 1969, after controversy over his "extrajudicial" activities, including financial links to convicted Jewish financier Louis Wolfson), [MURPHY, B., 1983, p. 4-5] Wilbur Cohen (Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare), Arthur Goldberg (Kennedy's Secretary of Labor) as the ambassador to the United Nations, Walter Rostow as the National Security Adviser,Walter's brother Eugene as third in power at the State Department, the "intellectual in residence" John Roche, and Abe Feinberg as a close personal aide. Arthur Krim, the head of United Artists was notable as an important Democratic Party fundraiser. (He also had an Israeli wife). Such men, notes Edward Tivnan, "were avid supporters of Israel." [TIVNAN, p. 59; PLESUR, M., 1982, p. 143]
 
During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, notes Steven Spiegel, "the administration was filled with people sympathetic to Israel," including "John Roche and Ben Wattenberg, two speechwriters on the White House staff .. Sheldon Cohen, Chief of the Internal Revenue Service ... Arthur Goldberg as Ambassador to the United Nations and Eugene Rostow as Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs." [SPIEGEL, S., p. 128] Other pro-Israel, influential Jews in President Johnson's circle included lawyers Ed Weisel and David Ginsberg -- Ginsberg even counted the Israeli embassy itself as a client. Johnson also reportedly developed a close personal friendship with Israeli ambassador Ephraim Evron; he was often invited to Johnson's home. [SPIEGEL, p. 129] Two of Johnson's "closest advisers" were also Jewish, Abe Fortas and Edwin Weisel, Sr., both of whom "felt deeply about the security of Israel." [HERSH, S., p. 126]  In evaluating President Johnson's political career, his wife, Lady Bird, once noted that "Jews have been woven into the warp and woof of all his years." [HERSH, S., p. 128]
As Jewish author James Yaffe noted in 1968, "Many Jews go to work for the government. Though it is impossible to determine to what extent they are actually making policy, they do have key positions in all the departments of the cabinet, even the formerly sacrosanct State Department." [YAFFE, J. 1968, p. 224]

Johnson's Republican nemesis for the presidential election in 1964 was Arizona senator Barry Goldwater (ancestor's name: Goldwasser), whose father was Jewish. Goldwater never forgegrounded a Jewish identity and was known as an Episcopalian:

      "The Senator had gotten his start in Arizona politics in 1949 when Harry
      Rosenzweig, son of a pioneer Phoenix jeweler, persuaded him to run for
      the Phoenix City Council on a better government ticket. Both were elected.
      The Senator readily admits that he learned his politics at the knee of his uncle
      Morris [Goldwater]. Morris, Mayor of Prescott [Arizona] for twenty-two years,
      was a Democrat ... After Barry Goldwater's [non-Jewish] wife Peggy died, the
      Senator remarried in 1992. Harry Rosenzweig, Barry's life-long personal and
      political friend, remarked with a smile, 'Susan Wechsler is a very nice Jewish
      woman.'" [SOUTHWEST JEWISH ARCHIVES, Spring 1993]
 
In June 1967, during Johnson's presidency, one of the most infamous (and much-hushed up) incidents in Israeli-American relations occurred off the coast of Israel: a United States spy ship, the USS Liberty, alone and unprotected in international waters, was repeatedly strafed, bombed, napalmed, and torpedoed by Israeli jets and ships. 34 Americans were killed and over 130 others were wounded. The Israeli government provided a formal apology, claiming that it was a case of mistaken identity. The United States government officially agreed. Most of those who were on the ship believed this to be a blatant lie: the attack upon Americans was deliberate.
 
In 1979, James M. Ennes, Jr., a surviving officer of the destroyed ship, wrote a book-length expose (published by Random House) about what he, and others involved with the poorly-armed ship, felt was a massive "cover-up" in the American government about the incident.  After watching the close and careful inspection of the ship by circling Israeli planes, and researching government and CIA documents, Ennes explains the reason for the subsequent Israeli attack, (six bombing and strafing passes from jets overhead and three torpedoes from a nearby Israeli ship). Ennes spotted the Israeli exploitation of an old, old Jewish theme: the insistence of categorical innocence. In the context of Arab-Israeli hostilities, and the Six Day War of 1967:
 
     "The Israeli government was acutely aware of President Johnson's
     warning: the American president had told [Israeli] Foreign Minister
     Eban that he would support Israel only in self-defense, not attacks
     against her neighbors. It was important, then, for Israel to be seen
     as an innocent victim fighting off hoards of wild-eyed Arabs. Not
     surprisingly, Israel claimed that nearly everything she did was in
     self-defense ... Now, with the war virtually over and with the world
     crying for peace, could Israel put troops in Syria without being
     seen as an aggressor? Probably not. Not with the USS Liberty
     so close to shore and presumably listening. Liberty would have
     to go ... The invasion of Syria just a few hours after the attack
     on Liberty came as a surprise to most of the world. There seemed
     to be no connection between the two events, and writers who
     claimed to see a connection had no facts to back up their
     speculative stories. They had no facts because the facts were
     kept from them." [ENNES, p. 212-213]
 
Eventually, frustrated at an enforced censorship upon all ship crewman to keep them from speaking freely to the press about what had occurred, the Liberty's engineer officer, George Golden, among others, secretly leaked their feelings to an Associated Press reporter, charging that both their experience and all evidence pointed to a deliberate, and planned, Israeli attack upon the ship, fully realizing that it was American. In response, the (Jewish) American ambassador to Malta, George Feldman, notes Ennes, "berated Golden by telephone for the unauthorized news leak (still assumed to have originated with some undisciplined seaman), and then dispatched a Navy lieutenant to follow up in person ... Feldman held key positions in the Democratic National Convention and in 1965 was appointed to an ambassadorship by President Johnson." [ENNES, p. 167-168] The USS Liberty story soon was dropped from attention by the nation's media.
 
One of the ship's officers, Jim McGonagle, was eventually awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions during Israeli attack. But Ennes observes that it was done with as little publicity as possible:
 
      "Why was the presentation made by the Secretary of Navy? And why
      in the Navy Yard? Medals of honor are ordinarily presented in the
      White House by the President with great fanfare and elaborate
      ceremony. McGonagle's medal should have been awarded with
      no less pomp. A naval officer with the medals and awards told me
      the story: 'The government is pretty jumpy about Israel,' he said.
      'The State Department even asked the Israeli ambassador if his
      government had any objection to McGonagle getting the medal.'
      'Certainly  not!' Israel said. But to avoid any possible offense
      McGonagle's citation does not mention Israel at all, and the award
      ceremony kept the lowest possible profile." [ENNES, p. 194]
 
And the consequences of the Jewish nation's deliberate attack upon the American ship? Ennes notes with disdain that "a few days after the war, the government of France reneged on a contract for delivery to Israel of fifty Mirage fighters. The United States, in turn, began negotiations with Israel for delivery of fifty Phantom F-4 fighters." Less than two years after the destruction of the Liberty, 120 Israeli pilots were being trained in the United States about their new American-built war planes. [ENNES, p. 196-197]
 
In a 1974 volume on Jews in the American political process, Stephen Isaacs noted that
 
       "the most respected political reporter of the day (David Broder)," "the
       best known political media expert (David Garth)," "the top political
       filmmaker"(Charles Guggenheim, [who noted in later years that "the
       broadcasting industry is dictating how the political process in the
       United States is to be carried out," ROWE] "two of the three
       principal national public opinion surveyors (Louis Harris and David
       Yankelovitch)," "the most successful popular political historian
       (Theodore White)," "the leading authority on campaign financing
       (Herbert E. Alexander)," "the pre-eminent producer of political radio
       commentary (Tony Schwartz)," and "the best known political satirist
       (Art Buchwald)" were Jews. So also were "many of the most
       prominent political fund raisers, leading political speechwriters, and
       the Chairman of the Democratic National Convention."  Four of the top
       Presidential candidates in 1972 had Jews as part of their "top managerial
       entourage." [ISAACS, p. 7-8]

In 2001, the New Jersey Jewish News reviewed a biography (entitled "Wild Man: The Life and TImes of Daniel Ellsberg") about Daniel Ellsberg (the man who leaked the infamous "Pentagon Papers" about the Vietnam War during the President Richard Nixon administration). Ellsberg's parents were both Jewish. "Richard Nixon roundly cursed Ellsberg," notes the News,

     "but Nixon on this occasion didn't invoke any anti-Semitic slurs. Ellsberg, it
     seems, just wasn't Jewish enough to provoke that sort of name-calling. Yet the
     un-Jewish character of the Ellsberg affair is all the more remarkable for the
     extraordinary number of Jews involved in the case. How often have so many
     disparate American Jews taken center stage in a national event? To name just a
     few, we have Leslie Gelb, the chief author of the Pentagon Papers; Henry
     Kissinger
, Nixon's national security adviser and Ellsberg's former Harvard
     colleague; Leonard Weinglass and William Kunstler, two of Ellsberg's attorneys;
     Max Frankel and Arthur O. Sulzberger of the New York Times, which first
     published the secret papers; Sidney Zion, the maverick reporter who named
     Ellsberg as the leaker; Seymour Hirsh, the investigative journalist and one of
     Ellsberg's close friends; Barbara Streisand, who sang to raise money for
     Ellsbeg's legal defense front; Louis Marx, the toy tycoon and Ellsberg's
     father-in-law; Bernard Barker, the Washington burglar; Noam Chomsky,
     an outspoken Ellsberg defender; and Ellsberg's countless Jewish colleagues
     and acquaintances at Harvard, at the RAND corporation, in the government,
     and in the anti-Vietnam War movement ... Before, during, and after the Pentagon
     Papers episode, Ellsberg was an egomaniac, a narcissist, a braggart, a liar and
     compulsive fantasist, a drug abuser, a negligent husband and father, indeed a
     serial adulterer [and] pornography collector." [NESVISKY, M., 9/6/2001]
 
Jews also of course make the important social rounds. In 1976, notes Lenni Brenner, "Israel Bonds put on a fashion show in Washington. Among the models were Mrs. David Brinkley, Mrs. Martin Agronsky, and Mrs. Dan Rather. It is also revealing that some of the other models were Mrs. Henry Jackson, wife of the pro-Israel 'Senator from Boeing,' Mrs. Joseph Sisco, wife of the ex-Under Secretary of State. Present were the wives of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Secretary of Defense, the Attorney General, and the Head of the Federal Reserve Board. Obviously some leading TV news people are too close to the Zionists." [BRENNER, p. 326]
 
"Selling has become the most important aspect of politics," adds Isaacs, "and selling is what many Jews have had to do for centuries. Their major role in merchandizing and advertising, for instance, represents a natural extension of history and tradition ... Since promoting is a sophisticated concomitant of selling, it is unsurprising to see the descendants of Europe's mercantile class appearing now as political advertising consultants, media specialists, speech writers, campaign managers, [and] mail-order fund raisers." [ISAACS, p. 29] "Jews not only staff domestic service agencies," notes Benjamin Ginsberg, "but are ... extremely active in the public interest groups, think tanks, consulting firms, and universities that develop the domestic state's policies and are funded by its grants." [GINSBERG, p. 152]

The fulcrum of the massive and continuous Israeli lobbying effort in Washington DC is the American Israel Public Action Committee (AIPAC). (Its original title was the American Zionist Committee for Public Affairs.) [KENEN, I., 1981, p. 107] AIPAC was founded in 1953, notes Steven Siegel, when "the tension between the [Eisenhower] administration and Israeli supporters was so acute that there were rumors (unfounded as it turned out) that the administration would investigate the American Zionist Council. Therefore, an independent lobbying committtee was formed (which years later was renamed [AIPAC]." [SPIEGEL, p. 52]
 
50,000 dues-paying members strong, AIPAC has an annual budget of $15 million and offices in eight cities. "It's endorsement," says Paul Findley, "usually results in contributions from the nearly 100 pro-Israel political action committees around the country." [FINDLEY, DEL, p. 95] In 1987 the New York Times wrote that AIPAC "has become a major force in shaping United States policy in the Middle East ... [t]he organization has gained power to influence a presidential candidate's choice of staff, to block practically any arms sale to an Arab country and to serve as a catalyst for intimate military relations between the Pentagon and the Israeli army. Its leading officials are consulted by State Department and White House policy makers, by senators and generals." [FINDLEY, DEL, p. 96]  AIPAC's Israel lobby, notes Richard Curtiss, has "the power to pump up to a million dollars into the campaign coffers of any friendly member of Congress, or into the campaign of the opponents of an unfriendly member." [CURTISS, p. 12] 
 
"A lobby is a night flower," says AIPAC research director Steve Rosen, "-- it thrives in the dark and dies in the sun." [RAVIV, p. 326]  (Another version of this strategy of behind-the-scenes intrigue is past World Zionist Organization president Nahum Goldmann's comment about Zionism itself: "With us, the watchword is confidentiality." [GOLDMANN, N., 1978, p. 47] ) "I believe in political loyalty," said the AIPAC president in 1992, "If someone has been good for Israel, no matter who -- if my brother would run against them -- I would support them because they'd been good to Israel." [FINDLEY, p. 105]
 
"So great is the perceived power of AIPAC to mobilize financial support for pro-Israel candidates -- or to challenge those perceived as hostile," notes Martin Sieff, "that this year [1999], as is usually the case, around half the members of the Senate and one-third of the House of Representatives were expected to attend the policy banquet at [AIPAC's annual] conference." [SIEFF, 1999] 
 
Hedrick Smith noted in the New York Times that AIPAC had become a "superlobby ... [It] gained so much political muscle that by 1985 AIPAC and its allies could force President Reagan to renege on an arms deal he had promised to [Jordan's] King Hussein. By 1986, the pro-Israel lobby could stop Reagan from making another jet fighter deal with Saudi Arabia; and Secretary of State George Shultz had to sit down with AIPAC's executive director -- not Congressional leaders -- to find out what level of arms sales to the Saudis AIPAC would tolerate." [FINDLEY, Del, p. 97] If things go as planned, said AIPAC director Thomas A. Dine, "if there is a Secretary of State who is not positive about Israel, he will not be able to overcome the bureaucratic relationship between Israel and the United States that we have established." [FINDLEY, Del, p. 98]

As Michael Massing noted in the Los Angeles Times in 2002, during the bloody Palestinian revolt against oppressive Israeli rule and the American government's reluctance to restrain Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon's vicious reprisals upon the Palestinian people:

     "The American Israel Public Affairs Committee focuses on Congress. Long
      regarded as one of the most effective foreign-policy lobbies in Washington,
      AIPAC has an annual budget of $19.5 million, a staff of 130, and some 60,000
       members. From its office near Capitol Hill, it researches issues, tracks legislation
      and lobbies Congress. Most of all, it gives money--lots of it. Between 1997 and
      2001, the 46 members on AIPAC's board together gave political candidates and
       parties well in excess of $3 million, or an average of more than $70,000 apiece.
      Many of its members give money as well. Much of this money is distributed
      through a network of pro-Israel political action committees. Recipients include
      many key members of Congress on both sides of the aisle, from Democratic Sens.
       Barbara BoxerCharles E. Schumer and Paul Wellstone to GOP Sens.
       Christopher S. Bond, J. Dennis Hastert and Trent Lott. It is not surprising, then, that
       Congress tends to go along with whatever AIPAC wants. What AIPAC wants,
       meanwhile, is determined by its wealthy and powerful board of directors, which is
       united in its commitment to a strong Israel and to securing unwavering U.S. support
       for it. Since Sharon became prime minister, AIPAC has steadfastly backed him. With
      the United States coming under strong international pressure to rein in both Israelis
      and Palestinians, AIPAC has pressed the Bush administration to crack down on
       Arafat--and leave Sharon alone. Thus, last fall, when U.S. Secretary of State
      Colin L. Powell was preparing a new peace initiative with Zinni serving as a special
       envoy, AIPAC sent a memo to its members in the field, urging them to meet with
      their congressional representatives and press them to keep the administration off
       Israel's back. The memo, notes a former AIPAC official, was part of 'an aggressive
       campaign to get AIPAC members to call on their congressmen to put pressure on
      the administration not to send Zinni to the region. Their emphasis was clearly to try
      to minimize any effort by the administration to say Israel must exercise restraint.' That
      effort has largely succeeded." [MASSING, M., 3-10-02]
 
In 1994 Neal Sher was appointed the head of AIPAC. He was formerly the director of the Justice Department's Office of Special Investigations (OIS), the department that sought to curry Jewish favor by allowing Israel to extradite, and execute, Cleveland factory worker John Demjanjuk on fraudulent charges that he was Nazi mass murderer Ivan the Terrible. Sher replaced Tom Dine who was forced to resign, alas, for classical anti-Semitic comments about Orthodox Jews:
 
      "I don't think mainstream Jews feel very comfortable with the Ultra-
      Orthodox. It is a class thing, I suppose. Their image is 'smelly.' That's
      what I'd say now you've got me thinking about it. Hasids and New York
      diamond dealers." [FRIEDMAN, p. A10]
 
A few days later the AIPAC vice president, Harvey Friedman, was also forced to resign for calling Israel's deputy foreign minister a "little slime ball." [WEISSKOPF, p. A23] In yet another top AIPAC resignation the year earlier, the St. Louis Dispatchnoted that
 
     "AIPAC president David Steiner was forced to resign abruptly after he
      was secretly tape-recorded bragging about AIPAC's influence over State
      Department appointments in Bill Clinton's administration." [LIPMAN, p.
      5D]
 
Despite the fact that Steiner confirmed the obvious, Pat Buchanan, a 1996 candidate for the Presidency, attracted massive Jewish accusations of "anti-Semitism" for his widely reported comment that the United States Congress was "Zionist occupied territory." "On Middle East policy," says former Undersecretary of State George W. Ball, "Congress behaves like a bunch of trained poodles, jumping through the hoops held by Israel's lobby." [FINDLEY, p. xxvii] Former Ambassador to the United Nations Donald McHenry has complained that "because of the [Israeli] lobby's influence, our government is unable to pursue its own national interests in the Middle East." [FINDLEY, p. xxvii]
 
AIPAC supports the Near East Report, a weekly newsletter sent to all Congressmen, and important academic, media, and governmental officials. It has also published Myths and Facts foregrounding its "facts" to favor Israel, and The Campaign to Discredit Israel, a volume that functions as a blacklist against those who have opposed excessive Zionist influence in America. 21 organizations and 39 individuals were listed "who are active in the efforts to weaken the bonds between the United States and Israel, who seek to enhance United States-Arab relations at the expense of Israel, or who perform paid services to Arab governments pursuing these goals." The Anti-Defamation League's version of the same defamations is Arab Propaganda in America: Vehicles and Voices. [FINDLEY, p. 102-103]  AIPAC also, notes the White House Weekly, "carefully monitors the pro- or anti-Israel voting records of every congressman on Capitol Hill. A word from its publications can unleash Niagras of financial support for pro-Israel candidates for national office from Maine to New Mexico. Senators and others hostile to the Jewish state, conversely, find immensely well-funded political action campaigns (PACS) springing up overnight to arm their opponents once AIPAC has pointed the way." [SIEFF, 1999]
 
Gregory Slabodkin, who was formerly employed at AIPAC, notes that "To date, revelations about AIPAC's blacklisting and smear tactics have barely scratched the surface of the pro-Israel lobby's secret activities ... AIPAC operates a covert section in its research department that monitors and keeps files on politicians, journalists, academics, Arab-American activists, Jewish liberals and others it labels 'anti-Jewish.'" [FINDLEY, DEL, p. 103] AIPAC files exist for a variety of people; national politicians or governmental administrators include former Chief of Staff John Sununu, former Reagan Secretaries of Defense Caspar Weinberger and Frank Carlucci, Former President Jimmy Carter and former Democratic Presidential candidate George McGovern, Senate Minority Leader Robert Dole, Republican Senator John Chafee, House Majority Whip David Bonior, and Democratic Representatives John Conyers, John Dingell, Mervyn Dymally, Mary Rose Oakar, Nick Joe Rahall, James Traficant, Jr., among others. [FINDLEY, p. 104] Liberal Jews afforded files included Richard DreyfussBarbara StreisandPeter Yarrow, and Woody Allen. [FRIEDMAN, Israel, p. 26] "The most insidious aspect of the files," said Murray Potner, former editor of the American Jewish Committee's magazine Present Tense, "is that it leads to enormous self-censorship in the Jewish community. When they track progressive Jews, they are trying to intimidate." [FRIEDMAN, Israel, p. 26]
 
"Although it is Israel's registered foreign agent," says Jane Hunter, "AIPAC is also a networking mechanism for national and regional Jewish leaders, many of whom sit on its governing bodies ... [HUNTER, p. 188] ... Of particular concern to Jews who have never felt that the pro-Israel network represented them, it's actions only confirm the old shibboleth of the anti-Semites: that Jews control the media, that they conspire to control the government." [HUNTER, p. 191] AIPAC was even criticized by some Israelis in the context of intra-Israeli politics: "[The] new government in Israel ... include officials who have harshly criticized AIPAC for a pro-Likud [right-wing] tilt." [BESSER, J., 5-21-99, p. 26]
 
In 1997, a group of former public officials took legal steps all the way to the Supreme Court to break AIPAC's veil of secrecy and try "to force AIPAC to register as a political action committee and disclose its contributors." AIPAC's lawyers included Thomas Olsen, an assistant attorney general under Ronald Reagan, and former California Congressman Mel Levine. As the (Jewish) Forward noted, "Whatever the nine justices decide ... AIPAC's involvement on the edge of political funding is likely to attract continuing scrutiny." [FORWARD, 10-3-97, p. 1]
 
In 1986, Israeli Ze'ev Chafets (an immigrant from America) followed Lori Posner, an AIPAC national organizer, to a series of Jewish activism meetings throughout the "boondocks" of America -- the likes of Nebraska and Louisiana. "Money is no problem for us," she told him, "... I'm not out here looking for rich Jews. I'm looking for activists."  "People who can make a difference [in the American political system]," adds Chafets,
 
     "become what are known as 'key contacts.' Ideally, they have a personal
      relationship with a member of Congress or a senator, or have political
      chits they can cash on behalf of Israel. Given the extraordinarily high
      degree of Jewish involvement in politics, it isn't too hard to find key
      contacts -- Lori estimates that AIPAC has them for about ninety percent
      of the members of the House of Representatives, and ninety-eight
      percent of the Senate." [CHAFETS, MEMBERS, p. 42-43]
 
Democratic, Republican, or anything else, so long as they adhere to the single issue of support for Israel, AIPAC is interested in them. "AIPAC," notes Chafets, "is an aggressively nonpartisan group, and there is room for everyone." [CHAFETS, p. 42-43]  "Our [Zionist] movement," declared Cleveland rabbi and Zionist leader Abba Silver in the 1940s, "is not wedded to any one political party. We have strong and warm friends in both." [UROFSKY, M., 1978, p. 58] Or, as Jewish journalist Wolf Blitzer puts it, "those American Jewish political activists who are most successful in supporting AIPAC are those who are Zionists first, Democrats or Republicans second." [BLITZER, p. 132]

From Israel, the Jerusalem Post ran an article in 2001 about the Jewish Americans who live there -- both Democrats and Republicans -- who are united on this fundamental pro-Israel issue:

      "The local chapters of Democrats Abroad and Republicans Abroad
       have come together with the Yisrael Ba'aliya Israel Citizen's Information
      Council
, a project of the immigrant party's 'Anglo Department,' in an effort to
      impact American policy toward Israel ... Democrats Abroad and Republicans
      Abroad, organizations whose primary role is regeistering Americans in
      Israel to vote by absentee, act as vehicles for their members to express
      political views and try to influence American policy ... Yisrael Ba'aliya
      director-general Eli Kazhdan said ... many voters who have moved from
      America ... care deeply about both Israel and America. 'We don't see it
      as interfering with American policy,' Kazhdan said. "It's not politicians
      who are doing this. It's grassroots people who have dual citizenship."
      [HOFFMAN, G., 11-23-01] 


In American, AIPAC's aim is not to let either party, Democratic or Republican, be popularly perceived as a "Jewish" party. As the Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted in 1999:
 
     "Incensed at President Clinton's plans in March 1998 to pressure
     Israel with a public blueprint for peace with the Palestinians, Jewish
     Republicans turned to Capitol Hill. But as Republican senators lined
     up to voice their opposition to the White House, the American Israel
     Public Affairs Committee stepped in. The effort could not be partisan,
     the pro-Israel lobby argued, pushing the National Jewish Coalition
     aside. It took a two-week, bruising lobbying campaign by AIPAC
     before 81 senators [of the total 100] would sign a letter to Clinton
     pledging to oppose United States pressure on Israel." [DORF, M.,
     5-12-99, p. 7]
 
Clinton's catering to Jewish interests, its money, and its vote was usually a mainstay. During the 1992 presidential campaign, the Washington Post reported on its front page that "Clinton today charged that [Presidential rival George] Bush administration rhetoric has helped create an atmosphere in which 'overt anti-Semitism  is more acceptable.'"  [EDSALL, p. A1]  "In its new strident rhetoric, public and private, against Israel, against the Jewish community," Clinton told the Jewish Community Relations Council, "the reference to how the Jewish community will vote in elections ... that sort of thing, this [Bush] administration has ever so subtly ... broken down the taboo against overt anti-Semitism. And that is very, very dangerous at any time.'" [EDSALL, p. A1]
 
(All politicians must pander to the Jewish lobby. On another occasion Clinton told the Jewish Leadership Council, "If I ever let Israel down, God would never forgive me." In 1992, Republican Vice President Dan Quayle told the American Israel Political Action Committee, "Fellow Zionists, Israel and the United States need each other. We benefit from each other and our alliance is unshakeable because it rests on two firm pillars -- strategic interests and common values." [HARTUNG, J., 1995] )
 
"AIPAC has placed its supporters into the highest reaches of the Clinton White House," later noted Village Voice reporter Robert Friedman, echoing the same observation in the Jewish Forward. [FRIEDMAN, p. 26] AIPAC is so entrenched there that in 1992 AIPAC's legal counsel, David Ifshin, was also legal counsel for the Clinton Presidential campaign. Another overt activist at AIPAC, Richard Schifter, was a senior foreign policy adviser in the Clinton administration. [FRIEDMAN, p. 26] This is an old theme. Bernard Rapoport began membership in the Democratic National Finance Committee in 1976. He was also a member of AIPAC and the Jerusalem Committee. Philip Klutznik, the Secretary of State under President Carter, once even noted that Diaspora Jews were "a creative part of contemporary Zionism ... fully legitimate and enduring." [WALDEN, p. 216]
 
In the 1980s, prominent Jews in and around the White House who formed an informal AIPAC "advisory group" included John Lehman, eventual secretary of the Navy in the Reagan administration; Elliot Abrams, eventual assistant secretary of state for human rights; Max Kampelman, the head U.S. arms control negotiator (for President Carter, Kampelman  headed the U.S. delegation to the Committee for Security and Cooperation, and for President Reagan he headed the U.S. delegation for nuclear arms negotiations with the Soviet Union); [STARR, J., 1990, p. 143] Ben Wattenburg at the American Enterprise Institute; and legislative aides to senators, like Jay Berman and Ken Davis.  [BLITZER, p. 123]  In 1982, referring to the many national Jewish organizations that work together towards influencing American policy, Nathan Perlmutter, then head of the Anti-Defamation League, noted that, "in a sense our organizations have served as a sectarian government (albeit not elected by the popular Jewish vote) within a secular government, that of the popularly elected legislative and executive branches of the American government." [PERLMUTTER, p. 69]
------------------------------------------------------------------

 27 (pt. 2)
GOVERNMENT



"The Jews have been through their traumas," a [Jewish] Democratic politican explained, "Be we have always survived. We are a separate and destined people. I have no illusion that the U.S. is paradise. America is Babylon. We must ask the question, 'Do we want death by assimilation? Do we want death by intermarriage? Or do we want to preserve our traditions?"
-- from Jonathan Reider, 1985, p. 47


With all these political factors about Jews -- as well as the evidence from the rest of this volume -- what hypotheses might we make about the recent configuration of the Clinton Democratic White House? Open discussion about Jewish influence in American politics is forbidden, says Israeli commentator Israel Shahak, "which in my view is due to their great political influence in general and their predominance in the media in particular. The Hebrew press [in Israel] does not have such inhibitions. This is due, among other reasons, also to the fact that the power of the state of Israel depends to a considerable extent on its ability to use the organized American Jews and their power for its own interests." [SHAHAK, BAR-YOSEF, Jews Who]
 
As reported in the Israeli magazine (1994), Ma'ariv, by Avinoam Bar-Yosef, and translated from the Hebrew by Shahak, seven of eleven top members of President Clinton's National Security Council -- "Senior Directors and Advisors to the President" --  were Jewish. (The NSC's purpose is to "advise the President on domestic, foreign, and military policy related to national security;" members routinely include the President, Vice-President, Secretaries of State and Defense, and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.) [ENCY BRIT, 1993, v.8, p. 550] The Jewish contingent (here included as translated from Bar-Yosef's article, with misspellings) included:
 
         Sandy Berger -- Deputy Chairman of the National Security Council
         Leon Perth -- White House Chief of Staff
         Martin Indyk -- Middle East and South Asia
         Dan Schifter -- Western Europe
         Don Steinberg -- Africa
         Richard Feinberg -- Latin America
         Stanley Ross -- Asia
 
Other Jewish members of the President's Office were:
 
         Abner Mikva -- Presidential Schedule and Programs Manager
                                     (new Attorney General). In his first position,
                                     Mikva succeeded another Clinton-appointed
                                     White House counsel, Bernard Nussbaum
         Ricky Seidman -- Deputy Chief of Staff (Communications)
         Phil Leida -- Economic Advisor
         Robert Rubin -- Media Advisor (later Chairman of the National
             Economic Council)
         David Heiser -- Staff Director
         Alice Rubin and Eli Segal -- in charge of volunteers
         Ira Mezina -- in charge of health program
         Rehm Emmanuel -- Senior Advisor for coordinating White House
                                          Special Projects
 
Stanley Greenberg is Clinton's pollster. "Greenberg has been advising Clinton since his 1990 [Arkansas] gubernatorial campaign." [WOODWARD, p. 25]
 
Even before Clinton was elected, the National Review noted in 1992 that
 
      "Michael H. Steinhardt says he is 'singularly proud' of the weighty
      role played by the upstart Progressive Policy Institute in supplying
      advice and advisers to Bill Clinton's presidential campaign."
      [NATIONAL REVIEW, 5-9-92]
 
Steinhardt is also Jewish, and a big financier of the Birthright Israel program, which seeks to pull young American Jews to deeper links to Israel. He was also a "target [in] a government bond manipulation scandal that's sparked outrage in Congress." [NATIONAL REVIEW, 5-9-92] The Progressive Policy Institute is a wing of the Democratic Leadership Council, headed by Al From (Jewish too), who is "also a top Clinton adviser." Vice Chairman of the DLC is David Steiner, former president of AIPAC, who was forced to resign that position when he was secretly tape-recorded bragging about how he manipulated American government on behalf of Israel. "We have a dozen people in his [Clinton's] headquarters," the then-president of AIPAC had noted for the tape,"and they are all going to get big jobs." [MOTHER JONES, 5-3-01] Progressive Policy Institute associate Robert Shapiro was also a staff economist for the Clinton campaign. 
 
More importantly and prominently, by 1996 Jews held the following cabinet-level positions in the Clinton administration: 
 
          Robert Reich -- Secretary of Labor.
 
          Mickey Kantor -- Secretary of Commerce. (Kantor has
                been a member of the national advisory council for AIPAC. In
                1994, notes Fred Goodman, Kantor "threatened trade sanctions
                against China ... Although  the [Clinton] administration refused to
                make a trade issue of the Chinese government's political and
                human rights abuses, it was ready to play hardball to stop the
                manufacture of unlicensed compact discs and videos. The
                commercial piracy, which the entertainment industry estimates
                cost  it as much as $2 billion a year, was the kind of issue that
                was near and dear to the hearts of [DavidGeffen and Time-
                Warner, who had given the Democratic National Committee a
                whopping $400,000 in 1992. [GOODMAN, p. 378]  Also in 1994,
                notes Barry Rubin, the world trade agreement "was negotiated by
                Jews representing both the United States [Mickey Cantor] and
                Europe [Leon Britton]. [RUBIN,  p. xii] France's Foreign
                Minister,  Dominique Strauss-Kahn is also Jewish (1994); Jean
                Bernard Levy is France's Chief of Staff for the Ministry of
                Industry. In England, an economic counterpart is Peter
                Mandelson, who resigned in 1998 as that country's Trade
                and Industry Secretary after it was discovered "he had failed
                to declare a large loan from Geoffrey Robinson, who resigned
                as Paymaster General the next day." [OTTAWA CITIZEN, p.
                A7]  By 1993, even Palestinian leader Yassar Arafat had a French
                Jew, Gabriel Banon, as his peoples' chief economic advisor.
                Banon was once a "close advisor" to former French prime
                minister George Pompidou. Banon also claims to have done
                "favors" for U.S. presidents Gerald Ford, George Bush, and
                Ronald Reagan. [BERLEY, M., 6-22-96] (Stanley Cohen
                was even the lawyer in 1995 for "senior Hamas official"
                Moussa Mohammad Abu Marzook, who was jailed in New York
                City. "All the Israeli press, " Cohen said, "wants to know how a
                Jew can represent the head of Hamas. I ask them, 'How can a Jew
                NOT represent the head of Hamas?'") [WALKER, R., 9-11-95]
                A Jew, Robert Butkin, can even be found as the state treasurer of
                 Oklahoma. [SCHREINER, B., 8-16-2000] (Even in the 1880s, when
                a Jew, Simon Wolf,, was the American ambassador to Egypt, 

                a Jew, (Julius) Blum Pasha, was Egypt's Finance Minister!)
                [PANITZ, D & E, 1957, p. 98]
          Robert Rubin -- Secretary of the Treasury. ("Rubin," noted the
                Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "is known for his pro-Israel stance."
                [BATOG, p. 2]
 
          Dan Glickman -- Secretary of Agriculture. (At a second term Clinton
                 inauguration party, Glickman asked "every organization, every
                 Jewish organization to take another step forward and outreach to
                 Jews." [DORF, BEHIND, p. 1]

In 1996, FBI agent Gary Aldrich, for five years assigned to do background
checks on White House personnel, noted that when Glickman was
nominated to be the Secretary of Agriculture:
"The FBI had yet to begin its background investigation into Congressman Glickman, but already congressmen from both parties -- including the new Republican majority stepped forward to praise him. Again, it seemed as though our investigation would be superflous ... When Glickman's case wasn't finished in the usual thirty days because of serious questions that needed answers, the White House pressured the FBI to complete the probe. One of us [FBI agents], not me, threatened to go to the Washington Post if the pressure from the White House didn't stop ... Meanwhile, the media began its own investigation and reported that there were some questions about bad checks Glickman had written on the House Bank and about dependents of Glickman using congressional credit cards. The media unearthed that Glickman, a millionaire whose wife worked for Congress as chairperson of the Arts Subcommittee, was alleged to have misused congressional funds for personal business. There was some talk of 'traffic tickets.' More shocking were reports that Glickman's administrative assistant had committed suicide, but not before accusing him, in writing, of misuse of funds. She left instructions to submit these allegations to the House Ethics Committee in the event of her death. The House Ethics Committee, however, apparently took no action. Nevertheless, the Senate -- the Republican Senate -- stood by its former congressional colleague and confirmed Glickman the day before April Fool's Day by a vote of ninety-four to zero. I felt the world had been turned upside down. I was disgusted and disheartened." [ALDRICH, G., 1996, p. 162-164].

Charlene Barshevsky -- Special Trade Representative
            John Deutch -- Director of the CIA. Appointed in 1995, "first,"
                 noted the [Jewish] Forward, "he made a series of personnel
                 changes, appointing David Cohen as deputy director of
                 operations and giving the organization's executive director,
                 Nora Slatkin, broad, unprecedented authority over the deputy
                 directors." [FORWARD, p. 9-29-95, p. 7]  Deutch's
                 grandfather, Jean Fischer, was a prominent Zionist and friend
                 of the first Israeli president, Chaim WeizmannFischer headed
                 the Zionist Federation in Belgium. A town in Israel, Kefar Yonah,
                 is named in his honor. [STOLL, p. 7] 
                     Israel's Jerusalem Post noted, in a 1996 article, the situation
                 for Jews in the CIA: "Jews fill top positions in the U.S.
                 intelligence community. In the CIA alone, intelligence sources
                 say, Jews fill four of the CIA's seven directorates and the agency
                 is headed by John Deutch, a director described by one Israeli
                 intelligence source as being 'so traditional in his Jewish outlook
                 that he practically wears a kippa [traditional Jewish skullcap]."
                 [RODAN, p. 20]  (Also in the intelligence realm, a Jewish senator,
                 Arlen Specter, was by the mid-1990s chairman of the Senate
                 Intelligence Committee). By the 1960s, Samuel Halpern was the
                 "executive officer of Task Force W"-- the CIA team set up to kill
                 Cuba's Fidel Castro; Sidney Gottlieb, "who could produce a
                 lethal virus or poison on demand" was a "scientific advisor" to
                 CIA assassination projects; and Arnold Silver was the CIA
                 station chief in Luxemberg, also involved in plans for worldwide
                 political murders. [HERSH, S., 1997, p. 191] Journalist Alexander
                 Cockburn noted Gottlieb as the "US official poisoner" who "for
                 many years, most notably in the 1950s and 1960s ... presided over
                 the CIA's technical services division and supervised preparation of
                 lethal poisons, experiments in mind control and administration of
                 LSD and other psycho-active drugs to unwitting subjects."
                 [COCKBURN, A; GOTTLIEB] 

Jewish "counter-culture" publisher Paul Krassner notes also that
                "Tim Leary told me about the use of acid by
                 Herman Kahn, director of the Hudson Institute and author of
                 On Thermonuclear War ... When we met, his assistant, Anthony Wiener,
                 was there -- he was the conduit for CIA funding of the MK-UL-TRA
                  project,  which used LSD in behavior-modification experiments with
                  unaware subjects." [KRASSNER, 1993, p. 112]

                 (Even among those who believe that the AIDS virus was intentionally
                  created to harm African-Americans and gays, the central figure of
                  accusation rests upon Wolf Szmuness, a Jewish immigrant scientist
                 from Poland).
 [ http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~wbova/fn/earth/AIDS.htm ]
                 In the FBI, during the J. Edgar Hoover era, there were allegations that
                 there were few Jews allowed in that department. Yet, "over the years [under
                 Hoover] two Jews became Assistant Directors. Jewish employees
                 were given days off to observe religious holidays, and Jews once
                 made up most of the FBI basketball team." [SUMMERS, A., 1993
                 p. 57]
 
An earlier Jewish Clinton cabinet nomination, Zoe Baird, for Attorney General, was rejected by Congress when it was discovered that she had employed two illegal Peruvian immigrants in her home.
 
Other major Clinton administrative appointees include
 
          William Cohen -- Secretary of Defense.  (Cohen's father was Jewish,
                  his mother not; he has not publicly foregrounded a distinctly
                  Jewish identity. "Nevertheless, "noted the [Jewish] Forward,
                  "[Cohen] received a Jewish education and would perhaps have
                  stayed 'in the fold' if a rabbi had not rejected him in his early
                  years. Nevertheless, [Cohen] remains a great friend of Israel,
                  where he had traveled on frequent visits. He has many personal
                  friends there, and we are assure, it is possible to chat with him
                  in simple Hebrew. His defense of Israel on various occasions is
                  well known." [FORWARD, 2-21-97, p. 7]
 
(An earlier Clinton selection for Secretary of Defense, Robert Inman, was dismissed in Congressional hearings thanks to Jewish influence in the mass media and the Zionist lobby. Michael Saba notes that Jewish journalist William Safire was especially critical of Inman's "anti-Israel bias," Inman's support of the "excessive sentencing of Jonathan Pollard" [the Jewish American spy for Israel] and his reluctance to provide Israel with U.S. spy satellite photographs. [SABA, M., 1994]  Another Jewish journalist, Susan Garment, of the Washington Post, wrote that "Inman named five journalists who treated him badly. SafireTony LewisEllen Goodman, the cartoonist Herblock, and Rita Braven. All five are Jewish ... This did nothing to dispel public impressions of Inman's anti-Israel bias." [SABA, M., 1994] )
 
          Madeline Albright -- Secretary of State. (Albright's story is
                   intriguing. She reputedly had no knowledge of her "lost" Jewish
                   heritage until informed about it  by the Washington Post while in
                   office in 1997. The state of Israel is alleged to have known about  
                   her Jewish ancestry two years before she did). [JEWISH
                   TELAG, p.2]  Albright has suddenly, literally, become the
                   "daughter of Holocaust victims ... On a deep, even untapped,
                   psychological level," says the Jewish Week, "Albright may have
                   strong feelings about Israel." [SCHOFFMAN, p. 23]  "When I
                   say I had known that Albright was Jewish," wrote Barbara
                   Amiel, wife of media mogul Conrad Black, "I mean that one
                   look at her features told me so. Of course, I put it in the back
                   of my mind because I attributed absolutely no significance to
                   it ... (Well, perhaps I dissemble. Being Jewish myself, I had a
                   feeling of kinship and admired her achievement a notch more ...
                   Albright happens to be the kind of person whose attractive
                   features correspond to that tribal affinity in an almost
                   unmistakable manner." [AMIEL, p. 26]
 
                   The Clinton administration has been involved in more military
                   adventures than any other presidency since the Vietnam War,
                   including the bombings of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Serbia. "The
                   Kosovo conflict," notes Newsweek, "is often referred to by
                   her friends and foes as Madeline's War ... More than anyone
                   else she embodies the foreign policy vision that pushed [other
                   Clinton officials] into this war." [ISAACSON, W., p. 25]
 
                   (In 1999, a wealthy Austrian family threatened to sue Albright
                   for the return of fine art masterpieces allegedly stolen from
                   them from Czechoslovakia by her father). [CAMPBELL, M.]
 
           Alan Greenspan -- a holdover from before Clinton took office
                   (appointed during the Reagan administration), is the Chairman
                   of the Federal Reserve Board. His political career began as
                   an economic advisor to Republican president Richard Nixon in
                   1968. The (New York) Financial Times noted that Greenspan
                   "has been one of the most powerful men in the world for well
                   over a decade. A single word of expression can be enough to
                   unsettle stock markets around the globe or to send shares
                   soaring." [FIN TIM, p. 14]  Chairman of the powerful
                   Securities Exchange Council (SEC)? Also Jewish: Arthur
                   Levitt. Head of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)? Also
                   Jewish: Robert Pitofsky, appointed by Clinton in 1994.
 
In late 1998 the Jewish Week noted that Jewish billionaire George Soros is
 
      "often accused of masterminding some world conspiracy ... if the
      [economic] global crisis keeps spreading -- as most experts expect
      -- you won't hear much more talk about blaming Soros and his Jewish
      cronies. Anger will probably focus increasingly on the leaders of the
      [International Monetary Fund] and the Washington policy makers who
      stand behind it. The bad news is that most of them are Jewish too.
      Israel's daily Yediot Achronot recently published an unintentionally
      chilling list of senior economic policymakers known to be attending
      Kol Nidre services in Washington on the eve of the IMF summit.
      Among them: Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and his top deputy
      Lawrence Summers [who has since succeeded Rubin as Treasury
      Secretary], World Bank Chairman James Wolfenson and his top
      deputy, Josef Stieglitz; Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan,
      and IMF Director Stanley Fischer. That's scary. And it's only a partial
      list." [GOLDBERG, JJ, The Sixth, p. 12]
 
In the White House, all the powerful people in the Clinton administration pale in importance to who the (Jewish) Forward calls "the biggest Jew in the Clinton world right now." That is Steve Grossman, who was named in 1997 as the  chairman of the Democratic National Committee. And what job did he leave to take this position? The chairmanship of AIPAC.   "The highlight of Sunday's lunch for leaders of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee," reported the Jewish Exponent, "-- in addition to kosher food trucked in from Baltimore -- was the arrival of Steve Grossman, until last week the chair of the pro-Israel lobby group and now the national chair of the Democratic National Committee." [BESSER, SCENES, p. 61]  President Clinton, declared Grossman, is "committed to Jewish values, principles, and the Jewish agenda more than any other president that I can remember." [GELBWASSER, p. 13] (Sara Ehrman, an old friend of Hillary Clinton is also a Democratic National Committee senior political advisor; she also served as "a former lobbyist for AIPAC." [LIFTON, p. 52] During Ms. Clinton's successful run for the New York senate seat, the (Jewish) Forward also noted in 2000 that "in the latest setback to Hillary Rodham Clinton's effort to reach out to the Jewish voters, a Democratic Party leader and key Jewish adviser to her campaign was arrested this week on corruption charges. Paul Adler, the Democratic leader of Rockland County and a relator with past legal troubles, was charged Monday with public corruption, fraud, extortion and other charges linked to his real estate transactions.") [FORWARD, 9-15-00, p. 15]
 
Stunningly, as Grossman rose to head the DNC, in the same year Fran Katz, the AIPAC Deputy Political Affairs Director, became the Financial Director of the Democratic Party. This situation, notes Mitchell Kaidy, "contribut[ed] to the impression that the foreign lobby and the incumbent party have become one and the same." [KAIDY, M., 9-97, p. 42] Likewise, as AIPAC seeped deeper into the American political structure, in 1999 the (Jewish) Forward announced that a Jewish "Democratic consultant, Mark Mellman, is hiring AIPAC's political director, Michael Bloomfield." [GITELL, S., 5-28-99, p. 19] Conversely, prominent Jewish Democrats may seep into AIPAC -- in 1999 Robert Bassin, Chief of Staff for Democratic House of Representatives member John Lewis (Georgia) was reported to be considered for one of the chief AIPAC positions. [GITELL, S., 5-28-99] (There are, of course, Jews in positions of power at the side of non-Jewish Congressman throughout America.Josh Shapiro, for example, is Chief of Staff for Pennsylvania's Congressman Jan Hoeffel). [SALISBURY, G., 3-30-99, p. 65]
 
The DNC Finance Chairman before Katz was also Jewish, Alan Solomont, also a "friend" of Steve Grossman. [GELBWASSER, M., 12-6-97, p. 3]  In 1997 Solomont, "a nursing home tycoon" and former president of the Massachusetts Federation of Nursing Homes, was subpoenaed by the Senate Committee on Government Affairs about his role as "a major contributor [who] successfully lobbied Clinton administration officials to modify regulations for his industry." [GOLDSCHLAG, 2-3-97; WEISSENSTEIN, E., 8-18-97]  In turn, Solomont "took over the DNC's troubled funding operation from Marvin Rosen, a Miami lawyer who has been blamed for loosening the controls on fundraising and for using his political contacts to bolster his law firm ... [The DNC had accepted millions of dollars] from foreigners whose donations are illegal under U.S. law." [BRODER, J., 4-3-99] (Amy Weiss Tobe also became the Democratic National Press Secretary in 1996; the next year she was the DNC Communications Director). [The National Finance Chair for the Democratic Party in 1990 was Monte Freidkin, later the Chairman of the National Jewish Democratic Council].
 
In 1999, Beth Dozoretz, yet another Jew, took the reins as "chief fundraiser for the Democratic Party" in her new position as the Financial Chair of the Democratic National Convention. [BRODER, p. 22] (Dozoretz later lobbied Clinton to pardon wealthy Jewish financier, Israeli philanthropist, and fugitive criminal Marc Rich. "Another key player in the effort [to get the pardon]," adds Newsweek, "was [Rich's ex-wife] Denise Rich's friend and fellow Democratic fundraiser Beth Dozoretz, who apparently appealed directly to Clinton"). [ENDA/KUHNHENN, 2-15-01, p. A1; ISIKOFF, M., 2-19-01] On the Republican side, Mel Sembler has been for years the Finance Chairman for the Republican National Committee; he is also chairman of Florida real estate company and an active member in the National Jewish Coalition. (He was formerly the U.S. ambassador to Australia. President George Bush Sr. had "named Sembler ambassador to Australia, which got him included in a series of Doonesbury comic strips poking fun at the link between money and patronage."). [TROXLER, H., 1-22-97]
 
In 1992, President Clinton named Fred Goldberg to a position in the Treasury Department. He had for the past three years been the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Goldberg was earlier a partner at the law firm of Skadden, Arps, Meagher and Fromm. Another partner at the firm at the time was Kenneth Bialkin, for years the chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major Jewish Organizations, national chairman of the Anti-Defamation League, and, later, chairman of the American-Israel Friendship Committee. (In January 2000, President Clinton even named an Orthodox rabbi, Irving Greenbaum, as the new chairman of the nearby Holocaust Museum in Washington DC). Head of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) through most of the 1990s and into the next millenium? Doris Meissner, "a child of German immigrants." (Elinor Caplan, head of the Immigration office up North, is Meissner's mirror in Canada). In 2000, "a three-judge panel ruled ... that [Mazer] Al-Najjer, 43, should be freed [from prison], but Immigration and Naturalization Service Commissioner Doris Meissner appealed to [Attorney General Janet] Reno" to keep him imprisoned. Al-Najjer, an Arab, was accused of have links to terrorist acts against Israel and had been "jailed for more than three and a half years on the basis of secret evidence that immigration authorities refused to show him or his lawyers." [TAYLOR, M., 9-7-00, p. B1:7; LARDNER, JR., G., 12-16-00, p. 2] Reno released him.
 
In 1993-94 the two individuals President Clinton appointed to the United States Supreme Court, Ruth Bader Ginsberg and Steven Breyer, were also both Jewish. And multi-millionaires. [CANTOR, p. 401]  (A 1987 Jewish justice appointee to the Supreme Court, Douglas Ginsberg, was discovered to have smoked marijuana while a Harvard law professor and was passed over for the government post). Of the nine current American Supreme court justices, notes the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "President Clinton's two Jewish appointees to the Supreme Court are by far the richest." Depending upon how one plays with papers, Ruth Ginsberg and her husband are worth between $5.9 to $24.1 million; the Breyer's assets are valued at between $3.3 to $15.9 million. [KURTZMAN, 5-27-98]
 
The profoundly disproportionate presence (even dominance) of Jews in important governmental positions, as well as their economic influence in the political field (and its disturbing implications), goes entirely unremarked upon by the mass media. As Seymour Lipset and Earl Raab note:
 
       "Neither Ruth Bader Ginsburg, nor Stephen Breyer's appointment to
        the Supreme Court called any public comment about them being Jews
        ... [Likewise] during and after the 1992 campaigns in which Californians
        elected Jews to both United States senatorial vacancies, not a voice was
        raised publicly to mark the fact. The Republican nominee for one of
        these seats was also Jewish." [LIPSET, RAAB]
 
"One measure of progress that's been made," agreed Hyman Bookbinder, a former official of the American Jewish Committee, "is that when Clinton appointed Stephen Breyer to be the second Jew on the Supreme Court, you heard practically nothing about his being Jewish." [MATUSOW, B., MAY 2000, p. 79] (This situation is of course quite different from the past. When receiving an award from the Jewish Council for Public Affairs, notes the Washington Post, Justice Ginsburg "noted the fear of anti-Jewish bias that Supreme Court lawyers felt some 50 years ago. The names of four Justice Department lawyers, all Jewish, are missing from a legal brief they wrote in 1948, Ginsburg said at the Feb. 18 award ceremony. The decision was made by Arnold Raum, No. 2 in the office that handles Supreme Court appeals, and himself a Jew, Ginsburg said. 'It wouldn't do, he thought, to make it so evident that the position of the United States was 'put out by a bunch of Jews,' Ginsburg said, quoting a later account.") [GEARSON, A., 2-28-02]
 
In 1999 Supreme Court Justice Breyer gave an address to the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations entitled "Zion's Justice." He said that "the Zionist ideal is, of course, exactly that -- an ideal. It is an objective toward which imperfect reality must struggle. But, whatever the imperfection of reality, this ideal retains its hold upon our imagination and that of the world." [BREYER, p. 19]  His speech, and later article, rhapsodized about former Jewish Supreme Court Justices Louis Brandeis (whose term began in 1916) and Felix Frankfurter (who began in 1939), both avidly activist Zionists, and their emulative roles in serving the Zionist cause in high level American government. But how things have changed. "It is important to remember," says Breyer,
 
       "that Brandeis was a leader when Zionism was controversial among
       Jews. Indeed, after Brandeis was confirmed as a member of the
       Supreme Court in 1916, the New York Times, with support from
       some Jewish groups, argued that Brandeis should resign from his
       public position in Zionist organizations. And he did so. This
       opposition reflected something deeper than simple concern for
       judicial propriety. It reflected a widely held view that American
       Jews need not -- and perhaps out not -- support the Zionist
       cause because doing so might prove inconsistent with their
       obligations toward their own country or intervene with their
       participation in American civic life ... [p. 18] ... Felix Frankfurter
       was Brandeis' pupil, in respect to Zionism and everything else ...
       Brandeis needed an assistant to carry on his Zionist activities,
       particularly after he was appointed to the Court. He chose
       Frankfurter. Even when Brandeis was on the Court -- in one
       act now considered highly controversial -- Brandeis would
       deposit between $250 and $3,000 in Frankfurter's expense account
       as he traveled throughout the country advocating causes which
       included Zionism ... In 1919 ... Brandeis told Frankfurter to
       prepare for a practical task, writing legal bequest forms 'adequate
       in several states,' to organize an effort 'to get in touch with all Jewish
       lawyers in America' and try to have many Jewish clients remember
       Zion in their wills. That same year, he had Frankfurter travel to the
       Paris Peace Conference as a leading representative of American
       Zionists." [BREYER, p. 18-19]
 
Brandeis' wife, Alice, was even a financial supporter of the Zionist underground terrorist IRGUN organization. She held a membership card in the American League for a Free Palestine, a supportive offshoot of IRGUN. Justice Brandeis himself "met more than once with visiting delegations from the Revisionist Zionist movement to discuss illegal immigration and related issues. At one 1939 session with IRGUN emissary Robert Briscoe, Brandeis reportedly remarked, "If I were a young man like you, I would be with you." [MEDOFF, 1996] ("Revisionists were heavily fascist and profoundly influenced by Mussolini," notes Jewish author Edwin Black. [BLACK, E., p. 143] ) 
 
In 1983 a scholarly work by Bruce Allen Murphy about Jewish Supreme Court justices Brandeis and Frankfurter was published. It was entitled The Brandeis/Frankfurter Connection. The Secret Political Activities of Two Supreme Court Justices. Supreme Court justices, appointed for life terms, are expected to maintain an apolitical, non-partisan bearing as decision-makers of American law. Murphy's volume studies the two Supreme Court justices' secret extrajudicial political activities, largely, but not only, of a Zionist/Jewish nature. As Murphy notes, after his exhaustive study of existent document archives:
 
     "Felix Frankfurter learned the art of being an extrajudicially active
     member of the Supreme Court at the knee of Justice Brandeis. It now
     appears that in one of the most unique relationships in the Court's
     history, Brandeis enlisted Frankfurter, then a professor at Harvard
     Law School, as his paid political lobbyist and lieutenant. Working
     together over a period of twenty-five years, they placed a network
     of disciples in positions of influence, and labored diligently for the
     enactment of their desired programs. This adroit use of the politically
     skillful Frankfurter as an intermediary enabled Brandeis to keep his
     considerable political endeavors hidden from the public. Not
     surprisingly, after his own appointment to the Court, Frankfurter
     resorted to some of the same methods to advance governmental
     goals consonant with his own political philosophy. As a result,
     history virtually repeated itself, with the student placing his own
     network of disciples in various agencies and working through this
     network for the realization of his own goals ... So extensive was
     the extrajudicial behavior of both Brandeis and Frankfurter that
     one is left puzzled as to how it could have remained secret for
     so long." [MURPHY, B., 1983, p. 10, 11]
Under President Lyndon Johnson, Jewish Associate Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg, says early AIPAC chief I. L. Kenen,

      "accepted my invitation to make a speech to the national AIPAC policy conference
      and he associated himself with the historic pro-Zionist declaration made by Justice
      Louis D. Brandeis just fifty years before. Goldberg came under attack because
      of that speech. [He listened] to a long harangue by Saudi Arabia's Baroody on
      Zionism and the influence of American Jews on American political leaders." [KENEN,
      I., 1981, p. 228-229]
In 1998, both current Jewish Supreme Court Justices, Breyer and Ginsburg, joined in a 6-3 ruling (a 5-4 loss if non-Jewish Justices in their stead had different views) in favor of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, one that would make

      "it unlikely the pro-Israel lobby will have to disclose information about its membership
       or expenditures. Six former politiicans and diplomats, all stauch critics of U. S.
       Policy toward Isrel, have been seeking increased government regulation of AIPAC
       ... the plaintiffs have been urging the Federal Election Comission to regulate AIPAC
       as a political commitee ... AIPAC ... defines itself as membership organization and
              registered lobby on behalf of legislation affecting U.S.-Israel relations ... Justice
       Stepehn Breyer wrote the majority opinion for the court." [KURTZMAN, D.,
       6-5-01] 
In Bill Clinton's second Presidential term, other Jews in prominent positions of power  included:
 
      Gene Sperling -- Chairman of the National Economic Council
      Evelyn Lieberman -- Director of Voice of America
      Janie Gorelick -- Assistant Attorney General
      Stuart Eizenstat -- Undersecretary of State for Economics
      Aaron Miller -- Deputy Middle East Coordinator
      Daniel Kurtzer -- Ambassador to Egypt
      Marc Grossman -- Assistant Secretary for European and Canadian
          Affairs
      Princeton Lyman -- Assistant Secretary of State for International
          Organizations
      Stanley Roth -- Assistant Secretary of State for East Asia and Pacific
          Affairs
      Jeffrey Davidow -- Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American
          Affairs
      James Rubin -- Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
 
      Jack Lew -- (an Orthodox Jew); Director of the Office of Management
          and Budget [GROSS, N., p. 30]
 
This list is just a sampling. "There are uncounted dozens of Jewish White House staffers," noted the Jewish Exponent in 1997. [BESSER, Celebrating, p. 1]  There are so many that Ira Forman, director of the National Jewish Democratic organization, "tells of one Jewish staffer friend who balked at handling the White House Christmas decorations but was told he had to do it 'because, heck, everyone else here is Jewish too.'" [GROSS, N., p. 30] "We've stopped counting the number of Jews in key places in the Clinton administration," noted Hyman Bookbinder, the former Washington representative of the American Jewish Committee, "there are so many of them." [MATUSOW, B., MAY 2000, p. 79]

Richard H. Curtiss, a former State Department officer, noted the situation in 1998:

     "A large percentage of other top-echelon State Department political appointees
     and ambassadors are Jewish. A U.S. ambassador who happened to be
     visiting Washington in October remarked to the writer that during Rosh Hoshana,
     the Jewish New Year, many State Department offices took on the forlorn,
     nearly deserted visage that used to characterize the brief interval between
     Christmas and New Year's day. The same was true in the White House, where
     the top two foreign affairs officials, National Security Adviser Samuel Berger
     and his deputy, John Steinberg, are Jewish, as is Vice President Al Gore's
     national security adviser, Leon Furth. So are a lot of other White House
     policymakers ... Nor is there anything particularly incongruous about the
     high percentage of top Jewish officials in the Clinton White House and
     foreign affairs establishment. Ins ome other government departments, the
     situation differs only in the details. Ironically, Secretary Donna Shalala
     of the Department of Health and Human Services is the only Arab American
     in the cabinet. But according to HHS insiders, most of her second echelon
     officials, all White House appointees, are Jewish. So are a remarkably high
     percentage of top officials in the National Institutes of Health, which supervise
     hundreds of research grants at home and abroad. At the Department of Commerce
     the situation is similar, even after the resignation of Secretary of Commerce
     Mickey Kantor, a long-time pro-Israel activist and Clinton's 1992 elelction
     campaign manager. At the Pentagon and CIA, at political appointee levels
     (in contrast to career military and CIA officers), things are not that different ...
     The record of a staff meeeting at Secretary Robert Rubin's Treasury
     Department early in the second Clinton administration shows that when
     top echelon leaders were discussing the best times to make announcements
     the Treasury does not want the American public to notice, one official
     said, 'The time to do it is Christmas or Easter, since those are the two biggest
     holidays.' The 'they' the official was speaking about in the apparently all-Jewish
     meeting were the 90 to 95 perecent of US taxpayers who are of Christian
     heritage but who, in the Clinton administration, are so dramatically
     under-represented in top foreign policymaking positions."
     [CURTISS, R.H., 2-28-98, p. 28]

"There is also a sizeable contingent of Jewish women," noted the Jerusalem Report in 1998, "many of whom started out with a Hillary [Clinton] connection, in the most senior echelons of the White House, including Communications Director Ann Lewis, White House Director of Public Policy Maria Echaveste [who married a Jewish lawyer and converted to Judaism], and Lynn Cutler, deputy director of White House inter-governmental affairs." [GROSS, N., p. 30]  Hilary's own personal staff, notes Netty Gross, "is also heavily Jewish." [GROSS, N., p. 32]  (White House FBI agent Gary Aldrich notes on one occasion what it was like decorating Hilary Clinton's White House Christmas tree, with ornaments from various artists, featuring "sex toys" and self-mutilation devices": "I couldn't believe the disrespect that these ornaments represented. Many of the artists invited to make and send something to hang on the tree must have had nothing but disgust, hatred, and disrespect for the White House and the citizens of this country, a disgust obviously encouraged by the first lady in the name of artistic freedom ... Here was another five golden rings ornament -- five gold-wrapped condoms. I threw it in the trash. There were other condom ornaments, some still in the wrapper, some not.") [ALDRICH, G., 1996, p. 105-106]
 
In July 26, 2000, during Hillary Clinton's campaign for Congress from New York, Jewish senator Charles Schumer ("a recognized leader in Jewish issues on Capitol Hill") was recorded on videotape at a fund raiser for the President's wife. He responded to questions by Jews present about Israel, saying, "My guess is [Ms. Clinton] will vote exactly as I vote on Jewish issues. She will look to me to see how to vote ... Is she going to be a leading voice in the Senate? No. Is she going to have the same feeling about it that I do -- born Jewish? No. But she will be good." "Schumer," noted the Associated Press, "in shirt sleeves, chatted casually with supporters on the tape, seemingly unaware that a camera was rolling." [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 7-27-2000]
 
Jews, observed Stuart Eizenstat, eventually the Assistant Secretary of Commerce, "have become much more vocal, not just as an outside interests group, but by integrating into the system." [BESSER, Escape, p. 38] (Joe Rubin, by the way, is the "chief lobbyist for the US Chamber of Commerce"). [NELSON, S., 11-20-01] Eizenstat, noted the Baltimore Jewish Times,
 
      "said that the Jewish community has reached a kind of critical mass in
      politics that guarantees that many of the gains of the Clinton years will
      remain, no matter who occupies the White House. 'I think the change will
      last,' said Eizenstat, 'people in the middle levels [of national
      government] will move up in the years ahead; younger people who are
      being trained at junior levels will, in future administrations, take more
      senior positions."  [BESSER, J. p. 38]

(Eizenstat is also notable for his public defense of Rabbi Irving Greenberg -- the head of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum -- after Greenberg faced condemnation for writing a letter to President Clinton seeking clemency for Jewish American fugitive Marc RichEizenstat praised Greenberg for "embracing ... Jewishness from its assimilationist drift." After hearing Rabbi Greenberg lecture at a Jewish retreat in 1974, "the Holocaust," writes Eizenstat, something most us of us had barely thought about, became central to our lives, our understanding of Judaism and of Jewish ethics.") [EIZENSTAT, S., 4-3-01]
 
With so many Jews in the upper echelons of American government, notes the Jerusalem Post, "Arabs have repeatedly complained that the United States has not acted as an honest broker" in Middle East peace negotiations. [GROSS, N., p. 32] Specifically, Israeli commentator Meron Benevenisti described an Israeli newspaper's depiction of the 4-member Clinton "peace mission" to barter arrangements between Israel and Palestinians in the 1990s as "the mission of four Jews" -- the paper "gloated with pride while talking about the Jewish and even Israeli roots of all its members." "The 'Israeli roots' of those US diplomats," adds Israel Shahak, "comprising what went under the name of a 'peace mission' included the fact that a son of one of them was said to be studying in a Hesder Yeshiva, to receive military training there. He was also said to be a sympathizer of Gush Emunim and was awaiting the opportunity to serve in the Israeli army in the Territories." [SHAHAK, I., ]
      
In the international field, Jewish "current or immediate past" [1997] ambassadors to other countries included those to Egypt, Israel, Poland, Switzerland, Brazil (Melvin Levitsky), Nepal (Ralph Frank), Romania, Spain, Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Morocco (Marc Ginsberg), Venezuela (Jeffrey Davidow), Turkey (Marc Grossman), Bahamas (Arthur Schechter: 1998-2001) and Malaysia, among others. Matthew Dorf notes that
 
      "Indeed, an article in the October [1997] issue of the professional journal
      of the American Foreign Service Association, Foreign Service --
      headlined 'Where've All the Arabists Gone?' -- laments the changes
      taking place. 'If any other group had taken over, there would have been
      a big storm, but with the Jewish-American takeover, nobody has the
      courage to speak,' William Rugh, a former ambassador to Yemen, was
      quoted as saying." [DORF, Focus, p. 3]
 
In 1972, Evan M. Wilson, the United States Minister-Consul General in Jerusalem till 1967, reflected a view about American foreign policy in that area that has long since been erased by Zionist expansion in the U.S. government:
 
     "In retrospect, it seems clear that our support of the creation of a
     Jewish state in Palestine, against the wishes of the [Arab] population
     of that country, was a mistake. It had a catastrophic effect upon our
     relations the Arab world and our important interests in the Middle
     East. It has caused us to be associated in the minds of the Arabs
     with Israel, which they regard as an alien, hostile element in their midst
     and which they identify with the forces of imperialism and colonialism
     against which they have been struggling since the First World War."
     [WILSON, E., 1972, p. 72-73]
 
In 1997, when David Hermelin was named to be the U.S. ambassador to Norway, a friend, Jay Alix, was quoted as saying:
 
         "He's probably one of the world's great philanthropist leaders. He's
         raised more money for Jewish causes than anyone else." [FRENCH, p.
         B1]

Hermelin died in office in 2000. He was noted in the New York Times as having been "a devoted supporter of Israel and the Jewish people," serving as Chairman of Israel's 50th Anniversary Committee, Vice Chairman of the United Jewish Appeal, and International Chairman of the State of Israel Bonds." [NEW YORK TIMES, 11-23-00, sec. 11, p. 11]
 
Also in 1998, Steven Green, the former head of the Samsonite luggage company, and others, packed his bags for his post as Ambassador to Singapore. In the same year the Jewish Forward noted that Richard Holbrooke, the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, "surprised the audience [at the Center for Jewish History's Inaugural Dinner] with the revelation that, like his wife, Kati Marton, he too is Jewish." [LEON, 9-25-99, p. 15] (Daniel L. Spiegel was Ambassador to U.N. from 1994-96).
 
Martin Indyk, formerly on Clinton's National Security Council, is the first Jewish United States Ambassador to Israel in history. All other Presidents recognized the obvious dangers and avoided the  intrinsic pro-Israel bias problem in such an appointment. (Canada's 2000 ambassador to Israel? Also Jewish: David Berger). Indyk's story is especially disturbing. In 1973 Indyk was a student in Israel. In 1982 he began work for Near East Research, Inc., the research unit of AIPAC. He later founded the pro-Israel Washington Institute for Near East Policy: "many of the Institute's financial backers were Jews who were members of the American Israeli Public Affairs Committee." [FORWARD, 9-5-97] Co-founder of the Washington Institute was Barbi Weinberg, "wife of AIPAC Chairman Emeritus Lawrence Weinberg." [HALSELL, G., MARCH 1993, p. 9] (Such think tanks, notes former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Jame E. Akins, "basically provide spokesmen for Israel. And if they would identify themselves as that, fine. What's pernicious is passing themselves off as an independent think tank. They are not, just as any Arab group would not be."[HALSELL, G., MARCH 1993, p. 9] Indyk was even once "an international media and communications adviser to former Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Shamir in Israel." [HALSELL, G., MARCH 1993, p. 9] Indyk, born in Australia, about to become intimately involved with American national security secrets,became an American citizen only days  before starting his job on Clinton's National Security Council! [FORWARD, 9-5-97, p. 1]   Facing Congress for confirmation of his (ultimately successful) appointment to the NSC, the (Jewish) Forward noted in 1994 that
 
      "[Indyk] is expected to face a grilling from Senate Republicans over his
       decision to become an American citizen only last year, just days before
       he was tapped for the NSC slot. GOP members will also quiz the
       London-born, Australian-reared Mr. Indyk about a top position he held
       in an Australian intelligence service for a former prime minister."
       [FEIDEN, p. 1]
 
Eventually working as the American ambassador to Israel, two Jewish authors understand that as always his final goal, noting that "with the recognition that Indyk has made 'aliyah' [immigrated] to America specifically so he could work in Israel, one sees the formation of a new American Jewish myth." [SAGE/ZAROMB, p. 41] This Jewish-centeredness to Israel "myth" has a jarringly transworld flavor. Although Connecticut-born Dore Gold decided to move to Israel, he became that country's Ambassador to the United Nations, and acted in that country's interests in his office near the U.N. building in New York City. Intending no sarcasm, Jesse Sage and Franklin Zaromb also note that "One might ask who is more American: [Israeli prime minister BenjaminNetanyahu, who spent his entire adolescence in America as well as several years after the [Israeli] army, or Indyk, the newly approved U.S. citizen?" [SAGE/ZAROMB, p. 44] Or as one former U.S. Ambassador to the Middle East remarked, "Culturally, when you run into somebody like Benjamin Netanyahu or Moshe Arens [the Israeli Foreign Minister, from America] or guys who speak American-accented English and know your cultural background as well as or better than you do, it is very hard to remind yourself that you are dealing with a foreign country." [STARR, J., 1990, p. 96] "So many Israelis have studied in the United States that attending an American university,” says Joyce Starr, "at least at the master's and doctoral levels, has become almost a rite of passage for Israel's elite." [STARR, J., 1990, p. 101]
 
As American-born Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Arens notes,
 
     "We've had a Prime Minister from the United States, Mrs. [Golda]
     Meir, and a Deputy Foreign Minister, Yehuda Ben-Meir. There
     are many Americans in Israel in key positions." [STARR, J., 1990,
     p. 232]
 
In 1998 the Iraqi foreign minister accused Martin Indyk of being "a known Jew and Zionist." The U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations responded by calling "it 'deplorable' to drag in Indyk's ethnic background," and demanded that the Iraqi "apologize for this dramatically offensive slur." Iraq, of course, is easily dismissed these days, and its foreign ministry is given credence by virtually no one. The very next day, however, the U.S. State Department "sat down to discuss the latest foreign tirade against Jewish influence in Washington." This second, especially uncomfortable attack, was far more difficult to categorically dismiss as an ethnic slur or an expression of irrational anti-Semitism. The new attack came from Nathan Sharansky, a minister in the Israeli government, who complained, noted the Jewish Week, that "Israel was suffering because there were too many liberal Jews in the Clinton administration." [GOLDBERG, JJ, Too Many Jews?, 7-17-98, p. 4] (The Jewish Weekarticle did not try to dismiss the Jewish influence angle of the complaint, but rather than they were not necessarily "liberal.")

The blurring of the American government into a Zionist/Israeli one is also poignantly illustrated by New Jersey governor McGreevey's selection in 2002 of an Israeli citizen, Golan Cipel, to be his "special counsel to the governor on homeland security" for $110,000 a year. Cipel, noted a New Jersey newspaper, had "limited experience in U.S. Domestic security as [the governor's] closest adviser on terrorism ... He was appointed to the newly created position without an official announcement or the extensive background checks that are routine for most top state officials ... Cipel is a former Israeli sailor" and was once "spokesman for the Israeli Consulate in Manhattan" which was "one of the Israeli government's top spokesmen in the United States." [PILLETS/RILEY, 2-2002]
 
In 1997 Jewish American journalist J. J. Goldberg lectured the Labor Zionist Alliance of Canada. The Canadian Jewish News reported on the talk, noting that Goldberg proclaimed that Jews were the "players" in the modern world, not "victims:"
 
     "[Goldberg] went on to give many examples of American Jewry's
     influential role in American politics. He noted that in addition to the
     Secretary of State Madeline Albright, who was born Jewish, the key
     Americans shaping Middle East policy are all Jews ... A new kosher
     kitchen was recently installed at the American embassy in Cairo
     because Dan Kurtzer, the American ambassador to Egypt, is an
     Orthodox Jew. 'We Jews run American Middle East policy,' however
     most Americans are not concerned that Jews hold such key positions
     of power, he said. U.S. politicians consult with leadership of the
     Jewish community on foreign policy matters as well evidenced by
     the recent state visit of Israeli president Ezer Weizman earlier this
     month, Goldberg said. Jewish community leaders and chiefs of
     Middle East policy were all invited to the White House for lunch
     with the United States and Israeli president, he said. The only
     non-Jews in the room were Bill and Hilary Clinton ... [Goldberg]
     said by comparison; Canadian Jewry has less political clout  --
     'Jews don't run Ottawa [the center of Canadian government]' --
     than American Jews who are able to exert pressure on Congress."
     [SILVERSTEIN, B., 10-30-97, p. 5]
 
Another Jewish journalist, Jonathan Broder, noted the situation for Jews looking for top level positions in the State Department in 1997:
 
     "All [Secretary of State Madeleine Albright's] top candidates for
     a slew of senior positions in the State Department are Jewish
     and male ... Albright has already promoted two Jewish appointees
     to senior positions [Dennis Ross and Stuart Eizenstadt] ... Jews
     lead the list for the six regional assistant secretary posts. According
     to well informed sources, they are: Mark Grossman, currently U.S.
     ambassador to Turkey ..., Princeton Lyman, currently the assistant
     secretary of state for international organizations, and former Rep.
     Howard Wolpe of Michigan ...; Stanley Roth, an aide to former Rep.
     Steven Solarz of  New York and a former staffer on the National  
     Security Council; Karl Indefurth, a former ABC News correspondent
     who served as Albright's deputy at the United Nations ...; Jeff
     Davidow, assistant secretary of state for Latin American affairs ...;
     Martin Indyk, currently U.S. ambassador to Israel." [BRODER, J.,
     2-13-97]
 
Albright's "top candidate" for assistant Interior secretary for policy and management? Bonnie Caplan. [BRODER, J., 2-13-97]
    
Worried about publicity about the presence of so many Jews in the upper echelons of the American government, one "senior official" in the State Department refused to be interviewed for an article about the subject by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, saying, "No good can come from this. Especially because there are so many of us." [DORF, FOCUS, p. 3]  "Although many current Jewish State Department officials dismiss discussion about the Jewish character of the State Department as fodder for anti-Semites and anti-Israel activities," says JTA reporter Matthew Dorf, "some have privately acknowledged that one's upbringing can influence policy decisions." [DORF, p. 3]  "Stigmatization by overt anti-Semites," observes the Jewish magazineMosaic, "magnifies the extent to which discussions surrounding the American Jewish diplomats can easily descend into nose-counting and age-old racial slurs. Conversely, it is extremely difficult for the American Jewish community to discuss such matters in a comfortable, open, and critical manner ... Mindful of this concern, one would hardly want to spur public awareness and inadvertently damage Jewish interests." [SAGE/ZAROMB, p. 36]  The effect of this upon those who seek to work in the State Department who do not have a pro-Israel slant? David Whalen notes that "concerned legislators and interest groups delayed Strobe Talbott's appointment as Deputy Secretary of State because of some seemingly anti-Israel opinions he expressed fifteen years ago in Time magazine." [WHALEN, p. 75]
 
(How times have changed. World Zionist Organization president Nahum Goldmann wrote that, during the Franklin D. Roosevelt presidency, "a majority of the State Department was anti-Zionist." [GOLDMANN, N. 1978, p. 31] )
 
Want to work in the United States Foreign Service -- a division of the U.S. State Department -- at an American embassy somewhere in the world? In our American society that is founded on clear principles separating "church" and state (emphatically enforced by Jewish lobbying organizations at every opportunity) the registration booklet for the 1999 Foreign Service Officer Examination (a test for entry into foreign service) noted that the exam would be held, worldwide, on a Saturday. However, notes the booklet, "applicants whose religious beliefs preclude them from taking the examination on a Saturday may apply to take the test on Sunday." A letter may simply be sent in writing "as self-certification" that attests to the applicant's "affiliation with a recognized body that observes its Sabbath throughout the year on Saturday." [REGISTRATION, p. 21] Although the government document never says the word "Jew" or "Jewish," this policy of preferential treatment (exceptionality) refers onlyto them. The government document states this special privilege explicitly: "Alternative dates for the examination will not be authorized for any other reason than for Saturday Sabbath." [REGISTRATION, p. 22]  To the superficial glance, avoiding discrimination against religious Jews is the reason for Jewish exceptionality here. But there is deeper dimension to this governmental policy. Being Jewish is the only acceptable reason for missing the Saturday test. Anybody else’s' religious reason or, more importantly, secular reason on the face of the earth is (however incongruent for a secular government) summarily rejected, a paradox that fulfills traditional Jewry's religiously-based "unique" self-conception of itself, a status dictated even in the context of an areligious civil system. (Want to donate money to Israel's army? You can and the American government will let you take a tax write-off for it.) [LIBI, 2001]
 
In 1998 the London Independent noted that "the State Department line on the Middle East, always skewed towards Israel, has been followed obsequiously by most American reporters. Only weeks after United States diplomats were instructed to refer to the Israeli-occupied West Bank as 'disputed' -- rather than 'occupied' territory, American journalists began using precisely the same word." [FISK, p. 14] 
 
In March 1997 the Washington Times came under attack from Jews for an article stating that "several sources said [Clinton's State Department] appointments are partly blocked because there are too many 'white Jewish males' in senior State Department positions to fulfill the concept of balance the administration seeks, especially with several top women leaving." [FORWARD, 3-7-97, p. 5]  In response, the Chairman of the House International Relations Committee, Jewish Congressman Benjamin Gilman, saw such commentary --  that Jews already were way beyond their reasonable share of power in the State Department alone -- as outrageously "discriminatory":
 
       "For such a statement to appear, even anonymously, in this day and age,
       is outrageous. It goes without saying that religious discrimination in
       personnel decision-making is totally inappropriate and against the
       spirit of all anti-discrimination laws." [FORWARD, 3-7-97, p. 5]
 
(Among Gilman's other curious testimonials is that in behalf of Shabtai Kalmanovich, a known "Russian/Israeli gangster," [BLOCK, A., 1996, p. 166] who was charged with a bank fraud in North Carolina. Gilman, at the time the majority leader of the House Banking Commission, "wrote to the court in North Carolina lauding Kalmanovich's character.") [BLOCK, A., 1996, p. 166-167]
 
While Gilman wailed about the horrible discrimination against Jews, the Jewish Exponent also noted in the same year that "you can't blame the Aipacers [members of the AIPAC] for feeling smug these days. In addition to [SteveGrossman's new role [as head of the Democratic National Committee], a former employee (Martin Indyk) is ambassador to Israel, a former executive director (Tom Dine) is a top official in the Agency for International Development and the former top AIPAC lobbyist (Anne Christianson) is chief of staff to House Speaker Newt Gingrich. And dozens of Capitol Hill staffers cut their teeth in AIPAC's offices." [BESSER, SCENES, p. 61]  These people are probably often interviewed by Wolf BlitzerCNN's White House reporter. Such an expression of "objective news" is stunningly incestuous. Even Blitzer has deep links to AIPAC: he's a former editor of AIPAC's newsletter, the Near East Report. [HADER, p. 27]
 
When a Jewish employee sought to sue the CIA for anti-Semitism in 1999, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted that "one former foreign service officer wondered how one can claim rampant anti-Semitism when Dennis Ross, the U.S. Chief Middle East negotiator, and his deputy, Aaron Miller, who have both lived in Israel, received [highest level] security clearances without trouble. In addition, President Clinton's national security adviser, Sandy Berger, and State Department spokesman, James Rubin, maintain the highest level clearance." [DORF, M., 4-14-99, p. 13]
 
Completely unrestrained, the American Jewish link to Israel enjoys more and more profound closures and configurations. As Jews move up en masse in American government, they increasingly find themselves even negotiating with fellow American Jews (who have emigrated to Israel) in parallel positions in the Israeli government. Such American-Israelis include Dore Gold (Israeli ambassador to the United Nations, who has a PhD from Columbia University and was born and raised in West Hartford, Connecticut), Bobby Brown (Israel's minister of Diaspora Affairs), and Ari Weiss (adviser to Israeli minister Natan Sharansky). "Unparalleled diplomatic opportunities," noted the Jewish magazine Mosaic in 1998,
 
     "... have recently opened for American Jews -- not just in the United
     States. Imagine, for instance, that when U.S. Ambassador Ross and
     Israeli Ambassador (to the United Nations) Dore Gold sit down to
     negotiate in the context of the Oslo peace process, they converse in
     their native English, representing the West and East coasts of America,
     respectively. Belying the ostensible meeting of emissaries from two
     nations, this thoroughly American ambiance is cross-cultural, trans-
     national, and essentially familiar. The two men are archetypes of
     unprecedented American Jewish possibility. Ross is himself emblematic
     of a coterie of Jews who in the last decade have broken the glass ceiling
     in the State Department." [SAGE/ZAROMB, p. 35]
 
At a Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, a questioner asked Israeli ambassador Gold if "the preponderance of Jews on the American [peace] team posed a problem for Israel?" Gold, noted Mosaic magazine, "stared down the questioner with a twinkle in his eye and stated in superb diplomatic double-speak: 'It is the policy of the Israeli government to handle representatives of the United States as Americans and nothing more.'" [SAGE/ZAROMB, p. 35]
 
For American-Israeli Ari Weiss's part, he was "one of the most influential personalities in Washington in the 1980s, when he served as senior aide to House Speaker Tip O'Neill." Weiss (also the former secretary of the Democratic Party's Steering and Policy Committee) years later met American Vice President Al Gore in Israel. "While Weiss was wondering whether Gore would remember him, [Gore] stood up, embraced him warmly, and said, "Ari, how could I possibly forget you. It's thanks to you that I was appointed to the House Intelligence Committee." [SAGE/ZAROMB, p. 43]
 
In 1998, Mosaic's Jewish authors Jesse Sage and Franklin Zaromb suggested that because the many Jews in the American government had not permanently emigrated to Israel (as declared desirable by traditional Zionist thinking) they were "anti-Zionist Zionists," a genre of Jewry that was of enormous value to Israel:
 
      "The [U.S.] State Department crew directly shapes the parameters under
      which Israel operates ... These [Jewish] employees of the State
      Department officially act as model American representatives and public
      Jews. But most importantly, they enjoy free trips to Israel all the time.
      This meeting between fantasy and reality reflects a form of non-Zionist
      Zionism wherein American Jews demonstrate how they can do more for
      the political Zionist cause as Americans than as Israelis ...
      Representatives of the American government thus evince support for
      Israel while distancing themselves from the Zionist cause ... Non-
      Zionism argues for the value of a diaspora Jewish politics that can secure
      responsibility for the Jewish state when Zionism falls short:  ironically,
      non-Zionism believes it can do Israel as a nation-state a better service
      than the Zionist position itself." [SAGE/ZAROMB, p. 39-40]
 
Even when Clinton appointees were not Jewish, the Jewish lobby usually had much to celebrate anyway. Early in Clinton's first term, in 1993 the MetroWest Jewish News noted that
 
       "The new [Clinton] administration will also have the added strength
        of two very strong [non-Jewish] supporters of Israel as Secretary of
        Defense U.S. Rep. Les Aspin, D-Wis, and Central Intelligence Agency
        director James Woolsey. Aspin, as Chairman of the House Armed
        Services Committee, has been an architect of -- and key figure in --
        U.S.-Israel strategic relations. Both men are members of the board
        of advisors of JINSA, the Jewish Institute for National Security
        Affairs." [BLOOMFIELD, p. 27]
     
"At the pinnacle of American government," proclaimed the Jewish Week at the beginning of Clinton's second Presidential term, "[there is a] raft of Jews (RubinReichKantorGinsburgBreyerDeutchBergerRossIndyk, et al) who have graced the stunningly philo-semitic Clinton administration, inspiring no small degree of comment among Jew baiters -- you can check it out on the Internet -- and dinner-table discussion among Jews, but causing very little to-do in the mainstream media."  [SCHOFFMAN, p. 23]  "Much of the Bush administration's and almost all of the Clinton foreign policy team ... were  Jews," notes Barry Rubin, "No one complained." [RUBIN, p. 240]
 
Some Jewish scholars seem amazed that the massive Jewish and/or Zionist presence at the upper echelons of the American government is never mentioned. "When California's Barbara Boxer and Diane Feinstein got elected to the United States Senate in 1992," says Stephen Whitfield, "what mattered was their gender, not their ethnicity; and it seemed almost parochial to tout their membership in Hadassah [the women's Zionist organization]." [WHITFIELD, p. 9]  Incredibly, comparatively, in 1998, California state treasurer Matt Fong's successful struggle to oppose Boxer for the U.S. Senate revealed another of the many unconscionable American double standards and mass media hypocrisy about Jews in this country. While Feinstein andBoxer are completely screened from critical inquiry about them as Jews and Zionists (with the foreign entity of Israel always hiding in the wings), the Copley News Service noted that:
 
     "Speaking here [in Los Angeles] to a group of Asian-Americans, the
      treasurer said 'it hurts' that reporters and editors have treated him as
      an outsider with questions that focus only on his ethnicity. [They ask
      about the recent Clinton] Asian-American fund-raising scandal and
      whether his loyalties lie with China." [WILKIE, p. A3]
 
In the context of this chapter, and this volume, it is mind-boggling that press attention was also focused upon Barbara Boxer who "said yesterday that she was warned by the FBI last year that Chinese citizens or government officials might try to contact her office 'in an effort to influence U.S. foreign policy.'" [FREEDBERG, p. A1] That such double standard material can be published without ironic intent is a blazing indictment of the American mass media and current political system.
 
Both of California's senators, Feinstein and Boxer, are, not surprisingly, also Jewish multi-millionaires. With assets of at least $20 million, Feinstein and her Jewish husband, Richard Blum (who runs a $400 million investment management firm and became part owner of Northwest Airlines in 1989) noted the Los Angeles Times, "are so rich that her [public disclosure statement] form runs 82 pages." [WILGOREN, p. A1]  For her part, in 1998 Barbara Boxer reported a "$1-million to $5-million blind trust." [WILGOREN, p. A1]  "Senator Dianne Feinstein remains one of the richest members of Congress," noted the Sacramento Bee, "while Senator Barbara Boxer and her husband may be among the most active investors." [GANNETT, SACRAMENTO, p. A6]  In 1993 alone the Boxers traded in 102 different stocks.
 
In 1992, Feinstein was fined $190,000 for violating state campaign laws. "I think it is the biggest case involving misreporting or improperly reporting in the history of the agency," FFPC (Fair Political Practices Commission) chairman Ben Davidian remarked. "By failing to report such a huge amount of money, Feinstein kept the voters from knowing the true sources and uses of her campaign funds. This was no simple act of forgetfulness." [ELLIS, p. A3]  For her part, Senator Boxer, judged to be one of the top ten Congressional "publicity hounds" by an East Coast magazine (George),  [LACEY, p. A3] in 1996 asked fellow Jew, John Deutch, then the head of the CIA, to investigate reports of a CIA role in the movement of cocaine into America, especially poisoning African-American communities. [KNIGHT RIDDER, SACRAMENTO, p. A3]  Curiously, Boxer is -- and has always remained -- completely silent on the bigger issue of Israeli, "Russian" mafia, and Orthodox Jewish involvement in exactly the same thing. [See earlier details]
 
Boxer, in a crowded Jewish field, even defeated a Jewish Republican opponent for her Congressional seat. The MetroWest Jewish News guessed that her next Republican challenger would also be Jewish, the mayor of San Diego, Susan Golding[KLEIN, D, p. 5] whose husband (also Jewish) went to prison for drug money laundering. [See earlier details] "Presently [1998]," notes George Goodwin, "a senator from Connecticut is an Orthodox Jew. Both of Wisconsin's and California's senators are Jews." [GOODMAN, p. 50]
 
In 1999, among those -- Jews and non-Jews -- presented Israel's Friend of Zion Award was Sam Gejdenson, a House of Representatives Congressman from Connecticut. (In 2001, outgoing president Bill Clinton pardoned Gejdenson's brother-in-law,Stuart Harris Cohn, guilty in 1979 of a commodity trading violation. "Cohn, a lifelong Democrat, said he asked family members, included Gejdenson, to writes letters on his behalf.") [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 1-23-01] "Though seldom discussed in public," notes the Jewish Week, "the Jewish delegation on Capitol Hill [i.e., Jewish Congressmen] is one of the nation's most important Jewish institutions. Jewish lawmakers, working through an informal network of relationships, do most of the hard, behind-the-scenes work that wins aid to Israel, secures visas for Jewish refugees, ensures church-state separation, UJA tax deductibility, and a host of other crucial needs." [GOLDBERG, Bagels, p. 13]
 
The predominance of high-level appointed Jewish government officials in American government, said Israeli journalist Bar-Yosef in his 1994 article in Israel, "are joined by a long list of senior Jewish officials in the [Clinton] State Department, headed by the Middle East Peace Team, Dennis Ross, and followed by many deputy secretaries and even more minor senior secretaries' chief of staff."  [BAR-YOSEF, p. 108-109]  Ross has been a mainstay in Washington government, also in the State Department under presidents Carter, Reagan, and Bush. He was even an adviser to Republican Bush's 1992 presidential campaign. He also wrote the first policy paper for the AIPAC-linked, pro-Israel think tank -- the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. [HALSELL, G., MARCH 1993, p. 9]
 
"[My family] opened the first pharmacies in Tel Aviv," Rehm (or Rahm) Emmanuel, White House Special Projects Director, told his Israeli interviewer, "... My uncle ... was killed in Israel's War of Independence. My father was then a member of Etzel (IRGUN) commanded by Begin.  [IRGUN was a terrorist unit fighting British rule in Palestine] ... My first visit to Israel was three days after the Six Day War. My father said that we had to go to Israel ... [BAR-YOSEF, p. 108-109]
 
Incredibly, Emmanuel, whose office is next door to the White House Oval Office, during the 1991 Persian Gulf War "volunteered for one month service in the Israeli army through the 'Overseas Volunteer Unit.'"  (A 1992 Baltimore Jewish Timesarticle even identified Emanuel as an "Israeli."  Dual citizenship? [LIFTON, p. 52] )

In 2002, stirring old ethnic politics, Emanuel decided to run to run for Congress from Chicago. Emmanuel, whose fundraising till of $1.5 million doubled that of his challenger, Polish-American Nancy Kaszak, 
was once "an accomplished fund-raiser for [Chicago] mayor Richard Daley before joining Clinton's campaign in a similar role ... He returned to Chicago in 1998, where he made millions as an investment banker." [BUCHANAN, A., 2-26-02] Emanuel's canidacy was assailed by the president of the Polish American Congress, Edward Moskal, who called him a "millionaire carpetbagger" with too strong an allegiance to Israel. "While the country's certain elements, to which he gave his allegiance," said Moskal, "defiles the Polish homeland and continues to hurl insults at the Polish people." For such true statements Moskal was decried as a bigot by local media and "Mr. Emmanuel's campaign trotted out a rainbow of religious leaders to attack what they called the infusion of bigotry and hatred into the race." Emanuel bent Moskal's complaints into the usual charge of anti-Semitism. "[Moskal's] weren't criticisms of Rahm Emanuel as an individual," Emanuel declared, "Those statements, the meaning behind those statements, were criticisms of me as a Jewish American." [WILGOREN, J., 3-6-02]
 
Meanwhile, while Jews can go overseas, join the Israeli army, come back, and head a section in the White House, in 1995 Vice President Al Gore fired his speech-maker, 62-year old Richard Marius for having written a book review three years earlier in Harvard Magazine. Marius' offense was to write that
 
         "Many Israelis, the Holocaust fresh in their memory, believe that horror
         gives them the right to inflict horror on others. Winternitz's account
         of the brutality of Shin Bet, the Israeli secret police, is eerily similar
         to the stories of the Gestapo, the Geheimstaatpolitzei in Nazi-occupied
         territory in World War II." [DORF, INTERNET]
 
The book, published by the Atlantic Monthly Press and written by Helen Winternitz, included testimony like this:
 
      "The [Israeli] interrogators [of Palestinian detainees] at Dahiriya were
       notorious for their painful methods of extracting information and
       confessions, including beating, humiliations, freezing showers and
       confinements in coffin-like boxes ... There were by now almost nine
       thousand Palestinians in Israeli prisons or detention camps. The vast
       majority were not common criminals ... The general section was
       reported to be bad, and the interrogation section a black hole that was
       the Sin Bet's province, off-limits even to the army officer in charge of
       the prison. According to the common wisdom, only a few prisoners
       stood up to the Shin Bet and refused to cooperate ... Neta Goldman,
       an Israeli lawyer and member of the Association for Civil Rights,
       visited Dahiriya with a group of colleagues. She was shocked by what
       she saw when she looked into a cell. 'When they opened the door of
       the cell, it was like a deep, dark hole,' she said. 'It was so stinky we
       could hardly breathe. The smell was horrible.' Fourteen prisoners were
       confined in the cell, which she estimated was not more than fifteen
       square yards of space lighted by a single light bulb... " [WINTERNITZ]
 
Gore was reportedly alerted to the old Marius review of this by Martin Peretz, owner of the New Republic who "also writes for the Vice-President and is a staunch supporter of Israel." [DORF, JEWISH TELAG] (In earlier years, Peetz was a far-left, anti-establishment radical. He "helped bankroll SDS, Ramparts, and other radical causes." [ROTHMAN,/LIICHTER, 1982, p. 106] Peretz had fired New Republic editor Mike Kelly in 1997 "for what, Kelly says, was his harsh criticism of Clinton and Gore." [KURTZ, H., 8-20, 2000, p. A12] (Ironically, Marius had earlier written an important 1993 Vice-Presidential speech for the occasion of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Marius's firing recalls the one in 1977, when President Jimmy Carter fired his Ambassador to the United Nations, Andrew Young, a Black man, for meeting with representatives of the Palestinian Liberation Organization; information on this meeting is believed to have been provided by Israeli surveillance.)
 
Marius died in 1999. As James Wall, former Illinois State chairman for the Jimmy Carter presidential campaigns, observes:
 
     "Obituaries in the New York Times and the Associated Press devoted
     more attention to the charge of anti-Semitism that cost him a White
     House job than it did to Marius's extensive writings in theology and
     literature." [WALL, J., 2000, p. 13]
 
Another recent case of similar Jewish-inspired censorship was that of Salam Al-Marayati, head of the Los Angeles-based Muslim Public Affairs Council. In 1999 Democratic Congressman Richard Gephardt, the House Minority Leader, nominated Al-Marayati to serve on a newly created National Commission on Terrorism (an advisory group to Congress). A week later Gephardt withdrew the nomination. Why? "The Al-Marayati affair," noted the Los Angeles Times, "marked the third campaign against American Arab or Muslim appointments this year by the Zionist Organization of America and other Jewish groups. The incidents have highlighted community concerns that American Arabs and Muslims are targets of character assassination campaigns aimed at excluding them from U.S. policy-making positions." [WATANABE, p. 1]
 
Co-complainants to Al-Marayati's nomination included also the American Jewish Committee, the American Jewish Congress, the Anti-Defamation League, and the Conference of Presidents of Major Jewish Organizations. Jewish professor Norman Birnbaum noted that "a distinguished Congressman has succumbed to ideological blackmail ... [Do] Americans of Arab descent have the rights of other citizens or are [they] to be treated as guilty unless proved innocent, with the Israel lobby as prosecutor, judge and jury?" [BIRNBAUM, p. M5]
 
Jewish groups argued that Al-Marayati, in his published writings, condoned Muslim terrorism. In an editorial, the Atlanta Journal and Constitution expressed outrage at the successful Jewish efforts to oust Al-Marayati and the disingenuous manner they did it:
 
     "To bolster its case, the Jewish group [the American Jewish Committee]
     compiled five statements by Al-Marayati and four other statements
     attributed to members of his organization. Those statements -- the
     worst the Committee could find going back 10 years -- do not come
     close to justifying Al-Marayati's removal. For example, here's the first
     statement cited by the Committee:
          'Most Islamic movements have been branded as terrorists as a
      result of the rising extremism from a handful of militants.'
      Al-Marayati wrote in 1996, 'American freedom fighters hundreds
      of years ago were also regarded as terrorists by the British.'
     And that's as inflammatory as he gets." [AT J & C]  
 
The Washington Post, in an editorial, noted that "Americans should not ignore the Muslim community in discussing terrorism. Many Arabs feel their community bears the brunt of aspects of American terrorism policy. It is important for American counter-terrorism measures not to be seen reflexively by Muslims as illegitimate. People like Mr. Al-Marayati should be at the table." [WASHINGTON POST, 7-18-99]
 
The Los Angeles Times noted that "There's nothing unusual about politicians caving in to organized pressures. But in this case the pressure was unwarranted and Gephardt should have found the courage to resist it. Those who know Al-Marayati know that he is not an apologist for Arab terrorism or a public defender of radical causes." [LA TIMES, A Loss, p. B4]  Others publicly testifying in Al-Marayati's behalf were James Hilvert, the Executive Director of the National Conference for Community in Justice in Los Angeles, Joe R. Hicks, Executive Director of the Human Relations Commission in Los Angeles, Rabbi Emeritus Leonard Beerman of Leo Baeck Temple, and prominent Jewish Democratic fundraiser Stanley Sheinbaum. Even the editor of the Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, Gene Lichtenstein, joined in the fray, accusing the Zionist Organization of being a "Jewish Thought Police." [TUGEND, Liberal, p. 5]
 
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch noted in an editorial that Congressman Gephardt "appeared to be caving in to the vociferous criticism from Jewish groups ... [He] responded as would almost any politician hoping for a future. He found an escape hatch." [i.e., attributing the nomination withdrawal to a "security clearance" problem.] Al-Marayati  (also a member of the Los Angeles Human Relations Commission) responded to the attacks upon him, saying, "There are threats to our democracy, and one of these threats is the exclusion and discrimination that was exposed to us by these developments." [GOODSTEIN, p. A5]  Elsewhere, he noted "that you must toe the line of unconditional, blind support for Israel to be even considered to give advice to Congress." [MURPHY, p. 6]
 
Even before the withdrawal of Al-Marayati's nomination, noted the New York Times, "seven members of Congress sent a letter to Director Louis E. Freed of the FBI last week requesting his 'personal involvement' in conducting a background check on Mr. Al-Marayati." [GOODSTEIN, L., p. A5] (In 2001, Raeed Tayeh, a Muslim staff member for Georgia Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney, was forced to resign after writing a letter to the editor of The Hill, a Washington DC paper. Tayeh accused some Jewish senators of having dual loyalties (between Israel and America) and was bold enough to mention that he worked for Senator McKinney. [DOADIO, R., 12-7-01].
    
While Muslim Americans are subjected to a background shakedown of disturbing proportions (and then even before the initiation of a check, dumped), in May 1997 the Washington Post ran a front page story reporting that "the FBI has opened an investigation to determine whether a senior U.S. government official has been passing highly sensitive information to the Israeli government." [BOUSTANY, p. 1] The four month-old investigation originated because of a conversation intercepted by the National Security Agency, between a Washington-based Israeli intelligence officer and a superior in Tel Aviv. Code named by the Israelis as "Mega," the Post noted that the intercepted conversation led U.S. government officials "to believe that Mega may be someone in the U.S. government who has provided information to Israelis in the past." [BOUSTANY, p. 1]
 
Israel's Ambassador to the United States, Eliahu Ben-Elissor, complained that "apparently there is someone [who leaked the story to the press] who not only wants to besmirch the name of Israel, but also perhaps to cause damage to the relations between Israel and America." [GELLMAN, B, p. A20]  Gerald Steinberg, a foreign policies professor at Bar Elan University in Israel, noted the tension at the time between President Clinton and Israeli prime minister Benyamin Netanyahu over Israeli reluctance to concessions in the Clinton-brokered Arab-Israeli peace process. "When American-Israeli relations already seem tense," noted Steinberg, "over a whole series of other issues, this is a killer issue." [BOUSTANY, p. 1]
 
The Metro West Jewish News noted that "because the Mega story appeared the same day the administration's top peace process diplomat, Dennis Ross, was meeting with Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem, it is hard to escape the conclusion that the leak was intended to transmit a message to the [Israeli] prime minister: Never mind the pro-Israel/reluctant-to-take-on-the-Jews Clinton White House --we can still get you.' [METRO-JEWISH NEWS, 5-15-97, p. 4]  The Baltimore Jewish Newscomplained that the Washington Post printed, with the "Mega" story, a side article about Israeli Ambassador Ben-Elissar, who spent ten years working for Israel's CIA (the Mossad). [BESSER, J, SPYING, p. 34]  Malcolm Hoenlein, executive vice chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations told reporters that he was confident the Mega story "will blow over." [MANN, C, p. 1]  "There's something almost sinister about the way this was reported," suggestedAbraham Foxman, national director of the Anti-Defamation League, "with so little real information. And there's something disturbing about the link the Post made to the Pollard case." [BESSER, J, Spy Charges, p. 1]
 
The "Mega" story was reported by no other major American newspaper other than the Washington Post. And it suddenly evaporated from the Post pages with no further exploration, or explanation, of the story.
 
British journalist Gordon Thomas, author of a 1999 volume on the Mossad (based on over 100 hours of interviews with Mossad officials and agents), observed that Mega
 
     "may be more than one person. What's incredible is not so much
     that they have an American mole at the highest level of the United
     States government, but how this small [Israeli] intelligence community
     of about 1,200 people is able to mobilize sayanim [American Jewish
     agents for the Mossad], and control the American media and the
     publishing worlds, and get people like Barbara Streisand to spout
     'Israel-first, America-second' propaganda to the president of the
     United States over the dinner table at the White House." [HOWE, R.,
     6-99, p. 47]
 
Jewish spies for Israel in the White House is an old, albeit hidden, theme. In 1988, for instance, there was suggestion in some newspapers that a complicated spy-prisoner deal was being worked out with Israel which would "involve the U.S. halting further investigations in the Jonathan Pollard case." "Pollard," note Jewish authors Ian Black and Benny Morris, "was already serving a life sentence, but Israeli officials were apparently worried that further inquiries might unearth more spies in the heart of the United States administration." [BLACK/MORRIS, p. 443]  "Many in the United States intelligence community," says Seymour Hersh, "... were convinced that [Pollard] had one and perhaps many more accomplices inside the [U.S.] government -- men or women who were supplying Israel with the identification of highly classified documents that Pollard could then be assigned to retrieve." [HERSH, S., p. 307] Interestingly, by 1996, "both the Israeli ambassador to the U.S. and the Israeli ambassador to Canada were former Mossad officers." [OSTROVSKY, 1997, p. 37] (When George Bush assumed the presidency in 2001, Jewish Congressman Anthony Weiner "immediately beseeched" the new president "on his first workday as president' to "grant Pollard clemency.") [JORDAN, M., 1-26-01]
 
In May 2000, a Washington DC paper, Insight on the News, after interviewing over two dozen government officials about the problem, described the results of its year long investigation into Israeli spying in the American government:
 
     "The FBI is probing an explosive foreign espionage operation that
     could dwarf the other spy scandals plaguing the U.S. government.
     Insight has learned that FBI counterintelligence is tracing a daring
     operation to spy on high-level U.S. officials by hacking into
     supposedly secure telephone networks. The espionage was
     facilitated, federal officials say, by lax telephone-security procedures
     at the White House, State Department and other high-level
     government offices and by Justice Department unwillingness to
     seek an indictment against a suspect. The espionage operation
     may have serious ramifications because the FBI has identified
     Israel as the culprit." [WALLER/RODRIGUEZ, 2000]
 
As always, a "senior government official" remarked that "It is a politically sensitive matter. I can't comment on it beyond telling you that anything involving Israel on this particular matter is off-limits. It's that hot." "When it has anything to do with Israel," said a former U.S. intelligence officer, "it's something you just never want to poke your nose into." "What price should Israel pay for this?" David Major, former director of counterintelligence programs as the National Security Council said to the paper, "My predictions are that there will be no impact whatsoever. Do we put our heads in the sand or do we take it as a wake-up call?" [WALLER/RODRIGUEZ, 2000]

In December 2001, a series of Fox News TV programs noted the omnipresence of Israeli "ears" and Jewish power in shielding them from scrutiny:

     "Most directory assistance calls, and virtually all call records and billing in the
     U.S. are done for the phone companies by Amdocs Ltd., an Israeli-based
     private telecommunications company. Amdocs has contracts with the 25
     biggest phone companies in America, and more worldwide. The White House
     and other secure government phone lines are protected, but it is virtually
     impossible to make a call on normal phones without generating an Amdocs
     record of it. In recent years, the FBI and other government agencies have
     investigated Amdocs more than once. The firm has repeatedly and adamantly
     denied any security breaches or wrongdoing. But sources tell Fox News
     that in 1999, the super secret national security agency, headquarted in
     northern Maryland, issued what's called a Top Secret sensitive
     compartmentalized information report, TS/SCI, warning that records of
     calls in the United States were getting into foreign hands -- in Israel, in
     particular." [CAMERON, C., pt. 2, 12-14-01[

A second Fox News report notes:      

     "An Israeli-based company called Amdocs Ltd. ... generates the computerized
      records and billing data for nearly early phone call made in America ... [A second
       Israeli company, Comverse Infosys] provides wiretapping for law enforcement ...
       Adding to the suspicions is the fact that in Israel, Comverse works closely with the
      Israeli government, and under special programs, gets reimbursed up to 50 percent
      of its research and development costs by the Israeli Ministry of Industry and Trade.
      But investigators within the DEA, INS, and FBI have all told Fox News that to
      pursue or even suggest Israeli spying thorugh Comverse is considered career suicide."
       [CAMERON, C., pt. 3, 12-14-01]

Cameron's reports about Israeli spying amounted to four in total. He was the first representative of a news organization to also report that scores of Israeli nationals had been rounded up after the September 11 terrorist attack.

In fact, after the 2001 attack on the World Trade Center, a vast swirl of disturbing clues about Israeli spying in America began to appear -- however delicately -- in small sections of the mass media. (Most media sources -- overwhelmingly Jewish in control -- censored or ignored the stories. The Fox News articles cited above, for example, were withdrawn, with no explanation, from the company's web site within a week. Fox is owned by non-Jewish, but ardently pro-Israel, Rupert Murdoch). The well-known French magzine Le Monde, the French Online Intelligence Letter, and antiwar.com were among the very, very few in the vanguard of inquiry about Israeli spying in America. However guarded about the implications of the widening Israeli spy story, the Associated Press noted that

      "Authorities have arrested and deported since early last year dozens of young
      Israelis who represented themselves as art students in efforts to gain access to
       restricted buildings and homes, U.S. officials said. The Israelis tried to get inside
       sensitive federal office buildings and the homes of government employees, officials
       said. A draft report from the Drug Enforcement Administration -- which first
       characterized the activities as suspicious -- said the youths' actions 'may well be
      an organized intelligence-gathering activity ... The arrests, made in an unspecified
      number of major U.S. cities from California to Florida, came amid public warnings
      from U.S. intelligence agencies about suspicious behavior by people posing
      as Israeli art students and 'attempting to bypass facility security and enter
      federal buildings ... A Justice Department official, who also asked not to be
      identified, and investigators have been aware of some 'alleged linkage' between
      the students and alleged espionage activities in the United States since early
      2001, and said authorities have made arrests in Dallas, Chicago, San Diego
      and in South Florida." [BRIDIS, T., 3-6-02, LOS ANGELES TIMES]

These "art students" supposedly had links to the Universal Art Inc. at 10873 NW 52nd St in Sunrise, Florida. Soon after their busts the Sun-Sentinal noted that "there was no sign of a company called Universal Art Inc ... No one answered the door, and several occupants had not heard of the company. The comnpany's officers, Yitzchak Shish and Chava Sagi, are not listed. The were not among those deported ..." [RAIMONDO, J., 3-8-2002]

Le Monde outlined the entire Israel spy story as it then appeared, connecting the Israeli phone companies and the vast spy network to suggest that the Israelis obviously knew of the imminent attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon but did not warn the U.S. government. (This ruthless Machiavellian attitude of course would guarantee a greater American receptivity to Israeli views and needs if America suffered a major terrorist blow). Le Monde, citing Online Intelligence Letter evidence, estimates that about 120 Israeli spies were rounded up in America, echoing on a much larger scale the results of an earlier "secret" investigation "by division 5 of the FBI regarding Israeli phone-tapping targeting the White House, the State Department and the National Security Council." Le Monde contacted Fox News three times asking for a "tape of the broadcast" by Carl Cameron but "it was never done. On February 26, Fox told our correspondent in New York that sending it posed 'a problem,' without being specific." [CYPEL, S., 3-5-02] [online at: http://www.antiwar.com/rep/lemonde1.html]

Le Monde's own investigation further revealed that

      "six of the intercepted 'students' had a cellular phone bought by an Israeli
      ex-vice-consul in the United States ... Five at least were intercepted in Hollywood
       [Florida], and two in Fort Lauderdale. Hollywood is a town of 25,000 inhabitants
      north of Miami, close to Fort Lauderdale. At least 10 of the 19 terrorists of 9/11
      were residing in Florida ... 
Four of the five members of the group that diverted
       American Airlines flight number 11 ... resided all at various times in Hollywood Florida
       ... This convergence is, inter alia, the origin of the American conviction that one
      of the tasks of the Israeli 'students' would have been to track the Al-Qaida
      terrorists on their territory, without informing the federal authorities of the existence
      of the plot." [CYPEL, S., 3-5-02]

Citing a classified U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) report they had somehow acquired, the Online Intelligence web site names some of the captured Israeli spies: Peer Segalovitz ("military registration number 5087989"), Aran Ofek("son of a renowned two-star general in the Israeli army"), Michael Calmanovic ("headed up the team in Irving, Texas), Hanan Serfaty (headed the Israeli team in Florida), Legum Yochai (headed the Miami) operation. Spies intercepted a year ago included Yaron OhanaRonen KalfonZeev Cohen and Naor Topaz. "The network," wrote Online Intelligence, "targeted some of the most sensitive sites in the U.S., such as Tanker Air Force Base near Oklahoma City." [RAIMONDO, J., 3-8-02] [http://www.antiwar.com/justin/justincol.html]

As Justin Raimondo notes, citing Online Intelligence material:

     "It seems these 'art students' 'cultivated contacts with Israeli information
     technology compnaies based in the US and serving as regular suppliers
     to various U.S. federal agencies, such as Amdocs' and others. The Fox News
     is cited, by Online Intelligence and Le Monde, and the former even provides
     a convenient map of the Texas chapter of the 'art students' underground
     appareatus, complete with not only names, but arrival dates, corporate
     connections, when and where they were arrested, and their specific functions
     in the Israeli military-intelligence apparatus. How much more evidence do
     we need before the editorialists and the pundits start calling government
     officials on their lies -- and Congres begins an investigation?"
     [RAIMONDO, J., 3-8-02]

Amidst the many resultant US and Israeli government denials and cover-up about this gigantic Israeli spy story, the Intelligence Online organization's spokesman Guillaume Dasquie announced that

     "It seems irresponsible for us to publish it, but if the denials go on, we could
     put the report on our Internet site and in so doing possibly blacken the names
     of the people most exposed ... The document we have [the DEA report] we
     details not only the identities of the members of this network, but also their
     activities in the Israeli army, and even their serial numbers in the intelligence
     services, their passport numbers and their validity, and their visas and their
     validity." [RAIMONDO, J., 3-8-02]
 
Among those under suspicion as an Israeli spy in the heart of American government in earlier years was Howard Teicher, a (Jewish) National Security Council adviser. "Middle East experts in the State Department," noted John Walcott of the Wall Street Journal, "the NSC staff and some Washington think tanks conducted a tireless whispering campaign against him, intimating that he was an Israeli agent." "Teicher's life resembled that of tens of thousands of other young American Jews," says theJerusalem Post with no sense of irony in the implications of that  statement, "... [He] had a bar mitzva, went to Camp Ramah, spent a summer in Israel at age 17, learned Hebrew in high school and then in college worked in the fish pond at kibbutz Neveh Or [in Israel]."  [RODAN, 1994, p. 18] 

Then, in 2001, there is the mysterious three paragraph article from the Israeli newspaper Haaretz about Robert Philip Hanssen, an American FBI agent turned Russian spy who represented "one of the worst cases of espionage in the history of the United States." The Haaretz headline proclaimed Israeli Angle in U.S. Spy Case Causes Worry in Jerusalem, and then noted that "the recent confrontation between the United States and Russia over the serious espionage case involving FBI agent Robert Philip Hanssen has an Israel angle. This has been the subject of concern at the highest political and security echelons in Jerusalem in the past few days." [BENN, A., 4-4-01] The article explains nothing else at all about the dimensions of this "Israeli angle," nor has any other media source ever taken up the story.

Fox News had addressed the subject of Israeli spies in America after the September 11 terrorist attacks:

     "Since September 11, more than 60 Israelis have been arrested or detained, either
     under the new patriot anti-terrorist law, or for immigration violations. A handful
     of active Israeli military were among those detained, according to investigators,
     who say some of the detainees also failed polygraph questions when asked
     about alleged surveillance activities against and in the United States. There
     is no indication that the Israelis were involved in the 9/11 attacks, but
     investigators suspect that the Israelis may have gathered intelligence about
     the attacks in advance, and not shared it. A highly placed investigator
     said there are 'tie-ins' ... Numerous classified documents obtained by Fox
     News 
indicate that even prior to September 11, as many as 140 other Israelis
     had been deatined or arrested in a secretive and sprawling investigation into
     suspected espionage by Israelis in the United States." [CAMERON, C.,
     pt. 1, 12-14-01]
 
What about the aforementioned CIA head John Deutch (and perhaps others in his circle) as a very strong candidate for the Jewish-Israeli "Mega" club? In 2000, a troubling story about him began to hit the newsstands, revolving around an incident that happened as he was leaving his CIA post in 1996. Deutch, who became Director of the CIA after leaving his position as Deputy Secretary of Defense, was caught with 1,700 pages of CIA documents -- many secret, and classified -- on his home computer, one that had also been a visitor to "high-risk" Internet pornography sites. Members in Congress were not informed of Deutch's security lapses until 1998 and not until the year 2000 did all this come under public scrutiny. And he was afforded top-level Pentagon security clearance until late 1999.
 
Deutch was known to be a problem earlier in his career when it came to secret information. "According to a knowledgeable official who asked not be identified," noted the (New Jersey) Record, "while Deutch was serving as a senior Defense Department official [the number two in command] in the early 1990s, he failed a polygraph test about his handling of classified materials. The official said Pentagon security officers were concerned because Deutch took highly classified material home with him, but his security clearances were not revoked or downgraded." [THE RECORD, 2-5-2000, p. A6]
 
An investigation of Deutch's information cache was undertaken by the CIA Inspector General. The IG report, noted the New York Times, "disclosed that just three days after Mr. Deutch learned that his computer practices were under review, he deleted more than 1,000 classified files from his personal computers. The report also says that Mr. Deutch declined to be interviewed by the CIA's security officials." [RISEN, J., 2-12-2000]  Deutch had been taking secret CIA information home for years. As the Times notes, "according to the IG report, "Mr. Deutch used unclassified MacIntosh computers for classified work through his tenure as director. He chose not to conduct sensitive work on the classified computer system at the CIA because he said he was afraid the other CIA officials would see what he was writing, according to the report." [RISEN, J., 2-12-2000]
 
"This is strange behavior, very suspicious," remarked the chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Richard Shelby, about Deutch's actions, "It's unprecedented, to my knowledge." [THE RECORD, 2-5-2000]
 
The CIA investigators, noted a European paper, "became so frustrated at the limits imposed on them that they concluded senior [CIA] officials were protecting Mr. Deutch and wanted to wash their hands of the case." [BRANSON, L., 2-2-2000, p. 12] "Mr. Deutch," said the New York Times, "refused to be interviewed by the security staff and senior CIA officials allowed him to avoid being questioned." [RISEN, J.] A number of media members began calling Deutch's case a "cover-up." The CIA didn't report Deutch's misdeeds to the Justice Department for over a year. The CIA's Inspector General only did so in 1998 "after an agency employee complained to the Inspector General's office that the inquiry had not been properly handled." [RISEN, J., 2-12-2000] The Justice Department declined to prosecute the former Director of the CIA.
 
The Deutch revelation, remarked a Scottish paper, "is particularly embarrassing in the light of the high profile case of Los Alamos scientist Wen Ho Lee, who is being held in jail without bail. He is suspected of transferring secrets from the nuclear research base to the Chinese. The charges against him so far are for exactly what Mr. Deutch did: transferring files from work to his home computer." [BRANSON, L., 2-2-2000, p. 12] Like Deutch, there was no hard evidence that Lee passed along information to a foreign government, but Lee languished in solitary confinement 23 hours a day as a suspected spy (imprisoned for taken classified work home), while Deutch merely had his clearances to enter CIA and Pentagon databases taken away.
 
It was even discovered that Deutch had helped a CIA official, Nora Slatkin, get a job as a vice-president at CITIBANK while she was working on the investigation of his breach of security case. [RISEN, J., 2-12-2000, p. A10] In recent years Deutchhas been a professor at MIT and an adviser to weapons companies. He was paid over $240,000, for example, in 1998-99 as a non-employee director at Raytheon and member of that company's board of governors. [MCLAUGHLIN, T., 3-30-2000, p. 25] As Bill Clinton left the White House in 2001, Clinton granted Deutch a full pardon, surprising the CIA even as it continued its investigation.

Another curious -- and controversial -- pardon made by Clinton as he left the White House was that of Marc Rich, a Jewish American citizen, prominent philanthropist to Israel, and "fugitive commodities trader" who fled America in the 1980s. As MSNBC (Microsoft/NBC online news) noted: "The U.S. government is aware that Rich has acted as an intermediary in negotiating the return of captured Israeli soldiers and Jewish dissidents. Several Israeli officials wrote Clinton in support of his pardon." Clinton admitted publicly that Israel had influenced him "profoundly" in the issuance of a pardon. (Rich has given between $70-80 million to Israeli charities, including $5 million to Birthright Israel, the program that seeks to strengthen Zionist ties among Jewish Americans to the Jewish state. The former head of Israel's Mossad spy agency, Avner Azulay, heads Rich's charitable foundation in the Jewish state). [MSNBC, 2-15-01] Rich's ex-wife Denise has also contributed over $1 million to the Democratic Party. [MSNBC, 2-2-2001] As the Denver Post noted about the Rich controversy:

     "President Clinton granted his controversial pardon to fugitive financier Marc
     Rich in part because Israel's prime minister repeatedly pressed him to do so as
     as a reward for Rich's clandestine services to Israeli intelligence ... 
On its face,
     Israeli supoport for Rich might seem curious, since Rich did extensive
     business with Iran and Iraq, two of Israel's mortal enemies, in apparent
     violation of U.S. law. But it turns out that Rich used his business contacts
     in the Arab world to pass intelligence to Israel's foreign intelligence service,
     the Mossad, and to top Israeli officials." [ENDA/KUHNHENN, 2-15-01, p. A1]

"The Marc Rich story," laments Jewish author Walter Reich, "disproves the adage that all politics are local. Here, the machinations of Jewish politics have gone national with a vengeance. The cast of characters in this squalid miniseries is -- let's face it -- overwhelmingly Jewish." [REICH, W., 2-25-01, part M, p. 5] (Reich also alludes to the many, many Jewish officials -- discussed in this work elsewhere -- who chose corruption and disgrace in lobbying Clinton for a pardon of Rich, the international fugitive).

(Clinton pardoned 140 criminals. In a review of the 32 who had their sentences commuted, at least 7 were Jewish -- 22% of the 32 -- overrepresented here by nearly 1,000 per cent per their American population presence, and an even higher percentage per their representation in American prisons.)
Sure enough too, in 2000, concurrently with Deutch's escapades , the aforementioned Martin Indyk, Ambassador to Israel, active Zionist, and a former National Security Advisor, had his security clearance suspended by the State Department for "suspected violations" of security norms, ostensibly for, "over a long period of time," "sloppy handling of classified information." The Washington Post also noted that
 
     "Three sources familiar with the investigation said that one part
     of the inquiry [into Indyk] also involves questions about Indyk's
     former deputy Ronald Neumann [also Jewish] and his possible
     involvement in the alleged composition of a classified memo on
     an unclassified laptop while traveling in the Middle East."
     [MUFSON, S., 9-23-2000]
 
And what are we to make of the following newswire item in 1998? Focusing on the fact that the Israeli premiere's public Internet web site had been sabotaged by a computer hacker with pornography, the article also noted that only weeks earlier  
 
     "the FBI launched a hunt for the Israeli cyber-intruder
     who managed to steal into some of the Pentagon's most closely
     guarded secrets." [DEUTSCHE PRESSE-AGENTUR, 3-11-98]
 
As Jewish author Joseph Aaron, in an extraordinarily unusual public admission, observed in 2000, focusing on the case of Jewish CIA employee Adam Ciralsky:
 
     "Earlier this month, '60 Minutes' featured the case of Adam Ciralsky,
     an observant Jew fired by the CIA. During the segment, a CIA official
     said the agency believes the Israeli government has a program that
     recruits American Jews to spy on the United States ... Let's face it.
     If there is suspicion about Jews working at the CIA, it's understandable.
     If Jews, especially religious Jews, are feared to be working for Israel,
     we deserve it. For we have done so much to make the suspicions seem
     justified." [AARON, J., 2-26-2000, p. 21]

(In 2001, a Jewish reserve officer, Shawn Pine, charged the U. S. Army (as did Ciralsky of the CIA) with anti-Semitism. Why? Raised in America, he emigrated to Israel in the 1970s, returned to the U.S., joined the American army, and in 1995 returned to study in a Jerusalem university, working part-time again in the Israel Defense Forces. Stripped of his high-level army security clearance and his command of an intelligence unit in 2001, Pine charged that anti-Semitism was 'endemic' to the U.S. Army.) [SAMBER, S., 10-29-01]
    
Meanwhile, international Zionist intrigue operates with impunity. In July 2000, for example, the New York Times noted the extraordinary privileges provided to an Israeli spy in Switzerland. The unidentified man was caught by Swiss police during a wiretapping mission. "In an unheard of concession," said the Times, "Swiss justice officials allowed him to use an assumed name for trial on grounds that disclosing his real one would endanger his life." The spy, whose real name his lawyers didn't even know, was convicted on three counts of law-breaking, but was released with a "one-year suspended sentence." "There was speculation," added the Times, "that the Swiss and Israeli authorities had cut a deal for a light sentence to avoid further diplomatic strains." (Switzerland has been involved in negotiations with Jewish Holocaust survivors over billions of dollars of Jewish World War II-era claims). [OLSON, E., 2000, p. A6]
 
1999's White House coddling of the Jewish lobbying empire and international Zionist spy networks included the Islamic nation of Iran. The (Jewish) Forward noted that "At last weekends G-7 talks in Germany, President Clinton asked the Japanese government to refrain from approving their third loan installment of $820 million to Iran until the 13 [Jewish] prisoners are freed." [SPENCE]  These 13 Iranian Jews, arrested and accused by Iran of spying for Israel (7 non-Jews arrested in the alleged ring are rarely mentioned in the Western press), had not even been yet been brought to trial to prove their guilt or innocence, yet the American president was an active lobbyist for Jewish/Israeli interests to ignore Iranian sovereignty and demand, pre-trial, all the suspects' categorical freedom. Jewish American National Security Adviser Sandy Berger wrote a formal letter to the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations assuring them that the President planned to "seek international assistance" in freeing the 13. The Jerusalem Post noted the dimensions of international Jewish activism about the issue, noting that an Israeli "Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said Israel had approached practically every country with which it had diplomatic relations and asked help for seeking the release of the Iranian Jews." [KUTTLER, 6-18-99]
 
Iranian officials even revealed that some of the accused Jewish prisoners had confessed that they spied for Israel. Nonetheless, U.S. Secretary or State Madeline Albright announced that "We have made this very clear that this is an unacceptable trial. There is absolutely no reason for them to brought up on espionage charges." A prominent Iranian religious leader, Mohammed Emami Kashani, responded to Albright, saying, "You are a political leader, not a judicial official ... There are international laws. Relations between the countries are based on laws ... Woman, you who are Secretary of State, on what logic have you based your remarks? On what basis?" [AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, 10-22-99]
 
Years earlier, as context for understanding such an international Jewish pressure campaign, we may look to Morocco. In 1960 an Israeli-sponsored "underground military cell" (as two Jewish scholars describe it), consisting of about 600 people, was exposed among Jews in that Arab land. Many were arrested. Israel then "foreswore secret diplomacy," notes Ian Black and Benny Morris, "and launched a widespread public campaign on behalf of Moroccan Jewry. U.S. President John Kennedy sent a personal message to King Muhammad; a group of American Congressmen threatened to table a bill to stop U.S. aid to Morocco unless the "persecution" stopped. French President Charles de Gaulle was also mobilized to exert pressure on [Morocco's capital] Rabat." [BLACK/MORRIS, p. 179]  The imprisoned Jews were eventually released. The head of Israel's Mossad, Isser Harel, wrote at the time that "there is no doubt that the [Moroccan] King's and the interior minister's latest steps are a result of our actions and our information campaign around the world." [BLACK/MORRIS, p. 179]
 
In the context of this chapter, this book, and the issues they raise, what are we to make of the curiously timed January 1998 Clinton sex scandal? While Israel's newspapers "warned darkly of a new wave of anti-Semitism as a result of a scandal that has been called 'Monica-gate,' " [BESSER, ERIC, p. 22] the mainstream American mass media, of course, systematically neglected to even note the fact that the White House intern, Monica Lewinsky -- who had sexual relations with the President -- was Jewish. Of the 1,317 articles mentioning Monica Lewinsky in the America's major newspapers (as cited in Newspaper Abstracts) to March 10, 1998, one -- in the context of Lewinsky's lawyer's comments about Israel -- mentioned the word "Jew" or "Jewish."
 
The Jewish press (i.e., those media outlets that expressly address concerns of the intra-Jewish community ), of course, very much noted the fact of Lewinsky's heritage and the Jewish complexion of the sex scandal. The Jewish Week reported that "Jewish leaders generally do not expect a backlash stemming from the fact that so many of the actors in the steamy melodrama are Jewish, including Lewinsky, [her lawyer] Ginsburg, and Walter Kaye, a retired New York insurance executive and a major donor to Jewish democratic causes who reportedly introduced the former intern to the First Family." [BESSER, p. 22] Kaye "was a great friend of Debra Schiff, a receptionist in the White House's West Wing lobby." [MORTON, A., 1999, p. 113] Karin Joyce Abramson was the Director of the White House Intern Program  (Lewinsky started out as an intern there) and it was Evelyn Lieberman who saw Lewinsky as a growing problem in the White House and transferred her to a job in the Pentagon. [STARR, p. 104] Presidential assistant Sidney Blumenthal was also one of those accused of lying about the Lewinsky scandal. [HOROWITZ, D., 1999, p. 240]
 
"During Ms. Lewinsky's first Oval Office encounter with Mr. Clinton," notes the (Jewish) Forward in a review of her own book, "he asks what her name is. She replies, 'Jewish.' " Lewinsiky also compared her problems in the limelight of the Presidential sex scandal to Holocaust victims, Ann Frank, and  Hannah Senesh, a Jewish heroine who parachuted into Nazi-held territory. [GITELL, S., 3-12-99, p. 1]
 
"As Monicagate has morphed from a sex scandal to a national fixation to a constitutional crisis," noted the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "Jews have been there at every major turn -- whether as Clinton's confidants, steadfast defenders, repairers of the breach, or other bit players." [KURTZMAN, p. 3] Originally, Clinton "denied the affair, acting on the advice of his political adviser, Dick Morris, a Jew to whom Clinton has turned for guidance at some of the most trying moments of his political career. Morris, who took his own flogging in the media for a sex scandal with a prostitute, advised Clinton to acknowledge nothing, citing a poll that found the public would forgive him for adultery, but not perjury or obstruction of justice." [KURTZMAN, p. 3] Jewish senator Joseph Lieberman, the only Orthodox Jew in Congress, was the first to attack Clinton in Congress for the scandal. (Lieberman had raised $2 million for Clinton's election in 1992). [BESSER, J., 11-13-92, p. 34] Another, Robert Wexler, was Clinton's "staunchest defender in Congress."  Other Jews on the House Judiciary Committee who "played a key role in trying to paint the proceedings as a partisan witch hunt," included Howard BermanJerrold NadlerSteve Rothman, and Charles Schumer, and Barney Frank. Even the prosecutor of the Clinton sex scandal investigation, Kenneth Starr, has a Jewish wife. [KLAIDMAN, D., 1998, p. 35]
 
The aforementioned Dick Morris, was billed on the cover of his own 1997 book about himself as "President Clinton's chief strategist," a careerist behind-the-scenes propagandist and chameleon who writes that "sometimes I vote Democrat and sometimes Republican." White House insider, he has voted throughout his life with the political conviction of a ping-pong ball -- for Democratic presidential candidates Hubert Humphrey, George McGovern, and Jimmy Carter, then to Republicans Ronald Reagan and George Bush, and then back to Democrat Clinton. [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. 19] "I had no agenda," he notes about deciding to work at Clinton's side, "other than victory." [MORRIS, R., 1997, p. 22] In 1996 an editor at Timemagazine, Walter Isaacson (also Jewish) told Morris that he was going to be featured on the journal's cover, with the heading "THE MAN INSIDE THE PRESIDENT'S MIND." Time, says Morris, was also considering a "caricature of Clinton with a hinge in his head and an opening, with a cartoon on me standing in his brain -- actually in his brain ... [Isaacson called later and] told me that the final cover would show me sitting on Clinton's shoulder, not in his head and that the heading would be THE MAN WHO HAS THE PRESIDENT'S EAR  ... While I was talking to Time and to the president, the prostitute whom I'd been seeing for a year was on the balcony outside my door." [MORRIS, R., 1997, p. 322-323]
 
Early in Morris's career, he was an adviser to Jewish senator Howard Metzenbaum, a victor in Ohio in 1976. "Metzenbaum," says Morris, "had taken such extensive deductions on his tax returns that in 1969 he paid no taxes at all despite an income of $241,000. Ruthless and determined to buy the Senate seat with his personal fortune, he made quite a contrast to the honorable but reserved incumbent, the grandson of President William Howard Taft. Our basic campaign was that Taft was too nice to be a senator, that you needed to send a tough, mean guy to Washington to deal with the big oil companies and government bureaucrats." [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. 45-46]
 
Morris wrote Clinton's speech at the Democratic National Convention in 1996. [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. 330] "The President's chief strategist" notes that his own six-member "media team" consisted of "Squier, Knapp, SchoenSteinberg, andFreedman [and Penn]" -- at least half of these are Jewish names. Of these, Tom Freedman was Morris's "chief of staff." "Team member" Doug Schoen was also a political consultant to Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and "when Shimon Peres took office [after Rabin's assassination]," notes Morris,  "he kept Schoen's services, without, I gather, understanding at first the pivotal role Schoen was playing in the Clinton presidency. [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. 332, 103, 256]
 
Here are some other Morris comments, a man who always had the ear of America's President:
 
    "Everything else I have written [before this book] was a speech, an
    ad, a memo, a tract -- all text with a mission to convert, a goal to
    persuade." [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. xiii]
 
    "I did not let [the prostitute] eavesdrop on my conversations
    with the president on an extension phone. What I did, when I let my
    inflated ego get the better of me, was to put my phone to her ear for
    a moment or two so she could hear his voice. I had behaved in a
    similarly immature way with my brother-in-law and my uncle. It was
    just a stupid thing to do." [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. xvii]
 
    "[Considering popular preacher Billy Graham as a speaker at the
    Democratic National Convention] I worried about how Jews and
    others would react." [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. 325]
 
    "[President Clinton] increasingly saw me not as a political medicine
    man but as an adviser who could develop programmatic ideas to
    express concretely his idea of where he wanted to lead America."
    [MORRIS, D., 1997, p. 324]
 
The aforementioned Congressman Barney Frank, brother of White House Communications Director Ann Lewis, was likewise no surprise at Clinton's side in the direction that the President "wanted to lead America." Frank, elected from the tolerant blue-collar, largely Catholic Massachusetts town of Fall River, had survived his own sensational sex expose in 1989. Frank, noted Newsweek then, "came under fire for his relationship with a male prostitute. The case raises new questions about the private conduct of public officials." Frank, "darling of the Democratic Party's left wing," met hooker Stephen L. Gobie by answering a gay newspaper "personal" ad which read "hot bottom plus large endowment equals a good time." [WINNEKER, 1998] "His real difficulty," observed Newsweek, "is explaining how he came to hire Gobie as a chauffeur and personal assistant, why he wrote supportive letters to Gobie's parole officer, and how Gobie wound up using Frank's home for commercial sex." [MORGENTHAU, 1989, p. 14]  Gobie was also a "convicted child pornographer and drug dealer."  Especially troubling too, noted Newsweek, was Frank's long-term pattern of behavior: "Until recently, Frank was often seen in public with young hustlers described by more responsible gays as 'Provincetown trash.'" [MORGENTHAU, 1989, p. 14] "Frank," noted Washington's Capitol Style magazine,  "was confronting charges that he not only solicited a male prostitute, but knowingly permitted a brothel to be operated from his Capitol Hill apartment and improperly intervened with probation officers on behalf of a convicted felon. The allegations were so salacious that few politicians could have survived them." [WINNEKER, 1998] Frank survived; confessing many of the charges against him, he was merely reprimanded by Congress and elected by Fall River voters to a sixth term.
 
While under public siege during the President's own embarrassment, Clinton's "most extensive confessional" was at a national prayer breakfast in which he "turned to the Yom Kippur liturgy. He opened up Gates of Repentance ... and read a passage about the challenge of penitence and changing one's ways ... In December, just days before he was impeached, Clinton again turned to Israel, this time traveling to the Jewish state for a three-day visit. Some were baffled when he didn't cut the trip short and fly home to fight for his political survival." [KURTZMAN, p. 3]
 
Wall Street Journal reporter Tom King, in a biography of Jewish media mogul David Geffen, even "credits Geffen as the scriptwriter of Clinton's 'inappropriate sexual relations' speech to the nation during the Lewinsky affair." And Geffen's moral credentials for such work?  "When [Yoko] Ono rang him shortly after [Beatle John] Lennon was shot, Geffen had to prise himself away from male prostitute in his bedroom to get to the hospital -- a story he delighted in retelling over the years." [BOYD, B., 3-4-2000] (On the other end of the political spectrum, Frank Luntz "helped write Newt Gingrich's Contract with America speech" and Lisa Schiffen "wrote Vice President [Dan] Quayle's famous 'Murphy Brown family values' speech." Both of these people too are Jewish. [FRIEDMAN, M., June/Sept 1999, p. 110]

Tom King, in his biography of Geffen, also notes:

     "Geffen eagerly answered the call when President Clinton asked him for feedback
     on his proposal to end the ban on homosexuals in the military ... Geffen ...
     put the art department at Geffen Records on the job of creating newspaper
     ads advoating the overturning of the ban ... Geffen, whom had escaped
     military service in Vietnam by meekly admitting he was homosexual, could
     not understand why anyone would want to serve in the military."
     [KING, T., 2000, p. 492-493]

In 2002, long out of the presidency, Bill Clinton made the news for his following outrageous comment:

   "Former President Clinton, who avoided the Vietnam War, told Jewish supporters in Toronto that he would fight and die to protect Israel if Iraq or Iran ever invaded. 'The Israelis know that if the Iraqi or Iranian army came across the Jordan River, I would personally grab a rifle, get in a ditch, and fight and die,' Clinton said to cheers at the Hadassah children's charity fund-rasing dinner last week ... Clinton was accused of ducking the draft during the Vietnam era. He received an induction notice but got a deferment when he promised to participate in an ROTC program. He never joined the program." [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 8-4-2002]
 
(Clinton's wife, Hillary, also embarked upon her own political career in 1999, looking to garner a few more Jewish votes in her run for the Senate from New York -- her campaign spokesman was Howard Wolfson -- by letting it be known that she had a Jewish "step-grandfather" named Max Rosenberg. For that matter, the 1988 Democratic presidential candidate, Michael Dukakis, had a Jewish wife, Kitty. Ms. Dukakis, appointed to the United States Holocaust Memorial Council, writes that she had a "preoccupation with Israel. By 1979, I'd been to the Holy Land three times." [DUKAKIS, K., 1990, p. 143] She eventually changed her mind about a planned trip to Cuba because "in a United Nations vote against Israel equating Zionism with racism, Cuba had cast its vote with the majority; I felt I could not in all good conscience go to a country that censured Israel." [DUKAKIS, K., p. 158] One of current Vice-President Al Gore's daughter's also has a Jewish husband. Jewish New Age feminist Naomi Wolf was also brought into the 2000 Gore presidential campaign, earning $15,000 a month to advise on his image. Media jokes emphasized her efforts to remold the presidential hopeful into an "Alpha Male," emerging from Clinton's shadow.) [ORIN, D., 7-6-2000, p. 21]
 
Born to a rich Jewish family in Beverly Hills, Monica Lewinsky and her lawyer Ginsburg have been to Israel "many times." [GREENBERG, p. 23] Lewinsky's mother, Marcia, has written a column for the Hollywood Reporter and, using the pseudonym Marcia Lewis, wrote a "saucy celebrity biography" about the private lives of male opera stars. Divorced from Monica's father, at the time of her daughter's scandal Marcia was engaged to R. Peter Strauss (also Jewish), a New York media executive who owns radio stations and newspapers in the upstate Hudson valley. [STONE, A, USA, 1-28-98, p. A6] His family owned Macy's department store and his late wife was a member of the New York Times-owning Sulzberger family. While Monica landed her intern post with the help of Walter Kaye, before the scandal story broke Lewinsky was provided another job in public relations at Revlon, a company controlled by Jewish billionaire and chum of Michael MilkenRonald Perelman. [NEWSWEEK, ISIKOFF, p. 31-42] (In 1995 President Clinton and his wife spent a vacation at the Perelman ranch in Wyoming,  the same hosts who had earlier held a fundraising party for the President at the Perelman's Palm Beach home. [WECHSLER, p. 11])
 
While the mainstream American press completely ignored the Jewish dimensions of the scandal, the ethnic media that expressly served the Jewish community consistently highlighted not only the fact that Lewinsky was Jewish, but also the fortuitous timing of the sex expose, just when Clinton was preparing to forcibly intercede in the stalled and embittered Israeli-Palestinian peace process, in opposition to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's reneging on early agreements of land withdrawals from Palestinian areas.
 
The Jewish Forward (New York), the Jewish Week (New York), the Jerusalem Report (Israel), and the Jewish Chronicle (England) all immediately noted Lewinsky's status in the world Jewish community as a "Queen Esther" (Queen Esther, in Biblical tradition, saved the Jewish people from destruction from their nemesis, Haman). (Both the Jewish Chronicle and the Jewish Week published photographs of a billboard campaign in Israel featuring an image of President Clinton and a caption saying, "We support you, friend." )
 
Jerusalem Report headline beamed "Monica Lewinsky: Bibi's Queen Esther?" (Bibi was former Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's nickname. In 1993 he faced his own sex scandal in the Jewish state.) [HIRSCHBERG, P., 4-22-93] Leonard Fein in the Forward noted that:
 
      "Even if some observers from within our own community hadn't
      compared Monica Lewinsky to Queen Esther, the idea is that just as
      the President was preparing to dump on Israel, she whispered sweet
      Zionist phrases in his ear, or maybe the idea is simply that by pushing
      him into scandal, she rendered him politically impotent -- the Jewish
      threads of the story would have been intriguing. The sturdiest thread
      has been provided by Bill Ginsburg, Ms. Lewinsky's lawyer who, in
      an interview with Israel's Yediot Ahronot, allowed that neither he nor
      his client, devoted Jews, had any interest in bringing down a President
      who had been 'so good to Israel.' The reporter: Should Monica go to
      Israel and escape the pressures she's under now? Ginsburg: Not while
      the proceedings are still under way. But if, when it's all over, she wants
      to live in Israel, that might be a wonderful idea."  [FEIN, MONICA, p. 7]
 
The Jewish Chronicle noted:
 
     "A nationally prominent Orthodox spokesman calls Monica Lewinsky ...
      'a modern day Queen Esther,' and he is only half-kidding. A Northeastern
      Chabad rabbi says, straight-faced, that Ms. Lewinsky has, as far as they
      are concerned, removed the White House as a deciding factor in Mideast
      Peace, at least for now. Because President Clinton's personal
      involvement was the one thing keeping the moribund peace talks moving,
      hopes for a near-term breakthrough are now near zero. Hello [Israeli]
      land, goodbye peace. Last week was, according to many a pundit,
      supposed to be a watershed in the troubled tenure of Prime Minister
      Binyamin Netanyahu. He came to Washington a wounded leader,
      expecting intense pressure from a determined Bill Clinton. Enter Ms.
      Lewinsky and 'Zippergate,' and the Middle East abruptly vanished from
      our screens. The pressure was off." [J CHRON, p. 2]
 
A third editorial, this one in the Jewish Week, entitled, "Monica, a Modern Queen Esther?," began:
 
      "Did you know that Monica Lewinsky is an agent for Mossad, the
       Israeli equivalent of the CIA? That's the charge in some of the Arab
       press, which asserts that the alleged affair between the former White
       House intern and President Clinton was a Zionist plot to distract
       attention from the Mideast and take the pressure off the Netanyahu
       government. 'Why did it come at the end of Clinton's meetings with
       Netanyahu and before his meetings with Arafat?' wondered a columnist
       for the Palestinian daily, Al-Ayyam. And Sheikh Ahmad Yassin, the
       spiritual leader of Hamas who was released from an Israeli prison last
       year, reasoned that 'the Zionist lobby and world Zionism creates   
       disasters for anyone who may cause it problems.' So much for any
       lessening of Arab paranoia about Jewish clout. On the other hand, some
       supporters of Netanyahu were referring to Lewinsky as a modern-day
       Queen Esther -- a beautiful young Jewish woman who, through her
       sexual appeal to the nation's leader, helped save her people. More than a
       bit far-fetched, of course, but the description was reflective of the
       feeling among some Israelis that the sex scandal involving Clinton has
       taken Netanyahu off the hot seat in terms of complying with U. S.
       requests from withdrawing from additional West Bank land. There was
       also speculation in Israel that Clinton may resign, elevating Al Gore to
       the presidency. Gore is considered even  more supportive of Israel than
       Clinton." [JEWISH WEEK, 1-30-98]
 
"Gore," noted the Jerusalem Report, "engaged a reputation as one of Israel's best supporters during his 14 years in the House and Senate." He once told a Jewish gathering that included Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu that "the United States will never pressure Israel to do what it doesn't want to do." [BRODER, J., 2-19-98, p. 36]  In 2000, Gore during his campaign for president, named an Orthodox Jew, Joseph Lieberman, former head of the Democratic Leadership Council, as his vice-presidential running mate. Lieberman has been a prominent lobbyist to move the U.S. embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem a move American foreign policy makers have resisted for the past half century. [KURTZMAN, D., 6-2-99, p. 3] Upon Lieberman's selection, Rabbi Steven Dworken, Executive President of the Orthodox Council of America, declared that anti-Semitism "doesn't show up in the polls, but it shows in the voting booth. It will force Americans to look themselves in the mirror and say, 'I am not an anti-Semite,' or to admit to themselves, 'Yes, I am a bigot.'" [LATTIN, D., 8-8-2000, p. A13] Among those quickly lambasted as an anti-Semite was Wilbert Tatum, the publisher of New York City's African-American newspaper, the Amsterdam News. Blunting noting the Jewish context of American politics, Tatum editorialized that "America is being sold to the highest bidder." [PR NEWSWIRE, 8-16-2000] One news report also noted that "not only was his active Harvard pupil and friend of 35 years [Al Gore] for president, but the fiercely pro-Israel publisher [Martin Peretz, of the New Republic] got to watch his Jewish buddy of two decades, Lieberman, take the number two spot." [KURTZ, H., 8-20-2000, p. A12]
 
The selection of Lieberman as an Orthodox Jew on the traditionally liberal Democratic ticket highlights the usual double standard of evaluation whenever, and wherever, Jews are concerned. What one wonders, would the many homosexual rights, women's rights, and other organizations say if they had access to open public discourse about the world view of Orthodox Judaism? Lieberman's conservative religious views in many ways parallel Christians Pat Robertson or Jerry Falwell. But as Jewish journalist Paul Greenberg, "Pulitzer-prize winning editorial page editor of the Arkansas Democrat Gazette," observed:
 
      "One suspects that, if Senator Lieberman were an equally committed
      Baptist or Mormon, many of those now, hailing his nomination would
      be murmuring darkly about the dangers of the Religious Right. It'll
      be interesting to see if the ACLU objects to a fundamentalist on the
      ticket when he's a Jewish one." [GREENBERG, P., 8-9-2000, p. B10]
 
Jewish professor Deborah Lipstadt notes the Jewish response to Gore's selection:
 
     "The announcement of the Lieberman selection as Al Gore's running
     mate unleashed torrents of joy. When the news first broke, American
     Jews breathlessly called one another to share the news ... We caught
     our breath and let out a collective whoop. Lieberman is not just any
     Jew. The prism through which his view of the world is refracted is
     a Jewish prism." [LIPSTADT, D., 8-20-2000, p. B3]
 
What about this "Jewish prism?" Soon after the selection of Lieberman as Al Gore's running mate, an embarrassing relationship came to light between  Lieberman and his uncle, Bernard Manger. As the Houston Chronicle noted,
 
     "When Bernard Manger died in 1995, he left behind a will that
     disinherited two of his four children from his $48 million estate. The
     reason: they had married people who weren't born Jewish. He counted
     on his nephew to enforce his wishes. His nephew is Sen. Joseph
     Lieberman, the Democratic vice presidential candidate ... As he grew
     older, Manger became more and more concerned that intermarriage
     was threatening the existence of the Jewish people." [KUNTZ, P., 8-27-
     2000, p. 3]
 
Both of the spouses of the disinherited children had long converted to Judaism, but "not in the Orthodox fashion Manger would have liked." Lieberman eventually figured out a way to get the disinherited individuals their cuts of the estate (one of the disinherited children found an "unsigned" document that allegedly claimed that Manger had changed his mind). But, after all, Lieberman is a politician; how could he have politically survived among non-Jews if he fulfilled his uncle's nakedly racist and anti-Gentile wishes? More troubling, one wonders, why is it that Manger so much trusted Lieberman to fulfill his will? He must have known his nephew's honest position on Jewish identity issues. (Lieberman has been awarded $75,000 to execute the estate, and is entitled to another $50,000 a year to oversee it. Lieberman's wife, Hadassah, likewise gets $40,000 a year to manage Manger's wife's will). [KUNTZ, P. 8-27-2000, p. 3] Manger's chauvinist and racist views, as we have witnessed throughout  this volume, are not an anomaly; they represent a current in the thinking of large numbers of modern Jewry. 
 
Lieberman also found it necessary to dissimulate Orthodox belief in a related area, publicly saying that it didn't matter to him as an Orthodox Jew if Jews married non-Jews. This, of course, is merely a politician talking.  Rabbi Avi Shafran, of the Agudah Israel of America Orthodox organization, quickly responded, emphasizing that, as any Orthodox Jew knows, there is a "clear and irrevocable Torah prohibition" against Jews marrying non-Jews. Even a Conservative rabbi, Jerome Epstein, noted that "I do believe our tradition is quite clear that Jews are expected to marry Jews." [JOLKOVSKY, B., 9-20-2000]
 
During a two hour trip to Baltimore, Lieberman absorbed nearly a million dollars for Democratic campaign coffers. "Organizers estimate that between 60 and 80 percent of the money given tonight will come from the Jewish community," noted theBaltimore Sun, "... Lieberman, who according to a DNC spokeswoman has brought in more than $17 million in the two months since his nomination, has energized Jewish supporters across the country." [WALDRON, T., p. 1B] (Lieberman's "former top aide," Micheal Lewin, surfaced in the news later as a consequence of the scandals surrounding the collapse of the notorious Enron company. Lewin had left Lieberman to become a lobbyist for Enron. [MARGASAK, L., L., 1-16-02] (One of the central players in the Enron scandal was Chief Financial Officer Andrew Fastow, also Jewish.)
 
Other Jews in Al Gore's intimate political circle have included Marc Greenberg, "senior coordinator for foreign policy in the Gore [for president] campaign,” Steve Grossman, "an informal adviser to Gore" (and the eventual head of AIPAC), Mel Levine, and Nita Lowey, an adviser on abortion issues. [SAMBER, S., 2-92-2000, p. 8]  David Steiner, one-time president of AIPAC and continued board member, is Gore's "financial consultant." Another AIPAC board member, Meldon Levine, is another "Gore campaign advisor." [LAKE, E., 3-21-2000, p. 1]  Leon Feurth is Gore's "longtime national security aide." Marc Ginsburg co-chaired Gore's Middle East advisory committee. Joan Spero is an advisor on economic policy and Steven Rabinowitz (who also worked on Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak's campaign) another Gore "consultant." (Even Al Gore's father, Al Gore, Sr., a senator from Tennessee was a partner in the cattle business with corrupt Jewish entrepreneur Armand Hammer. Gore, Sr., was a "loyal friend, who had defended Armand against accusations of attempted bribery on the floor of the U. S. Senate.") [BLUMAY, C., 1992, p. 57] [Click her for an outside link to Lubomyr Prytulak's keen analysis of thedeep Gore family link to corrupt Jewish businessman Armand Hammer]
 
"Key campaign strategists at the [2000] Democratic National Committee in Washington and Gore headquarters in Nashville include general election campaign chairman John GiesserJosh WachsLaurie MoskowitzEric KleinfeldDeborah Mohile and research director David Ginsburg." [TUGEND, T., 8-9-2000, p. 17] The law firm of Manatt, Phelps and Phillips was even chosen to represent the 2000 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles. The CEO of that company isIrving Phillips, and its "principal liaison" to the convention was Lisa Specht, earlier winner of the American Jewish Committee’s "Learned Hand Award." [BUSINESS WIRE, 6-7-2000] Two (Eli BroadDavid Geffen) of the three people "that brought the [2000] Democratic Convention to Los Angeles" were also Jewish, as were both of the Convention co-chairs, Dianne Feinstein and Barbara Boxer. [TUGEND, T., 8-9-2000, p. 17]

The Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted the Jewish Democratic gatherings in Los Angeles for the National Convention:

     "President Clinton, addressing nearly 4,000 Jews at an outdoor party on Sunday
     afernoon, quoted [Jewish] comedian Red Buttons that 'in Los Angeles, the Democrats
     are changing their theme sone from 'Happy Days Are Here Again' to [the Jewish
     song] 'Hava Nagila.' Senator John Rockefeller (D-W. Va.) keynoted an elegant
     fund-rasier for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee on Saturday night
     and wound up a somewhat disjointed speech by declaring, 'I wish I were a
     Jew.'" [TUGEND, T., 8-14-00]
 
In 1999, St. Martin's Press published a book by British journalist Gordon Thomas about Israel's Mossad organization. (Major newspapers, including the Washington PostNew York Times, and Los Angeles Times, ignored it). Thomas, a veteran of 40 years of worldwide reporting, asserted (from his extensive interviews with a variety of intelligence operatives) that Danny Yotam, the Inspector General of Mossad, had nearly 30 hours of tapes of President Clinton having telephone sex with Monica Lewinsky and they were considered as leverage to blackmail Clinton into reigning in the FBI's search for the Israeli mole (or moles), the aforementioned "Mega,"  in the upper echelons of the American government. Such an assertion, of course, is impossible to prove. The fact that Clinton had phone sex with Lewinsky, however, was documented by Clinton prosecutor Kenneth Star; it is also public knowledge that Clinton warned her that they had probably been wiretapped by a "foreign government." As TV journalist Barbara Walters noted: "There was something like 60 different phone calls. There is a lot of phone calls. There was phone sex. It was part of the recklessness of the whole act. He was calling from the White House. The fact that he would do this from the beginning two or three times a week -- this is a tremendous chance to take in addition to everything else." [WHITE HOUSE BULLETIN, 3-3-99;  AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, 3-3-99; GURDON/DAVIES, 3-4-99, p. 14]]
 
For Hollywood's part during the Lewinsky scandal, the mass media widely noted with wonder the curious timing of how "art imitates life" in the cases of the then-current motion pictures "Wag the Dog," directed by Barry Levinson, and "Primary Colors," directed by another Jewish filmmaker, Mike Nichols. The first film depicted a President of the United States who cuts a deal with a Hollywood producer to create a fake war to detract attention from the President's womanizing. [In real life, Clinton faced both the Lewinsky scandal and a possible attack on Iraq at the same time]. Primary Colors -- based on a book by Newsweek columnist Joe Klein -- is about a southern governor who is mired in sexual scandals. John Travolta, as the governor, noted the Washington Post, "mimics Clinton's style, mannerisms and voice." [WELKOS, p. A19]
 
This was not the only sex controversy Clinton had involving a Jewish bedmate, laced with political intrigue. In 1997, a political influence scandal broke open over Larry Lawrence's grave at Arlington National Cemetery. Lawrence, a San Diego real estate developer who had donated millions of dollars over he years to the Democratic Party, was the Ambassador to Switzerland at the time of his death. He was also Jewish. "A firestorm of criticism erupted yesterday," noted the Boston Globe, "over allegations that the Clinton administration waived military rules so that major campaign donors could be buried at Arlington National Cemetery." [HOHLER, B., p. A1]  "Congressional investigations," wrote the New York Daily News, "are trying to determine why [Lawrence's'] lies went undetected when he was named ambassador to Switzerland in 1994, and why he got a special waiver for burial at Arlington with a push from President Clinton." [GOLDSCHLAG,  10]  Only after his death it came to light that Lawrence had built elaborate lies about being a wounded military hero as a Merchant Marine officer -- a career that in no way existed. "When he testified before Congress during his 1993 confirmation hearings for his ambassadorship," noted the Boston Globe, "[Lawrence] told them of being thrown through the air after a torpedo slammed into his ship, the Horace Bushnell. It was a lie, outraging members of Congress and decorated veterans, that led to Lawrence's removal from Arlington last week." [FARRAGHER, p. A14]
 
Soon thereafter, Arianna Huffington, a syndicated columnist, was sued by Lawrence's wife for stating in a column that her husband's ambassadorship was a payoff for Lawrence's silence about an affair between his wife and President Clinton. Huffington appeared on CNN to defend her accusation, noting that lawyers for Paula Jones [a woman suing Clinton for sexual harassment] subpoenaed Lawrence's wife, Sheila, "to ask her about the possibility of a payoff between an alleged affair and the pact that the man who was so completely unqualified to be ambassador would fabricate his military record, [and] who had dozens of pending disputes with the IRS, was nevertheless appointed to a preeminent ambassadorial position." Huffington also asserted that she had "at least two dozen sources of people who talked about the alleged payoff ... -- former employees of the Lawrences who had personal knowledge of an alleged affair." A former State Department employee, Christina Alexander, also "filed [other] charges against the Lawrences with the State Department under the Management Fraud and Waste Act." For her part, Sheila Lawrence was also appointed "without any qualifications" by President Clinton to the Conservative Union, an environmental organization. [CNN, Burden of Proof, 3-9-98]
 
(Yet another Jewish politician, Madeline Kunin [a former governor of Vermont] replaced Lawrence as the ambassador to Switzerland).
 
In 1999, Rabbi Daniel Lapin noted with concern the repeated Jewish-based governmental scandals in the Clinton administration:
 
     "The scandals in this administration have brought to public attention
     an entirely different group of Jews, from Monica Lewinsky, whose
     sexual proclivities have made me burn with shame, to all the spinning
     defense lawyers on national TV night after night, from Bernard
     Schwartz of Loral, who apparently sold missile technology to China
     [discussed elsewhere in this volume], to Larry Lawrence, who
     falsified his war record to be buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
     This is a new group of Jewish faces, a whole different generation from
     that of Einstein, and CardozoSalk and Buber. Frankly, they strike
     me as arrogant, shameless, and very foolish. They have all the
     answers, or so they think, but the people who see them on TV night
     after night know better." [LAPIN, D., 1999, p. 42]
 
On the Republican side of Jewish politicking, in 1972 Seymour Lipset noted that "some of the most pro-Israel senators are among the most conservative Republicans in Congress." [LIPSET, in COX, p. 196]  Among Richard Nixon's high-level Jewish appointees were Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, the chairman of the President's Council for Economic Advisors, Herbert Stein, and the chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts, Ronald BermanRonald Ziegler was Nixon's press secretary. After Watergate, Len Garment, a Jewish liberal Democrat, became Nixon's lawyer. [HICKS, J., 3-29-97, p. B1] Among President Ford's Jewish appointees was Edward Levi, the Attorney General. Among George Bush's Jewish appointees was David Kessler, Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration. Bill Kristol was the Chief of Staff for Vice President Dan Quayle in the George Bush administration. The chairman of the Board of Directors of the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy was also Jewish: Joan Abrahamson. "Most of the senior Middle East positions [in the Bush administration] are Jews," noted Joyce Starr in 1990. [STARR, J., 1990, p. 247]
 
In 1999, in the early stages of the Republican presidential primary campaign, the former president's son, candidate George W. Bush, the governor of Texas, "surrounded himself with a number of Jewish advisers, including Indianapolis mayor Stephen GoldsmithJosh Belton, policy director for the campaign, and foreign policy hawk Richard Perle. [ROTH, B., 10-11-99]  Ari Fleischer was Bush's spokesman to the mass media. (When Bush became president, Fleischer became his press secretary. Fleischer is "active in a group of Jewish congressional staffers who study with the Lubavitch Chasidic movement's Washington representative, Rabbi Levi Shemtov." [FORWARD, THE FORWARD FIFTY, 2000/2001] In fact, Fleischer "was an early leader and co-president of Chabad's Capitol Jewish Forum." He was awarded Chabad's Young Leadership award in October 2001. [BESSER, J., 10-26-01, p. 30] Note Chabad's racist tenets here.) Bush had went on a tour of Israel the year earlier, under the auspices of the National Jewish Coalition. "Gov. Bush Shores Up Image with Jews," headlined the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "By Visiting Israel." "The relationship between the United States and Israel is a very special relationship," said the candidate, "It will always be that way." [DORF, M., 12-7-98] Alfred Lerner, the Jewish CEO and chairman of credit card giant MBNA, "was the single largest corporate contributor to George W. Bush during the last election cycle." [MOTHER JONES, 5-3-01] A rabbi, Victor Weissberg, was even selected to be the religious leader to give the invocation on the first night of the 2000 Republican National Convention. [ZACHARIA, J., 10-3-2000] This is not surprising, especially when two of the three co-chairmen of the Republican National Convention were Jewish, David Cohen and Brian Roberts. [FELDMAN, S., 6-22-2000, p. 12]

The New Jersey Jewish News noted

     "Cliff Sobel, finance chair of the Bush for President campaign in New Jersey,
     says the Republican National Committee's platform subcomittee on foreign
     policy went out of its way to 'make sure its positions were right from Israel's
     standpoint.' Although the subcommittee, of which Sobel was a member, confronted
     issues in "Japan, China, Ireland, and elsewhere, those were dealt with differently
     than the issues in Israel. Regarding the Middle East, with Israel at its center,
     there was a uniformity of opinion in determining what is in the best interests
     of Israel and the United States -- always considered a common interest,
     Sobel said. This predisposition, he added, was 'opposed to special interests
     within the framework of some other countries." [FRIEDLAND, E., 8-10-02, p. 8]
 
In August of the same year, the Forward, a Jewish journal, noted in a headline the depth of the Jewish contingent in the Republican Party: "Republican Convention Gives Key Roles to Jews."  "The 'who's who' of Jews in the camp of the Republican presidential nominee, George Bush of Texas," said the article,
 
     "reaches far into the inner circle, including senior adviser and
     spokesman Ari Fleischer, policy director Joshua Belton and foreign
     policy advisers Dov ZakheimRichard Perle and Paul Wolfowitz,
     all former Reagan aides.
       A former mayor of Indianapolis Stephen Goldsmith, is Mr. Bush's
     top domestic policy adviser, while the campaign's counsel is lawyer
     Benjamin Ginsberg. Jews also hold top spots in the Republican
     National Committee and its platform committee: the RNC's campaign
     finance director is a former ambassador to Australia, Mel Sembler;
     its communication director is Clifford May and its platform committee
     is headed by Mitch Bainwol. Top fundraisers include Eric Javits,
     the chairman of an elite group called the Republican Eagles, and Cheryl
     Halpern of the Republican Jewish Coalition." [DONADIO, R., 8-4-2000]
 
The Forward interviewed Kalman Sporn, the youngest member of the Republican Eagles, who observed that
 
    "The Republican leadership recognizes, rightly or wrongly, that Jews are
    the key to raising millions for their political interests. To sustain that
    support, they know they need to support Jewish concerns, and number
    one, the principal way that Republican leadership has demonstrated
    support for Jews has been through its unyielding support for the state
    of Israel." [DONADIO, R., 8-4-2000]
 
"Jewish Republicans," notes the Baltimore Jewish Times,
 
     "provide a nagging reminder to the Republican congressional leaders
     that support for Israel is not the exclusive property of the Democrats.
     Jewish campaign contributors, an important part of the party's money
     base, do more than just nag ... Many young, conservative Jews serve
     as staffers to Republican members of Congress, and some say their
     numbers are growing ... The presence on Mr. Bush's campaign team
     of a handful of well-known Jewish activists and the critical role of some
     top Jewish givers, [some] believe, will pay off when Mr. Bush puts
     his government together, should he win the election." [BESSER, J., 7-28-
     2000, p. 25]

In February 2002, Jewish speechwriter David Frum was identified as the author of Bush's controversial "Axis of Evil" speech, in which Iraq, Iran, and North Korea were identified as "evil" entities and implicitly threatened. [NOAH, T., 2-5-02] In the wake of taking credit for the speech, Frum resigned his post. The Asia Times subsequently editorialized about the profound political power he and other Jews in powerful foreign policy positions represented:

     "White House speechwriter David Frum who coined the incendiary 'axis of evil'
     moniker used by President Bush is leaving Bush's employ for the neo-conservative
     American Enterprise Institute (AEI). It seems a perfect fit ... The AEI has long
     been a source of provocation, particularly for intelligence professionals at the
     State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency (IA). The staunchly
     unilateralist AEI, and its foreign policy honcho, Richard Perle [also Jewish]
     have never been so powerful. Much to the frustration of Secretary of State
     Colin Powell and Washington's European and Arab allies, the administration
     has embraced virtually all of the AEI's policy positions on the Middle East,
     inlcluding the right-wing [Israeli] Likud Party's opposition to the Oslo peace
     process for Israel and Palestine ... Unlike the 'axis of evil,' members of the
     'axis of incitement' share a passionate belief in the inherent goodness and
     redemptive mission of the United States; the moral cowardicee of 'liberals'
     and 'European elites''; existential necessity of supporting Israel in the shadow
     of the Holocaust and in the face of 'implacable hatred,' as Frum has written,
     of Palsetinains, Arabs and Muslims, and the primacy of military power. Their
     reach within the administration exteneds far. At the Pentagon, they include
     Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz [also Jewish], whose relationship
     with Perle goes back 30 years, and Undersecretary for Policy Douglas Feith
     [also Jewish] whose pro-Likud sentiments led him to denounce the 1978
     Camp David accords between Israel and Egypt as an Israeli sell-out."
     [ASIA TIMES, 3-9-02]

(Perle has an office in the Pentagon today as chairman of the Defense Policy Board. Former U.S. Congressman Paul Findley once noted that an "FBI wiretap recorded Perle discussing classified information with someone at the Israeli embassy." "In 1983," adds Grace Halsell, "newspapers reported that Perle had received substantial payments for representing an Israeli arms manufacturer while he was working for the senator. Despite this background, Perle received the Reagan administration appointment as assistant secretary of defense. He later resigned from that post to write and speak for Israeli interests.") [HALSELL, G., MARCH 1993, p. 9]
Outside government, Asia Times also notes the "axis of incitement" extends to include propaganda from the Jewish Institute for National Security, as well as Jewish journalists Charles KrauthammerA. M. Rosenthal, and former Jewish "CIA Mideast operative" Michael Ledeen. [ASIA TIMES, 3-9-02]  

In the new American governmental propaganda wars, post 9-11 attack, to socialize Arab youth to Western/Israeli interests, and spread American cultural imperialism, Norman Pattiz, a Jewish radio mogul, headed the project. Pattiz, noted New Yorkermagazine,

      "is the founder and chairman of Westwood One, the $3.5 billion company that
       is the country's largest distributor of commercial radio programming. Starting
       next month, he will oversee an innovative radio network aimed at bringing American
        values and pop culture to Arabs in the Middle East. The project, which has a
       budget of thirty million dollars, is being launched by the U.S. Broadcasting Board
       of Governors, which oversees international government-sponsored programs.
       Pattiz [was] appointed to the board by President Clinton ... Pattiz also hired
       Casey Kassem's producer, Bert Kleinman, to give the station a more Top Forty
       style. 'Will the [Muslim] religious extremists like it?' Pattiz asked himself the other
       day. 'Probably not. But you've got to go after the hearts and minds you can get.'
       He has a lot of faith in the power of American pop culture. 'After all,' he said, 'it
       was MTV that brought down the Berlin Wall." [MAYER, J., 2-18-02]
 
In May 2000, in the heat of the American presidential campaign, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted the sameness, on at least one issue, of the Democratic and Republican candidates:
 
     "Whoever the next president of the United States might be, the pro-Israel
     community seems to like what he has to say. Then again the messages
     Texas governor George W. Bush and Vice President Al Gore conveyed
     to delegates at this week's annual policy conference of the American
     Israel Public Affairs Committee seemed indistinguishable ... At the end
     of his speech, Gore brought the crowd to its feet when he said
     safeguarding Israel was not just his policy, but is 'in my heart, in my
     conscience and in my bones and in my soul." [SAMBER, S., 5-24-2000]
 
And if George W. Bush rival John McCain had won the 2000 Republican primary? "I have known the senator [McCain] for many years," said Jewish McCain fundraiser Marvin Jubas, "No one in this town is more aware of his integrity and character than I. Nobody is more pro-Israel than the senator and those of us associated with AIPAC know that if we really need someone, we turn to John." [TUGEND, T., 2-16-2000, p. 8] [McCain's 2002 speech to AIPAC: here]
 
Joseph Gildenhorn, also Jewish, and formerly the U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland, also headed the George W. Bush campaign in Washington DC. [FORWARD, 6-18-99, p. 15] Joel Strom is the chairman for Bush volunteers in the crucial state of California. [TUGEND, T., 2-16-2000, p. 8] In 1999, Jewish billionaire Michael Dell, of Dell Computers, was named chairman of a Bush "high-tech advisory council." [MARKS, M., 7-15-99, p. 6] Even in the American hinterlands of Utah, Jewish real estate developer John Price "has long been one of the nation's most generous political donors and the biggest Utah donor to the national Republican Party." [KNUDSON, M., 3-23-97] With the 2001 bombing of Afghanistan, the Los Angeles Times noted that Bush's Secretary of State Colin Powell

     "announced that he had appointed Richard Haass, director of policy planning
     at the State Department, as his special coordinator to explore with United
     Nations and key countries the issue of Afghanistan's future."     
     [RICHTER/PADDOCK, 10-16-01, p. A13]
 
Likewise in 1999, on the Democratic side, like virtually all modern day politicians, presidential candidate Bill Bradley felt the same need for Jewish pre-eminence in his campaign. The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles noted that he "has built up considerable Jewish friends and political support. Several of his top aides are Jewish: Doug Berman; his campaign chairman; Gina Clantz, his campaign manager; spokesman Eric Hauser; and Marcia Aronoff, a top adviser." [SHAPIRO, M., 11-19-99]  Even political maverick Pat Buchanan (widely decried by the Jewish community as an "anti-Semite," particularly for his unusually sharp public stands about Zionist influence in Washington), announced in 1999 that Rabbi Aryeh Spero was a "Senior Adviser" to his presidential campaign. One of his four national co-chairmen for the 1996 Buchanan for President Campaign was Rabbi Yahuda Levin. [BRODER, J., 3-12-96, p. A5] In 2000, Buchanan's main rival for the Reform party presidential nomination was John Hagelin. Leonard Goldman, "Hagelin's faction's attorney, said that if the FEC rules in Buchanan’s favor [for government funding], he will seek a court injunction to freeze the money and file a lawsuit." [THE COMMERCIAL APPEAL, 8-14-00, p. A4] Hagelin's vice presidential running mate, Nat Goldhaber, was also Jewish.
 
When Massachusetts governor Michael Dukakis challenged George Bush for the presidency in 1988, the head of his presidential finance committee was also Jewish, Alan Levanthol. [UPI, 4-20-87] (That year, in his Dukakis' home state, Jewish businessman Sheldon Adelman made the news for giving both Democrat Dukakis and Republican Bush over $80,000). [BEAM, A., 11-4-88, p. 67]  Dukakis's campaign manager, Susan Estrich, was also Jewish. In 1996, Simon Fireman, also Jewish, vice chairman of the Robert Dole for President Campaign and formerly the head of an organization called Massachusetts Democrats for Reagan, was forced to "pay a record $6 million in fines for funneling illegal contributions through his employees to the Dole camp and other political causes." [COMMERCIAL-APPEAL, 7-11-96, p. 4A] "His plan," noted the Boston Globe, "was to raise enough money for Dole so that Dole would consider him for an ambassadorship if he won." [FLINT, A., 7-22-96]  Fireman was also that year's Hebrew Center "Man of the Year." [PATRIOT-LEDGER, 7-12-96, p. 8] 
 
On the Republican side of Massachusetts politics, in 1996 James Rappaport was re-elected as the chairman of the state Republican Party. At the same time, Ron Kaufman, also from Massachusetts and formerly the Political Director in the White House for the George Bush presidential administration, was the GOP National Committeeman. [KLEMOVICH, D., 4-12-96, p. 7; DISTASO, J., 1-14-97, p. 6]
 
Elsewhere, within government bureaucracy itself, in 1985, the Jewish Week noted Dov S. Zakheim, the Pentagon's undersecretary for planning and resources in Ronald Reagan's tenure as President (and also an ordained rabbi), [STARR, J., 1990, p. 79] adding that
 
       "Zakheim ... is not alone as a Jew in a sensitive position dealing with
       U.S.-Israel matters. Whether in the Pentagon, the State Department,
       the Central Intelligence Agency, the White House, the National Security
       Council, the Justice Department, the Federal Bureau of Investigation or
       the Congress, there is no shortage of Jews working in very senior and
       extremely sensitive positions." [BLITZER, 6-27-86, p. 3]

With George W. Bush's presidential victory in 2000, he appointed Zakheim -- "an ordained -- and meticulously observant -- Orthodox rabbi as Undersecretary of Defense and Comptroller of the Pentagon ... Another [Jew], Paul Wolfowitz, [became] deputy Secretary of Defense, the number two position at the Pentagon." [SIEFF, M., 3-2-01, p. 5] Wolfowitz, noted the Jewish ethnic magazine Forward as the U.S. invaded Afghanistan"is the official whose feral-sounding surname and bellicose sound-bites have marked him as the administration's wild-eyed warmonger, the wooly counterpoint to that suave and sensible diplomat, Secretary of State Colin Powell ... He has also emerged ... as one of the administation's leading hawks and one of Israel's most important allies ... Mr. Wolfowitz is also a fixture of the capital's Jewish circles.") [KINTISCH, E., 10-12-01, p. 6]

Coming into the Pentagon with Wolfowitz was fellow Jewish activist Douglas Feith. As the Forward further notes:

     "Mr. Wolfowitz and his associate Douglas Feith, an undersecretary of defense
     for policy, are known as among the administation's most hawkish members when
     it comes to Israel. With [Secretary of Defense Donald] Rumsefeld, they round
     out a Defense triumvirate that has often clashed over Israel with Mr. Powell.
     Speaking to the Jerusalem Post last December, an official of the American Israel
     Public Affairs Committee commended both Mr. Wolfowitz and Mr. Rumsfeld
     for their 'very strong records on Israel.' Mr. Powell's team at [the State Department]
     reportedly fought the nominations of both Mr. Feith and Mr. Wolfowitz."
     [KINTISCH, E., 10-12-01, p. 6]

In October 1997, Douglas Feith, with his father, Dalck, were formal guests of honor at a yearly Zionist Organization of America awards dinner, both men heralded by the ZOA as "noted Jewish phianthropists and pro-Israel activists." Dalck, who "was active in [far right-wing] Betar, the Zionist youth movement founded by [neo-fascist] Ze'ev Jabotinsky," received the ZOA's "special Centennial Award ... for lifetime service to Israel and the Jewish people. His son, Douglas J. Feith, the former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, will receive the prestigious Louis D. Brandeis Award at the dinner." [ZIONIST ORG. of AMERICA, 10-13-97]

Upon Feith's new appointment in the Bush administration in 2001, James Zogby, head of the Arab American Institute, wrote with alarm in an article entitled "A Dangerous Appointment":

     "Douglas J. Feith has been appointed Undersecretary of Policy at the U.S.
     Department of Defense (DOD). This is one of the Pentagon's four senior
     senior posts, charged with 'all matters concerning the formulation of national
     security and defense policy and the integration and oversight of DOD policy
     and plans' ... This is a powerful position with great influence ... A prolific writer,
     Feith has left a long paper trail of anti-Arab tracts and diatribes against those
     who challenge or seek to compromise Israel's strength and as he defines it,
     'moral superiority' over the Arabs ... Feith's law practice in Washington sheds
     further light on the one-sided nature of his work. His small law firm hs one
     international affiliate, in Israel. Over two-thirds of all their reported casework
     involves representing Israeli interests. And, in light of Feith's new appointment,
     one of these cases deserves some attention. As described on the firm's website,
     Feith 'represented a leading Israeli armaments manufacturer in establishing
     joint ventures with leading U.S. aerospace manufacturers for manufacture and
     sale of missile systems, to the U.S. Department of Defense and worldwide ...
     Serious questions must be asked whether or not someone with his views
     and associations can fairly serve in a critical post at the Department of Defense.
     I, for one, am terrified at the prospect. He is an ideologue with an extreme
     anti-Arab bias, and his role in the sensitive position of chief architect of U.S.
     defense policy can, I believe, have grave consequences for the United States
     and its relations with the entire Arab world."
     [ZOGBY, J., 4-16-01]

Marc Grossman, the new Undersecretary of State, told Israeli President Moshe Katsav at a dinner in Washington DC hosted by the Israeli ambassador that "The main relationship between Israel and the United States is rock solid. Making sure Israel has a military edge over the Arabs is a cornerstone of our foreign policy." [JERUSALEM REPORT, 2001] Bush's first appointment for Secretary of Labor was Linda Chavez. She is married to Chris Gersten, former Executive Director of the Republican Jewish Coalition. [BESSER, J., 1-5-01] Jamie Rubin is the State Department's spokesman in the Bush era.
"At the time Pollard [the Jewish American spy for Israel, exposed during the Reagan administration] was trading secrets with the Israelis," notes the Jewish magazine Moment, "the Secretary of the Navy was John Lehman [also Jewish]. Never before or since was there a more pro-Israel person in that office. The level of co-operation [with Israel] was unprecedented." [BLOOMFIELD, 4-30-96, p. 24]  In 1982, the biography of another Jewish naval officer, Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, head of the Navy's nuclear power program, was published. "It is difficult to find another twentieth-century American," noted its authors, "who has striven so hard in so many areas of military and civil endeavor. And, especially, one who is doing so has, without elected office, without even accountability to his superiors in government, attained absolute and total control of a large segment of the American defense establishment ... [POLMAR/ALLEN, p. 11] ... By the 1970s Rickover was practically an honorary member of Congress." [POLMAR/ALLEN, p. 244]
 
And what of the likes of a fellow Jew at the heart of the US Navy nuclear program -- Israel-lover Alvin RadkowskyRadowsky, notes the Jerusalem Post, "immigrated to Israel in 1972 after serving as chief scientist of the US Navy nuclear propulsion program for 24 years." [SIEGEL, J., 6-2-97] Would not such a scientist moving to Iran or Russia, or anywhere else, deservedly raise some eyebrows, and probably the creation of some new laws?
 
Seymour Hersh notes Israeli power in maneuvering through the American government for what it has needed militarily : 
 
      "William Bader, who was serving in 1979 as Assistant Deputy
      Under-Secretary of Defense for Policy, recalled his frustration at
      knowing that the Israelis were 'edging deeper into the overhead'
      and not knowing how to stop it. 'You didn't know where to
      complain,' Bader said. 'We knew that these guys [the Israelis]
      had access that went around the colonels and the deputy assistant
      secretaries.' If a complaint got to the wrong office, he explained,
      'you might get your head handed back to you.'" [HERSH, S., p. 13-14]
 
In 1988 the Jewish hunt for anti-Semites among Republicans succeeded in having eight George Bush administration aides "dismissed" -- or forced to "resign" -- for anti-Semitism. One of them was Frederick Malek, Deputy Chairman of the Republican National Convention. His crime was that in 1971, under orders from President Richard Nixon, he collected a list of Bureau of Labor employees with Jewish-sounding names. Nixon was concerned, says the Jewish Week, with a "Jewish cabal" in that bureau. 13 of 35 top administrators in that department were ascertained to be Jewish. [JEWISH WK, 9-16-88]  When Nixon faced the Watergate investigations that eventually drove him from office, two of the three Justice Department prosecutors on his tail were also Jewish. [VOLKMAN, p. 103] With the release to the public of the famous "Nixon tapes" in 1999, London's Daily Telegraph notes that
 
      "In July 1971 Nixon felt he was undermined by the unexpected release
      of bad unemployment figures by the Bureau of Labour Statistics. He
      ordered Charles Colson, a staff member he often used for unpleasant
      tasks, to investigate the bureau with a view to sacking its Jewish head.
      On the tapes, Colson lists the names of the leading officials at which
      Nixon exclaims incredulously, 'They are all Jews?' Colson replies:
      'Every one of them. Well, with a couple exceptions.'" [FENTON, B.,
      10-7-99, p. 24]
 
In 1981, a Reagan appointee to the Department of Health and Human Services office, Warren Richardson, was dismissed when it was discovered he had a link to the far right-wing Liberty Lobby organization, a group known to be especially critical of the Jewish community. [VOLKMAN, p. 58] Likewise, in the same year, Ernest Lefever was forced to withdraw his nomination as Assistant Secretary for Human Rights when it was discovered that he had written an article that was interpreted to be too sympathetic to Arab nations in their conflict with Israel. [VOLKMAN, p. 62-65]
 
In earlier years, United States Attorney General William Saxbee found himself under attack as an anti-Semite when, in the context of discussing the shift from governmental concerns about Communist spies to new kinds of subversion, he made the public relations mistake of mentioning the "change in the Jewish intellectual, who in those days was very enamored of the Communist Party." [VOLKMAN, p. 105] This statement, based on considerable fact as we have seen, threw Saxbee into an apologetic mode for all the Jewish organizations that soon assailed him. Modern Jewish scholarship has also decided that there were anti-Semites in the State Department (so much dominated by Jews and Zionist policy today) in earlier decades. William Carr, "backbone of the State Department" in the 1930s stands accused by Richard Breitman and Alan Kraut, as does William Phillips, an undersecretary to Franklin Delano Roosevelt ("Phillips hated Jews"), and Breckenridge Long. [BREITMAN/KRAUT, 1986, p. 170, 176, 188]
 
In 1969, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew even told Jewish newswoman Barbara Walters on NBC's Today Show that a "Jewish cabal" in the media permitted "Zionist influence" to "tilt American foreign policy unduly towards Israel." (Agnew later even wrote a novel, The Canfield Decision,  "in which pro-Israeli zealots conspire with an American vice-president to take over the United States.")  [VOLKMAN, p. 104] Two of Agnew's former (Jewish) speechwriters -- William Safire and Victor Gold ( who was also once Agnew's press secretary) -- protested the vice-president's public commentary on national TV. In the 1970s, Stephen Isaacs noted the "entrepreneurial bent" of men like Safire:
 
    "The strong entrepreneurial bent of Jewish political professionals
     is discernible in careers like those of [FrankMankiewiczWilliam
     Safire, and [BenWattenberg, to select three of the more prominent
     ones. Mankiewicz, who has a degree in law, has moved from law
     to journalism to political staffing to journalism, back to direct
     politics, then to book writing. Safire went from journalism to
     television producing to public relations to speech writing in the
     Nixon White House and then again into journalism, as a columnist
     for the New York Times." [ISAACS, p. 34]
 
Wattenberg started out as a speech writer for Lyndon Johnson. [JARVIK, L., 1997, p. 196] He was also once the campaign manager for ardently pro-Israel senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson. [RADOSH, R., 1996, p. 155]
 
In 1995, during the Presidential campaign, Republican challenger Bob Dole was accused by a former low-level aide, Stanley Hilton, of having anti-Semitic views. "Dole sometimes privately expressed envy and resentment at Jews for having an unduly large amount of money, power, and influence in the United States," wrote Hilton, "... Like his hero Richard Nixon and many other traditional WASP Republicans, Dole has sometimes been critical of Jews, their politics, and their financial power." [DORF, M, Unauth., p. ]  
 
Incredibly, even Hillary Clinton was charged with anti-Semitism in July 2000, an accusation that loomed as a possible death blow to her campaign for Senate in New York. More incredibly, this charge made national news. A former (Jewish) writer for the National Enquirer (!) wrote that Hillary once called a man who worked for the Bill Clinton, Paul Fray, a "Jew bastard." Fray, the accuser, wasn't even Jewish, there was no evidence that the incident ever took place except his own charge, and it allegedly took place 26 years ago in Arkansas. Even Ms. Clinton, champion of the Jews, surrounded by Jewish aides and associates throughout government, was twisted down and forced to squirm before the omnipresent Jewish Inquisition. At a special press conference she emphatically denied the charge. [MSNBC, 7-17-2000]
 
In 1991, the White House Chief of Staff, John Sununu, of Lebanese Arab ancestry, found himself embroiled in controversy over governmental travel expenses for personal use. The controversy stretched further when he was alleged to have accused Jewish lobbying groups of carrying out a vendetta against him. "The charge that he may have blamed Jewish groups and others for his woes is serious," noted the Boston Globe, "because it could arouse widespread concerns among Jews that Sununu is antagonistic to them." [KURKJIAN, p. 1] Earlier, the Wall Street Journal had quoted an unnamed source who said that "Israel's supporters quietly campaign against him." [KURKJIAN, p. 1]  Jewish leaders had long been concerned about Sununu from the start of his tenure, noted the Los Angeles Times, because of his "refusal to join other governors in denouncing the 'Zionism is racism' vote at the United Nations." [WALKER, p. M2]
 
Also in 1991, a speech by the Bush administration's Secretary of State, James Baker, to AIPAC, was noted in the Jewish Week: "The speech was written by American Jews because Baker's key aides are Jewish." [AIN, S, CULTURAL, 1-18-91, p. 16] (The "speech writer and policy analyst" for the Reagan administration's first Secretary of State, Alexander Haig, was also Jewish, Harvey Sicherman. Haig's Executive Assistant was Sherwood Goldberg.) [HAIG, p. 61-62] James Baker's four-person team to broker the Arab-Israeli peace negotiations were also all Jews -- Dennis RossDaniel KurtzerAaron Miller, and Richard Haas. [GOLDBERG, JJ, p. 231] "We act in America's interest, but through a prism," one of the peace team members told a Jewish reporter, "speaking on condition of anonymity." [GOLDBERG, p. 232] In the Republican administration's White House State Department, in the same year, 1991, seven of 19 assistant secretaries were also Jewish.
 
Even more recently, a popular "media consultant, pollsters, and strategist" for prominent Republican politicians has been Arthur Finkelstein. His client list, noted the Metrowest Jewish News in 1996, "reads like a who's who of conservatism including [Israeli right-wing Likud party Prime Minister Benyamin] Netanyahu, New York governor George Pataki, Senator Alfonso D'Amato (NY), Jesse Helms (NC) and Ronald Lauder. [FRIEDLAND, E., 7-11-96, p. 8]
 
In 1991 President George Bush was nearly overwhelmed by the Jewish American lobby against his efforts to limit (via conditions on loan guarantees, as part of the Israel-Arab peace negotiation) continued Israeli settlement in (the largely Arab) Occupied Territories. Church organizations that urged Bush to deny Israel's request for money for this project included the American Friends Service Committee, Episcopal Church, American Baptist Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church, Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers, National Council of Churches, Presbyterian Churches, Roman Catholic Conference of Major Superiors of Men, Unitarian Universalist Association and the United Church of Christ. [GINZBERG, p. 227]
 
Jewish journalist Glenn Frankel noted the scenario: "Reading the satellite data, the headlines and [Israeli minister] Ariel Sharon's public statements, [Bush] and his staff concluded that Israel had launched a large-scale settlement program even while Shamir was telling Washington that no such buildup was taking place. Bush grew increasingly furious ... And now AIPAC and Shamir and their allies in Congress were telling the administration that the loan guarantees were no longer in Bush's power to grant or deny. To George Bush, it felt as if Israel and its friends were spitting in his face." [FRANKEL, G., p. 301]
 
Framing the loan guarantees as non-negotiable humanitarian aide to help build housing for new Jewish immigrants from Russia escaping anti-Semitism, the Jewish forces against President Bush became "one of the biggest and most emotionally powerful lobbying campaigns American Jewish groups had ever organized ... Bush fielded phone calls from senators who warned that they could not resist American Jewish pressure to approve the guarantees without a strong public stance by the president himself." [FRANKEL, p. 303]
 
Bush did go public, complaining in a speech that he was "up against some powerful political forces ... We're up against very strong and effective, sometimes, groups that go up in the [Capitol] Hill." [FRANKEL, p. 304] Bush's courage to stand up to the Jewish lobby, however veiled, drew an avalanche of condemnation from Jews who saw it "as a blatant appeal to anti-Semitism, a claim that Jews were too powerful and too shadowy, that they needed to be confronted. They also did not like being portrayed as serving the interest of a foreign power in opposing the President." [FRANKEL, p. 305]  Israeli cabinet members Ehud Omert and Rehavim Zeevi openly called him an anti-Semite. Bush eventually was forced to make a public apology to the Jewish community for the few careful clauses he had spoken about Jewish power. "Bush's role in defeating [Israel's] request [for the funds]," notes Glenn Frankel, "helped elect Democratic opponent Bill Clinton in November 1992." [FRANKEL, p. 313]
 
Across the world, in 1999 a French author, Jean d'Ormessan, a member of the French Academy, stirred controversy when he wrote that France's former socialist president, Francois Mitterand, made an "anti-Semitic" statement to him in 1995. "According to M. d' Ormessan," noted the Times (of London), "Mitterand said, 'There you can see the powerful and harmful Jewish lobby in France.' Although there is no evidence to support this claim, some of Mitterand's aides, including Jacques Attali, said yesterday the former president had made similar anti-Semitic comments on other occasions. Jean Daniel, the editor of Le Nonvel Observateur and a staunch supporter of Mitterand, said he had talked of a Zionist lobby." [SAGE]  (For that matter, the same year, another deceased French hero, underwater explorer Jacques Cousteau, was also assailed in the news media for a similar crime. "The biographer of Jacques Cousteau," announced the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "has uncovered evidence that the late underwater explorer harbored anti-Semitic attitudes." [DAVIS, D., 6-22-99, p. 14]

In 2002, outgoing French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine made Jewish international news. "In a closed meeting" with European Union and Mediterranean state foreign ministers, said the Jerusalem Post, Vedrine declared that Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon was "an obstacle to the [Mideast] peace process bolstered in his intransigence by American Jewry, which Vedrine said is essentialy more Sharon than Sharon ... The French foreign minister said American Jewry -- which supports Sharon -- is more 'intransigent' than the prime minister, and influences the positions of President George Bush." [KEINON, H., 4-24-2002]
 
In Italy, in 1994, the Italian government felt enough international Jewish pressure to "formally reassure American Jews that it had no anti-Semitic bias after a Cabinet minister blamed 'New York's Jewish lobby' for Italy's economic problems." [COWELL, A., p. 14]
 
Meanwhile, Jews in the upper echelons of the American university system typically produce protective fictions about Jewish/Zionist power, like this from professor Steven Spiegel:
 
     "Jewish political strength arises from thousands of individual Jews who
     are prepared to express their sentiments to politicians and officials.
     Intense concern in part compensates for small numbers. Moreover, Jews
     have neither a bureaucratic mission nor a profit motive. Their religious,
     humanitarian, and ethnic concerns often appear more altruistic and less
     self-serving to politicians than those of their adversaries." [SPIEGEL, p.
     7]
 
Moving along in the nation's capital, "the Adat Yisrael synagogue in Washington," observed Israeli journalist Bar-Yosef, in his article about Jewish influence in the Federal government, "is not only a place of worship. It is a Jewish community center .... its members are the creme of Washington society, rich businessmen. All are wealthy people ... The entrance fee to the synagogue is $1000 for a single holiday ... the most important reason for their praying is that they feel a close connection to Israel." [BAR-YOSEF]
 
Across town, in Georgetown, is another prominent synagogue where "its prayers," says Bar-Yossef, "are conducted in the Israeli style favored by 'Gush Emunim'  [the racist Jewish messianic movement]. The Israeli flag is proudly displayed above the Sacred Ark alongside the American flag ... Many Jewish Administration officials pray there. They not only don't try to conceal their religious affiliation but go to great length to demonstrate their Judaism since it may help their careers greatly." [BAR-YOSEF]
 
The prominent Washington DC Jewish community does not just have deep roots in the American government. "In the Washington media," says Bar-Yossef, "a significant part of the most important persons and most popular programs on the TV are warm Jews. A significant part of the senior media correspondents, newspaper editors, and analysts are Jewish and many of them are warm Jews too. Many of them are influenced in Israel's favor by attending suitable synagogues." [BAR-YOSEF]
 
Media members cited by Bar-Yossef include Barry Schweid (Associated Press' political reporter) and Amy Schwartz (the Washington Post's education reporter) who "regularly participate in a prayer session which is considered to be close to Israel at the Cleveland Park synagogue. Also the Israeli flag is posted proudly about the Sacred Ark." [BAR-YOSSEF]
 
In 1997 the Wall Street Journal carried a disturbing item in its pages about Vadim Rabinovich, founder and head of the All-Ukrainian Jewish Congress and business associate of prominent Jewish-American Republican entrepreneur Ronald Lauder in Eastern European mass media enterprises. Rabinovich, as noted earlier, made the news for his alleged connections to the Russian mafia, particularly through a Russian-owned company in Vienna called Nordex. The Journal said this:
 
     "A Congressional fund-raising probe last year disclosed that Mr.
      Rabinovich and [Nordex President] Mr. Loutchansky met President
      Clinton in 1993 and were invited to a Democratic National Convention
      fundraiser in 1995. Though they never attended, the revelation prompted
      another former CIA director, R. James Woolsey, to issue a written
      statement accusing the Clinton administration of 'at a bare minimum
       ... a severe lack of scrutiny and appalling bad judgment. It would be
      unwise in the extreme for there to be any ties between the United States
      government and ... Nordex."
 
The other former CIA director quoted, John Deutch, had noted that Nordex "is an example of Russian criminal activity moving out of Russia." [BRZEZINSKI, M. WOES, p. A18]
 
But Vadim Rabinovich did attend the Democratic fundraiser in Miami in 1995. The Washington Post even ran a snapshot of Rabinovich standing between President Clinton and Vice President Al Gore, the three men posing for the camera, obviously as a memento for Rabinovich, this when his visa to the United States had been revoked a month earlier. [FARRIS, p. A18]   Who managed to get him there between the two most powerful men in American government? How did they do it? Who was beholding to who and what does it all mean? (Upon Clinton's closure as American president, he has had many well-paid opportunities to speak to his Jewish constituency, including three such audiences (Glasgow, Manchester, London)in a single week in England. Coming up was a $100,000 speaking engagement in Israel sponsored by "Nes Technologies, headed by former ministry director general Aharon Fogel." Thanks to Clinton's efforts in raising $17 million for an Israeli project in the Negev desert, a reservoir was tabbed to be named after him.) [MARCUS, R., 12-17-01] 
A common paradigm to Jewish devotion and transcendent allegiance within, but rooted without, the American political scene may be measured in the following example.  In 1995, Barry Rubin, a former Jewish American foreign service diplomat (press officer) who was held captive in the notorious Iran "hostage crisis," by now a professor at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, listed the following arguments against a complete Jewish assimilation into American society:
 
        " * Total assimilation diminishes the individual ... To ignore the unique
              factors shaping one's standpoint is intellectually and
              psychologically impoverishing ...
          
           * Total assimilation means the extinction of a type of individual
              whose worldview and standpoint has shown extraordinary social
              and intellectual worth ...
  
           * However cloaked as altruistic or universalist, total assimilation is a
              desertion of comrades for basically selfish interests ...
   
           * Rejection of Jewish peoplehood for another ideology, nation, or
              religion does not denote progress but a descent in moral and
              historical consciousness ... Jews ... possess ... a past and an
              alternative intellectual universe extending before and beyond
              America." [RUBIN, p. 250-251]
 
How many non-Jewish readers will read this section on government -- and the rest of the book -- and be stunned by the sheer scope of what they didn't know. Is a Zionist-centered government the kind of rule non-Jewish Americans would choose, if (breaking through systematically enforced censorship on the subject of Jewish dominance) they had any access to information about the problem, and grasped the enormous dimensions to the issue? This is what President James Madison, one of the founders of the American Constitutional government, had to say about the prerequisite for a healthy democracy, today so disturbingly lacking:
 
      "A popular government, without popular information, or the means
      of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce or a tragedy; or perhaps
      both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who
      mean to be their own government must arm themselves with the power
      which knowledge gives."

Let's conclude this section of this chapter with the very tangible implications of our Zionist-centered government for the American people: war, increased animosity against the American people by Arabs and Muslims everywhere because of pro-Israel foreign policy,
 and a frightening future for everyone. The following words in 1998 are those of Osama Bin Laden, America's foremost terrorist enemy, internationally notorious after the 2001 Pentagon and World Trade Center jet attacks upon thousands, including both civilians and military personnel:

      "
The American government, we think, is an agent that represents the Israel inside
      America. If we look at sensitive departments in the present government like the
      defense department or the state department, or sensitive security departments like
      the CIA and others, we find that Jews have the first word in the American government,
      which is how they use America to carry out their plans in the world and especially
      the Muslim world. The presence of Americans in the Holy Land supports the Jews
      and gives them a safe back. The American government, in a time where there are
      millions of Americans living on the street and those living below the standard of
      living and below the poverty line, we find the American government turning toward
      helping Israel in occupying our land and building settlements in the Holy Land." 
      [MILLER, J., 6-9-98, ABC News]
 
                     ********************************************
 
  
Samplings elsewhere:
 
"Jews," noted M. Hirsch Goldberg in 1976,
 
     "have served as the heads of governments in the Diaspora in nine
     different countries: England (Benjamin Disraeli), France (Leon Blum,
     Pierre Mendes-France and Rene Mayer), Italy (Luigi Luzzatti and
     Sidney Sonnino), Austria (Bruno Kreisky), Australia (Sir Isaac
     Isaacs), Bavaria (Kurt Eisner), Hungary (Bela Kun), India (Marquis
     of Reading), and Palestine (Sir Herbert Samuel) ... In [South] Africa ...
     Saul Solomon ... declined several offers to serve as Prime Minister."
     [GOLDBERG, M., 1976, p. 51-52]
 
In Great Britain today, Jews are an incredibly influential lobbying presence in the national government. Even England's most famous (and non-Jewish) statesman, Winston Churchill declared in 1954: "I am a Zionist. Let met make that clear. I was one of the original ones, after the Balfour Declaration, and I have worked faithfully for it." "As a boy," notes the Zionist journal Midstream, "Churchill saw that, however rude his father could be to everyone else, he maintained a warm social connection toNathan Rothschild and Sir Ernest Cassel, the heads of the two greatest banking houses. (Cassel was a German-born banker who adopted England and moved in the most elevated circles, including that of Edward, Prince of Wales, with whom he was an intimate.") [COLEMAN, D., MAY-JUNE 1999, p. 10]
 
An Arab critic noted the political situation in England in the 1980s with concern. "English people were often furious about the disproportionate representation the Jews got in [Margaret Thatcher's] cabinet," wrote Asem Hamdan, "One branch of the Conservative Party, known as the Monday Club, openly criticized key portfolios such as interior and finance being held by Jews. Thatcher responded by closing the club." [HAMDAN]  (A former "pillar of the Monday Club" was Harold Soref, who resigned from the British Board of Deputies in 1984. "It has long been my view," he said, "that the policies of the British Board of Deputies help create anti-Semitism." [DAILY TELE, 3-17-93]
 
As half of one percent of the British population, Jews in the Margaret Thatcher era held 5 of 20 cabinet positions. Her high office Jewish contingent included Nigel Lawson (Chancellor, who resigned over the "Westland Affair"), Leon Brittan (Trade and Industry Secretary), David Young (Minister without portfolio, Malcolm Rifkind (Foreign Secretary), and Keith Joseph. British Chief Rabbi Immanuel Jacobovitz was awarded a seat in the House of Lords. "I was born to a Lithuanian father and am of Jewish descent," noted Minister David Young. "My only brother, Stewart, is chairman of the BBC. My father used to say, 'One son deputy chairman of the government, another chairman of the BBC -- that's not bad for immigrants." [TALATI, p. 12]
 
Gerald Kaufman, an eventual British Member of Parliament, notes that he "followed  [his father] into Zionism. I became a member of PZ [Poale Zion] and of Labour Friends of Israel ... During the [1967 Israeli] six-day war and its aftermath, when I worked in Harold Wilson's office at 10 Downing Street, I went every day to the Israeli embassy as a secret link between the [British] prime minister and the Israeli ambassador, Aharon Remez. My work was well known to the Israeli government and a subsequent [Israeli] prime minister, Golda Meir, thanked me for it." [KAUFMAN, p. 14]
 
In 1983 a Russian communist (Leonid Belkin) perspective was cited by the BBC:  "Inconspicuous Conservatives such as Brittan and Lawson ascending to the pinnacle of power is by no means a miracle. One contributing factor which is not taken into account as a rule is the support of the Jewish bourgeoisie and the numerous Zionist organizations in Britain which served its interests. This factor reflects the growing Zionist influence on the country's political life ... Before the 1970s the Jewish bourgeoisie was represented by only two MPs in Parliament ... By the end of the 1970s the number was 12, and in 1983, 17." [BELKIN] By 1997, 20 Jews were members of Parliament. [BUTLER/KAVANAGH, p. 200]
 
As one observer, Galina Orionova, noted about traditional Soviet views of the West:
 
     "[The Zionist conspiracy theory] permeates the Soviet press corps
     at both the national and the local level. They are not only interested in
     Israel itself. They're interested in the power of the American Jewish
     lobby and how it defines American foreign policy." [RA'NNAN/LUKES,
     p. 229]
 
In 1997 the Jerusalem Post ran an article sub-headlined: "The British Labor Party Leader Tony Blair Has Assiduously Courted the Jewish Community. It Looks Like It Will Pay Off in Next Thursday's Election." It did; Blair won. He was England's new prime minister. The article further noted that:
 
     "Blair has repeatedly pledged that he would 'not repeat the mistakes
     of the previous Labor leaders during the Eighties,' who were
     regarded as insensitive, if not apathetic, to Jewish causes, notably
     Israel. Blair has been well rewarded when the media revealed last
     year that a secret fund had been set up to finance his office, it
     was also revealed that the architect of the fund was a prominent
     Jewish accounting firm in London and that the major donors
     included leading members of the Jewish community." [DAVID, D.,
     4-25-97, p. 8]
 
Such Jewish donors included Sir Trevor Chinn (chairman of England's largest motor dealer, and also "president of the Joint Israel Appeal, Britain's biggest fundraising charity for Israel," [RUFFURD] and Michael Goldstein, a partner in the Blick Rothenberg company that oversaw the fund. "David Rothenburg, the firm's senior tax partner," noted the (London) Sunday Times, "was in Israel this weekend and unavailable for comment [about the fund]." [RUFFURD] Other secret contributors included Alex Bernstein -- the chairman of the Granada television empire, and Emmanuel Kaye.
 
In 1998, the (London) Guardian noted another lobbying case, that of the new Lawson Lucas Mendelsohn (LLD) "company [that was] embroiled in the row over political lobbying." [HENCKE, p. 3] Steve Rubin, "the main venture capitalist" behind the company met John Mendelsohn, a founder of LLD, "after working with him on Jewish charities." [HENCKE, p. 3]  Yet another powerful Jewish British lobbyist (and eventual politician), Michael Levy, was noted by the Daily Telegraph in 1996 as the "millionaire record producer and philanthropist [who] is the power behind the Labour leader's [Tony Blair's] throne ... His crucial gift to Labour's war chest will be through fund-raising, something he is extremely good at." [SYLVESTER, p. 9]  Levy noted the Independent, "owns luxurious homes in north London and Israel." [WOLMAR, p. 3] He "is estimated to have raised some $60 million for Blair, much of it from Jewish donors and much of it channeled through a blind trust to shield the identity of the donors and protect Blair from scandal." [DAVIS, D., 2-10-2000, p. 5]
 
By 2000, Levy (now deemed the position of Lord Levy by Blair) was being criticized by the British press for his role as "Blair's secret Foreign Minister." "Officials are concerned," noted the Express, "that Mr. Blair is bypassing normal diplomatic channels, using a close friend [Levy] who is unelected, unaccountable, and publicly unknown, as a roving ambassador. Lord Levy is the man who raised the cash for the 'blind trust' which financed Mr. Blair's office before he became Prime Minister in 1997." Levy has visited Syria, Jordan, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Lebanon, Egypt, and Israel on British ambassador-like missions. [BEVINS, A., 3-10-2000] Levy, noted the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "is deeply mistrusted by large sections of the British political establishment and has been the subject of questions by legislators." [DAVIS, D., 2-10-2000, p. 5] He "is now the the chief fundraiser for the 'high value' donors account at the Labour Party, along with his deputy Amanda Delew (who worked with him at Jewish Care)." [RED STAR RESEARCH]
 
In a later article the Jerusalem Post noted with satisfaction the growing prominence of Jews in places of power in the British government:
 
     "'We're not yet a majority, but we certainly have more than a
     minyan [the minimal number of Jews necessary to hold religious
     services together] -- and Tony Blair is helping,' said Lord Wolf,
     one of several Jewish members of the House of Lords. Recent
     examples of that brand of assistance included Michael Levy, former
     Jewish Care chairperson ... former Labor MP Greville Janner [also
     an honorary vice president of the World Jewish Congress and former
     head of the Board of Deputies of British Jews], and Anthony Jacobs,
     an active Liberal Democrat who is chairman of the board of governors
     of Haifa University [in Israel]. All three have been elevated to peerage
     since Blair became prime minister." [CASHMAN, p. 14]
 
Other Jews in the House of Lords in the late 1990s were Andrew Stone (also chairman of the British Overseas Trade Board Group for Israel), Daniel Sainsbury ("one of the richest men in the country" [JONES, G.], and Daniel Finkelstein, among many others. (Finkelstein is the "personal policy advisor" for "Tory leader" William Hague. In 2000 the Times of London noted that Hague "is hoping that his current visit to Israel will help to capture at least four marginal [Parliament] seats with significant Jewish votes.") [WATSON, R., 6-2-2000] The British Home Secretary was also Jewish, Michael Howard. As noted earlier, Peter Mandelson resigned as Britain's Trade and Industry Secretary. (Caught in a minor scandal, the charges against him, suggests one supporter, was "insidious, unregistered anti-Semitism." [GLANVILLE, p. 10] In recent years Keith Joseph has been the Education Secretary and head of the Department of Trade and Industry. In 1998, the testimony of a British M-15 officer "linked [former Defense and Foreign Secretary Malcolm Rifkind] to an alleged plot to assassinate [Libya leader] Colonel Gaddafi." The February 1996 bomb did not succeed in killing him. [HANNAH/DINGWELL, p. 16]
  
In 1999, Leon Brittan, by now the European Union's Trade Minister, complained about a trade dispute between the United States and Europe. "He blames," said the Economist, with no trace of humorous irony, "the 'extreme political influence wielded by Chiquita,' an American banana company.'" [ECONOMIST, p 2-6-99, p. 56]   The Deputy Mayor of London [2002], Nicky Gavron is Jewish and was described as a possible Labour Party candidate for the upcoming mayoral election. And as theJewish Chronicle noted: "Though her contact with Jewish communal life is expressed mainly through membership in Poale Zion [a Zionist organization], political activism derives, she suggests, from being the daughter of a Jewish refugee who fled from Germany to London in 1936 at age 16." [JOSEPHS, B., 11-22-02, p. 35]

Jewish lobbying influence in the British Parliament is comparable to that in the United States Congress. In 2001, during the much-reported Palestinian revolt against Israeli rule, "a meeting of MPs and peers supportive of Israel ... [was held] to counter the growing pro-Arab sentiment at Westminister. Organised jointly by the Labour, Conservative, and Liberal Democrat Friends of Israel groups, the rally [was] expected [to attract numbers] ... well into three figures. [The sponsoring umbrella group was] the all-party Britain-Israel Parliamentary Group." [JOSEPHS, B., 3-2-01, p. 19]

In 2002, wary of the subcurrent of Zionism, the Iranian foreign minister to Great Britain was "doing his best to block the appointment of a British ambassador who comes from Jewish stock." [MARCUS, Y., 1-13-02]
 
Ireland? There are scant Jews in that country but as Hank Greenspun noted in 1966,
 
     "Bear in mind Robert Briscoe, the Jewish Lord Mayor of Dublin ...
     worked for both Irish Republican and Zionist causes; and Rabbi
     Herzog, Israel's first Chief Rabbi, [was] once the Chief Rabbi of
     Ireland." [GREENSPUN, H., 1966, p. 35] [More Ireland]
 
In France, Jews constitute about one percent of the French population. In 1997, the American Jewish Yearbook noted the "relatively high number of Jews active in French politics." [SINGER/SELDIN, 1997, p. 287] In 1999, Daniel-Cohn Bendit was "one of the best-placed leftist candidates for mayor [of Paris], just behind the socialist finance minister [of the French government], Dominique Strauss-Kahn." [WEBSTER, 7-9-99] "During the heady days of the [19]68 protests that rocked France, it seemed Cohn-Bendit was everywhere, on every barricade, at the head of every protest." [SEWARD, D., 3-22-99] "As long as there is anti-Semitism, I am a Jew," says Cohn-Bendit. [WOSNITZA, R., 1-26-01] For Strauss-Kahn's part, he resigned in the midst of a scandal in November 1999. He was accused of having earlier accepted $100,000 from a health care company for fictitious services. His signature appeared on two forged documents.  Strauss-Kahn had "the broadest portfolio --finance, economy, and industry -- in the French government." [DAHLBURG, J., 11-3-99, p. A20]  Jean Kahn is the president of the French Central Consistory and Jack Lang is another former government minister.
 
Among others of the political elite, Laurent Fabius was the youngest (38) prime minister (the fourth Jewish one) [GOLDBERG, M. H., 1976, p. 167] in French history).  He began his term in 1984. By 1999, now president of the National Assembly (the parallel to the U.S. House of Representatives), he was involved in emotionally-charged controversy. He, and two other politicians, were tried on charges of involuntary manslaughter in their decisions (years earlier) to delay government testing that could have  prevented the HIV virus from contaminating hospital blood supplies. 1,000 people eventually died as a result of the delay.  In a controversial decision by a French court, he and the other defendants were ultimately acquitted. "The Court of Justice of the Republic has given the impression," responded the Le Figaro daily, "of sparing those in power." "The verdict," declared Liberation, "was political." "The verdict issued Tuesday by the special court of judges and politicians," noted Agence France Presse, "triggered angry cries of political bias and judicial incompetence from across the spectrum." [AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, 3-10-99]  "Mr. Fabius," said the Irish Times, "has over the past five years orchestrated a vast public relations campaign in which scientists, professors, and politicians have defended him in the media. Some claimed that Mr. Fabius, who is Jewish, was ... a victim of anti-Semitism. The strategy paid off yesterday." [MARLOWE, L., 3-10-99, p. 14] "Friends," noted the Times (of London), "see the Jewish politician as a victim of anti-Semitic emotion." [BREMNER, C., 2-13-99] Fabius is also co-author of the Fabius-Gayssor law, which makes it a punishable crime in France to deny the existence of the Holocaust.
 
For decades, Jewish politician Simone Veil has also been in the forefront of French politics. She was the president of the European Economic Union Parliament in 1979-82. In 1994, as the French Social Affairs and Health Minister, she enforced the government's ban on Muslim schoolgirls' headscarves in classes. "The ban has provoked outrage among Moslems," noted Agence France Presse, "since it effectively allows the wearing of crucifixes and [Jewish] skullcaps." [AGENCE PRESSE FRANCE, 11-2-94]  In 1983, Veil was awarded the Zionist Jabotinsky Foundation's "Shield of Jerusalem Prize" for "defense of the rights of Jewish people." [NEW YORK TIMES, 11-14-83, p. B2] She was also, noted the Washington Post, "instrumental in forcing French television to show the American-produced 'Holocaust' series on the fate of the Jews in Nazi Europe after the head of all three TV stations had made public statements refusing to show it." [KOVEN, R., 5-15-79]
 
As early as the 1950s, notes Barnett Litvinoff,
 
     "From 1950 to 1954 [French] politics were largely dominated by
     Rene Mayer and Pierre Mendes-France. They were both of the
     Radical-Socialist wing, yet at the same time such bitter enemies
     as to prompt one anti-Semitic monthly, Ecrits de Paris, to see
     their feud as an age-old conflict between Ashkenazi and Sephardi!
     Gilbert Grandval, a baptized Jew, had been Resident-General in
     Morocco, Jules Moch was playing an important international role
     at the United Nations, while the faithful Gaullist Rene Cassin won
     immense prestige as president of the Supreme Court of Appeal.
     Prime Minister [Edgar] Faure's wife too, was a Jewess [LITVINOFF, p.
     126] ... The Jews themselves did not realize their own importance
     until the national elections of March 1967, when every party, not
     excluding the Communists, hastened to express its admiration for
     the state of Israel." [LITVINOFF, p. 132]
 
In 1988, "one of France's leading Jews," Rene Cassin, former president of France's Jewish umbrella group Alliance Israelite Universelle, "was reinterred in the Pantheon, the resting place of France's heroes ... with full national honors ... He represented France at the League of Nations from 1924 till 1938 and served as a legal adviser to [president Charles] De Gaulle's Free French Forces in London during the war ... In 1967 Cassin bitterly criticized De Gaulle's decision to embargo French weapons to Israel." [SINGER, D., 1989, p. 313]
 
Also in France, in 1991, the former national spokesman for the left-wing ecology-based Green Party, Jean Briere, was sued by two Jewish organizations and the "International League Against Racism and Anti-Semitism"  for comments he had made in an internal party memorandum about that year's Persian Gulf War. In it he denounced the "warmongering role of Israel and the Zionist lobby." Israel he wrote, was a "racist, militaristic, theocratic and expansionist state, with a policy based on the logic of perennial war ... The influence of the Jewish lobby in the United States was decisive in the states in favor of war." [ZLOTOWSKI, M., 4-21-91]
 
For these statements, Briere was given a suspended three-month jail sentence and fined $3,700 under existing "hate laws" by a French court. The punishments were later overturned, only because the memo was intended as an internal memorandum and not to be made public. [More France] (In October 2000, the [Jewish] Forward reported that the Green Party, behind its presidential candidate Ralph Nader, "called this week for a suspension of United States aid to Israel and blamed the jewish state for the current violence in the Middle East ... Democratic activists are calling the Green Party's statement one of the most anti-Israel ever attributed to a party engaged in a presidential campaign -- They are demanding that Green Party Jews abandon Mr. Nader and his running mate, Winona LaDuke, a Native American activist whose mother is Jewish.") [CATTAN, N., 10-27-00]
 
In 1999, a Jewish woman, Ruth Dreifuss, became Switzerland's new president. Jo Benkow was the head of the Conservative Party of Norway from 1980-84. He was the Speaker of the Norwegian Parliament from 1985-93, a position that "is often referred to as 'president' and is second in the official chain of command behind the King." [ALTMAN-OHR, 2-11-2000, p. 8] Despite the fact that Jews have always been a tiny group in Denmark, (there are only about 7,000 Jews in today's population of 4.2 million), Edvard Brandes was once "leader of Denmark's Liberal Party and twice minister of finance; Herman Trier, president of Parliament; General C. J. De Meza, commander of the Danish army during the war with Prussia in 1864." [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 73] In 2001, in the Netherlands, the State Secretary of Justice, Job Cohen, became the mayor of Amsterdam. As the Jewish Chronicle noted, "most recent mayors have been Social Democrats, and Jews ... Harry van den Bergh, a Cohen political ally and head of the Dutch Refugees Association remarked, "As a Jew, I find it exceptional that we have a Jewish mayor of Amsterdam for the fourth time since the war ... Premier Wim Kok is said to be looking for a chosen successor, and Job Cohen is among the names which have been mentioned.." [FRIEDMANN, E., 1-26-01]
 
In ItalyTullia Zevi, head of the Union of Italian Jewish Communities, is described by the American Jewish Yearbook as "one of the most prominent women in Italy." [SINGER/SELDIN, 1997, p. 324] [See earlier discussion of Jewish prominence in Mussolini's fascist Italy] In 2001, non-Jewish media mogul Silvio Berlusconi became the prime minister of Italy, heading a right-of-center government. "Berlusconi's new administration," noted the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, "will be the most pro-Israel government in Italy in years. Defense Minister Antonio Martino, for example, is vice president of the Italian Friends of Israel association ... 'We have a lot of friends in this government,' said Amos Vidan, currently in charge of the Israeli embassy in Rome ... 'The people in power have a more sympathetic approach to Israel, especially Berlusconi himself.'" [GRUBER, R., 6-12-01]

In Australia, in 1996 Gordon Samuels became the first Jewish governor of New South Wales. In 1995 Gil Marcus became Australia's Deputy Minister of Finance joining "the other Jewish deputy minister (of defense)" Ronnie Kasrils. [SINGER/SELDIN, 1997, p. 427] In 1993, Peter Wilenski, ambassador to the United Nations, became head of the Department of Foreign Affairs. [SINGER/SELDIN, 1994, p. 372]  Zelman Cowan was Governor General of Australia from 1977 to 1982.
 
In 2000 in Australia, powerful and influential Jewish mogul Joseph Gutnick made the local political news. Attempting to lobby Prime Minister John Howard to change existing laws to kick alleged former Nazis from the country, Gutnick was rebuffed and threatened to sue the prime minister for his frank commentary about his Jewish donor. As the Melbourne paper The Age noted,
 
     "ABC radio yesterday reported that Mr. Gotnick had threatened
     to withhold financial support for the Liberals over the issue and
     when asked on ABC radio if he could 'do without Gutnick's money,'
     Mr. Howard said ... "I don't change policy according to the
     financial contributions from anybody, whether it's Mr. Gutnick
     or not." [THE AGE, 8-10-2000]

"Since 1948," notes Hilary Rubinstein, "all Australian prime ministers and governments of both parties (with the possible exception of the Whitlam government, 1972-75) have been notable and enthusiastic supporters of Israel. Australia is generally ranked by Israel among its closest friends." [RUBINSTEIN, H., 1987, p. 207]
 
Even in New Zealand, "as far back as the nineteenth century, Sir Julius Vogel was twice elected prime minister (in 1873 and 1876), while Sir Arthur Myers served as minister of munitions in World War I. There were five Jewish mayors of Auckland, and almost every city had a Jewish chief magistrate at one time or another." [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 171]
 
In Poland, a country that has -- post-World War II -- only a few thousand Jews, the government's Foreign Minister, Bronislaw Geremek, is Jewish, as was 1993 Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka. As noted earlier, while Jews were prominent in leadership positions in the communist rule of Poland, they were also noteworthy in positions of leadership in antithesis to the ruling regime. Prominent leaders of Jewish descent in the Solidarity resistance movement included Jan LitynskiAdam Michnik, and Karol Modzelewski. [WESCHLER, p. 40]
 
In the Czech Republic, a country that has an estimated Jewish population of only 6,000, in 1998 the Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted that "there is a strong Jewish representation in the Czech Foreign Ministry. Deputy Foreign Minister Otto Pick is Jewish, for example." So is Jiri Pehe, "senior political adviser" to the president. [GREENE, R., 8-4-98, p. 6 & 6-23-98, p. 11] Thomas Jelinek was elected chairman of the Prague Jewish Community in 2001. He is also "a confidant of President Vaclav Havel and an economic adviser in the presidential office." "I am strictly separating my agenda with the president, which covers mainly economic issues, from my position as chairman," Jelinek told a Jewish ethnic news agency, "But for sure if there would be some serious issue affecting the Jewish community in the Czech Republic, it would feel natural to inform him about it." [BENNETT, M., 7-2-01] A Jewish Austrian member of the European Parliament, Peter Sichrovsky, is even a member of the far right Freedom Party (much maligned for alleged anti-Semitism by the international Jewish community). [HARRIS, D., 2-3-2000, p. 1]
From the Ukraine, in 1994 the Jewish acting head of the Ukrainian cabinet, Yefim Zvyagilsky, "was faced with charges of embezzlement of state property [worth $25 million]." [STETSYURA]  After fleeing to Israel, the Jewish state denied the Ukrainian request for his extradition. "Ukrainian officials," noted Reuters, "say Zvyagilsky, a Jew by origin, acquired an Israeli passport during his two and a half years in Israel but he denies this ... Some top [Ukrainian] government officials, including Foreign Minister Hennady Vdovenko have suggested that Ukrainian authorities might have to think twice before appointing Jews to senior jobs in the future." [REUTERS, 2-12-97]

[Bulgaria?]
 
In South Africa, by 1998 "in an extraordinary political turnaround, whites outside the ranks of the African National Congress are now looking for leadership from a brilliant young Jewish liberal [Tony Leon] who has become the [Black] government's fiercest critic ...[and] the new champion of white interests in South Africa ... [He] grabbed the leadership of the [Democrat] party." [BERESFORD, 5-29-98, p. 16]  Lous Shill became the South African Minister of Housing and Public Works in 1994.
 
Tzippi Hoffman and Alan Fisher note that
 
     "In Cape Town, since 1867 there have been 69 mayors of which
     12 were Jews. In Cape Town nearly a third of the Parliamentary
     Council are Jews." [HOFFMAN/FISHER, p. 26]
How about the African nation of Zimbabwe, home to 750 Jews? In 2001, that country's (Jewish) Chief Justice, Anthony Gubbay (born in Manchester, Great Britain) resigned his post after political troubles with president Robert Mugabe. [BELLING, S., 3-12-2001]
 
In CanadaSimon Haskel is chairman of the Labor Party's Finance and Industry Committee. Julius Isaac is the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada. [SINGER/SELDIN, 1995, p. 274; SCHURMACHER, T., 4-22-94]  Eddie Goldenberg is variously known as today's Canadian prime minister's "chief adviser" or "alter ego." His father, Carl, was "senior adviser" to three prime ministers. [MCGREGOR, G., 8-22-2000, p. A1; WILSON-SMITH, A., 6-19-2000, p. 14; BOYLE, T., 7-25-96, p. A6] 

In 2002, Sheila Firestone retired after 18 years in the Canadian Senate. Firestone won her position in 1984 in election battles against fellow Jews William Dery and Sharon Wolfe. "In her farewell address to her colleagues," noted the Canadian Jewish News,

     "spoke first of her 'ancestral land,' Israel ... In an interview, Firestone said she
     regarded bringing the concerns of the Jewish community, including ensuring
     fair representation of Israel's cause, as fundamental to her role as a
     parliamentarian -- in caucus, in government, and internationally. 'I have a
     strong sense of Jewish responsibility and the need to ensure respect and
     fair play for Israel,' said Finestone ... 'I have taken my share of taunts for
     making reprsentations for Israel. I've been called an Israeli agent and Mrs.
     Israel, but I'm proud to be acknowledged as a concerned member of the
     Jewish people." [ARNOLD, J.]

That same year, Jewish politicans from around the world were invited to a conference in Israel. As the Globe and Mail noted:

     "An influential group of Canadian Liberal MPs [Members of Parliament], led by
     Deputy Prime Minister Herb Gray, is lending its support to Israel by attending
     a conference of Jewish politicians organized by the Israeli government. More
     than 50 legislators from Europe, the Americas and South Africa are attending
     the four-day meeting in Jerusalem, sponsored by the Israeli Ministry of
     Foreign Affairs. 'I made the decison [to come] because I am a Jew,' said
     Anita Neville, a rookie Liberal MP from Winnipeg. 'I have a large Jewish
     community in my riding, and I care deeply about the nature of the relationship
     between Canada and Israel.' Five of Canada's six Jewish MPs are attending,
     along with two Liberal senators. Although the United States has a larger
     delegation, Canada is the only country to be represented by two senior
     ministers, Mr. Gray and Immigration Minister Elinor Caplan. Ms. Caplan
     said she sees no problem wearing 'two hats,' one as a Canadian minister
     and another as a supporter of Israel." [ADAMS, P., 1-8-02]
 
In 1985, Frank Stuart Miller became the first Jewish premiere of Ontario, that country's richest and most populace province. In 1993 Jacqueline Holzman was elected mayor of Ottawa. In 1991, Gary Weiner became Canada's Secretary of State. In 1991 alone, Judy Rebick became President of the National Action Committee on the Status of Women, Harvey Webber became President of the Council for Canadian Unity, and Karen Mock became Chairman of the Canadian Multicultural Advisory Board.  Invariably at the helm of any "minority" movement that is open to them, in Quebec, the director (David Birnbaum), the chairman (Harold Chorney), and the first vice president (Andy Housefather) of the "Alliance for Quebec" (an "English-speaking rights group" in predominantly French Quebec) are Jewish. So is Howard Galganov, founder and president of another "English-rights" group there, the Quebec Political Action Committee. Galganov is a former member of Meir Kahane's Jewish Defense League. In 1996 he charged that the majority French-speaking movement was against him, it was "anti-Semitic," and they "must be stopped before it [anti-Semitism] gets started." [FORWARD, JEWISH, p. 2] In 2002, in French-speaking Montreal, David Levine became "the first Jewish cabinet minister in a Parti Quebecois (PQ) government." A former senior adviser to now-Premier Bernard Landry, Levine's cabinet position is an appointment; it "is not an elected member of the National Assembly." [ARNOLD, J., FEB 2002]
 
Tired of all the Judeo-centric/Zionist censorial power everywhere around us, including America, and like to address it? Perhaps you might think to approach the National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC) until you discover that the "first and longtime director" was Leanne Katz, succeeded by Joane Bertin. [BLUME, p. 67] Taking an airplane any time soon? The Director of Aviation Safety for the National Transportation Safety Board, retiring in 2001, is Bernard Loeb. "It did not escape [Egyptian officials'] attention that the legendary head of aviation investigations at the NTSB -- a brilliant and abrasive engineer named Bernard Loeb -- who was overseeing the Flight 990 inquiry [an Egyptian airliner crash in 1999] -- was Jewish and something of a Zionist." [LANGEWIESCHE, W., NOV 2001, p. 47]

The head of the U.S. Space agency, NASA? Also Jewish: Daniel Goldin, honored at the First Annual National Jewish Leadership Awards dinner in 2001. Goldin, who has "family in Israel and has visited [t]here numerous times since 1967," announced that an Israeli astronaut would be part of a crew into space in 2002. On a recent trip to Israel he "emphasized the possibilities of integrating Israel into the European space center and having it join the exclusive club of countries participating in the international space station, along with involving Israeli research and researchers in the station. [Israeli Prime Minister Ariel] Sharon commented that he sees Israel's integration in NASAS's research and development plans as critically important." [SIEGEL, J., 8-15-01]

The head of the U.S. government-funded National Democratic Institute for International Affairs? Kenneth Wallach. Co-chair of the United States Global Strategy Council? Also Jewish: Joyce Starr, formerly coordinator for President George Bush's Middle East task force. President of the Ethics and Public Policy Center, a Washington "think tank"? Elliott Abrams. Head of NOW (National Organization of Women)? Marilyn Fitterman. Executive Director of FAIR (Federation of Americans for Immigration Reform)? Dan Stein. President of Citizens Against Government Waste? Thomas Schatz. The Executive Director of lobbying group Negative Population Growth? Sharon SteinJoel Rosenthal is president of the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs. Daniel Levitas is Executive Director of the Georgia Rural Urban Summit. Robert Greenstein is Executive Director of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Burton Blumert is president of the Center for Libertarian Studies and publisher of lewrockwell.com. Kenneth Roth is Executive Dirctor of Human Rights Watch. David C. Rapaport edits the Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence. Richard Rubenstein is even president of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon-funded Washington Institute for Values and Public Policy. [STOLL, I., 6-19-98] Head of the Sierra Club? In 1997 Adam Werbach became the first Jew, and, at age 24, the youngest person ever, to be the environmental lobbying organization's president. "In grade school," he says, "I remember planting trees and raising money to plant trees in Israel." [KARFELD, M., 2-6-98, p. 16] When Werbach left as head of the Sierra Club, he co-founded a company called Act Now Productions with Todd Gold, formerly the editor of People magazine.) 

Judeo-centric, pro-Israel (albeit veiled) government think tanks (as of 1993) included the Washington Institute for Near East Policy (co-founded by Martin Indyk), the Foreign Policy Research Insitute ("the personal think tank" of Jewish academicDaniel Pipes), and the Jewish Insitute for National Security Affairs (JINSA; founded by Michael Ledeen -- Ledeen was involved in the Irangate affair. His wife was then-Assistant Secretary of Defense Richard Perle's secretary). "Stephen Bryen," notes Grace Halsell, "served as JINSA's executive diretor during the time charges were being investigated that, as a Senate Foreign Relations Committee aide, he had offered military secrets to a visiting Israeli defense official. Bryen was not indicted, and subsequently was named Reagan administration deputy assistant secretary of defense in charge of protecting sensitive American technology. While Bryen was in the Pentagon his wife, Shoshanna Byren, served as executive director of JINSA. Former Minnesota senator Rudy Boschwitz became president of JINSA in 1991). Richard Perle's own think tank babies include the International League for the Reparation of Russian Jews and the Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf.Joseph Churba, an "ultra-right pro-Likud activist," heads the Center for International Security. [HALSELL, G. MARCH 1993, p. 9]
 
In 1988, five Jews -- all Toronto-based --were elected to Canada's national legislature. Three became cabinet ministers: Monte Kwinter (Minister of Industry, Trade, and Technology), Elinor Caplan (Minister of Health -- later, of Immigration), andChaviva Hosek (Minister of Housing). Jewish deputy ministers included Martin Barkin and Elaine Todres. [SINGER, D., 1989, p. 255] The chief justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, Brian Dickson, was also Jewish as was Quebec chief justice Alan B. GoldJonathan Schneiderman was also president of the "youth wing" of the Liberal party. [SINGER, D., 1989, p. 268]
 
The Jewish oligarchs dominating today's Russian political situation are noted earlier (as is Jewish pre-eminence in the communist governments of the last few decades throughout Eastern Europe), but a 1997 World Press Review commentary sums it up well enough for purposes here:
 
     "The [Russian economic] crisis also explains why Boris Berezovsky
     and his six prominent Russian bank allies, who, according to
     Berezovsky's own account, first made President Boris Yeltsin's
     reelection possible, then arranged the promotions of presidential Chief
     of Staff Anatoly Chubais and First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir
     Potanin. Berezovsky runs a conglomerate that includes Russia's
     Channel 1 television network. He boasts of controlling most of the
     independent television stations and newspapers." [HELMER, p. 44-45]
Any addressing of Jewish political empowerment in Latin America must inevitably consider the implications following 1998 observations by professor Judith Elkin, whose specialty is the Jews of Latin America:
 
    "Following formation of the state of Israel, Yiddish was replaced by
    Hebrew in most Jewish schools, and Israel became the preferred locus
    for teacher training. Financial subsidies for Latin American schools
    were allocated by the World Zionist Organization and the Jewish
    Agency. Zionism conquered the schools on the way to conquering
    the [Jewish] communities as a whole ... [ELKIN, 1998, p. 176] ...
    Organized Jewish life came to revolve around Zionist activities:
    the sale of Israel Bonds, celebration of Israel Independence Day,
    the training and hiring of Hebrew teachers, and so forth ... Jews
    living in Latin America are occasionally able to apply political
    leverage in support of the government of Israel ... The close
    relationship between Latin American Jews and Israelis sustain
    the suspicion among nacionalistas that Jews' extraterritorial
    loyalties exceed the bounds of patriotic propriety. The accusation
    of double loyalty dogged the communities from the start, and
    continues today." [ELKIN, 1998, p. 232-233]
 
The potential of Zionism empowered in Peru? There are only 3,000 Jews in Peru, a land of 27 million. [PERELMAN, M., 4-20-01] But when Sally Goodgold followed a fellow Jew identified with the last name of Golden to meet the Prime Minister of Peru, Ephrain Goldenberg, in 1997 at the Museum of Natural History in New York, she noted that "he joked about 'all the Golds' at this 'Gold of Peru' event ... The prime minister bent down and said to me, 'Madame,  ... my mother [co-founded] Hadassah  [the women's international Zionist organization] of Peru." [LEON, 9-26-97, p. 13]  "In a meaningful symbolic act," notes Judith Elkin, "Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori [of Japanese ancestry] prepared for Efrain Goldenberg's swearing in as prime minister by removing the crucifix that usually presides over such ceremonies." [ELKIN, 1998, p. 278] (A Jewish heir to a mining fortune, August Salcedo, was Peru's president from 1906-1912, and again from 1919 to 1930.) [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 268]
 
As Jewish historian Howard Sachar notes about the modern Jewish community in Peru:
 
     "[It] is a tightly knit, quite ethnocentric community, with a remarkably
     lower record of intermarriage than in most other Latin American nations."
     [SACHAR, H., p. 269]
 
In 2000, the shadowy head of the state Peruvian spy agency, Vladimiro Montesinos, known as Peru's "Rasputin," was arrested for bribing a Congressman; the incident was captured on videotape. The arrest of the powerful behind-the-scenes leader (one television-sponsored survey noted that 30% of Peruvians believed Montesinos ran the country) [BOYD, S., 12-97, p. 33-34] caused a crisis in the President Fujimori government. He was born into a "Marxist family" in 1944, later becoming a prominent lawyer known for defending major drug dealers. [LANE, C., 9-22-2000, p. A37] The wife, Elaine Karp, of a defeated Peruvian presidential candidate (Alejandro Toledo), is an Israeli. Karp, noted the Jerusalem Post in 2000, "brought charges against the Israeli defense establishment for allegedly assisting Montesino's organization." [COHEN, C., 9-18-2000, p. 5] In 2001, a Peruvian special prosecutor, Dr. Jose Carlos Ugaz, determined that Montesinos -- still a fugitive -- had stashed millions of dollars in bribery payments in Swiss banks. The money came from "Israeli businessmen as part of a deal for the sale of Russian fighter aircraft to Peru's armed forces ... Montesinos was closely connected to a group of businessmen -- some Israeli and some Jews with Peruvian citizenship -- who acted for him in international arms deals, from which he collected illegal commissions." [DAYAN, A., 3-5-01]

In 2001, Alejandro Toledo was elected President of Peru and Elaine Karp became Peru's First Lady. Karp was "born in Paris to a staunchly Zionist family [and] settled in Israel as a teenager ... Her father was a member of the right wing Zionist youth group, Betar, while her mother belonged to the left-wing Zionist youth group Hashomer Hatza'ir." Former President Fujimori fled Peru in 2000 under a cloud of corruption, opening the way for Toledo. "Quite a number of Jews were linked with Fujimori, as ministers or advisers," notes Karp, "In addition, some Israeli intermediaries were involved in shady arms deals. And some of the money funneled off by the previous regime was handled by Israeli banks." The Jewish Chronicle further noted that Karp's marriage to Toledo did not endear her to local Jewish ethnocentrism: "Ms. Karp has caused widespread resentment, partly because of her high profile marriage to a non-Jew ... Her mixed marriage and her leftist views have caused some rejection [from the Peruvian Jewish community].) [PERELMAN, M., 4-2001] (Nonetheless, the Jewish Week noted American Jewish lobbying pressure upon Toldeo to pardon Lori Berenson, a Jew from New York, who had been sentenced by a Peruvian court "to 20 years in jail for collaborating with [Peruvian] terrorists." "California Rabbi Steven Jacobs," noted the Jewish Week, "who sat with the Berensons [parents of Lori] during the verdict, said he intends to put together a delegation of rabbis to meet with Toledo, whose wife and daughter are Jewish." [GREENBERG, E., 6-28-01]
Peruvian president [2002], Alejandro Toledo, also has a "Jewish second vice-president, David Waisman," and an "Israeli personal security chief, Avi Danon." [JEWISH CHRONICLE, 11-22-2002, p. 34] 
    
Montesinos was dismissed from the Peruvian military in 1977 "for selling state secrets to the CIA." He grew to power as a lawyer and became part of the Fujimori government in 1990. He is the alleged "architect" of a military coup in 1992. [LANE, C., 9-22-2000, p. A37] "When an ostensible democracy had been restored," notes Charles Lane, "its revamped institutions were stocked with people Montesinos controlled through classic institutions of espionage: bribery and blackmail. The previously obscure National Intelligence Services, known as SIN, emerged as the true source of power in Peru, and Montesinos ran it ... Even prominent citizens lowered their voices when they mentioned his name ... [There are] credible charges of death squads [against Montesinos], drug payoffs, and, most recently, large scale electoral fraud that the two [Montesinos and Fujimori] had faced." [LANE, C., 9-22-200] "Human rights groups and United States senators," noted the Los Angeles Times, "also have expressed concern over allegations linking Montesinos to slayings and torture of leftists and turncoast spies. Critics accuse him of masterminding the alleged dirty tricks that brought international condemnation on the presidential election." [ROSELLA/TARNAWIECKI, 9-16-2000, pt. 1, p. A1]
 
An earlier defeated presidential candidate, novelist Mario Vargas Llosa, writes that the Peruvian "regime [is] manipulated from behind the scenes by the all-powerful and sinister Vladimiro Montesinos." [LLOSA, M., 4-4-2000, p. B1] "Brazilian police," reported Deutsche Presse-Agentur, "believe [Montesinos] is involved in drug trafficking." [GROTH, H., 7-25-97]
 
In Chile, the principles of Salvador Allende's early 1970s Marxist government (overthrown in large part by the CIA) "were in part designed by Senator Volodia Teitelboim, chief strategist of Chile's Communist party who as a youth had belonged to Hashomer Hatzair, the left wing of the Zionist movement." Other Jews in Allende governmental posts were David Baytelman, David Silberman, Jaime Faivoich, Jacobo SchaulsohnEnrique KirbergEnrique Testa, and Luis Vega. [ELKIN, p. 268] By the 1970s about 30,000 Jews lived in Chile. The commander of the Chilean air force was Jewish, notes Jewish historian Howard Sachar,
 
     "as was Chile's ambassador to Israel. Two or three hundred other
     Jews held administrative positions [in government], served as deans
     and department chairmans in the nation's universities ... Here, as
     elsewhere in the West, Zionism served as the binding integument
     of Jewish life." [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 275, 276]
How deep is this committment to Israel? Former President of the American Jewish Congress, Joachim Prinz, once noted the allegiance of the so-called "secret Jews," people of Jewish heritage who had been living for generations as Christians in Chile:

     "Once, in 1950, when I delivered a lecture in Santiago, Chile, I was asked to receive
     a delegation of apparently good, faithful Christians who were collecting money
     for the purchase of land in Israel through the Jewish National Fund. They confessed
     that this was their link to their Jewish past. When I asked how they knew about
     their heritage they said, 'Our fathers passed it down to us, as they received
     this knowledge from their parents and grandparents. We recognized each other
     because each of us observed the Sabbath, fasted on the Day of Atonement and
     kept other Jewish customs.' Today this group of Marronos ["secret Jews"]
     call themselves Sons of Zion and have emigrated to Argentina, where they
     live in a commune in preparation for their emigration to Israel." [PRINZ, J.,
     1973, p. 5]
 
In Argentina, the American Jewish Yearbook noted in 1987 that
 
      "right-wing members of the military and rightist elements of the
      Catholic Church and the Peronist trade unions charged that
      [earlier president Raul] Alfonsin's government was in the hands
      of the so-called Sinagoga Radical (Radical synagogue), referring
      to the large number of Jews in high-level government positions ...
      Among Jews who occupied prominent positions in the government
      were Marcos Aguinis, secretary of culture and advisor to the president,
      and later the person responsible for organizing the First National
      Educational Congress; Cesar Jaroslavsky, president of the Radical
      Civic Union bloc in the Chamber of Deputies; Bernardo Grinspun,
      the first minister of the economy in Alfonsin's cabinet; Leopoldo
      Portnoi, president of the Central Bank; Jacobo Fiterman, public works
      commissioner in the Buenos Aires city administration ... Fiterman had
      earlier been president of the Zionist Organization and head of the local
      United Jewish Appeal, called CUJA." [SINGER, D., 1989, p. 72]
 
The appointment of Aguinis, a "well-known Jewish psychoanalyst and writer," as cultural minister "enraged the Catholic Church and its allies." [ELKIN, 1998, p. 264-265]
 
Other Alfonsin-era Jewish prominent officials included the Treasury Secretary (Mario Brodersohn), the Minister of Education (Adolfo Stubrin), the Secretary of State for Science and Technology (Manuel Sadosky),  the Undersecretary of State for Information and Development (Robert Schteingart), the Undersecretary for Research and Administrative Reform (Oscar Oszlak), and the rector of the University of Buenos Aires (Oscar Shuberoff). [ELKIN, J. 1998, p. 264]  (Earlier, Polish-bornJose Ber Gelbard was a controversial Minister of Economics).
 
"The warm acceptance of Jews by the Alfonsin regime," notes David Singer, "was evident not only in the conspicuous presence of Jewish individuals within the government but in specific indications of support for Jewish issues."  [SINGER, D., 1989, p. 272]  This increasing warmth to Jews in Argentine business and government prompted a right-wing general, Ramon Campos, to publish "a book in which he charged the Jewish banking interests were subverting the state and [he] warned of Zionist infiltration." [ELKIN, J. 1998, p. 264] "Some Argentine military sectors," wrote Jacobo Timerman in 1981,
 
      "... at various times, [ha]ve voiced the need to avoid any expression
      of anti-Semitism, maintaining this as a tactical necessity ... Their main
      argument in favor of avoidance of any suspicion of anti-Semitism
      invariably has been the need to avoid confrontation with the powerful
      Jewish community in the United States." [TIMERMAN, J., 1981, p. 131]
 
Alfonsin's successor through the 1990s, Carlos Menem, has had close Jewish advisors, particularly Samuel Muzykanski and Moises Iknonicoff. His Minister of Interior (Carlos Corach) and Deputy Justice Minister (Elias Jassan) are also Jewish. [ELKIN, J. 1998, p. 265]  Celso Lafer was also Minister of Foreign Affairs and Israel Klabin the mayor of Rio de Janeiro in the 1990s. [ELKIN, 1998, p. 92] In 1989, the Jerusalem Post noted the visit of the Anti-Defamation League Morton Rosenthal (head of ADL's Latin American division) to Israel:
 
     "Newly-elected Argentine President Carlos Menem hopes to obtain
     American assistance in extracting his country from its current
     economic morass. Rosenthal noted in an interview here last week,
     'Menem is aware that Jewish opinion is important in Washington.
     Where economic and political help is concerned, we try to help
     our friends, and Argentina does need our help.'" [HOFFMAN, C.]
 
Decades earlier, under famed Argentine leader Juan Peron,
 
     "Angel Borlenenghi was appointed Minister of Interior, Abraham
     Kirslavin became his subsecretary, and Liberto Rabinovitch was
     named a federal judge. Several Jews were allowed to hold responsible
     positions in Peron's Justicialista Party." [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 286] 
 
The ambassador from Costa Rica to the United States is Jaime Daremblum, also Jewish. [LAKE, E., 3-31-2000, p. 21] as is Mexico's Ambassador to the European Union, Jaime Zabludovsky. Mexico's Secretary of Foreign Affairs is Jorge G. Castaneda (Gutman), also Jewish. [http://www.aztlan.net/mexzion.htm] In 2001, the Washington Post noted that

     "Jorge G. Castenda is Mexico's Foreign Minister and [AndresRozental is one
     of his key troubleshooters. Together, they have played leading roles in
     engaging the United States and Mexico in their most serious negotiations
     in decades aimed at reforming their immigration policies ... Casteneda, 48,
     and Rozental, 56, share the same mother -- a Russian immigrant to the
     Mexico -- and deep understanding of the United States ... Casteneda, whose
     father was also foreign minister, is the intellectual author of much of [Mexican
     president Vicente] Fox's thinking about the world ... Named ambassador-at-
     large while continuing his consulting business, Rozental is often on the road ...
     Rozental's dual role has led to questions about whether his work on behalf
     of the government is benefiting his consulting clients ... In his private office,
     overlooking the heart of Mexico City, Rozental [said]: 'We are each other's
     best friend ... I don't think many people know how close we are.'"
     [SULLIVAN/JORDAN, 8-28-01]

In October 2001, Ernesto Cienfuegas posted the following list in an article about Castenda:

          "Partial List of High Level Mexican Officials of Jewish Descent
":

SANTIAGO LEVY ALGAZI ( DIRECTOR GENERAL DEL IMSS )
JORGE GUSTAVO CASTAÑEDA GUTMAN ( SECRETARIO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES )
JULIO JOSE FRENK MORA ( SECRETARIO DE SALUD )
ALEJANDRO GERTZ MANERO ( SECRETARIO DE SEGURIDAD PUBLICA )
AARON DYCHTER POLTOLAREK ( SUBSECRETARIO DE COMUNICACIONES )ANDRES ROZENTHAL ( EX-SUBSECREATRIO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES)
JAIME COHEN YAÑEZ ( DIR. GRAL. DE SANIDAD DE LA SECRETARIA DE LA DEFENSA NACIONAL )
DAVID PENCHYNA GRUB ( JEFE DE LA UNIDAD DE COORDINACION SECTORIAL DE LA SECRETARIA DE DESARROLLO SOCIAL )
ISAAC ROJKIND ORLEANSKY ( DIR. GRAL. DE PLANEACION DE LA SECRETARIA DE  DESARROLLO SOCIAL )
GERARDO GUIDI KAWAS ( DIR. GRAL. DE ADMINISTRACION DE LA SECRETARIA DE  MEDIO AMBIENTE )
* EIKAR MEYER MURGUIA ( JEFE DE LA UNIDAD INFORMATICA Y TELECOMUNICACIONES  DE LA SECRETARIA DE ENERGIA )
ANDRES ROSENZWEIGH PICHARDO ( DIR. GRAL. DE ESTUDIOS DEL SECTOR  AGROPECUARIO DE LA SECRETARIA DE AGRICULTURA Y GANADERIA )
MARIO ROZENSTEIN SZRAIBER ( PRESIDENTE DE LA COMISION NACIONAL DE  AVALUOS NACIONALES )
ALEJANDRO MUSI LETAYF ( DIR. GRAL. DE ADMINISTRACION DE PERSONAL DE LA  SECRETARIA DEL TRABAJO )
GILBERTO JOSE HERSHBERGER REYES ( DIR. GRAL. DE ASUNTOS JURIDICOS DE LA SECRETARIA DE LA REFORMA AGRARIA )
WALTER BELLER TABOADA ( DIR. GRAL. DE PREVENCION DEL DELITO Y SERVICIOS A LA COMUNIDAD DE LA PROCURADURIA GENERAL DE LA REPUBLICA )
MOISÉS KOLTENIUK TOYBER ( DIRECTOR GENERAL DE MINERIA )
SAMUEL LEVY ( FUNCIONARIO DEL INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ECOLOGIA )
JOSÉ WOLDENBERG KARAKOWSKI (PRESIDENTE DEL INSTITUTO FEDERAL ELECTORAL )
JACQUELINE PESCHARD ( CONSEJERA DEL I.F.E. )
JACQUES ROGOZYNSKY ( DIRECTOR DE BANOBRAS )
EDDY VARON LEVY ( DIPUTADO FEDERAL DEL PRI )
RENE DRUCKER COLIN ( ASESOR DE CUAUHTEMOC CARDENAS )
ADOLFO GILLY ( ASESOR DE CUAUHTEMOC CARDENAS )
JENNY SALTIEL COHEN ( SECRETARIA DE TRANSPORTES Y VIALIDAD DEL D.F. )
ROBERTO EIBENSCHUTZ HARTMAN ( SECRETARIO DE DESARROLLO URBANO Y VIVIENDA DEL D.F. )
CLAUDIA SHEINBAUM PARDO ( SECRETARIA DE MEDIO AMBIENTE DEL D.F. )
LUIS WINTERGERTZ ( DIR. GRAL. DE PROTECCION CIVIL DEL D.F. )LEÓN ALAZRAKY GAYCINSKY ( CONTRALOR INTERNO DEL D.F. )
ISAAC CHERTORIVSKY ( PRESIDENTE DEL PATRONATO DE BOMBEROS DEL D.F. )
TEODORO MAUS REISBAUM ( CONSUL EN ATLANTA )
JUAN JOSE BREMER DE MARTINO ( EMBAJADOR EN ESPAÑA )
JAIME ENRIQUE ZABLUDOWSKY KUPER ( EMBAJADOR EN LA UNION EUROPEA )
CARLOS SALOMÓN CAMARA ( DIERCTOR DE LA LOTERIA NACIONAL )
CARLOS IMAZ GISPERT ( LIDER DEL PRD EN EL D.F. )
ERNESTO NEMER ( SECRETARIO DE ADMINISTRACIÓN DEL EDOMEX.)
FRITZ GLOCKNER ( PUBLICISTA DEL P.R.D. )
JOSÉ LEVY GARCÍA ( SECRETARIO DE FINANZAS DE JALISCO )
OSCAR GERBER ( FUNCIONARIO DEL GOBIERNO DE JALISCO )
ARACELY PITMAN ORTIZ ( CONTRALORA DE LA ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA DEL DISTRITO FEDERAL )
* ESTHER KOLTENIUK TOYBER DE CESARMAN ( DIRIGENTE DEL PRI-DF)
GASTÓN LUKEN GARZA ( CONSEJERO CIUDADANO DEL I.F.E. )
SAMI DAVID DAVID ( EXCANDIDATO DEL PRI AL GOBIERNO DE CHIAPAS )
SARA H. WOLDENBERG KARAKOWSKY ( GERENTE DE DESARROLLO DE RECURSOS HUMANOS DE LA COMPAÑÍA DE LUZ Y FUERZA DEL CENTRO )
HAROLD GABRIEL APPELT ( LIDER DEL PRI EN LEON, GUANAJUATO )
JULIA LIRA DE GABRIEL ( DIPUTADA LOCAL PRI-GUANAJUATO )
SIMÓN LACK ALEXANDER ( DIRECTOR DE PLANEACION DE LA TESORERIA DEL SENADO DE LA REPUBLICA )
TERESA BECKMAN ( SECRETARIA PARTICULAR DEL EXSENADOR DEL PRD JORGE CALDERON SALAZAR )
ARTURO OROPEZA BARUCH ( COORDINADOR DE LA COMISION AMBIENTAL METROPOLITANA DEL ESTADO DE MEXICO )
JORGE SILVERSTEIN TENENBAUM ( SUBSECRETARIO DE COMUNICACIONES Y TRANSPORTES ) [CIENFUEGAS, E., OCT. 2001]

In 2001, a Jewish ethnic newspaper featured an article about Mexico's President, Vicente Fox, and his attendance at the American Jewish Committee's annual dinner:

     "When Barry Jacobs, a Foreign Service officer for 28 years and now director
     of strategic studies for the American Jewish Committee, learned that Mexican
     President Vicente Fox was to speak at the group's annual dinner, he was more
     than surprised. 'It's mind-blowing,' said Jacobs, who serves as AJCommitee's
     liaison to the Mexican-Jewish community. "It was an incredible honor that he
     flew up for this event. Fox was eager to participate in the May 3 dinner, according
     to AJCommittee officials ... Fox's well-received speech -- indeed, his mere
     presence at the event 
-- reflects the growing importance that Mexico's 40,000
     Jews have obtained in their country, says observers. When AJCommittee
     visited Mexico in October and invited Fox, then the president-elect, to speak
     a their dinner, he accepted immediately ... Jacobs said several members of
     Fox's Cabinet have some Jewish background, even though Jews make up
     less than half of 1 percent of Mexico's population. 'The importance of the
     Jewish community in Mexico is that they are a small community doing
     well economically,' Jacobs said." [BERGER, M., 5-11-01]

In fact, the Finance Chairman for the Vicente Fox presidential campaign was also Jewish, Lino Korrodi. [http://www.aztlan.net/foxfunds.htm]
Even in a place like Guyana, in South America, Janet (Rosenberg) Jagan, who was born in Chicago and had married a prominent Guyanan, became that country's president in 1998.
There are only 44,000 Jews living in Uruguay, but
 
     "in recent decades, there have been Jewish senators, ministers and
     deputy ministers, directors of the Central Bank and the central
     tax collection office, a rector of the university. Uruguay was the
     first Latin American government to recognize Israel ... The single
     lingering consequence of these political changes [a Uruguayan
     army coups] has been an intensification of Uruguayan Jewry's
     Zionist commitment ... Leaders of the Jewish institutions [in
     Uruguay] dutifully consult the Israeli ambassador -- their status
     symbol -- on matters not only related to Israel but to domestic
     Jewish affairs ... Jewish education, both the day schools, and
     in some eleven Sunday schools, has remained Israel-centered."
     [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 273]
 
In Brazil, notes Judith Elkin, where the 120,000 Jews represent less than one-tenth of one percent of the total Brazilian population,
 
      "Individuals from the important commercial families LaferKlabin,
      MosesBloch, and Levy have entered politics as ministers of
      state, bankers, and presidential advisers. There are Jews in
      numerous posts and in significant military positions." [ELKIN, p. 269]
 
Horacio Laufer was the Brazilian Minister of Finance from 1949-1959. "In later years," notes Howard Sachar,
 
    "Jews sat in state and municipal cabinets. Max Feffer ... was appointed
     Secretary of Culture, Science and Technology for the state of Sao Paolo
     ... His predecessor, Jose Mindlin, was also a Jew. Jews have been
     mayors of Curtiba and Rio de Janeiro, where squares and streets are
     named for [Zionist leaders] Theodore Herzl, David Ben-Gurion, Ann
     Frank and other Jews. There have been Jewish generals in the armed
     forces -- six of them in 1966. The nation's cultural life has been as widely
     influenced by the Jewish leaven as in any Western land, from the
     conductor of the national symphony orchestra to directors of state
     academies and institutes to deans of universities." [SACHAR, H., 1985,
     p. 258]
 
"This is a Zionist community," noted Fiszel Czeresnia, chairman of Brazil's Zionist Organization, in 1985, "Zionism animated every Jewish institution we have in this country." [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 262] And as Howard Sachar adds about the political mood of the very affluent Jewish community in Brazil:
 
     "With a few exceptions -- mainly university students and a handful of
     progressives in the state and national legislature -- Jews have not taken
     a stand on the nation's horrifying economic inequities. Living in
     comparative prosperity, accepted by the elite strata of Brazilian
     society, they appear content with the political status quo. As in Chile
     and Argentina, the largest numbers of Brazilian Jews remain suspicious
     of populist democracy." [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 264]


********************************************************


In conclusion for this chapter, let us simply note the editorial of a London newspaper, The Sun, which in 2001 (in the wake of the results of widespread Western foreign policy that supports the Jewish state) declared its support for Israel in this chilling manner:

     "Terrorism is now, without a doubt, the greatest scourge in the free
      world. It has to be fought with utter determination wherever it threatens
     us. As we are seeing in [the] Afghanistan [war] this is not a pleasant task.
     When the Americans turn their attentions to Iraq -- as they must -- it will
     get even more unpleasant. And when the Israelis defend themselves -- as
     they must -- it will not be pleasant either. But if we have learned anything
     from the New York attacks, we should have learned this: WE ARE ALL
     ISRAELIS NOW." [Emphasis in the original; SUN, 2001]

Or as journalist Richard Brookhiser's article in the New York Observer proclaimed, echoing this growing theme throughout America:

"We Are All Jews in Our Enemy's Eyes."

[New York Observer, May 4, 2002]
http://www.observer.com/pages/observer.asp 
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